Every time you hit a pothole in the road, every time you see a policeman writing someone a ticket on a road with potholes, remind yourself that the true nature of government is to coerce compliance, not fix unsafe potholes.
Potholes, road-kill, and Civilization Killers (list is below) illustrate why the Federal highway monopoly should not co-mingle the need to coerce harm with commercial self-interest. This Federal transportation monopoly, and its clients in state governments, accepts engineering solutions that kill 36,000+ people per year, while blocking privately funded efforts to build cleaner, faster, safer, and more affordable mobility networks to compete with highways.
Preliminary estimates by the nonprofit National Safety Council show deadly crashes rose
by nearly 8 percent in 2015 over the previous year, killing about 38,000 people.
Start with Why
We form governments to create a Monopoly of Violence.
The purpose of life is to live. Life requires energy. Obtaining energy is the natural right of every living being. Who eats lunch, and who is lunch, underscores the violent nature of life. To obtain energy and security, we form two distinct types of institutions:
There is a huge difference between community and government. Community is based on goodwill and collaboration. Governments are based on police powers to coerce compliance. Consider a personal example, we fall in love and are married cementing a social bond based on affections; if those affections break down into divorce, the state applies police powers to coerce the parties in resolving property disputes. Community is about life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; government is about coercing compliance to provide for the defense of liberty.
Governments are essential for:
Civilization Killers Created by Federal Infrastructure
I recommend reading the book Collapse for past instances of governments driving their nations into collapse by suicidal energy policies. Federal support for Illicit Energy from slavery was a near miss in America. Federal violation of the enumerated nature of the Constitution, Divided Sovereignty, and the “post Roads” restriction created the current Civilization Killers facing American:
Consider the scale of corruption. Since 1975 when Morgantown’s PRT network began delivering injury-free urban mobility, the government highway monopoly has killed 1.7 million Americans. Far worse than the 1.7 million Wrongful Deaths is the highway monopoly’s pollution driving Climate Change, funding terrorism with oil-dollars, and mandating oil-wars.
It may seem that I am being harsh to the Governing. But consider, the Governing have a choice to:
Liberty is a ???the foundation of America’s Why and How. Liberty of inventors to offer safer networks is denied by government monopolies. Liberty of the people to choose cleaner, faster, safer, and affordable mobility networks is denied by government monopolies.
America's founding WHY:
Liberty is fundamental to America’s WHY.
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, --That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it,...."
The importance of monopolizing violence in the government is clearly stated in America’s founding WHY. The Federal government has no capacity to create “Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness”. Its single function it to “secure these rights”. When the men controlling government to ???create Civilization Killers, to harm “Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness”, “it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it”.
America’s HOW: The Constitution
Liberty is fundamental to America’s HOW. The Preamble is the Mission Statement of the Federal government:
“We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”
We want governments to monopolize power; it is their just purpose.
With the exception of juries, all government institutions are soulless, without souls to sense the justice or evil of their actions. It is for this reason that We the People ratified an enumerate powers Constitution and specified in the Federal mission statement, the Preamble, one duty and one restriction:
The success of the Constitution’s Divided Sovereignty in implementing practical government in the 62 years from the initial conflicts with Great Britain (1754) is summarized in Thomas Jefferson’s Feb 2, 1816 letter to Joseph Cabell:
“No, my friend, the way to have good and safe government, is not to trust it all to one, but to divide it among the many, distributing to every one exactly the functions he is competent to. Let the national government be entrusted with the defence of the nation, and its foreign and federal relations; the State governments with the civil rights, laws, police, and administration of what concerns the State generally; the counties with the local concerns of the counties, and each ward direct the interests within itself. It is by dividing and subdividing these republics from the great national one down through all its subordinations, until it ends in the administration of every man's farm by himself; by placing under every one what his own eye may superintend, that all will be done for the best. What has destroyed liberty and the rights of man in every government which has ever existed under the sun? The generalizing and concentrating all cares and power into one body….”
We must enforce the written Constitution or amend it by the rigors of Article 5. Article 5 prevents the Governing seeking power by benefiting a Tyranny of the Majority. As with slavery in America, a needful majority will sacrifice a minority. To prevent democratic tyranny, Article 5 requires a supermajority to change the Constitution. The requirement for a supermajority gives voice to the minority seeking justice over economic advantage.
