ICS Calendar Title: Art, Religion, and Theology: “Theologies” of Art in the Christian Tradition

ICS Course Code: ICS 120102 W14

Instructor: Dr. Rebekah Smick

Term and Year: Thursdays, 7:00-10:00 pm, Winter 2014

Last Updated: December 12, 2013

Contents

1. Course Description

2. Reading Schedule

3. Course Requirements

4. Required Readings

5. Some Recommended Readings

1. Course Description

The course will explore significant ways that Christians have thought about the arts, artistry and art culture in Eastern and Western Christendom. The course will compare the varieties of theologies of art that have emerged from within the Protestant, Catholic, and Orthodox traditions as well as consider what distinguishes a “theology” of art by investigating historical and contemporary conceptions of art and theology. The study will involve looking at paintings, icons, altarpieces, and socially and culturally engaged works of art as well as pertinent theological writings.The methodology used in the course will be a mix of lecture and class discussion on assigned readings.

2. Reading Schedule

Jan. 9: Introductions

Elkins, The Strange Place of Religion in Contemporary Art, 1-4  (4 pp)

Elkins, “How Some Scholars Deal with the Question,” 69-78 (9 pp)

Adorno, “Theses upon Art and Religion Today,” 677-682 (6 pp)

Auden, “Postscript: Christianity and Art,” 456-461 (6 pp)

Jan. 16: The Seen and the Unseen in the Judaeo-Greek Context

Old Testament, Exodus 20: 4-6, Exodus 33: 11, 18-2

Plato, Republic, Book X, 595a-608a, pp. 1199-2012 (12 pp)

Plato, Symposium, 210a-212c, pp. 492-494 (2 pp)

Plato, Phaedrus, 247a-249e, pp. 525-527 (2 pp)

Plato, Timaeus, 27a-29e, pp. 1234-1236 (2 pp)

Aristotle, Metaphysics, 7.1032a.13–1033b.20 and 10.1061A,B

Aristotle, Poetics, IV, 1448b.6-1448.10; XXII, 1458a.18-1459a.10 (4 pp)

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, 6.1139b33-1140b5 (3 pp)

Plotinus, Enneads, 1.6.1-9, 5.8.1-8 (19 pp)

Jan. 23: Visioning God in the Early Church

New Testament, John 1: 17-18; 14: 1-10

Irenaeus, Against Heresies (excerpt) in Thiessen, 16-18 (2 pp)

Tertullian, On the Soul (excerpt) in Thiessen, 53-56 (4 pp)

Origen, De Principiis (excerpt) in Thiessen, 18-20 (2 pp)

Gregory of Nyssa, On Virginity (excerpt) in Thiessen, 24-26 (2 pp)

Gregory of Nyssa, On Perfection (excerpt) in Thiessen, 40-41 (1 pp)

Athanasius, On the Incarnation. Chapters 14-16, 43-45 (3 pp)

Basil, On the Holy Spirit. Chapter 18, 25-27 (2 pp)

Augustine, Divine Providence and the Problem of Evil (excerpt) in Thiessen, 29-30 (1 p)

Augustine, Letter to Paulina (The Book of the Vision of God) (excerpt) in Thiessen, 31-32 (1 p)

Augustine, The City of God (excerpt) in Thiessen, 42 (1 p)

Augustine, The Confessions, Book XI.5.7, 289 (1 p)

Jan. 30: The Byzantine Image as Profession of Faith

Pseudo-Dionysius, The Divine Names (excerpt) in Thiessen, 33-37 (4 pp)

Pseudo-Dionysius, The Celestial Hierarchy, Chapter 1-3, 145-153 (9 pp)

Second Council of Nicaea (excerpt) in Thiessen, 64-65 (2 pp)

Fourth General Council of Constantinople (excerpt) in Thiessen, 65-66 (2 pp)

John of Damascus, On Holy Images. Apologia III, 1-11 (11 pp)

Theodore of Studios, On the Holy Icons (excerpt) in Thiessen, 69-71 (3 pp)

Feb. 6: The Western Affirmation of the Poet Artist

Gregory the Great, Letter to Serenus (excerpt) in Thiessen, 47-48 (2 pp)

Bonaventure, The Soul’s Journey into God (excerpt) in Thiessen, 84-87 (4 pp)

Dante Alighieri, Inferno. Cantos I and II. In The Divine Comedy, 67-83 (13 pp)

Dante Alighieri. Paradise. Cantos I and XXXIII. In The Divine Comedy,  (8 pp)

Giovanni Boccaccio, “The Genealogy of the Gentile Gods: Extracts from Books XIV and XV” 420-438 (18 pp)

Feb. 13: Theology, Art and Persuasion

Leon Battista Alberti, “Book Three” in On Painting, trans. John R. Spencer (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1966), 89-98 (9 pp)

