Benjamin C. Lok

Curriculum Vitae - July 1st, 2017

CONTACT

CSE E544

Department of Computer and Information Science and Engineering

University of Florida – P.O. Box 116120

Gainesville, FL 32611-6120

lok@cise.ufl.edu, http://www.lokben.com

EMPLOYMENT

Current

(2014 - present) Professor  Department of Computer and Information Science and Engineering, University of Florida

(2011 - present ) Co-Founder Shadow Health, Inc.

(2012 - present) Adjunct Associate Professor – Department of Psychiatry and Health Behavior  Georgia Regents University

        Previous

(2009 – 2014) Associate Professor University of Florida

(2003 – 2009) Assistant Professor  University of Florida

(2002 – 2003) Postdoctoral Research Fellow – University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Advisor: Professor Larry F. Hodges

                                

EDUCATION

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Ph.D. in Computer Science (May 2002), Advisor: Professor Frederick P. Brooks, Jr. (Dissertation: Interacting with Dynamic Real Objects in Virtual Environments)

M.S. in Computer Science (May 1999), Advisor: Professor Gary Bishop

University of Tulsa

B.S. in Computer Science (magna cum laude), Minor in Mathematics (May 1997), Advisor: Professor Sujeet Shenoi

HONORS

  1. UF Term Professorship (2017-2019)
  2. 2016 Herbert Wertheim College of Engineering Faculty Mentoring Award
  3. Keynote Speaker:
  1. IEEE ICHI 2016, Chicago, IL
  2. SVR 2014, XVI Brazilian Symposium on Virtual and Augmented Reality (Bahai Salvador, Brazil)
  3. (Panel) Software Engineer and Architecture for Realtime Interactive Systems Working Group – IEEE Virtual Reality 2013
  4. 8th International Symposium on Visual Computing, Las Vegas, NV (2011)
  1. General Co-Chair:
  1. IEEE Virtual Reality 2014
  2. IEEE Virtual Reality 2013
  1. Steering Committee: IEEE Virtual Reality Conference (2009-present)
  2. Program Co-Chair:
  1. IEEE Virtual Reality 2011
  2. IEEE Virtual Reality 2010
  3. ACM VRST 2009
  4. GameOn North America ’07 (Eurosis)
  5. HCI Advances in Modeling and Simulation (SCS Western Multiconference 2005)
  1. Invited Speaker:
  1. 2016 International Conference on Collaborative Technologies and Systems
  2. VR Pain 2016 Conference, Los Angeles, CA (2016)
  3. National Academy of Science Kavli France-US Frontiers of Science Symposium in Roscoff, France (2008)
  1. Paper Awards:
  1. IEEE Virtual Reality 2014 Best Paper Honorable Mention
  2. IEEE Virtual Reality 2014 Best Poster
  3. IEEE Virtual Reality 2008 Best Paper
  4. ACM SIGGRAPH 2003 Symposium on Interactive 3D Graphics Top 3 Paper
  1. NSF Career Award (2007)
  2. University of Florida Student ACM Chapter CISE Teacher of the Year (2005)
  3. Link Foundation Fellowship in Advanced Simulation and Training (2001)
  4. National Science Foundation Fellowship (1997)
  5. Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship (1995)

ADVISING

Current

PhD students, Stephanie Carnell, Fatemeh Tassivoli, Jeffrey Wood, Yao Heng

MS students, Mohan Zalake

Undergraduate students, Connor Ericson, Xiaomeng Lu

        

Post-Doctoral Fellows Alumni

2015, Dr. Andrea Kleinsmith (Assistant Professor, University of Maryland, Baltimore County)

2012, Dr. Regis Kopper (Director of the Duke Immersive Virtual Environment, Duke University)

2011, Dr. Aaron Kotranza (Chief Technology Officer, Shadow Health, Inc.)

2010, Dr. Yong Ho Hwang

2008, Dr. Andrew Raij

Ph.D. Alumni

2017, Dr. Andrew Cordar (VR Engineer, Strivr)

2016, Dr. Shivashankar Halan (Postdoctoral Associate, College of Journalism, University of Florida)

2016, Dr. Michael Borish (Oak Ridge National Labs)

2016, Dr. Diego Rivera-Gutierrez (Hololens Team, Microsoft)

2015, Dr. Andrew Robb (Postdoctoral Associate, Clemson University)

2013, Dr. Joon Hao Chuah, (Software Development Engineer I, Amazon.com)

2011, Dr. Brent Rossen (Software Development Engineer In Team, Microsoft)

2009, Dr. Aaron Kotranza (Chief Technology Officer, Shadow Health, Inc.)

2009, Dr. John Quarles (Associate Professor, University of Texas at San Antonio), LINK Fellow

2008, Dr. Andrew Raij (Universal Studios)

2008, Dr. Kyle Johnsen (Associate Professor, University of Georgia), HMMI Grad Student Mentor Award

M.S. Alumni

2016, Rahul Mehta

2013, Guangyan Hu (Harman International)

2012, Vaishnavi Krishnan (VMWare)

2012, Doaa El-Sheik

2011, Mallory McManamon (Amazon.com)

2010, Shivashankar Halan (PhD program, University of Florida)

2009, Ethan Blackwelder

2009, Lu Cao (MFA program, University of Florida)

2005, Cyrus Harrison (Lawrence Livermore Research Labs)

2005, George Mora (Industry)

B.S. Alumni

2016, Alexis Benter (Microsoft)

2015, Carson Dolbier (Florida Interactive Entertainment Academy)

2009, Willie Maddox (Microsoft)

2008, Harold Rodriguez (GrooveShark.com)

2008, Corey Forbus (Industry)

2007, Joshua Horton (Ph.D. program, University of Florida)

2006, Robert Dickerson (Visiting Assistant Professor, College of William and Mary), (Ph.D., 2013, Virginia)

2005, Aaron Kotranza (Ph.D. program, University of Florida)

2005, Sayed Hashimi (Industry) 

2005, Art Homs (Industry) 

2005, Andrew Joubert (Industry)

2005, Sam Preston (Advanced Engineering Center at Old Dominion University)

FUNDING

Extramural Grants (Total: $12+ million.  PI: $4+ million, Co-PI: $5+million)

Consultant on grants that use my research group’s technology: $1+million

Internal Grants ($108,380)

Current

Primary Investigator

NSF, Medium Grant, (IIS - 1161494) (Co PIs: Lampotang, White, Wendling)

HCC: Medium: Plug and Train: Mixed Reality Humans for Team Training

07/01/2012 – 06/30/2016, Total: $1,087,380

Co-Primary Investigator

NIH, R01 Grant, (1R01CA207689-01A1) (PI: Krieger)

A patient-centered intervention using virtual technology to reduce colorectal cancer disparities in primary care

02/01/2017 - 01/31/22, Total: $3,045,705

NIH, R01 Grant, (1R01MD008931-01) (PI: Hirsh [Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis])

Virtual Perspective-Taking to Reduce Race and SES Disparities in Pain Care

07/02/2014 - 03/31/2019, Total: $1,839,221

Completed

Veterans Administration, Rehabilitation Research and Development Grant (B0339-R) (PI: Levy [Veterans Administration])

Virtual Environments for Therapeutic Solutions (VETS) mTBI/PTSD Phase II

5/1/2013 – 4/30/2016, $750,000

NIH, R43 Grant, (1R43MH108222-01A1) (PI, Dimeff, Jobes)

CAMS Relational Agent System (CAMS-RAS) for Suicide Prevention

12/18/2015 – 12/17/2016, Total: $261,118, $40,000 (UF portion) 

NIH, R01 Grant, (1R01LM010813-01) (PI, 2nd PI: Cendan, Co-Is: Lind, Johnsen)

Neurological Exams Teaching & Evaluation Using Virtual Patients

09/01/2010 – 08/31/2016, Total: $1,833,293

Kimmel Cancer Center Grant, (00005236) (PI: Lind)

Community Driven Development of Interactive Virtual Patient Scenarios to Enhance Provider Communication Skills and Minority Patient Participation in Cancer Clinical Trials

1/1/14 - 12/31/14, Total: $97,163 (UF portion: $6k)

Gold Foundation (PI: Foster [Georgia Health Sciences University])

A Randomized Controlled Study Using Virtual Patients to Enhance Medical Students’ Empathic Communication

11/1/2012 – 10/31/13, $25,000

NIH, R21 Grant, (1R21LM010829-01A1) (PI: Quarles [UT-San Antonio])

A Mixed Reality Conscious Sedation Simulator for Learning to Manage Variability

4/1/2011 - 4/31/2014, $369,473

American Foundation of Suicide Prevention, (PI: Foster [Georgia Health Sciences University])

Medical Students’ Proficiency in Suicide Risk Assessment after Interaction with a Virtual Patient in Crisis

$30,000, starting 9/1/12

New Zealand Tertiary Education Commission, (Partner, PI: Billinghurst [University of Canterbury])

Immersive Learning Through Virtual Reality

1/1/2009 – 12/31/2011, Total: $1,117,650 (funded students and travel to NZ)

        

NIH, R01 Grant, (R01DE013208) (PI: Robinson [UF])

