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VERSION 1.4 UP-DATED ON 4.2.2016

1. Name and code of the vocational standard

Composite technology

2. Name and code of the vocation
Fabricator of composite products

3. Level of difficulty
(IV) Demanding tasks

4. Vocational competences

  1. planning, preparing, carrying out and controlling their own work
  2. using energy, materials and time rationally
  3. safeguarding health and environment
  4. communicating with co-workers and clients
  5. developing entrepreneurial characteristics, skills and behaviour
  6. using contemporary ICT-tools
  7. preparing and sorting fabrics as well as resins and other materials
  8. collecting and preparing data as well as basic and supplemental materials for composite production
  9. preparing work-related accessories
  10. producing composite elements, assemblies as well as semi-manufactured and finished products
  11. cutting, trimming and assembling composite parts
  12. surface altering of composite elements, assemblies as well as semi-manufactured and finished products

5. Description of the vocational standard

Field of work

Key tasks

Skills and competences

Analysis, planning and organizing work

prepares a product – work-related documentation

  • Accepting work-related instructions and documentation (plan, bill of materials, technical description, lamination plan)
  • Reading sketches, technical plans, bills of materials and technical descriptions
  • Drawing, preparing bills of materials, details, sketches
  • Measuring actual dimensions in real space
  • Calculating consumption of materials
  • Calculating cost price
  • Ability to read and understand work-related documentation
  • Calculating, writing and preparing technical documentation for a product, including calculations

Preparation of work or work space

Determines the procedure for individual production of an element, assembly, semi-manufactured and finished composite product

  • Choosing means of work for the chosen production procedure
  • Choosing the right tools and accessories
  • Checking suitability and state of working equipment
  • Independently setting up machines or a production line
  • Setting up or checking safety devices
  • Transporting work pieces to the work space
  • Sorting work pieces according to given criteria
  • Knowledge of means of transportation and operating them in accordance with regulations
  • Knowledge of the purpose of and ability to use protection and safety devices on the machines
  • Knowledge of the basics of ergonomic design of work spaces

Produces work-related accessories

  • Producing work accessories (templates for cutting, cutting patterns, cutting layouts, moulds etc.)
  • Knowledge of the technological production process of composite products and ability to adapt the accessories to said processes
  • Knowledge of the technological characteristics of machines and devices for composite technology

Gathers and prepares materials needed to produce composite products based on the lay-up plybook

  • Knowledge of fabric materials and their technological characteristics and ability to distinguish between them
  • Knowledge of different types of weaving and area densities of fabrics as well as the ability to distinguish between them and knowledge of their characteristics
  • Sorting fabrics according to types of weaving and area densities

Operations tasks

Prepares and sorts fabric, cutting patterns, resins and supporting materials as well as laminates them manually and inserts them into vacuum bags if applicable

  • Ability to prepare cutting pattern to cut a fabric optimally regarding consumption of materials
  • Marking and drawing cutting patterns
  • Basics knowledge of resins’ characteristics
  • Knowledge of the basics of mass and volume mixing ratios of resins and the ability to calculate them
  • Preparing resins
  • Knowledge of and ability to use tools for lamination of fabrics
  • Preparing fabrics for impregnation
  • Cutting a fabric according to drawn cutting patterns
  • Impregnates a fabric
  • Laminating layers of a fabric
  • Knowledge of basic characteristics of other materials (foam, core, honeycomb or other filling materials)
  • Knowledge of the processes to prepare supporting materials for lamination
  • Preparing supporting materials
  • Knowledge of the basics of vacuum bagging
  • Making vacuum bags and sealing them
  • Vacuum bagging a product
  • Knowledge of the basics of hardening a composite material product
  • Post-curing products in a heat oven or curing at room temperature
  • Knowledge of the basics of the resin infusion process and/or an RTM procedure
  • Familiarity with the basics of working with an autoclave

Cuts, trims and bonds composite products

  • Knowledge of the characteristics of cutting composite products and the effects of waste, generated during such processes, on health and the environment
  • Knowledge of the techniques for cutting composite products
  • Familiarity with tools for cutting composite products
  • Making final cuts in accordance with the dimensions given in the technical documentation
  • Produces other elements in accordance with the dimensions and positions given in the technical documentation (extrusions, holes …)
  • Familiarity with the structure, workings and methods of using processing machines
  • Familiarity with the bonding technologies and characteristics of bonding materials
  • Longitudinal, latitudinal and areal bonding of elements
  • Familiarity with the buffing technologies as well as the technological characteristics and applicability of means of polishing
  • Polishing workpieces with different buffing machines
  • More demanding polishing of composite workpieces
  • Ability to independently, safely, economically and with good quality produce composite products

Carries out surface treatment of composite elements, assemblies as well as semi-manufactured and finished composite products

  • Preparing products for the final processing
  • Using different techniques of applying materials for surface treatment
  • Choosing the most suitable type, quality and tone of the surface treatment agent (filling material - mastic, varnish, dye etc.)
  • Surface treatment and post-processing of composite products
  • Knowledge of different technologies of surface treatment of elements
  • Differentiating between surface treatment agents according to applicability and technological characteristics
  • Familiarity with machines for surface treatment of composite products, and their workings

Assembling and installing finished and semi-manufactured composite products

  • Assembling composite semi-manufactured products
  • Assembling finished composite products
  • Carrying out complaint-related work
  • Familiarity with the technological order of composite products assembly

Maintains and carries out small- and large-scale repairs of composite products

  • Determining the state of an element, assembly and/or product
  • Determining used process materials
  • Carrying out more demanding repairs of semi-manufactured and finished products
  • Choosing and carrying out maintenance procedures (cleaning, sewing, replacing parts, surface treatment)
  • Familiarity with the basics of repair and maintenance of composite products

Administrative tasks

completes work-related documentation

  • Managing and completing work-related documentation
  • Using ICT-tools
  • Knowledge of managing and completing work-related documentation
  • Knowledge about the importance and value of work-related documentation

Managing and monitoring work

Organizes their work and work of a small team

  • Organizing and monitoring own work with accordance to instructions from superiors
  • Managing work of a small team at the workspace
  • Estimating production times
  • Ability to delegate tasks and form instructions for team work
  • Ability to solve problems, regarding organization and execution of certain group tasks

Quality assurance

Checks materials and products

  • Monitoring quantities, dimensions, quality and other parameters of production materials
  • Evaluating the results of own work or a product, by comparing it against technological and technical requirements. Determining possible deviations and faults, and causes there-of as well as eliminating them if possible
  • Monitoring suitability of individual elements and products, regarding dimensions, quality and quantity
  • