Situation of trans*people in Germany and different strategies to improve the lives of trans*people

Martina Riehm, 23.03.2014



Contents

Perspective/Sources

Terms

Situation of Trans*People

Strategies:

● Invisibility

● Visibility

● Gender Abolition

● Subcultures

Martina Riehm, wunder2welt.wordpress.com



Perspective

mine:

● trans-female

● non-passing

● white

also some knowledge about

● trans-male

● passing

● non-binary

● non-white (only literature/blogs)

Martina Riehm, wunder2welt.wordpress.com



Sources

own experience

trans*-groups

other trans*people

self-help-groups (IRL and Internet)

literature/blogs (mostly North-American)

studies → no scientific presentation!

Martina Riehm, wunder2welt.wordpress.com



Terms

transident (German)

mtf, ftm, ftf

passing

transition

out/stealth

cissexism

trans-misogyny

gay panic

Martina Riehm, wunder2welt.wordpress.com



Medical Intervention: Men

hormones (covered)

surgery (mostly covered):

● mastectomy

● ovarectomy

● hysterectomy

● metoidioplasty

● phalloplasty

● testicle prosthesis

● erection prosthesis

Martina Riehm, wunder2welt.wordpress.com



Medical Intervention: Women

hormones (covered)

hair removal (partly covered, difficult to get)

logopedia (covered, with tricks)

surgery:

● breast augmentation (partly covered)

● sex reassignment surgery (covered)

● facial feminization surgery (not covered)

● speech (sometimes covered)

Martina Riehm, wunder2welt.wordpress.com



Medical Intervention: Bureaucracy

often no clear regulations

little knowledge by officials

long decision processes → even though there is a „five weeks rule“

pathologization

dependency on medical appraisals sometimes connected with conservative stereotypes and invasive questions and examinations

Martina Riehm, wunder2welt.wordpress.com



Legal Reassignment

Change of name and gender marker possible if

„Not feeling to belong to the gender assigned at birth and having the need to live according to that understanding“

It is to be expected with high probability that this will not change

two medical appraisals necesary

Martina Riehm, wunder2welt.wordpress.com



Legal Reassignment

Legal change of name and gender marker makes possible:

changing of documents (everything can be changed, even retroactive)

right to proper form of address

marriage vs. civil union, father vs. mother

prison, hospital (regulation unclear)

Martina Riehm, wunder2welt.wordpress.com