Pain Treatment Decisions: Influence of Sex, Race, and Age

9/1/2009 – 8/31/13, Total: $1,095,473, NIH Score: 121 (top 1.9%)

NSF, Medium Grant, (IIS- 0803652) (PI, Co-PIs: Lind, Ferdig)

HCC-Medium: Mixed Reality Virtual Humans for Training

9/1/2008 – 8/31/2013, Total: $580,000

NSF, Career Award, (IIS-0643557) (PI)

Studying Diversity Issues with Immersive Virtual Humans

8/1/2007 – 7/31/2013, $405,695

NSF, Research Experience for Undergraduates, (IIS-0733800) (PI)

Studying Diversity Issues with Immersive Virtual Humans

8/1/2007 – 7/31/2013, $12,000

USHHS, SAMSHA, (PI: McCance-Katz AAAP)

7/1/2011 – 6/3/2014, $166,667 (UF: $72,086)) – Terminated after 1 year

RORC, Pilot Grant, (Co-I, PI: Levy)

Development of Virtual Humans for PTSD and mTBI

9/1/2010 – 8/31/2011, $38,443

NIH, R03 Grant, (R03LM009646-01) (PI, 2nd PI: Cendan)

Immersive Virtual Patients with Abnormal Clinical Conditions for Medical Student Training

8/15/2008 – 8/14/2010, Total: $137,014

Administrative Grant Award (9/29/2009-9/30/2010), Total: $36,625

NIH, R56 Grant, (Co-I, PI: Robinson)

Pain Treatment Decisions: Influence of Sex, Race, and Age

9/1/2008 – 8/31/09, Total: $323,454

Association of Surgical Education, CESERT Grant, (Consultant, PI: Lind)

The Use of a Virtual Character-Enhanced Simulator to Teach and Assess Breast History and Examination Skills

7/1/2008 – 6/30/2010, Total: $78,000

Drager Medical Contract (Co-PI, PI: Lampotang)

Mixed Reality Simulation for Anesthesia Machine Training

10/1/2008 – 9/30/2009, Total: $35,000

Medical College of Georgia Contract (PI)

Virtual Humans to Teach Medical Communication Skills

3/1/2007 – 5/31/2008, $59,000        

Keele University Contract (PI)

Virtual Humans to Teach Pharmacy Communication Skills

4/1/2007 – 6/30/2007, $56,000

NSF CCF-0713983 (PI)

CPA (Gr&Vis): Student Panel at IEEE Virtual Reality 2007 Conference

3/1/2007 – 4/1/2007, $4725

Internal Grants ($213,984)

UF, Research Opportunity Seed Fund, (PI: Gheisari)

DRPD-ROF2017: Improving Communication Skills of Construction Students through Integrating Conversational Virtual Humans in Spatiotemporal Contexts of Construction Sites

8/14/17 – 8/13/19, Total: $96,104 ($26,319 my portion)

UF, Internal Opportunity Grant, (PI: Krieger)

Developing and pilot testing a patient-centered intervention using virtual humans to increase colorectal cancer screening

7/1/2016 – 6/30/2018, Total: $99,500 ($38,877 my portion)

2005 College of Public Health and Health Professions Contract

Contract from Professor Michael Robinson on Virtual Humans for Pain Studies

2005, $3,240

2004 College of Medicine Education Center Grant (Co-PI, PI: Stevens, Lind)

A Pilot Study to Examine the Use of Virtual Patient and Instructor in Teaching Medical Students Communication Skills using an Abdominal pain Scenario

6/1/2004-12/31/2004, $4,900

2004 Professor Sumi Helal Contract

Distance Dining

2004, $10,240

PUBLICATIONS

Edited Books

1. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, Editors Interrante, V. Lok, B., Majumder, A, Hirose, M., Volume 18, No. 7, 1013-1188.

2. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, Editors Kiyokawa, K., Klinker, G., and Lok, B. Volume 17, No. 9, ISSN 1193-1351..

3. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, Editors Thalmann, D. and Lok, B. Volume 17, No. 7, July 2011, ISSN 873-1032.

