Citing Sources for EE Draft:
Quick Guide to APA/MLA In-Text Citations & Chicago Footnotes
If you are summarizing, paraphrasing, or quoting a source, you MUST have it cited within the body of the essay. Only CHICAGO uses footnotes. If you are using MLA or APA, then you will use in-text citations.
MLA In-Text Citations (USE FOR LITERATURE, HISTORY, VISUAL ARTS, THEATRE)
First, you will want to have your Works Cited entries completed.
Include in-text citations after each concrete detail or quote that you need to cite within the draft of your EE. Please check out an example of a research paper in the MLA format at https://style.mla.org/files/2017/03/Brandons_Paper_FINAL.pdf. Ignore including your name and a header. Use this as a guide for in-text citations and for Works Cited page only.
CITATION GENERATOR FOR MLA--Be sure you use MLA 8.
FORMAT FOR A WORKS CITED CITATION FOR MLA 8
Author. Title of Source. Title of the container, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication Date, Location.
Copeland, Edward. “Money.” The Cambridge Companion to Jane Austen, edited by Copeland and Juliet McMaster, Cambridge UP, 1997, pp. 131-48.
EXAMPLE — DIGITAL PDF
United States, Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2005 Assisted Reproductive Technology Success Rates: National Summary and Fertility Clinic Reports. Oct. 2007, www.cdc.gov/art/ART2005/508PDF/2005ART508.pdf.
(United States 61).
EXAMPLE —DATABASE ARTICLE NO AUTHOR
“Developments in the Law: The Law of Marriage and Family.” Harvard Law Review, vol. 116, no. 7, 2003, pp. 1996-2122. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1342754
APA In-Text Citations --USE FOR SCIENCE EXTENDED ESSAYS
First, you will want to have your bibliography completed called References. Include in-text citations after each concrete detail or quote that you need to cite within the draft of your EE. Please check out an example of a research paper in APA format at https://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/pdf/20090212013008_560.pdf or http://www.apastyle.org/manual/related/sample-experiment-paper-1.pdf.
CITATION GENERATOR FOR APA
Remember that APA requires the following:
FORMAT FOR PERIODICAL OR ARTICLE:
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C.C. (1994). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx, xxx-xxx.
Kernis, M.H., Cornell, D.P., Sun, C.-R., Berr, A., & Harlow, T. (1993) There’s more to self esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1190-1204.
(Kernis, Cornell, Sun, Berr & Harlow, 1993, p. 1191).
EXAMPLE FOR PERIODICAL OR ARTICLE WITH NO AUTHOR
All 33 Chile miners freed in flawless rescue. (2010, October 13). Retrieved from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/39625809/ns/world_news-americas/
("All 33 Chile Miners," 2010).
FORMAT FOR NONPERIODICAL— BOOK
Author, A.A. (1994). Title of the work. Location: Publisher.
Robinson, D.N. (Ed.). (1992). Social discourse and moral judgment. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
CHICAGO In-Text Citations (USE FOR LITERATURE, HISTORY, VISUAL ARTS, THEATRE)
First, you will want to have your bibliography completed. Chicago has the list of sources called Bibliography at the end of the essay. Include in-text citations after each concrete detail or quote that you need to cite within the draft of your EE. Please check out an example of a research paper in Chicago format at https://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/pdf/1300991022_717.pdf.
CITATION GENERATOR FOR CHICAGO
FORMAT OF FOOTNOTES: Footnotes should be used after every quote and concrete detail from your sources (such as facts, ideas, statistics, etc.) in order to give credit to your source. Every source should be listed on your bibliography.
FORMAT FOR A BOOK
Author’s Last Name, Author’s First Name. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. (Place of Publication: Publisher’s Name, Date of Publication), #.
FORMAT FOR A WEBSITE
 Examples are taken from MLA official website on citing sources: https://style.mla.org/files/2017/03/Brandons_Paper_FINAL.pdf and https://style.mla.org/works-cited-a-quick-guide-book/.
Please refer to APA Style Guide at http://www.apastyle.org/learn/quick-guide-on-references.aspx.
 Examples are taken from The Concise Rules of APA Style, The Official Pocket Guide from the American Psychological Association.
 Kate Turabian. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, Eighth Edition: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers (Chicago Guides to Writing, Editing, and Publishing) (Kindle Locations 4092-4102). University of Chicago Press. Kindle Edition.
 “Citing Library Databases in CHICAGO Style.” Los Angeles Harbor College, Wilmington, CA. https://www.lahc.edu/library/chicago.pdf