Michelangelo, Non ha l’ottimo artista alcun concetto, in The Poetry of Michelangelo, ed. R.J. Clements (New York, 1965)  

The General Council of Trent, Decree on the Invocation, the Veneration and the Relics of Saints and on Sacred Images (excerpt) in Thiessen, 142-143 (2 pp)

Sidney, An Apologie for Poetrie, 107-119 (12 pp)

Feb. 20: Reading Week

Feb. 27: Ideas about the Thing, Not the Thing Itself

Martin Luther, Receiving Both Kinds in the Sacrament (excerpt), Ecclesiastes (excerpt), and Against the Heavenly Prophets in the Matter of Images and Sacraments (excerpt) in Thiessen, 130-134 (4 pp)

Huldrych Zwingli, A Short Christian Instruction (excerpt) in Thiessen, 134-136 (2 pp)

John Calvin, The Institutes of the Christian Religion (excerpt) in Thiessen, 136-142 (6 pp)

John Calvin, Commentary on the Book of Isaiah, 46.2 (2 pp)

John Calvin, Commentary on Acts, 21:10-11 (1 p)

March 6: The New Theology of the Image: Art and Aesthetics I

Immanuel Kant, Critique of Judgment,  Book I: 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 14, 15, 16; General Comment on the First Division of the Analytic; Book II:  23, 28, 33, 46, 47, 59 (35 pp)

March 13: The New Theology of the Image: Art and Aesthetics II

Georg W. F. Hegel, Introductory Lectures on Aesthetics, Chap. 1: I-XXII; Chap. 3: XXXVIII-LXVIII; Chap. 5: XCIV-CXV (63 pp)

March 20:  Either “the Aesthetic” or “the Religious”

Schleiermacher, from On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers (excerpt) in Thiessen, 177-179 (2 pp)

Kierkegaard, from Journals and Papers (excerpt) in Thiessen, 196-198 (2 pp)

Kierkegaard, from Either/Or, Part 2 in Thiessen, 198-201 (3 pp)

March 27: Theologies of Art in the Modern Orthodox Context

Ouspensky and Lossky, The Meaning of Icons (excerpt) in Thiessen, 343-345 (2 pp)

Art and Religion. In Icons, 44-47, 49-60, 65 (15 pp)

George Pattison, Art, Modernity and Faith (excerpt) in Thiessen, 241-244 (4 pp)

April 3: Theologies of Art in the Modern Catholic Context

Jacques Maritain, Art and Scholasticism (excerpt) in Thiessen, 326-329 (3 pp)

Karl Rahner, “Theology and the Arts” (excerpt) in Thiessen, 218-222 (5 pp)

Hans Urs von Balthasar, The Glory of God, vol. 1, Seeing the Form (excerpt) in Thiessen, 320-325 (5 pp)

April 10: Theologies of Art in the Modern Protestant Context

Paul Tillich, “Art and Ultimate Reality” (excerpt) in Thiessen, 209-17 (8 pp)

Calvin Seerveld, “Modal Aesthetic Theory” in Rainbows for the Fallen World, 104-137 (33 pp)

Nicholas Wolterstorff, “Art and the Aesthetic: The Religious Dimension,” 325-339 (14 pp)

3. Course Requirements

4. Required Readings

Required Texts:

Gesa Elsbeth Thiessen, Theological Aesthetics: A Reader (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004) [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BR115 .A8 T427 2005]

Other Required Readings:

Elkins, James. The Strange Place of Religion in Contemporary Art. New York: Taylor and Francis Books, 2004 [ISBN 0-415-96988-3], pp. 1-4.  (4 pp) [UTL e-resource: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/8016873]

 

Elkins, James. “How Some Scholars Deal with the Question.” In Re-Enchantment. Ed. James Elkins and David Morgan. New York and London: Routledge, 2009 [ISBN10: 0-415-96051-7], pp. 69-78. (9 pp) [UTL e-resource: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/8774208]

 

Adorno, Theodor. “Theses upon Art and Religion Today.” The Kenyon Review, Vol. 7, No. 4 (Autumn, 1945), 677-682. (6 pp) [UTL e-resource: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/7729330]

 

Auden, W.H. “Postscript: Christianity and Art.” The Dyer’s Hand. New York: Vintage, 1989 [ISBN 0-679-72484-2], pp. 456-461.  (6 pp) [Trinity College Library: PR6001 .U4 D9 1989]

 

Plato, Republic, Book X, 595a-608a. In Plato: Complete Works. Eds. J. Cooper and D.S. Hutchinson. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1997, 1199-1212 (13 pp)  [ISBN-13: 978-0-87220-349-5] [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B358 .C3 1997]

 

Plato, Symposium, 210a-212c. In Plato: Complete Works. Eds. J. Cooper and D.S. Hutchinson. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1997, 492-494 (2 pp) [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B358 .C3 1997]