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

  1. Foster, A., Trieu, M., Azutillo, E., Halan, S., and Lok, B. “Teaching Empathy in Healthcare: From Mirror Neurons to Education Technology" In Journal of Technology in Behavioral Science, DOI 10.1007/s41347-017-0019-1, 1-12.
  2. Hirumi, A., Lok, B., Johnson, T., Johnson, K., Rivera-Gutierrez, D., Ramsamooj, R., ...Cendan, J. (in press). Nerve, interplay, and design-based research: Advancing experiential learning and the design of virtual patient simulations. In J. M. Spector, B. B. Lockee, and M. D. Childress (Eds). Learning, Design, and Technology: An Interactional Compendium of Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. New York, NY: Springer.
  3. Hirumi, A., Johnson, K., Kleinsmith, A., Reyes, R., Rivera-Gutierrez, D., Kubovec, S., Bogert, K., Lok, B., & Cendan, J. (in press). Advancing virtual patient simulations and experiential learning with InterPLAY: Examining how theory informs design and design informs theory. Journal of Applied Instructional Design.
  4. Hirumi, A., Johnson, T., Reyes, R., Johnson, K., Rivera-Gutierrez, D., Kleinsmith, A., Kubovec, S., Eakins, M., Bogert, K., Lok, B., & Cendan, J. (2016). Advancing virtual patient simulations through design research and InterPLAY: Part II – testing and integration. Educational Technology, Research & Development, 64(6), 1301-1335. doi: 10.1007/s11423-016-9461-6.
  5. Hirumi, A., Kleinsmith, A., Johnson, K., Kubovec, S., Eakins, M., Bogert, K., Rivera-Gutierrez, D., Reyes, R., Lok, B., & Cendan, J. (2016). Advancing virtual patient simulations through design research and InterPLAY: Part I – design and development. Educational Technology, Research & Development, 64(4), 763–785. doi:10.1007/s11423-016-9429-6.
  6. Robb, A., Kleinsmith, A., Cordar, A., White, C., Wendling, A., Lampotang, S., and Lok, B. Training Together: How Another Human Trainee Affects Behavior during Virtual Human-Based Team Training. Frontiers in Information and Communication Technology, 2016, Vol. 3, doi=10.3389/fict.2016.00017.
  7. Sia, I., Halan, S., Lok, B., and Crary, M. Virtual Patient Simulation Training in Graduate Dysphagia Management Education - A Research-Led Enhancement Targeting Development of Clinical Interviewing and Clinical Reasoning Skills. Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups, August 2016, Vol. 1 (SIG 13), 130-139. Doi: 10.1044/persp1.SIG13.130.
  8. White C, Wendling A, Chuah J, Robb A, Lampotang S, Lizdas D, Martindale J, Pi G, Lok B.   Using a critical incident scenario with virtual humans to assess educational needs of nurses in a post anesthesia care unit. Journal for Continuing Education in Health Professions. 2015.
  9. Borish, Michael, and Benjamin Lok. "Rapid Low-Cost Virtual Human Bootstrapping via the Crowd." ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST) 7.4 (2016): 47.
  10. Foster A, Chaudhary N, Kim, T, Waller J, Borish M, Cordar, A, Lok B, and Buckley PF , Using Virtual Patients to Teach Empathy: A Randomized Controlled Study to Enhance Medical Students’ Empathic Communication, Simulation in Healthcare, online ahead of print, Simulation in Healthcare: The Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare 2016, 11(3), 181–189.
  11. Kleinsmith, A., Rivera-Gutierrez, D., Finney, G., Cendan, J., & Lok, B. (2015). Understanding empathy training with virtual patients. Computers in Human Behavior, 52, 151-158.
  12. Robb, A., White, C., Cordar, A., Wendling, A., Lampotang, S., & Lok, B. (2015). A comparison of speaking up behavior during conflict with real and virtual humans. Computers in Human Behavior, 52, 12-21.
  13. Robb, A., Cordar, A., Lampotang, S., White, C., Wendling, A., & Lok, B. (2015). Teaming Up With Virtual Humans: How Other People Change Our Perceptions of and Behavior with Virtual Teammates. Visualization and Computer Graphics, IEEE Transactions on, 21(4), 511-519.
  14. Lehman, L.A., Marsiske, M., Levy, C., Mann, W., & Lok, B. (2014). Virtual Environments (VEs): The Potentials and Challenges for Use in Cognitive Rehabilitation of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs). Journal of Sport and Human Performance, Volume 2, Issue 2.
  15. Bartley, E. J., Boissoneault, J., Vargovich, A. M., Wandner, L. D., Hirsh, A. T., Lok, B. C., ... & Robinson, M. E. (2015). The influence of health care professional characteristics on pain management decisions. Pain Medicine,16(1), 99-111.
  16. Foster A, Harms J, Ange B, Rossen B, Lok B, et. al. Empathic Communication in Medical Students’ Interactions with Mental Health Virtual Patient Scenarios: A Descriptive Study Using the Empathic Communication Coding System. Austin Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. 2014;1(3): 1014.
  17. Lok, B., Chuah, J., Robb, A., Cordar, A., Lampotang, S., Wendling, A., and White, C. Mixed-Reality Humans for Team Training, IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, Issue 3, May-June 2014, 72-75.
  18. Johnson, T., Lyons, R., Kopper, R., Johnsen, K., Lok, B., and Cendan, J.. Virtual patient simulations and optimal social learning context: A replication of an aptitude-treatment interaction effect. Medical Teacher 2014; 36(6): 486-494.
  19. Rivera-Gutierrez, D., Ferdig, R., Li, J., & Lok, B. (2014). Getting the Point Across: Exploring the Effects of Dynamic Virtual Humans in an Interactive Museum Exhibit on User Perceptions. Visualization and Computer Graphics, IEEE Transactions on, 20(4), 636-643. IEEE Virtual Reality 2014 Best Paper Honorable Mention
  20. Quarles, J., Lampotang, S., Fischler, I., Fishwick, P., and Lok, B. "Experiences in mixed reality-based collocated after action review" Virtual Reality, 13:3, Springer 201, pp 239-252.
  21. Chuah, J. Robb, A., White, C. Wendling, A., Lampotang, S., Kopper(p), R., Lok, B. Exploring Agent Physicality and Social Presence for Medical Team Training. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, Vol 22, No. 2, Spring 2013. (approx 18 pages)
  22. Chuah, J., Black, E., and Lok, B. “Applying Mixed Reality to Simulate Vulnerable Populations for Practicing Clinical Communication Skills" IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 19 (4), 539-546.
  23. Johnson, T., Lyons, R., Chuah, J., Kopper, R., Lok, B., Cendan, J. Optimal learning in a virtual patient simulation of cranial nerve palsies: The interaction between social learning context and student aptitude. Medical Teacher 2013;35(1),:e899-907.
  24. Robb, A., Kopper(p), R., Ambani, R., Qayyum, F., Lind, D., Su, L., and Lok, B. "Leveraging Virtual Humans to Effectively Prepare Learners for Stressful Interpersonal Experiences." IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 19 (4), 662-670.
  25. Wandner, L., Torres, C., Chuah, J., Lok, B., Steven, G., and Robinson, M. “Pain Assessment and Treatment Decisions for Virtual Human Patients,” (In Press) Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. April 2013, 577-588.
  26. Wandner, L., Hirsh, A., Torres, C., Lok, B., Scipio, C., Heft, M., and Robinson, M.. Using virtual human technology to capture dentists' decision policies about pain. Journal of Dental Research, 92 (4), 301-305.
  27. Shah, H., Rossen, B., Lok, B., Londino, D., Lind, S. D., & Foster, A. (2012). Interactive virtual-patient scenarios: An evolving tool in psychiatric education.Academic Psychiatry, 36(2), 146-150.
  28. Cendan, J., and Lok, B. “The use of virtual patients in medical school curricula.” Advances in Physiology Education, March 2012, Vol. 36, No. 1, 48-53.
  29. Ferdig, R., Schottke, K., Rivera-Gutierrez, D., & Lok, B. Assessing past, present, and future interactions with virtual patients. International Journal of Games and Computer-Mediated Simulations, 4(3), 20-37.
  30. Lin, C., Laserna, C., Lind, D., Kalaria, C., Aryal, T., Lok, B., Johnsen, K., Kotranza, A., Cendan, J., and Pruitt, J. “User response to the simulation of a virtual patient with cranial nerve injury”, Journal of Bio-Algorithms & Med-Systems, Volume 8, No. 1, January 2012, 1-12.
  31. Rossen, B. and Lok, B. "A Crowdsourcing Method to Develop Virtual Human Conversational Agents." International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, April 2012, Vol. 70, No. 4, 301-319.
  32. Ezzell, Z., Fishwick, P. Lok, B., Pitkin, A., Lampotang, S. An ontology-enabled user interface for simulation model construction and visualization” Journal of Simulation 5(3): 147-156.
  33. Kotranza, A., Lind, D., and Lok, B. "Real-time Evaluation and Visualization of Learner Performance in a Mixed Reality Environment for Clinical Breast Examination," IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics. July 2012, Vol. 18, No. 7, 1101-1114.
  34. Welch, G., Rivera-Gutierrez, D. , Lincoln, P., Whitton, M., Cendan, J., Chesnutt, D., Fuchs, H., Lok, B., Skarbez, R.. "Physical manifestations of virtual patients."Simulation in Healthcare, Volume 6, Issue 6, December, 2011.
  35. Filichia, L, Halan, S., Blackwelder, E., Rossen, B., Lok, B., Korndorffer, J., Cendan, J. Description of Web-Enhanced Virtual Character Simulation System to Standardize Patient Hand-Offs. Journal of Surgical Residents 2011, 166(2):176-181.
  36. Wendling, A., Halan, S., Tighe, P., Le, L., Euliano, T., and Lok, B. “Virtual humans versus standardized patients in presenting abnormal physical findings”, Academic Medicine. 2011; 86(3): 384-388. (Impact Factor: 1.940, ranked #2 of 21 scientific journals of the AAMC).
  37. Kotranza, A., Cendan, J., Johnsen, K., and B. Lok. “Simulation of a Virtual Patient with Cranial Nerve Injury Augments Physician-Learner Concern for Patient Safety,” Journal on Bio-Algorithms and Med-Systems, Vol. 6, No. 11, 2010, 25-34.
  38. Quarles, J., Lampotang, S., Fischler, I., Fishwick, P., and B. Lok, “A Mixed Reality Approach for Interactively Blending Dynamic Models with Corresponding Physical Phenomena” ACM Transactions on Modeling and Computer Simulation, Volume 20, Issue 4, October 2010, 1 -22.
  39. Deladisma, A., Gupta, M., Kotranza, A., Bittner, B., Imam, T., Swinson, D., Gucwa, A., Nesbit, R., Lok, B., Pugh, C., and D. Lind (2008). “A Pilot Study to Integrate an Immersive Virtual Patient with a Breast Complaint and Breast Exam Simulator into a Surgery Clerkship”, American Journal of Surgery, Volume 197, Issue 1 , January 2009, 102-106.
  40. Kotranza, A., Lok, B., Deladisma, A., Pugh, C., and D. Lind. "Mixed Reality Humans: Evaluating Behavior, Usability, and Acceptability." IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics. July/August 2009, Vol. 15, No. 3, 369-382.
  41. Quarles, J., Lampotang, S., Fischler, I., Fishwick, P., and B. Lok, “Scaffolded Learning with Mixed Reality” Computers and Graphics: Special Issue on Virtual Reality, Volume 33, Issue 1, February 2009, 34-46.
  42. Ferdig, R., Coutts, J., DiPietro, J., Lok, B., and Davis, N. “Innovative Technologies for Multicultural Education Needs”, Multicultural Education and Technology Journal, 1(1), 2007, 47-63.
  43. Raij, A., Johnsen, K., Dickerson(&), R., Lok, B., Cohen, M., Duerson, M., Pauley, R., Stevens, A., Wagner, P., and D. Lind. "Comparing Interpersonal Interactions with a Virtual Human to those with a Real Human," IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, Vol .13, No. 3, May/June 2007, 443-457.
  44. Deladisma, A., Cohen, M., Stevens, A., Wagner, P., Lok, B., Bernard, T., Oxendine, C., Schumacher, L., Johnsen, K., Dickerson(&), R., Raij, A., Wells, R., Duerson, M., Harper, J., and D. Lind. “Do Medical Students Respond Empathetically to a Virtual Patient?” The American Journal of Surgery, Vol 193, Issue 6, 2007, 756-760.
  45. Lok, B., Ferdig, R., Raij, A., Johnsen, K., Dickerson (&), R. , Coutts, J., Stevens, A., and D. Lind. “Applying Virtual Reality in Medical Communication Education: Current Findings and Potential Teaching and Learning Benefits of Immersive Virtual Patients”, Journal of Virtual Reality, Springer London, Vol. 10, No. 3-4, 2007, 185-195.
  46. Lok, B. “Teaching Communication Skills with Virtual Humans” (Invited Article) IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, Vol 26, No. 3, 2006, 10-13.
  47. Johnsen, K., Dickerson(&), R., Raij, A., Harrison, C., Lok, B., Stevens, A., and D. Lind. “Using Immersive Virtual Characters to Educate Medical Communication Skills,” Journal on Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, Vol 15, No. 1, 2005, 33-46.
  48. Stevens, A., Hernandez, J., Johnsen, K., Dickerson(&), R., Raij, A., Harrison, C. , DiPietro, M., Allen, B., Ferdig, R., Foti, S., Jackson, J., Shin, M., Cendan, J., Watson, R., Duerson, M., Lok, B., Cohen, M., Wagner, P., and D. Lind. “The Use of Virtual Patients to Teach Medical Students Communication Skills.” The American Journal of Surgery, Jun; 191(6), 2005, 806-811.
  49. Zanbaka, C., Lok, B., Babu, S., Xiao, D., Ulinski, A. and L. Hodges (2005). “Path Visualizations and Cognition in Virtual Environments,” IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 11.6: 694-705. (AR: 11%)
  50. Lok, B. (2004). “Towards Merging Real and Virtual Spaces,” Communications of the ACM, August 2004, 47.8: 48-53.
  51. Lok, B., Naik, S., Whitton, M., and F. Brooks. “Effects of Interaction Modality and Avatar Fidelity on Task Performance and Sense of Presence in Virtual Environments,” Journal on Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, Vol. 12, No. 6, 2003, 615-628.

