GCSE MUSIC UNIT 2 COMPOSITION  - THE IDEAS BANK

AoS 1 RHYTHM & METRE

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Compositional element

Which mark band does this fit?

drum fills - marking new sections

melodic and harmonic rhythms - reflected/supported by percussive parts

think about chord rhythm, at the moment the chords always change once per bar

more use of syncopation - this can be any instrumental or percussive part

layering of percussive parts - could include shaker/ tambourine/congas etc.

use of dotted rhythms

remember that rhythmic development can apply to any part NOT just the drums -think about chord rhythms and melodic rhythm too.

variety of drum grooves - each section should have it’s own drum groove

Appropriate quantising applied

Solid sense of pulse established

Your grooves fit with your chosen style

Appropriate tempo set

Use of simple time

Use of half time to create contrast

Use of hemiola

Use of swing/shuffle rhythms

variety of drum grooves - every 4 bars or so you should edit the groove slightly, even when within the same section

AoS 2 HARMONY & TONALITY

done?

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Compositional element

Which mark band does this fit?

use of broken chords to add variety to your harmonic texture

use of 7th chords

contrasting diatonic chord sequence - try relative major key

use of effective diatonic chord sequence

Use of middle eight with harmonic contrast

use of modulation

different chord sequences for verse and chorus

chord sequences have regular cycle lengths - typically 4 or 8 bars

consider variety in harmonic rhythm - the rhythm applied to each chord - use of syncopation?

include rhythmic “pushes” to add momentum

suspension chords

AoS 3 TEXTURE & MELODY

done?

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Compositional element

Which mark band does this fit?

TEXTURE

doubling - instrumental texture

Use of call and response

Harmonising melody - use of 3rds/6ths

Use of unison and/or octave to thicken melodic texture

Use of backing vocals

Use of polyphony

Use of imitation

Use of countermelody - developing melodic texture

MELODY

Use of pentatonic scale

Use of minor blues scale - A-C-D-D#-E-G

Use of anacrusis

Use of chromaticism

Use of blue notes

Use of variety in note lengths and melodic rhythms

Repetition

Use of diatonic melody within an octave

Use of question and answer

Use of conjunct/ disjunct phrases

Use of sequence

Ascending/ Descending phrases

Strong riff ideas

AoS 4 TIMBRE & DYNAMICS

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Compositional element

Which mark band does this fit?

DYNAMICS

Use of dynamic contrast

Use of crescendo/diminuendo

Use of sforzando (stabs)

TIMBRE

variation of instrumental techniques

Use of orchestral string techniques - pizzicato, staccato, arco (legato), tremolando

Use of orchestral brass techniques - staccato, legato

Vocal techniques - falsetto, vibrato, glissando, ornamentation

Use of guitar techniques - picking, strumming, palm-muting, bends, hammer-on/pull-off, slides, fingerpicking

Use of guitar FX - distortion/overdrive, wah-wah, delay (echo), reverb, chorus

Synth sounds - editing

Use of orchestral percussive techniques - snare rolls etc.

Aos 5 STRUCTURE & FORM

done?

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Compositional element

Which mark band does this fit?

Use of motivic development

Use of augmentation/diminution

Use of sequence

Clear intro

Use of binary form

use of middle 8

clear use of song form

Clearly defined ending

clear structure - Section A, B, A, C, A (Rondo)