 

Plato, Phaedrus, 247a-249e. In Plato: Complete Works. Eds. J. Cooper and D.S. Hutchinson. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1997, pp. 525-527 (2 pp) [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B358 .C3 1997]

 

Plato, Timaeus, 27a-29e. In Plato: Complete Works. Eds. J. Cooper and D.S. Hutchinson. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1997, 1234-1236 (2 pp) [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B358 .C3 1997]

 

Aristotle, Metaphysics, 7.1032a.13–1033b.20 and 10.1061A, B.  In The Metaphysics. Trans. H. Tredennick. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1968,          [ISBN-10: 0674992997] [ICS Library Library Reserve Shelf: PA3893 .M5 1968 v.1]

 

Aristotle, Poetics, IV, 1448b-1449a. In Aristotle’s Theory of Poetry and Fine Art. Trans. S.H. Butcher. New York: Dover, 1951, 15-17 (2 pp)  [ISBN 0-486-20042-6] [Pratt Library: PN1040 .A5 B8 1951]

 

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, 6.1139b33-1140b5. In Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics. Trans. T. Irwin. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1985, 151-154 (3 pp) [ISBN 0-915145-66-9] [Robarts Library: B430 .A5 I79 1985]

 

Plotinus, Enneads, 1.6.1-9, 5.8.1-8. In Plotinus: The Enneads. Trans. S. MacKenna. London: Faber and Faber, 1969 [?], pp. 45-55, 410-419  [ASIN: B000EN7YRA] [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B693 .E53 M3]

 

Old Testament, Exodus 20: 4-6, Exodus 33: 11, 18-23

 

New Testament, John, 1: 17-18; 14: 1-10

 

Athanasius, On the Incarnation. Chapters 14-16. In Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers: Series II, Vol. IV – Athanasius: Select Works and Letters. Trans. Archibald Robertson. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdman’s, 2007, 43-45 (3 pp) [Emmanuel College Library:BR60 .S4 1989 v.4]

 

Basil, On the Holy Spirit. Chapter 18. In Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers: Series II, Vol. VIII – Basil: Letters and Select Works. Trans. Blomfield Jackson. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdman’s, 2007, 25-27 (2 pp) [Emmanuel College Library: BR60 .S4 1989 v.8]

 

Augustine, Letter 147: Augustine to Paulina. In The Works of Saint Augustine. II.2, Letters 100-155. Trans. Roland Teske. Hyde Park, N.Y.: New City, 2003, 318-350 (32 pp) [ISBN 9781565480551]

 

Augustine, The Confessions. Book XI.5.7. In The Works of Saint Augustine. Trans. Maria Boulding. New York: New City Press, 2003, 289 (1 p)  [ISBN 0375700218]

Pseudo-Dionysius. The Celestial Hierarchy. Books 1-2. In Pseudo-Dionysius: The Complete Works. New York; Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1987, 145-153 (8 pp)  [ISBN 0-8091-2838-1] [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BV4495 .C5 1987]

 

John of Damascus. Apologia of St. John Damascene Against Those Who Decry Holy Images. Part III. From St. John Damascene: On Holy Images. Translated by Mary H. Allies. London: Thomas Baker, 1898, 1-11 (11 pp)  [ISBN-13: 978-1436514279] [Regis College Library: BR238 .J6413 1898]

 

Dante Alighieri. Paradise. Cantos I and XXXIII. In The Divine Comedy, Vol. III. Trans. Mark Musa. New York: Penguin, 1986, 1-5, 390-394 (4 pp) [ISBN 0 14 04.4443 2]  (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: PQ4315 .M8 1984 v.3)

 

Giovanni Boccaccio, “The Genealogy of the Gentile Gods: Extracts from Books XIV and XV” in Medieval Literary Theory and Criticism c.1100-c.1375: The Commentary Tradition, eds. A.J. Minnis and A.B. Scott (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988), 420-438 (18 pp) [ISBN 0-19-811274-2] [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: PN88 .M395 1991 ; TRIN: PN88 .M45 1988]

 

Leon Battista Alberti. “Book Three” in On Painting. Trans. John R. Spencer. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1966, 89-98 (9 pp) [ISBN 0-300-00001-4] [St. Michael’s College Library: ND1130 .A48313 1966]

 

Michelangelo. Non ha l’ottimo artista alcun concetto. In The Poetry of Michelangelo, Ed. R.J. Clements. New York: 1965) [ISBN-13: 978-0226080307] [ROBA: PQ4615 .B6 C55]

 

Sir Philip Sidney, An Apologie for Poetrie. In English Literary Criticism: The Renaissance. Ed O.B. Hardison, Jr. New York:Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1963, 107-119 (12 pp) [Robarts Library: PR70 .H3]

 