Refereed Conference Proceedings

  1. Cordar, A., White, C., Wendling, A., Lampotang, S., and Lok, B. “Repeat After Me: Using Mixed Reality to Influence Best Communication Practices,” (to appear) Proceedings of the IEEE Virtual Reality Conference 2017, Los Angeles, CA, pp. 148-156, 2017.
  2. White, C., Robb, A., Wendling, A., Lampotang, S., Cordar, A., and Lok, B. “Stop! In the Name of Safety” (Accepted for oral presentation), 2017 meeting of the American Educational Research Association (AERA), San Antonio, Texas.
  3. Cordar, A., Robb, A., Wendling, A., Lampotang, S., White, C., and Lok, B. "Virtual Role-Models: Using Virtual Humans to Train Best Communication Practices for Healthcare Teams", (short paper) Intelligent Virtual Agents 2015, pp. 229-238, 2015.
  4. Halan, S., Sia, I., Crary, M., & Lok, B. (2015, August). Exploring the Effects of Healthcare Students Creating Virtual Patients for Empathy Training. (short paper) In Intelligent Virtual Agents (pp. 239-249). Springer International Publishing.
  5. Carnell, S., Halan, S., Crary, M., Madhavan, A., and Lok, B. "Adapting Virtual Patient Interviews for Interviewing Skills Training of Novice Healthcare Students." In Intelligent Virtual Agents, pp. 50-59. Springer International Publishing, 2015.
  6. Robb, A., White, C., Cordar, A., Wendling, A., Lampotang, S., & Lok, B. (2014, January). A qualitative evaluation of behavior during conflict with an authoritative virtual human. In Intelligent Virtual Agents (pp. 397-409). Springer International Publishing.
  7. Rivera-Gutierrez, D. J., Kopper, R., Kleinsmith, A., Cendan, J., Finney, G., & Lok, B. (2014, January). Exploring Gender Biases with Virtual Patients for High Stakes Interpersonal Skills Training. In Intelligent Virtual Agents (pp. 385-396). Springer International Publishing.
  8. Cordar, A., Borish, M., Foster, A., & Lok, B. (2014, January). Building Virtual Humans with Back Stories: Training Interpersonal Communication Skills in Medical Students. In Intelligent Virtual Agents (pp. 144-153). Springer International Publishing.
  9. Halan, S., Lok, B., Sia, I., & Crary, M. (2014, July). Virtual Agent Constructionism: Experiences from Health Professions Students Creating Virtual Conversational Agent Representations of Patients. In Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT), 2014 IEEE 14th International Conference on(pp. 249-253). IEEE.
  10. Rivera-Gutierrez, D., Kleinsmith, A., Johnson, T., Lyons, R., Cendan, J., & Lok, B. (2014, July). Towards a Reflective Practicum of Embodied Conversational Agent Experiences. In Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT), 2014 IEEE 14th International Conference on (pp. 694-698). IEEE.
  11. Borish, M., Cordar, A., Foster, A., Kim, T., Murphy, J., & Lok, B. (2014). Utilizing Real-time Human-Assisted Virtual Humans to Increase Real-world Interaction Empathy. Kansei Engineering & Emotion Research (KEER’14), 15.
  12. Jendrusch, J., Lampotang, S., Lizdas, D., Gravenstein, N., Ham, D., Lok, B., Quarles, J., "Virtual Humans for Inter-Ethnic Variability Training in Sedation and Analgesia" in the Proceedings of NextMed / Medicine Meets Virtual Reality 21 (NextMed / MMVR21), February 19-22 2014, Manhattan Beach, CA, IOS Press.
  13. Chuah, J., Robb, A., White, C., Wendling, A., Lampotang, S., Kopper(p), R., and Lok, B. “Increasing Agent Physicality to Raise Social Presence and Elicit Realistic Behavior” (short paper) in Proceedings of IEEE Virtual Reality 2012, 19-22.
  14. Chuah, J., and Lok, B. Experiences in Using a Smartphone as a Virtual Reality Interaction Device. In Workshop on Off-The-Shelf Virtual Reality, Orange County, CA. 2012. (5 pages)
  15. Krishnan, V., Foster, A., Kopper(p), R., and Lok, B. “Virtual Human Personality Masks: A Human Computation Approach to Modeling Verbal Personalities in Virtual Human” (short paper), Intelligent Virtual Agents, 2012, 146-152.
  16. Rivera-Gutierrez, D., Welch, G., Lincoln, P., Whitton, M., Cendan, J., Chesnutt, D., Fuchs, H., and Lok, B. Shader lamps virtual patients: the physical representation of virtual patients. Medicine Meets Virtual Reality 19 - NextMed, Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, IOS Press, 2012, 173:372-378.
  17. R. Kopper, M. McManamon, T. George, B. Lok (2012): Interactive Memoirs: Coping with the Imminent Death and Leaving Legacies. In: CHI '12 Workshop on Memento Mori: Technology Design for the End of Life.
  18. DiPietro, J., Maddox, W., Rivera-Gutierrez, D., and Lok, B. "Investigating perceptions of avatars in an interactive digital simulation, " Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association. New Orleans, LA. (AR: 38%) (presentation only, no conference proceedings) .
  19. Halan, S., Rossen, B., Cendan, J., and Lok, B. "High Score! - Motivation Strategies for User Participation in Virtual Human Development", 10th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents (IVA 2010), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Sept. 20-22, 2010 - LNCS Proceedings, 482-488.
  20. Johnsen, K., Beck, D., and Lok, B. “The Impact of a Mixed Reality Display Configuration on User Behavior with a Virtual Human.”, 10th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents (IVA 2010), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Sept. 20-22, 2010 - LNCS Proceedings, 42-48.
  21. Rossen, B., Cendan, J., and Lok, B., "Using Virtual Humans to Bootstrap the Creation of Other Virtual Humans", 10th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents (IVA 2010), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Sept. 20-22, 2010 - LNCS Proceedings, 392-398.
  22. Kotranza, A., Lind, D., Pugh, C., and B. Lok. “Real-time In-situ Visual Feedback of Task Performance in Mixed Environments for Learning Joint Psychomotor-Cognitive Tasks.” Proceedings of the 8th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2009). 125-134 (AR: 20%)
  23. Rossen, B., Lind, D., and B. Lok. "Human-centered Distributed Conversational Modeling: Efficient Modeling of Robust Virtual Human Conversations" (short paper) 9th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents 2009, Amsterdam, Netherlands, Sept. 14-16, 2009, 474-481.
  24. Kotranza, A., Johnsen, K., Cendan, J., Miller, B., Lind, D., and B. Lok. “Virtual Multi-Tools for Hand and Tool-Based Interaction with Life-Size Virtual Human Agents.”, Proceedings of IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces 2009, Lafayette, LA, March 14-15, 2009, pp. 23-30.
  25. Kotranza, A., Lok, B., Pugh, C., and D. Lind, "Virtual Humans That Touch Back: Enhancing Nonverbal Communication with Virtual Humans through Bidirectional Touch," (short paper) In Proceedings of IEEE Virtual Reality 2009. Lafayette, LA, March 14-18, 2009, pp. 175-178.
  26. Raij, A., Kotranza, A., Lind, D., and B. Lok. “Virtual Experiences for Social Perspective Taking” (short paper) Proceedings of IEEE Virtual Reality 2009. Lafayette, LA, March 14-18, 2009, pp. 99-102.
  27. Deladisma, A., Johnsen, K., Raij, A., Rossen, B., Kotranza, A., Kalapurakal, M., Szlam, S., Bittner, J., Sinwson, D., Lok, B., and D. Lind. Medical student satisfaction using a virtual patient system to learn history-taking and communication skills. Medicine Meets Virtual Reality 16, 2008; 132: 101-5.
  28. Doerner, R., Lok, B., Broll, W (2011). “Social Gaming and Learning Applications: A Driving Force for the Future of Virtual and Augmented Reality?” in Brunett, Guido; Coquillart, Sabine; Welch, Greg (Eds.): Virtual Realities - Dagstuhl Seminar 2008, Springer, Wien, New York, 2011 (ISBN 978-3-211-99177-0), pp. 51-76.
  29. Johnsen, K. and B. Lok. An Evaluation of Immersive Displays for Virtual Human Experiences. IEEE Virtual Reality 2008, (short paper) March 10-12, Reno, NV, 133-136. (AR: 26.1%)
  30. Kotranza, A., Deladisma, A., Lind, D., Pugh, C., and B. Lok. “Virtual Human + Tangible Interface = Mixed Reality Human. An Initial Exploration with a Virtual Breast Exam Patient.” IEEE Virtual Reality 2008, March 10-12, Reno, NV, 99-106. Best Paper Award. (AR: 26.1%)
  31. Quarles, J., Lampotang, S., Fischler, I., Fishwick, P., and B. Lok. “Tangible User Interfaces Compensate for Low Spatial Cognition” IEEE 3D User Interfaces 2008, March 8-9, Reno, NV, 11-18.
  32. Quarles, J., Lampotang, S., Fischler, I., Fishwick, P., and B. Lok. “Mixed Reality Merges Abstract and Concrete Knowledge” IEEE Virtual Reality 2008, March 10-12, Reno, NV, 27-34. (AR: 26.1%)
  33. Quarles, J., Lampotang, S., Fischler, I., Fishwick, P., and B. Lok. “A Mixed Reality System for Enabling Collocated After Action Review", 7th IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality - ISMAR 2008, Sept 15-18, Cambridge, UK. (AR: 23.7%), 107-116.
  34. Raij, A., and B. Lok. “IPSVIZ: An After-Action Review Tool for Human-Virtual Human Experiences” IEEE Virtual Reality 2008, March 10-12, Reno, NV, 91-98. (AR: 26.1%)
  35. Rodriguez, H.(&), Lind, D., D. Beck, and B, Lok. "Audio Analysis of Human/Virtual-Human Interaction" (short paper) Intelligent Virtual Agents 2008, Sept. 1-3, Tokyo, JP, 154-161.
  36. Rossen, B., Johnsen, K., Deladisma, A., Lind, D., and B. Lok. “Virtual Humans Elicit Skin-Tone Bias Consistent with Real-World Skin-Tone Biases” (short paper) Intelligent Virtual Agents 2008, September 1-3, Tokyo, JP, 237-244.
  37. Johnsen, K., Raij, A., Stevens, A., D. Lind and B. Lok. "The Validity of a Virtual Human Experience for Interpersonal Skills Education" in Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM Press, New York, NY, 2007, 1049-1058.
  38. Kotranza, A., Quarles, J., Wang, X., and B. Lok. “Mixed Reality: Are Two Hands Better Than One?” (short paper) Proceedings of ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology (VRST) 2006, Nov. 1-3, Limassol, Cyprus, 31-34. (AR: 52% including short papers)
  39. Dickerson(&), R., Johnsen, K., Raij, A., Lok, B., Stevens, A., Bernard, T., and D. Lind. "Virtual Patients: Assessment of Synthesized Versus Recorded Speech," Medicine Meets Virtual Reality 14, 2006, 114-119.
  40. Raij, A., Johnsen, K., Dickerson(&), R., Lok, B., Cohen, M., Stevens, A., Bernard, T., Oxendine, C., Wagner, P., Lind, D. “Interpersonal Scenarios: Virtual ≈ Real?” IEEE Virtual Reality 2006, 59-66.
  41. Wang, X., Kotranza, A., Quarles, J., Lok, B., and D. Allen. “A Pipeline for Rapidly Incorporating Real Objects into a Mixed Environment,” 4th IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality, Vienna, Austria, 2005, 170-173.
  42. Dickerson(&), R., Johnsen, K., Raij, A., Lok, B., Hernandez, J., Stevens, A., and D. Lind. “Evaluating a Script-Based Approach to Simulating Patient-Doctor Interaction,” SCS 2005 International Conference on Human-Computer Interface Advances for Modeling and Simulating, 79-84.
  43. Johnsen, K., Dickerson(&), R., Raij, A., Lok, B., Jackson, J., Shin, M., Hernandez, J., Stevens, A., and D. Lind. “Experiences in Using Immersive Virtual Characters to Educate Medical Communication Skills,” IEEE Virtual Reality 2005, Bonn, Germany, March 2005, 179-186.
  44. Wang, X., Kotranza, A., Quarles, J., Lok, B., and D. Allen. “Rapidly Incorporating Real Objects for Evaluation of Engineering Designs in a Mixed Reality Environment,” New Directions in 3D User Interfaces Workshop, IEEE Virtual Reality 2005, Bonn, Germany. (4 pages)
  45. Whitton, M., Lok, B., Insko, B., and F. Brooks. “Integrating Real and Virtual Objects” (Invited Paper) 1st International Conference on Virtual Reality 2005, Las Vegas, NV July 22-27, 2005, 70 (on CD-ROM ISBN 0-8058-5807-5), 10 pages.
  46. Lok, B., Naik, S., Whitton, M., and F. Brooks (2004). “Experiences in Extemporaneous Incorporation of Real Objects in Immersive Virtual Environments,” Beyond Glove and Wand Based Interaction Workshop, IEEE Virtual Reality 2004, Chicago, IL. (4 pages)
  47. Zanbaka, C., Lok, B., Babu, S., Xiao, D., Ulinski, A. and L. Hodges (2004). “Effects of Travel Technique on Cognition in Virtual Environments,” IEEE Virtual Reality 2004, Chicago, IL, 149-156, 286.
  48. Lok, B., Naik, S., Whitton, M., and F. Brooks. “Incorporating Dynamic Real Objects into Virtual Environments,” Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 2003, 701. (Abridged version of ACM 2003 Symposium on Interactive 3D Graphics paper, one of three selected for representation)
  49. Lok, B., Naik, S., Whitton, M., and F. Brooks. “Incorporating Dynamic Real Objects into Virtual Environments,” ACM 2003 Symposium on Interactive 3D Graphics, Monterey, CA (April 28-30), ACM SIGGRAPH: 31-41. Images in Communications of the ACM, July 2003, 46.7: 48.
  50. Lok, B., Naik, S., Whitton, M., and F. Brooks. “Effects of Handling Real Objects and Avatar Fidelity on Cognitive Task Performance in Virtual Environments,” IEEE Virtual Reality 2003, Los Angeles, CA (March 22-26), IEEE: 125-132.
  51. Mortensen, J., Vinayagamoorthy, V., Slater, M., Steed, A., Lok, B., and M. Whitton (2002), “Collaboration in Tele-Immersive Environments,” Eighth Eurographics Workshop on Virtual Environments 2002, Barcelona, Spain, May 2002: 30-31.
  52. Lok, B. “Online Model Reconstruction for Interactive Virtual Environments,” ACM 2001 Symposium on Interactive 3D Graphics, Chapel Hill, NC (March 19-21): 69-72, 248.
  53. Lok, B., Bauer, S., Monacello, C., Finnerty, S., and S. Shenoi (1997). “An Organizational Framework for Distributed Medical Information,” Third Joint Conference on Information Systems ’97, 50-51.
  54. Lok, B., Bauer, S., Monacello, C., Finnerty, S., and S. Shenoi (1997). “A Hypermedia System for Breast Cancer Screening,” Mid-America Symposium of Emerging Computing Technologies.

