Who Was Te Rauparaha
- He was a war leader in rangatira
- He was born around 1768
- his real birth date isn’t known but has be estimated
- He was a son of the chief
- He was born in Maungatautari click
- Died in November 27th 1849
- He died when he was 81 years old
- He died in Otaki click
- He was born in 1786 in Kawhia which was before the arrival of Captain Cook on the 8th of October 1769
- He was said to be a young boy when captain cook arrived in New Zealand this is how they estimated his age. click
- He invented the maori haka called Ka Mate.
- He wrote it because it tell his story of his escape and his fear and his ultimate survival.
- Which is now a famous haka that is done by the All Blacks before some of there games. click
- Te Rauparaha had a leading role in the Musket Wars
- He was a leading war leader in Rangatira in the time of the Musket Wars
- Te Rauparaha obtained these muskets by trading material such as food and flax and this meant they also received tobacco and powder. click
- Te Rauparaha and his tribe were pushed out of their home town of Kawhia after the Musket Wars they faced between there neighbouring Waikato tribes.
- They migrated down southwards capturing hapu and iwi as they went.
- They decided on a strategically placed that was Kapiti Island as their strong-hold and new home.
- 2,000-3,000 warriors assembled to attack Te Rauparaha and his family and tribe at waikanae to try and recover the Island of Kawhia but it failed. click
- October the 8th 1769 was when Captain Cook arrived on the Endeavor.
- This means it took 71 years to make a treaty between the two cultures. click
Treaty Of Waitangi
- Even though his high position he didn’t sign the Treaty Of Waitangi
- It was signed on the 6th of February 1840 click
- He was in the Ngāti Toa tribe
- His dad was the Chief click
The Wairau Incident
- On 17th of june 1843 22 europeans were killed amongst 4 Maori members of the Ngati Toa.
- The outraged european settlers complained to a governor by the name of Robert Fitzroy by were disappointed and enraged when the governor refused to side with them and instead saying it was their faults.
- He would have made the problem worse and making matters harder to advance into Maori territory. click
- in July 1846 Governor George Grey raided Te Rauparaha's pā at dawn and took him prisoner.
- He was held illegally without charge until January 1848 after 18 months of imprisonment at the time the Governor wiped out his iwi (tribe).
- He was released in 1848 but he never got his mana back so had no power any more because of the imprisonment click
The haka was started with a chant:
Kikiki kakaka kauana!
Kei waniwania taku tara
Kei tarawahia, kei te rua i te kerokero!
He pounga rahui te uira ka rarapa;
Ketekete kau ana to peru kairiri
Mau au e koro e – Hi! Ha!
Ka wehi au ka matakana,
Ko wai te tangata kia rere ure?
Tirohanga ngā rua rerarera
Ngā rua kuri kakanui i raro! Aha ha!
Then follows the main body of the haka:
Ka mate, ka mate! ka ora! ka ora!
Ka mate! ka mate! ka ora! ka ora!
Tēnei te tangata pūhuruhuru
Nāna nei i tiki mai whakawhiti te rā
Ā, upane! ka upane!
Ā, upane, ka upane, whiti te ra!
’Tis death! ‘tis death! (or: I may die) ’Tis life! ‘tis life! (or: I may live)
’Tis death! ‘tis death! ’Tis life! ‘tis life!
This is the hairy man
Who brought the sun and caused it to shine
A step upward, another step upward!
A step upward, another... the Sun shines!