The Iowa Department of Public Health has made changes to the Iowa Immunization law for the start of the 2017/18 school year.  This change requires that all students entering 7th and  12th grade have the Meningococcal vaccine before school starts this fall.  

Meningococcal disease is a life threatening illness that is caused by bacteria that infects the brain, blood, and spinal cord.  It easily spreads in crowded settings and typically affects older teens and young adults.  

All students entering 7th and  12th grade must have proof of having the Meningococcal vaccine before school starts in August, unless the student has a Certificate of Immunization Exemption.  Please bring copy to the high school office.

There will be no grace/extension period for the implementation of this requirement.  

If you have any questions or concerns, please contact Karen McCarty RN ACSD School Nurse per email at karen.mccarty@albia.k12.ia.us or phone 641-932-2161 ext 180.

We have had several cases of Influenza in the school in January.  Please look over below!

Fact Sheet Influenza Recommendations for Schools FAST FACTS

  Approximately 1/5 of the U.S. population attends or works in schools.  Some viruses and bacteria can live from 20 minutes up to two hours or more on surfaces like cafeteria tables, doorknobs, and desks.  Nearly 22 million school days are lost annually due to the common cold alone.  Addressing the spread of germs in schools is essential to the health of our youth, our schools, and our nation.  Students need to get plenty of sleep and physical activity, drink water, and eat good food to help them stay healthy in the winter and all year.  Nearly 1/3 of the population is infected with flu every year. Influenza The flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. Influenza is a highly contagious virus that affects mainly the nose, throat, chest, and lungs. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The best way to prevent the flu is by getting a flu vaccination each year.

 Symptoms of Influenza Symptoms of influenza include:  Fever (typically ≥100° F)  Headache  Extreme tiredness  Dry cough  Sore throat  Runny or stuffy nose  Muscle aches  Stomach symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, also can occur but are more common in children than adults Emergency Warning Signs of Influenza In children, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:  Fast breathing or trouble breathing  Bluish skin color  Not drinking enough fluids  Not waking up or not interacting.  Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough  Fever with a rash 

Infectious Period People may be able to infect each other one day before symptoms occur and up to ten days after being sick.

How can you prevent the flu? The single best way to prevent the flu is to get vaccinated each year.

If you get the flu:  Stay home from work or school  Make sure and get plenty of rest and water  Over-the-counter medications may relieve symptoms  

Consult your doctor Vaccination Yearly flu vaccination should begin early in the fall and provide protection for the entire flu season.

Reviewed 9/15 Recommendations for Schools For more information on influenza visit our website at: www.idph.state.ia.us/Cade/Influenza.aspx?pg=FluHome .

 Norovirus has also been prevalent in January at school!

FACT SHEET NOROVIRUS

 What is norovirus? Noroviruses are a large group of viruses, also called small round viruses. Many of the viruses are named for the locale where they were first identified as causing an outbreak. Norovirus is the most common cause of foodborne illness (diarrhea and vomiting) in the U.S.

What are the symptoms of infection with norovirus? The most common symptoms are nausea with vomiting, diarrhea, and cramps. People of all ages have these symptoms. Diarrhea is more common among adults; vomiting is more common in children. Many persons (25% to 50%) also experience headache, fever, chills and muscle aches. Illness usually lasts 24-48 hours. There are no known long-term effects.

 How soon do symptoms appear? The symptoms may appear 12 - 48 hours after exposure to the virus, but onset may range from 10-50 hours after exposure. How is norovirus spread? Norovirus are most commonly spread through the fecal-oral route, either by consumption of food or water contaminated with stool or by direct person-to-person spread. The virus can also be spread by contact with objects contaminated with stool and by spreading in the air after someone vomits. This may result in droplets landing on surfaces or entering the mouth and being swallowed. Outbreaks of norovirus have been associated with both food and water. Food outbreaks have been linked to cold, prepared foods (salads, sandwiches) presumably contaminated by an infected food handler, or shellfish probably harvested from contaminated water. Outbreaks have also been associated with drinking water and recreational water (swimming ponds, beaches) where people have ingested contaminated water.

Noroviruses are also spread from person to person, especially among family members. How long is a person infectious? People can pass the virus to others while sick, and up to 72 hours after diarrhea has stopped..

The average time between exposure and illness is 24 - 48 hours. 4. The duration of illness for most persons is 12 - 60 hours (usually 24 - 48) 5. A stool test is positive for norovirus. What is the treatment for this illness? There is no specific treatment for norovirus. Rest and staying away from others.  Good handwashing should be encouraged at all times. Usually, illness does not last more than 2-3 days.

Iowa Department of Public Health Reviewed 9/15