Software:

  1. Foster A, Robb A, Cordar A, Chaudhary N, Noseworthy D, Lok B. Denise: A Virtual Patient. MedEdPORTAL Publications; 2015. Available from: https://www.mededportal.org/publication/10145http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.10145
  2. Peden, M., Chuah, J. , Kotranza, A. (f), Johnsen, K., Lok, B., Cendan, J., NERVE- 2: A Three Dimensional Patient Simulation of Oculomotor Nerve Palsy. In., vol. www.mededportal.org/publication/8383.: American Association of Medical Colleges, MedEdPortal; 2010 (Available: http://services.aamc.org/30/mededportal/servlet/s/segment/mededportal/?subid=8383)
  3. Peden M, Johnsen, K., Lok, B. NERVE-A three dimensional patient simulation for evaluating cranial nerve function. In., vol. www.mededportal.org/publication/8255.: American Association of Medical Colleges, MedEdPortal; 2011. Chuah, J. Robb, A., White, C. Wendling, A., Lampotang, S., Kopper, R., Lok, B.  Exploring Agent Physicality and Social Presence for Medical Team Training. (to appear)  Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments.

Magazine and Book Chapters/Articles/Editorships

  1. White, C., Wendling, A., Lampotang, S., and Lok, B.  The Role for Virtual Patients in the Future of Medical Education. Academic Medicine 01/2017; 92(1):10-9., DOI:10.1097/ACM.0000000000001487
  2. Doerner, R., Lok, B., Broll, W (2011). “Social Gaming and Learning Applications: A Driving Force for the Future of Virtual and Augmented Reality?” in Brunett, Guido; Coquillart, Sabine; Welch, Greg (Eds.): Virtual Realities - Dagstuhl Seminar 2008, Springer, Wien, New York, 2011 (ISBN 978-3-211-99177-0), pp. 51-76
  3. Lind, D. and B. Lok (2006). The Role of Virtual Patients in Medical Education: Teaching Tool Versus Technological Trend. (Invited Article) Focus on Surgical Education 2006. 23(1), 28-29.
  4. Proceedings of the 2005 SCS Human-Computer Interface Advances for Modeling and Simulation (SIMCHI ’05) (2005) Eds. Fishwick, P. and B. Lok, 2005.
  5. Lok, B. (2004). “Human Computer Interaction in Three Dimensional Computer Graphics.” Encyclopedia of Human Computer Interaction. Ed. William Bainbridge. Barrington, MA: Berkshire, 2004.
  6. Lok, B. and L. Hodges (2004). “Human Computer Interaction in Virtual Reality.” Encyclopedia of Human Computer Interaction. Ed. William Bainbridge. Barrington, MA: Berkshire, 2004.
  7. Lok, B. (2003). “Evaluation and Application of Algorithms for a Hybrid Environment System.” Energy, Simulation Training, Ocean Engineering and Instrumentation, Research Papers of the Link Foundation Fellows. Ed. Brian Thompson. New York: University of Rochester Press, 2003, 3:149-175.

