Oly Ridge Farm Goat Care 2018
By Lisa Poole, Certified Family Herbalist
General Feed, Supplements for nutritional & immune support (may vary by goat & season)
- Haystack Special Blend pellets mixed with Haystack alfalfa pellets (for the smaller pellets)
- Current organic grain mix (lactating does only): Scratch & Peck Goat Feed
- Kitchen veggie scraps, raw chopped garlic 1x/week or more (when available)
- Hay free choice (orchard grass, timothy, or mix depending on availability)
- Alfalfa Chaffhaye (chaffhaye.com)
- Apple Cider Vinegar added to drinking water (small “glug” in bucket), spray on pellets
- Free choice: Diamond V XPC Green, kelp mixed with Christopher’s Vitalerbs or Fir Meadow Better Daze (multi-herb), & Brigham Tea (for copper/selenium support), kelp mixed with LOH’s GI Back on Tract.
- Individualized herbs for various seasons of care (pregnancy, lactating, cleansing*, etc.):
- I mix them into dosage balls in small plastic bowls with lids, with either raw honey or molasses and a bit of vegetable glycerine, then roll them in something like slippery elm powder or sesame seeds/flax seeds.
- For copper/selenium/cobalt support (these are absolutely essential to goats’ well being, but our soil in Wash. State is low in them, so we must supplement carefully): raw sesame seeds, raw pumpkin seeds or powder, BOSS, brazil nut powder
- Weekly and as needed: LOH Parasite Formula -- see below for sources. Note: this year I started drenching the does with a mixture of Garlic/Ginger Drench and the parasite formula (recipe below). Also, on occasion, I make Parasite Formula Tea and add it to the does’ water. http://landofhavilahfarm.com/loh/parasite-formula-tea/.
- Weekly Replamin Plus gel (copper/selenium support)
- For GI concerns (clumpy poops, diarrhea), I use a syringe to dose them with a 1:1 mix of aloe vera juice and apple cider vinegar. Depending on severity, this may be done on an acute schedule (Every 15 mins for ONE hour, then hourly until symptoms subside), or 3x a day. Garlic/ginger drench* is great for GI/ immune support!
- Copasure every 3-4 months; BoSe for does before breeding.
*Our cleanse program is important to our natural approach. The cleanse opens the pathways of elimination (bowels, liver, kidneys, etc.). These become bogged down when we introduce non-plant-based vitamins, minerals, medicines, etc. The body can assimilate just a small percentage of these elements. What it can’t assimilate, accumulates in those organs of elimination, leaving the animal more susceptible to ill health. See link on the website for details on herbal cleansing.
Herbal products on hand for emergencies:
--GI Soother (Fir Meadow)
--Clostrideaze (Fir Meadow)
--Herbiotic (Fir Meadow)
--Cayenne powder & tincture (full of B Vits)
--Activated charcoal paste
--Raw garlic, raw honey, raw ginger
--I keep a stock of bulk herbs on hand for different needs and brew teas for the goats to either drench or put in their water.
e.g. catnip/fennel tea is great for colic (goats can develop bloat, which is deadly, from changes in feed, if they get into their grain and eat too much, if they eat something toxic, even when there is new grass growing in the spring).
--Apple Cider Vinegar/Aloe Vera Juice combo
- Four days old: dose of Probios to kids to get rumen going
- One week old (or when kids are nibbling on things): begin 3x weekly herbal worming
- a pinch in their mouth
- also given when the ground is wet (parasites thrive in wet conditions)
- Two weeks old: begin weekly coccidiosis prevention with Fir Meadow GI Soother
- Daily: access to free-choice kelp mix and Diamond V XPC Green.
Watch kids carefully for any signs they are off (e.g. hunched backs, scours, off in a corner, starry-eyed look, shivering/shaking, etc.). Don’t wait! Take fast action to get ahead of problems. The first thing I do is put a pinch of Clostrideaze or GI Soother in some Apple Cider Vinegar/Aloe Vera combo, then drench the kid carefully (preferably in the cheek as they tend to easily aspirate fluids). Go to Totally Natural Goats on Facebook for real time advice from experts with any questions or concerns. They will point you in the right direction and walk you through it.
- Molly’s Ow-Eze or Fir Meadow HerBamine, 20 minutes before, 1-2cc (depending on weight)
- Bach’s Rescue Remedy
- Lavender essential oil a drop or two on the wooden box for the calming scent
- Apply a bit of Dr. Christopher’s Infection Formula or Fir Meadow’s Herbiotic after disbudding to ward off tetanus. Keep it clean with X-Ceptic (or udder wash recipe, below)
Stress/Pain in general (including tattooing):
- Bach’s Rescue Remedy
- Molly’s Ow-Eze (20 minutes before) or Fir Meadow HerBamine
- Lavender essential oil, a few drops in the barn or wherever you are at.