Calvin, John. Commentary on the Book of the Prophet Isaiah. Trans. William Pringle. In The Commentaries of John Calvin on the Old Testament. Vol. III. Edinburgh: Calvin Translation Society, 1848, 46.2.  [public domain]

 

Calvin, John. Commentary on the Book of Acts. In Calvin’s New Testament Commentaries. Eds. David Torrance and Thomas Torrance. Vol. 7. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1959-1972, 196 (1 p) [Knox College Library: BS2341.2 .C3 v.7]

 

Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Judgment.  Trans. Werner Pluhar. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1987, Book I: 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 14, 15, 16; General Comment on the First Division of the Analytic; Book II:  23, 28, 33, 46, 47, 59. [ISBN 0-87220-025-6] [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B2783 .E5 B52]

 

Georg W. F. Hegel. Introductory Lectures on Aesthetics. Trans. Bernard Bosanquet. London: Penguin, 1993, Chap. 1: I-XXII; Chap. 3: XXXVIII-LXVIII; Chap. 5: XCIV-CXV (63 pp) [ISBN-13: 978-0-14-043335-7] [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: N64 .H4213 2004 c.1]

 

Art and Religion. In Icons. Moscow: Prosopon School 2011, 44-47, 49-60, 65 (15 pp)

 

Seerveld, Calvin. “Modal Aesthetic Theory, Preliminary Questions with an Opening Hypothesis.” In Rainbows for the Fallen World. Toronto: Tuppence Press, 1980, 104-137 (33p) [ISBN 0-919071-01-5] [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BH39 .S432 1980]

 

Wolterstorff, Nicholas. “Art and the Aesthetic: The Religious Dimension.” The Blackwell Guide to Aesthetics.  Ed. Peter Kivy. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004, 325-339 (14 pp)  [ISBN 0-631-22131-X] [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BH39 .B548 2004]

5. Some Recommended Readings

Barasch, Moshe.  Icon: Studies in the History of an Idea. New York and London: New York University Press, 1992. [ROBA: BR238 .B36 1992]

Begbie, Jeremy. Voicing Creation’s Praise: Towards a Theology of the Arts. Edinburgh: T and T Clark, 1991. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BR115 .A8 B44]

____________. Theology, Music and Time. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: ML3921 .B44 2000]

Belting, Hans. Likeness and Presence: A History of the Image before the Era of Art. Trans. Edmund Jephcott. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: N7850 .B4513 1994]

Besançon, Alain. The Forbidden Image: An Intellectual History of Iconoclasm. Trans. Jane Marie Todd. Chicago: University of Chicago, 2000. [ROBA: N7790 .B4713 2000]

Burch Brown, Frank. Religious Aesthetics, A Theological Study of Making and Meaning. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BR115 .A8 B78 1989]

Corby Finney, Paul. The Invisible God – The Earliest Christians in Art. London, New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. [ROBA: BV150 .F56 1994]

Corby Finney, Paul. Seeing Beyond the Word: Visual Arts and The Calvinist Tradition. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1999. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BX4923 .A77 S44 1999]

Dillenberger, John. Images and Relics – Theological Perceptions and Visual Images in Sixteenth-Century Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: N7862 .D56 1999]

Dyrness, William. Reformed Theology and Visual Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BX9423 .A77 D97 2004]

_____________, “Dante, Bunyan, and the Case for a Protestant Aesthetic” International Journal of Systematic Theology, Vol. 10, No. 3. (July 2008), pp. 285-302. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf]

De Gruchy, John W. Christianity, Art and Transformation: Theological Aesthetics in the Struggle for Justice. New York: Cambridge, 2001. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BR115 .A8 D44 2001]

Jensen, Robin Margaret. Face to Face: Portraits of the Divine in Early Christianity. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2005. (ROBA: N8050 .J43 2005X)

Koerner, Joseph Leo. The Reformation of the Image. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: N7862 .K64 2008 ; SMC: N7862 .K64 2004]

Levy, Evonne. Propaganda and the Jesuit Baroque. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004. [ROBA: N7865 .L48 2004]

Pelikan, Jaroslav. Imago Dei : the Byzantine apologia for icons. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. [ROBA: BR238 .P44 1990]

_____________.  Jesus Through the Centuries: His Place in the History of Culture. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1985. [ROBA: BT198 .P44 1985]

Stoker, Wessel. “God, Master of Arts: On the Relation between Art and Religion,” Ars Disputandi, vol. 7 (2007)(http://www.arsdisputandi.org/publish/articles/000277/article.pdf )

Viladesau, Richard. Theological Aesthetics: God in Imagination, Beauty, and Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BR115 .A8 V55 1999]

Wolterstorff, Nicholas, Art in Action. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1980. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BR115 .A8 W64]

Zachman, Randall. Image and Word in the Theology of John Calvin. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 2007. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BX9418 .X32 2007 ; ROBA: BX9418 .Z32 2007X]


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