Abstracts/Poster/Presentations

  1. Sezer, B., Mohan, Z., Cordar, A., Lok, B., & Lampotang. S. (2017). Creating a Web-based 3D Virtual Patient Scenario for Communication Skills Practice. 5th International Conference on "Innovation Challenges in Multidisciplinary Research & Practice (15-16 December 2017).
  2. Ward EC, Rumbach A., Hill AE, Nund, R, Goodman S., Carnell S., Halan S, Lok, B (2017). Using different Simulation Learning Activities for Clinical Skill Development in Dysphagia: What works? Oral Presentation, American Speech and Hearing Association, Los Angeles, USA, November 9-11.
  3. Lampotang S, Robb A, Cordar A, Lizdas DE, Wendling A, White C, Lok B: (2016). Virtual Humans for Simulation and Training in Speaking Up Teamwork Skills. Military Health System Research Symposium. Presented 8/18/16 by Jeffrey Wood, Orlando. FL.
  4. Sia I, Halan S, Lok B, Crary MA, Improving Clinical Dysphagia Interviewing Skills by Virtual Patient Creation. Dysphagia Research Society Annual Meeting (2014).
  5. Kim, T., Foster, A., Chaudhary, N., Murphy, J., Lok, B., Borish, M., Cordar, A., & Buckley, P. (2014, May). A Randomized Controlled Study Using Virtual Patients to Enhance Medical Students’ Empathic Communication. Poster presented at the annual meeting of American Psychiatric Association, New York, NY. Outstanding Resident Paper In the Curriculum Development and Education Projects (top 4 out of 428) and APA Area 5 Assembly Medical Student Poster Award
  6. Robb, A. and Lok, B.  Social Presence in Mixed Agency Interactions.  IEEE Virtual Reality 2014, Best Poster Award.
  7. Jendrusch, J., Lampotang, S., Lizdas, D., Gravenstein, N., Ham, D., Lok, B., and Quarles, J. "Virtual Humans for Inter-Ethnic Variability Training in Sedation and Analgesia," Proceedings of 21st Medicine Meets Virtual Reality Conference (MMVR21) 2014, 196: 175-81.
  8. Ambani, R., Robb, A., Qayyum, F., Sensenig, R., Barkan, I., Tiko-Okoye, C., Lok, B., Lind, D. A Novel Mixed Reality Human Simulator Improves Medical Student Comfort and Competence in Digital Rectal Exam. Association for Society for Simulation in Healthcare Meeting, Orlando, FL Jan, 2013.
  9. Chuah, J. , Black, E., Kelly, M., Thompson, L., Lok, B. Applying mixed reality to simulate protected populations for practicing clinical communications skills. Paper presentation at the 2013 Pediatric Academic Societies' Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., May 5, 2013.
  10. Johnson, T., Lyons, R., Chuah, J., Kopper, R., Lok, B., Cendan, J.. Medical students prefer unguided over guided communication for history-taking rehearsal in a virtual patient environment. Poster presented at the 13th International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare, January 26-30, 2013, Orlando, FL.
  11. Moran, R., El Shaik, D., Black, E.W., Lok, B. Preparing for low probability encounters with high consequence: Using a screen-based virtual human program to simulate uncommon pediatric cases. Platform presentation at the 2013 Pediatric Academic Societies' Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., May 5, 2013.
  12. Torres, C., Wandner, L., Alqudah, A., Hirsh, A., Lok, B., & Robinson, M. (2013, May). Pain assessment and treatment decisions among students in the United States and Jordan. Poster session presented at the 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Pain Society, New Orleans, LA.
  13. Wandner, L., George, S., Lok, B., Torres, C., Chuah, J., Robinson, M. (May, 2013). Pain decisions based on pain behaviors of virtual humans. Poster session to be presented at the 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Pain Society, New Orleans, LA.
  14. Barkan, I., Qayyum, F., Greenawald, L., Ambani. R., Robb, A. , Sensenig, R., Tiko-Okoye, C., Qvavadze, T., Lok, B., Lind, D. An Innovative, Interactive Russian-Speaking Virtual Patient with a Breast Complaint. Russian American Medical Association (RAMA) Meeting in Philadelphia, November 2012.
  15. Halan, S., Rossen, B., Crary, M., and Lok, B. 2012. Constructionism of virtual humans to improve perceptions of conversational partners. In CHI '12 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI EA '12). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 2387-2392.
  16. Chuah, J., Robb, A., White, C., Wendling, A., Lampotang, S., Kopper(p), R., Lok, B. Using virtual humans for medical team training. Poster presented at the University of Florida College of Medicine Celebration of Research, March 19, 2012.
  17. Chuah, J., Robb, A., White, C., Wendling, A., Lampotang, S., Kopper(p), R., Lok, B. Using virtual humans for medical team training. Poster presented at the University of Florida Department of Anesthesiology Celebration of Research, May 10, 2012.
  18. Chuah, J. , Lok, B.. Hybrid Virtual-Physical Entities. Poster. International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR). Atlanta, GA. 2012.
  19. Lyons, R., Johnson, T., Kotranza, A., Lok, B., Cendan, J. (2012). Using virtual patients to simulate cranial nerve palsies: Student reactions and evaluation of curricular placement. Simulation in Healthcare Conference, San Diego, CA.
  20. Lyons, R., Khalil, M., Johnson, T., Lok, B. and Cendan, J. (April 2012). Team-Based Learners Compared to Individuals Develop Greater Knowledge with Less Reported Cognitive Demand from a Neurologic Simulator. 5th International Cognitive Load Theory Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
  21. Lyons, R., Cendan, J., Lok, B. (April 2012). Optimizing Simulation Using Virtual Patients with Complex Neurologic Conditions. 27th Annual Meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, SanDiego, CA.
  22. Wandner, L., Heft, M., Lok, B., Hirsh, A., George, S., Horgas, A., Atchinson, J., Torres, C., & Robinson, M. (2012, August). Healthcare professionals’ pain assessment and treatment decisions using virtual human technology. Poster session presented at the 14th World Congress on Pain, Milan, Italy.
  23. Wandner, L., Hirsh, A., Torres, C., Lok, B., Scipio, C., Heft, M., Robinson, M. (June, 2012). Using virtual human technology to assess pain treatment decision biases. Poster session presented at the 90th General Session and Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research, Iguacu Falls, Brazil.
  24. Wandner, L., Hirsh, A., Torres, C., Lok, B., Scipio, C., Heft, M. Robinson, M. (2012). Using virtual human technology to assess pain treatment decision biases. Abstract #160384, Journal of Dental Research, 91 (Special Issue B).
  25. Bogert, K., Gallman, E., Pruitt, J., Lind, D., Peden, M., Kotranza, A., Lok, B., Cendan, J., Johnsen, K. “ An interactive virtualization tool for student-centered learning of CN II & III pupil exam. Poster and Demonstration at the International Association for Medical Science Educators 2011 Conference.
  26. Cendan, J., Lyons, R., Chuah, J., Johnson, T., Khalil, M., and Lok, B. Understanding the relationship between cognitive load and learning in a technical medical education environment. AAMC Modernizing Medicine, MedEdPortal Abstract Session, Denver, CO, November, 2011.
  27. Levy, C., Halan, S., Kotranza, A., Krishnan, V., Lok, B., Oliverio, J., Omura, D., Poster 14 Development of a Therapeutic Virtual Grocery Store to Treat Cognitive and Emotional Dysfunction in Mild Traumatic Brain injury and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Prototype Progress Report, PM&R, Volume 3, Issue 10, Supplement 1, September 2011, Page S180, ISSN 1934-1482,
  28. Johnson, J., Brown, S., Lord, T., Rosson, B., Laserna, C., Park, M., Kotranza, A., Lok, B., Lind, D. Internal Medicine Residents and a Mixed Reality Human Breast Simulator. Presented to the Southern Group on Educational Affairs, Houston, TX April, 2011.
  29. Sims, S., Chuah, J., Lok, B., Cendan, J. Evaluation of the Virtual Standardized Patient (VSP) Educational Tool for Enhanced Medical Student Skills. Poster. Association for professors of gynecology and obstetrics (APGO)/Council on Resident Education in Obstetrics/Gynecology (CREOG) meeting 2011. March, 2011.
  30. Wier, J., Carrick, J., Rossen, B., Laserno, C., Park, M., Nesbit, R., Lind, J., Kotranza, A., Lok, B., Lind, D. Integration of a Mixed Reality Patient Breast Simulator into a Surgery Clerkship. Presented to the Association for Surgical Education Meeting, Boston, MA, March, 2011.
  31. Filichia, L., Blackwelder, E., Halan, S., Rossen, B., Lok, B., and Cendan, J. "Using Virtual Characters to Standardize Patient Hand-Offs In Surgical Training Programs." Mini-Oral Presentation. 5th Annual Academic Surgical Congress, San Antonio, TX, February 3-5, 2010.
  32. DiPietro, J., Ferdig, R., Cao, L., Blackwelder, E., Halan, S., Lok, B. (2010). Mixed-reality simulations for education: Teaching and learning through virtual character interactions. American Educational Research Association (AERA) Conference. Denver, CO.
  33. Foster, A., Noseworthy, L., Shah, H., Lind, D., Lok, B., Chuah, J., Rossen, B., "Evaluation of Medical Student Interaction with a Bipolar Virtual Patient Scenario Written by a Peer Support Specialist – a Pilot Study", ADMSEP 2010 , Jackson Hole, WY, June 17-19, 2010.