Pregnancy, beginning with breeding:
- Dr. Christopher’s Hormonal Changease
- Dr. Christopher’s Female Reproductive Formula
- Mix of dried red raspberry leaves, nettle & rosehips -- handful
- Two weeks before due date (not sooner):
- Fir Meadows “Pre-Pare”
- Dr. Christopher’s Herbal Calcium Mix, ½ tsp, 2x/day.
- Umbilical cords: Dip in Fir Meadow’s Nav-All or Christopher’s X-Ceptic, then dip in powdered cayenne (dries up and heals super fast).
- Kids get a drop or two of Vitalerbs extract (ideally under the tongue); If they are weak, I use 1-2 drops cayenne extract mixed with lobelia extract.
- Selenium may be needed for very weak kids if deficiency is suspected.
- Dam gets dropperful of Vitalerbs extract, or 2-3 cc of cayenne extract mixed with lobelia extract as needed.
- Dr. Christopher’s Complete Tissue & Bone ointment/oil, apply to dam’s perineum
- In case of hemorrhage: Shepherd’s Purse extract
- For labor, if needed: lobelia extract or tea, cayenne tincture for energy.
- Birth recovery for dam: molasses water, chopped veggies (including carrots, celery)
- Three days (dam): begin 3-day worming w/ herbal of choice with dam
- Four days (kids): dose of Probios to get rumen going
- One week (kids) (or when they are nibbling on things): begin 3x weekly worming
- Two weeks (kids): begin weekly coccidiosis prevention with Fir Meadow GI Soother
- Homemade udder wash (antiseptic and great for many things):
Land of Havilah Udder Wash/Teat Dip Recipe:
20 drops of Lavender essential oil
20 drops Eucalyptus essential oil
5 drops Tea Tree essential oil
l6 oz. Bragg's Apple Cider Vinegar
16 oz. Cayenne/Comfrey Infusion (homemade, instructions below)
Put all into a 1 quart size spray bottle. Shake well before use.
1 TBSP Cayenne Pepper powder (40,000 hu=heat units)
1 TBSP Comfrey Root powder
16 oz of boiling water
Put Cayenne Pepper powder & Comfrey Root powder in canning jar. Pour boiling water over it (like a tea), lid it and let it steep for at least 30 minutes). Filter this through a piece of paper towel(since it is NOT being ingested, only sprayed on the udder) and then proceed to use the filtered infusion in the udder wash recipe given above.
Note: LOH has an updated version here: http://landofhavilahfarm.com/loh/natural-raising/my-holistic-methods/my-goat-milking-milk-handling-procedure/diy-x-ceptic-tincture-or-infusion/
- Homemade udder balm: I came up with my own recipe for homemade udder balm to have a toxic-free, preservative-free option; to provide nutrients that will help keep their udders healthy; and to have something for my hands to protect them from soreness and the pain of tendonitis and/or carpal tunnel syndrome. I apply this to my hands and the doe’s teats prior to milking (just a bit -- you don’t want it too slippery or too dry). Recipe next page...
Oly Ridge Udder Balm:
½ Cup Coconut Oil
¼ Cup Shea Butter
¼ Cup Castor Oil (or cocoa butter)
1 T magnesium oil (optional)
2 pellets Arnica Montana dissoved in ⅛ teaspoon water (optional)
12 drops Calendula Oil
1 T Beeswax (summer/warm months when the balm would otherwise liquify)
Directions: warm the coconut oil, shea butter and castor oil with the beeswax until liquified. Add the rest of the ingredients and stir well. Put into container and firm up in refrigerator.
Oly Ridge Garlic Ginger Drench
Garlic is my FIRST line of defense in just about any situation where I don’t know exactly what is wrong with a goat. It is antibiotic, anti-parasitic, boosts the immune system, etc. This recipe covers a lot of bases with the inclusion of ginger (for G.I. health), raw honey (antibiotic), cayenne (B-vitamins, energy), olive oil (anti-inflammatory). May be apportioned depending on need.
4 oz raw garlic, loose paper peeled
4 oz ginger chopped into small chunks
Place in blender and clover with Extra Virgin Olive Oil; pulse until it forms a thick paste. Add:
¼ C ACV
2 lg TBSP cayenne (or 1 dropper cayenne tincture)
2 TBSP raw honey
Blend again, trying to get it as smooth as possible. Pour into quart jar. Add about ¼ cup water to mixture and shake well. Drench 3-6 cc (or about 1 T) into goat. Use for acute dosing if needed, or hourly during waking hours as needed.
- Oly Ridge Farm for more info: www.olyridgefarm.com
- Terra Promise Herbals: www.terrapromiseherbals.com
- Totally Natural Goats Facebook Group files (highly recommend this group!)
- landofhavilahfarm.com (great resource for totally natural goat raising)
- fiascofarm.com (great resource for all things caprine, natural and conventional)
Updated November 2018. May not be reproduced without permission of Oly Ridge Farm.