Federalist #10 explains why the Constitution establishes a compound Federal republic with Divided Sovereignty and Article 5 Amendments to prevent a “needful” majority creating a Tyranny of the Majority:
“the majority, having such coexistent passion or interest, must be rendered, by their number and local situation, unable to concert and carry into effect schemes of oppression. If the impulse and the opportunity be suffered to coincide, we well know that neither moral nor religious motives can be relied on as an adequate control. They are not found to be such on the injustice and violence of individuals, and lose their efficacy in proportion to the number combined together, that is, in proportion as their efficacy becomes needful.”
The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 created a needful majority. This law defined the rules of economic competition based on owning a car in direct violation of the enumerated nature of the Constitution, Divided Sovereignty, and the very specific “post Roads” restriction (limiting to assuring letters can be delivered to protect free speech). Had President Eisenhower followed the lead of President Madison and vetoed this bill, the Civilization Killers we face today would be less likely. Had Eisenhower, Congress, and the States used Article 5 to remove the “post Roads” restriction, the minority who understood these Civilization Killers would have had a voice (Dr Hubbert on Peak Oil, Admiral Rickover on energy slaves, Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring).
Even today, only a minority of Americans are willing to sacrifice an immediate economic advantage to deal with Climate Change, oil-wars, debt, etc…. I recommend this minority read The Fiery Trail. It chronicles how Federal support for slavery was corrected. If we are lucky, we can repeat the process to end Federal support for foreign oil before the nation again cascades into war and Oil Famine such as Syria.
As with slavery, currently there is a democratic tyranny in America. A majority of voters are drivers. Drivers are so needful of cheap gasoline, they empower the Federal Governing to give them cheaper foreign oil today by borrowing $59,000 against the future labor of their children. As Madison notes in #10 “we well know that neither moral nor religious motives can be relied on as an adequate control”.
The Constitution is a sword, not a shield. I am greatly encouraged by recent lawsuits by children to enforce the Constitutional duty to defend Liberty for Posterity (Oregon and Massachusetts). In Massachusetts, the court declared that the State government must meet the climate action goals that it set. There needs to be massively more of these lawsuits. The Jury is the only government institution subordinated to souls. Jury Nullification provides a path to nullify the Governing violating the Constitution for their economic advantage.
Children are a non-voting, powerless minority. Parents and grandparents should be caring more about their children than cheap gas for their cars. Unfortunately, $19 trillion in Federal debt illustrates this is not currently the case.
The Difference between Community and Government
People, in community, coordinate our actions in accordance with culture and innate human courtesies. It feels good to belong and collaborate with others. In contrast, governments coerce compliance. That is their nature because that is what we formed them to do. The reason the Constitution replaced the Articles of Confederation was so the Federal government could defend liberty by directly coercing the citizen to pay taxes for that defense.
Federalist #15 (Hamilton):
Government implies the power of making laws. It is essential to the idea of a law, that it be attended with a sanction; or, in other words, a penalty or punishment for disobedience. If there be no penalty annexed to disobedience, the resolutions or commands which pretend to be laws will, in fact, amount to nothing more than advice or recommendation. This penalty, whatever it may be, can only be inflicted in two ways: by the agency of the courts and ministers of justice, or by military force; by the COERCION of the magistracy, or by the COERCION of arms. The first kind can evidently apply only to men; the last kind must of necessity, be employed against bodies politic, or communities, or States. It is evident that there is no process of a court by which the observance of the laws can, in the last resort, be enforced. Sentences may be denounced against them for violations of their duty; but these sentences can only be carried into execution by the sword. In an association where the general authority is confined to the collective bodies of the communities, that compose it, every breach of the laws must involve a state of war; and military execution must become the only instrument of civil obedience. Such a state of things can certainly not deserve the name of government, nor would any prudent man choose to commit his happiness to it.
Federalist #20 (Hamilton and Madison):
The important truth, which it unequivocally pronounces in the present case, is that a sovereignty over sovereigns, a government over governments, a legislation for communities, as contradistinguished from individuals, as it is a solecism in theory, so in practice it is subversive of the order and ends of civil polity, by substituting VIOLENCE in place of LAW, or the destructive COERCION of the SWORD in place of the mild and salutary COERCION of the MAGISTRACY.