  34. Foster, A., Noseworthy, L., Lind, D., Shah, H., Lok, B., Chuah, J., Rossen, B. "The Use of Interactive Virtual Patients in an Integrated Psychiatry-Neuroanatomy Course and a Psychiatry Clerkship". ADMSEP 2010, Jackson Hole, WY, June 17-19, 2010.
  35. Gucwa, A., Kotranza, A., Raij, A., Rossen, B., Beatty, J., Laserna, C., Park, M., Brown, S., Pugh, C., Johnsen, K., Lok, B., Lind, D. Use of a Mixed Reality Simulator and a Feedback System to Enhance Breast Exam Skills. Presented at the Fifth Annual Academic Surgical Congress, San Antonio, TX, February 2010.
  36. Johnsen, K., Rossen, B. , Beck, D., Lok, B., Lind, D. “Show Some Respect! The Impact of Technological Factors on the Treatment of Virtual Humans in Conversational Training Systems”. Poster at IEEE Virtual Reality 2010.
  37. Kalaria, C., Lin, C., Johnsen, K., Lind, D., Kotranza, A., Laserna, C., Aryal, T., Shah, H., Pruitt, J., Miller, B., Cendan, J., and Lok, B. "Teaching cranial nerve examination using a virtual patient and the Nintendo Wiimote™: preliminary evaluation." Neurology. vol. 74, no. 9, supp. 2, pp. A25.
  38. Lind, D., Kalaria, C., Lin, C., Aryal, T., Laserna, C., Shah, H., Lord, T., Pruitt, J., Lok, B., Kotranza, K., Cendan, J., Miller, B., and Johnsen, K. “Teaching Cranial Nerve Examination Using a Virtual Patient and the Nintendo Wiimote™: Preliminary Evaluation. Proceedings of the International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare 2010.
  39. Chuah, J. , Rossen, B. , Lok, B. Automated Generation of Emotive Virtual Humans. Poster. 9th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents (IVA), Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2009.
  40. Gucwa, A., Kotranza, A., Raij, A., Rossen, B., Beatty, J., Laserna, C., Park, M., Pugh, C., Lok, B., Johsen, K., and D. Lind. "The Use of a Mixed Reality Breast Simulator with an Innovative Feedback System (Touch Map) to Enhance Breast Examination Skills," Association for Surgical Education Annual Meeting 2009, Salt Lake City. April 28th - April 30th 2009.
  41. Gucwa, A., Beatty, J., Deladisma, A., Kotranza, A., Raij, A., Shah, H., Fox, P., Gehlot, A., Kruse, E., McLoughlin, J., Lok, B., Pugh, C., and D. Lind. "A Pilot Study to Evaluate the Use of Mixed Reality technology as a Tool for Assessing Medical Students' Communication Skills", 9th Annual International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare (IMSH), Lake Buena Vista, FL. January 10-14, 2009.
  42. Lind, D., Lok, B., Johnsen, K., Wagner, P., Huff, T. The Use of Life-Sized, Immersive Virtual Clinical Scnearios to Teach Health Professions Students Communication Skills. Abstract submitted to the American Academy for Communication in Healthcare Meeting, Miami Beach, Florida, October 4-7, 2009.
  43. Cendan, J., Miller, B., Wang, X., Horton(&), J., and B. Lok. “Development of Virtual Patient with Fixed Cranial Nerve Pathology.” Southern Group on Education Affairs 2008, April 3-5, Nashville, TN.
  44. Craig, J., Deladisma, A., Gupta, M., Bittner, J., Johnsen, K., Lok, B., and D. Lind. "Novel Integration of a Life-Sized, Immersive Virtual Instructor with a Mannequin-Based Procedural Simulator to Teach Central Venous Catheterization." 8th Annual International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare. San Diego, CA. Jan 13-16, 2008.
  45. Davenport, R., Mann, W., Lutz, B., Shaw, L., and Lok, B. “Perceived personal robotic technology needs among elders with mobility impairments” International Conference on Aging, Disability and Independence (ICADI), St. Petersburg, Florida, Feb 21-23, 2008.
  46. Deladisma, A., Imam, T., Kotranza, A., Raij, A.*, Bittner, J., Lok, B., Pugh, C., and D. Lind. “The Use of Mixed Reality Humans to Teach Clinical Skills” 47th Annual Conference on Research in Medical Education (RIME), October 31-November 5th, 2008, San Antonio, TX.
  47. Deladisma, A. Kotranza, A., Shah, H., Fox, P., Gucwa, A., Roseen, B., Imam, T., Wang, S., Pugh, C., Lok, B., and Lind, D. The Use of a Mixed Reality Breast Simulator with an Innovative Feedback System (Touch Map) to Teach Breast History-Taking and Physical Examination Skills. Abstract presented to the San Antonio Breast Meeting (December 2008).
  48. Deladisma, A., Gupta, M., Kotranza, A.*, Bittner, J., Imam, T., Swinson, D., Nesbit, R., Lok, B., Pugh, C., D. Lind. "A Pilot Study to Integrate an Immersive Virtual Patient with a Breast Complaint and Breast Exam Simulator into a Medical Student Surgery Clerkship." Association for Surgical Education, Surgical Education Week 2008.
  49. Gupta, M., Deladisma, A., Kotranza, A.*, Craig, J., Bittner, J., Johnsen, K., Lok, B., and D. Lind. "The Use of a Virtual Character-Enhanced Simulator to Teach Breast History and Examination Skills." 8th Annual International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare. San Diego, CA. Jan 13-16, 2008.
  50. Gucwa, A., Beatty, J., Shah, H., Deladisma, A., Kotranza, A., Raij, A., Lok, B., Pugh, C., Lind, D. The Use of a Mixed Reality Human Interaction to Assess Empathy. Abstract presented to the Society for Simulation in Healthcare Meeting, Sept 2008.
  51. Gucwa, A., Beatty, J., Kotranza, A., Rossen, B., Pugh, C., Lok, B., and D. Lind “Gender Differences Among Students Undergoing a Mixed Reality Simulation in Breast History-Taking and Physical Examination” Association of Women Surgeons 2008.
  52. Shah, H., Fox, P., Rossen, B., Deladisma, A., Lord, T., Gehlot, A., Mouna, A., Rossen, B., Betty, J., Gucwa, A., Lok, B., Lind D. The Use of Web-Based Interactive Virtual Clinical Scenarios (Virtual People Factory) as an Educational Tool to Introduce History-Taking Skills. Abstract presented to the Society for Simulation in Healthcare Meeting, Sept 2008.
  53. Deladisma, A., Mack, D., Bernard, T., Oxendine, C. Szlam, S., Wagner, P., Kruse, E., Lok, B., and D. Lind. “Virtual Patients Reduce Anxiety and Enhance Learning when Teaching Medical Student Sexual-History Taking Skills”, Association for Surgical Education 2007 Surgical Education Week. (Same as Mack et al. 07 abstract)
  54. Mack, D., Deladisma, A., Bernard, T., Oxendine, C., Lok, B., and D. Lind. “Virtual Patients Reduce Anxiety and Enhance Learning when Teaching Medical Student Sexual-History Taking Skills”, Society for Simulation in Healthcare. (Research Abstract Award 2nd place Education)
  55. Bernard, T., Stevens, A., Wagner, P., Bernard, N., Schumacher, L., Johnsen, K., Dickerson(&), R., Raij, A., Lok, B., Duerson, M., Cohen, M. and D. Lind. “A Multi-Institutional Pilot Study to Evaluate the Use of Virtual Patients to Teach Health Professions Students History-Taking and Communication Skills.” Society of Medical Simulation Meeting. (Ranked #1 out of 104 accepted)
  56. Cohen, M., Stevens, A., Wagner, P., Lok, B., Bernard, T., Oxendine, C. Schumacher, L., Johnsen, K., Dickerson(&), R., Raij, A., Ross, R. Duerson, M., Parimala, J., and D. Lind. “How Comparable are Medical Student Empathetic Interactions in a Similar Virtual Patient/Standardized Patient Abdominal Pain Scenario?” Southern Group on Education Affairs 2006.
  57. Deladisma, A., Cohen, M., Stevens, A., Wagner, P., Lok, B., Bernard, T., Oxendine, C., Schumacher, L., Johnsen, K., Dickerson(&), R., Raij, A., Wells, R., Duerson, M., Harper, J., and D. Lind. “Is There a Difference in the Empathetic Response of Health Professions to Standardize Patients and Virtual Patients?” Association of Surgical Education 2006. (Clinical Research Award 2nd place, same as ASE abstract)
  58. Stevens, A., Cohen, M., Johnsen, K., Dickerson(&), R., Raij, A., Wells, R., Oxendine, C., Wagner, P., Bernard, T., Cendan, J., Duerson, M., Pauly, R., Lok, B., and D. Lind, “Implementing a Virtual Patient (VP) into the Medical School Curriculum at the University of Florida (UF) “ Southern Group on Education Affairs 2006.
  59. Babu, S., Zanbaka, C., Jackson, J., Chung, T., Lok, B., Shin, M., and L. Hodges. Virtual Human Physiotherapist Framework for Personalized Training and Rehabilitation (poster). Graphics Interface 2005, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, May 9-11, 2005.
  60. Stevens, A., Hernandez, J., Johnsen, K., Dickerson(&), R., Raij, A., Jackson, J., Shin, M., Cendan, J., Duerson, M., Lok, B., and D. Lind (2005). The Use of Virtual Patients to Teach Medical Students Communication Skills. Association of Surgical Education 2005.
  61. Stevens, A., Hernandez, J., Johnsen, K., Dickerson(&), R., Raij, A., Jackson, J., Shin, M., Cendan, J., Duerson, M., Lok, B., and D. Lind (2005). The Use of Virtual Patients to Teach Medical Students Communication Skills. Southern Group on Education Affairs 2005. (Ranked #1)
  62. Cendan, J., Lok, B., Harrison, C., Johnsen, K, Dickerson, R., Shin, M., Stevens, A., Duerson, M., Lind, D. “Multimodal Interaction with Life-Sized Virtual Characters for Training and Education” Florida Technology Transfer Conference, 2004.
  63. Cendan, J., Lok, B., Harrison, C., Johnsen, K, Dickerson, R., Shin, M., Stevens, A., Duerson, M., Lind, D. “The Use of Virtual Patients and Instructors to Teach Clinical Presentations”, 4th Annual Medical Education Week, College of Medicine, University of Florida, 2004.

