Psychology

“Biology and Behavior”

Day 5

Objectives:

  1. List the components of the cerebrum.
  2. Identify which psychological functions are associated with the frontal lobes.
  3. Describe the somatosensory cortex and explain what it does.
  4. Create an explanation why the occipital lobes are critical to vision.
  5. Summarize the purpose of the temporal lobes.

Bell Work

  1. Review questions from previous day’s content – Parts of the brain.

JIGSAW

Subgroup #1:  Components of the Cerebrum—p. 51

  1. What specific nut does the Cerebrum resemble?
  2. The Cerebrum is composed of _______ hemispheres.
  3. These hemispheres are connected by the _______.
  4. The right cerebral hemisphere controls the _____ side of the body, and the left cerebral hemisphere controls the _____ side of the body.
  5. What gives the brain its grayish appearance?
  6. If I had an extremely thick cerebral cortex, would I be very smart?
  7. The cerebral cortex is convoluted.  What is a synonym for convoluted?
  8. List the three areas of the cerebral cortex.
  9. List the four lobes in each cerebral hemisphere.

Subgroup #2:  Frontal Lobs—p. 55

  1. What makes the frontal lobe special?
  2. If I shocked your right motor cortex, what would happen? Left motor cortex?
  3. When you write down the answer to this question, what part of your motor cortex are you using?
  4. If I amputated your pinky toe, what would happen to neurons that used to control the pinky toe?
  5. If I visualized myself hitting a home run, would this be helpful to me in any way?  Explain.
  6. Critical Thinking:  How long does it take to develop a good habit—like running for ten minutes three times a week?  How long does it take to develop a bad habit—like smoking?  Explain.
  7. Broca’s Area is responsible for _______ production.
  8. What is a synonym for aphasia?
  9. How did damage to Phineas Gage’s frontal association area change his life?

Subgroup #3:  The Parietal Lobes—p. 58

  1. What is the site where touch, pressure, and pain register?
  2. If I drop a brick on my foot, where does the pain register?  Be specific.
  3. How can I increase the size of my somatosensory cortex?
  4. How do the parietal lobes help us when it is pitch black outside?

Subgroup #4:  The Occipital Lobes and The Temporal Lobes—p. 59

  1. Where does vision register in the cerebral cortex?
  2. Your left visual field registers ____, and your right visual field registers ____.
  3. Critical Thinking:  Why do we feel more comfortable around someone we recognize rather than a stranger?
  4. The temporal lobes are involved in the interpretation of ____ stimuli.
  5. In about 95% of people, Wernicke’s area is in the ______ hemisphere.
  6. What part of the brain do deaf people use to interpret language?
  7. Describe possible results of damage to Wernicke’s Area or primary auditory cortex.