Except for juries, to expect any government institution to to be “good” or “just” completely fails to understand that they are soulless institution incapable of sensing “good” or “evil”. Perhaps “Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely”. But there is another factor, every person seeking to control the power of government is seeking power. Seeking power attracts only those who are power hungry. If you have no hunger for power, you are very unlikely to deal with the complexities of seeking political office. To think we can trust the goodness of the Governing controlling the Monopoly of Violence is to fail to learn from the fable of the Frog and the Scorpion:
A scorpion and a frog meet on the bank of a stream and the scorpion asks the frog to carry him across on its back. The frog asks, "How do I know you won't sting me?" The scorpion says, "Because if I do, I will die too."
The frog is satisfied, and they set out, but in midstream, the scorpion stings the frog. The frog feels the onset of paralysis and starts to sink, knowing they both will drown, but has just enough time to gasp "Why?"
Replies the scorpion: "Its my nature..."
The WHY of government is to monopolize violence. I am a product of that. I am a West Point trained American Infantryman. West Point was founded at America’s founding to produce leaders skilled in the ethical application of violence subordinated to the written Constitution.
It was the West Point education on the nature war and the path to war that caused me to realize in 1998 that oil-wars since 1991 would continue so long as America’s oil addiction was funding our enemies with oil-dollars.
Since 1998 I have work to change the lifeblood of America from oil to ingenuity by building JPods solar-powered mobility networks. There is no technical barrier to powering urban transportation within a solar budget. There is no price barrier because these podcar networks, as they will like come to be known, cost 1/10 that of driving a car.
A West Point education to the nature of war and the success of restoring liberty to communications infrastructure in 1982 resulted in a deep study the nature of government and how the Constitution was framed. James Madison summarize the intent of limiting Federal sovereignty to enumerated powers, Divided Sovereignty, and separation of powers between branches of government. Great care was taken not to co-mingle commercial, sovereignty, judicial, legislative, and executive powers, Federalist #51:
“Ambition must be made to counteract ambition. The interest of the man must be connected with the constitutional rights of the place. It may be a reflection on human nature, that such devices should be necessary to control the abuses of government. But what is government itself, but the greatest of all reflections on human nature? If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary. In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself.
The barrier to building sustainable infrastructure is identical to why American had nearly a century of rotary telephones under Federal monopoly and why Federal support for slavery required a war to correct. The Governing seeking the power of government to use that power to coerce compliance within the limits of the sovereignty we grant them. The Constitution restricts Federal sovereignty to issues of war and peace, Federalist #45:
"The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation, and foreign commerce; with which last the power of taxation will, for the most part, be connected. The powers reserved to the several States will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties, and properties of the people, and the internal order, improvement, and prosperity of the State."
Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution specifically limits Federal infrastructure involvement (“internal order, improvement”) to no more than “post Roads”:
“The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;
To establish Post Offices and post Roads;”
This restriction was intentionally voted into the Constitution on Sept 14, 1787. Dr Franklin proposed the Federal government be enumerated a power to tax to build highways and canals. James Madison recommende it be raised to a power to form corporations to do things required of the Federal government. After George Mason objected, as Madison records in his Notes on the Debates in the Federal Convention, Mason “was afraid of monopolies of every sort”. The proposed sovereignty was limited to “single case of Canals” and was then defeated by a vote of 8 states to 3.
"Having considered the bill this day presented to me entitled 'An act to set apart and pledge certain funds for internal improvements,' and which sets apart and pledges funds 'for constructing roads and canals, and improving the navigation of water courses' . . . I am constrained by the insuperable difficulty I feel in reconciling the bill with the Constitution of the United States to return it with that objection to the House of Representatives. The legislative powers vested in Congress are specified and enumerated in the eighth section of the first article of the Constitution, and it does not appear that the power proposed to be exercised by the bill is among the enumerated powers."
Potholes, highway deaths, and Civilization Killers (list above of resource depletion, Climate Change, oil-wars, debt, etc....) are a consequence of the Governing treasonously violating the Constitution by co-mingling their economic self-interests with their duty to use the coercive capacities of the Monopoly of Violence to “provide” for the defense of liberty.
"No man is allowed to be a judge in his own cause, because his interest would certainly bias his judgment, and, not improbably, corrupt his integrity." Federalist #10
Three Presidential Vetoes
Importance of Liberty
4 Federal Police Powers