Dissertation

Lok, B. (2002). Interacting with Dynamic Real Objects in Virtual Environments. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Computer Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Service and Activities

Steering Committee:

General Co-Chair:

Program Co-Chair: 

Journal Associate Editor

Program Committee: 

Panels Chair: IEEE Virtual Reality 2007

Videos Chair: IEEE Virtual Reality 2009

Posters Chair: IEEE ISMAR 2006, ACM VRST 2007, IEEE Virtual Reality 2010

Tutorials Chair: IEEE Virtual Reality 2006

Session Chair: IEEE Virtual Reality (2007-2004), WMC SIMCHI 2005

Best Paper Award Committee: IEEE Virtual Reality (2004-2005)

Conference Reviewer: (In addition to the above conferences), SIGGRAPH (2008), Eurographics Symposium on Virtual Environments, IEEE Visualization, Pacific Graphics

Journal Reviewer: 

Book Reviewer: McGraw-Hill Publishing, Cambridge University Press

Proposal Review Panels: National Science Foundation (2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2013, 2015)

National Institutes of Health (2014)

Veterans Administration

University City Science Center QED Program

Invited Panels: 

University Service

        College

        Department

TEACHING

University of Florida

Spring 2017: Human Computer Interaction (Undergrad/Grad)

Spring 2016: Virtual Reality (Undergrad/Grad)

Spring 2015: Human Computer Interaction (Undergrad/Grad)

Spring 2014: Human Computer Interaction (Undergrad/Grad)

Spring 2013: Human Computer Interaction (Undergrad/Grad)

Spring 2012: Human Computer Interaction (Undergrad/Grad)

Fall 2011: Parental Leave

Spring 2011: Sabbatical

Fall 2010: Human Computer Interaction (33 Undergrad/Grad)

Spring 2010: Human Computer Interaction (42 Undergrad/Grad)

Spring 2009: Virtual Environments (CAP6930/4930) (7 Undergrad/Grad)

Fall 2008: Human Computer Interaction (CAP6930/4930) (37 Undergrad/Grad)

Spring 2008: Computational Structures in Computer Graphics (CAP4730), (38 Undergraduates)

Fall 2007: Virtual Environments (4 university course) (CAP6930/4930) (4 Undergrad/Grad)

Fall 2007: Human Computer Interaction (CAP6930/4930) (15 Undergrad/Grad)

Spring 2007: Advanced Computer Graphics and Virtual Environments (CAP6930/4930) (5 Grad)

Fall 2006: Human Computer Interaction (CAP6930/4930) (9 Grad)

Spring 2006: Computational Structures in Computer Graphics (CAP4730), (46 Undergraduates)

Fall 2005: Design and Creation of Virtual Environments (CIS6930/4930), (19 Undergrad/Grad)

Spring 2005: Computational Structures in Computer Graphics (CAP4730), (51 Undergraduates)

Fall 2004: Human Computer Interaction (CAP6930/4930), (21 Undergrad/Grad)

Spring 2004: Computational Structures in Computer Graphics (CAP4730), (55 Undergraduates)

Fall 2003: Design and Creation of Virtual Environments (CIS6930/4930), (19 Undergrad/Grad)

University of North Carolina at Charlotte

Spring 2003: Design and Analysis of Algorithms (ITCS2215), (40 Undergraduates)

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Fall 2000: Introduction to Computer Graphics (COMP136), (12 Undergrad/Grad)

PATENTS

(Pending) PCT/US2010/050393 REAL-TIME FEEDBACK OF TASK PERFORMANCE.  International Filing Date: 9/27/10.

(Pending) PCT/US10/023877 COMMUNICATION AND SKILLS TRAINING USING INTERACTIVE VIRTUAL HUMANS.  International Filing Date: 2/13/09.

CONSULTING

September 2009 – August 2011 – SimCoach, University of Southern California (ICT)

INVITED TALKS

International

Virtual Worlds and Virtual Humans – France-US Frontiers of Science Symposium, National Academy of Science, Roscoff, France, November, 2008

Virtual Realities Dagstuhl Seminar, Schloss Dagstuhl (Germany), 2008

Invited Short Course: Virtual Environments, Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, New Delhi, India, March 24th-28th, 2008.

Vision Imaging and Virtual Environments Research Group, University of College London (2005)

National

VR Pain 2016 Conference, Los Angeles, CA (2016)

College of Nursing, University of Central Florida (2015)

Psychiatry Grand Rounds, Georgia Regents University (2015)

Florida Interactive Entertainment Academy, University of Central Florida(2014)

Full Sail University (2014)

Department of Computer Science, University of Minnesota (2013)

College of Medicine Educational Grand Rounds, University of Virginia (2012)

ACM, University of Tulsa (2012)

National Rx Drug Abuse Summit (2012)

College of Nursing, University of Central Florida (2011)

College of Medicine and Nursing, University of South Florida (2011)

AAAP Annual Meeting, Scottsdale, AZ (2011)

Keynote, 8th International Symposium on Visual Computing, Las Vegas, NV. (2011)

Tufts Health Care Institute Program on Opiod Risk Management, Boston, MA. (2011)

Tulsa Undergraduate Research Challenge, University of Tulsa (2010)

Northwestern University (2010)

Tulsa Undergraduate Research Challenge, University of Tulsa (2008)

Northwestern University (2008)

Department Seminar, University of Georgia (2007)

Education Grand Rounds, Medical College of Georgia (2007)

Invited Lecture Series, Medical College of Georgia (2007)

Institute of Creative Technologies, University of Southern California (2006)

College of Medicine, University of Southern California (2006)

Graduate Computer Science Colloquium Series, University of North Carolina at Charlotte (2005)

Computer Science Colloquium Series, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (2005)

Computer Science Colloquium Series, Old Dominion University (2005)

Virginia Tech Virtual Environments Research Group, Virginia Polytechnic University (2004)

 Center for Information Security, University of Tulsa (2004)

Tulsa Undergraduate Research Challenge Reception, University of Tulsa (2004)

Human-Interface Laboratory, University of Washington (2003)

State

IHMC (2015)

Florida Research Consortium, Technology Transfer Consortium (2004)

Local

The Dynamo: UF Chapter of the Roosevelt Institute (keynote) (2010)

UF Health Sciences Center Symposium (2010)

Simulation Faculty Learning Community Seminars (2008)

First Fridays Lecture Series, Sigma Xi Honor Society (2007)

Pain Research Forum, Department of Health and Human Performance (2007)

Cognitive Forum, Department of Psychology (2007)

Geriatric Education Group (2005)

Association of Digital Art and Media (2005)

School of Education Human-Computer Interaction Course (2004)

Center for Learning and Simulation (2004)

Introduction to Digital Arts and Science Course (2004)

Center for Neurological Science (2004)

Medical Educational Grand Rounds (2004)

Gainesville VA Hospital, Brain Rehabilitation Research Center (2004)

G2V2, University of Florida, (2003)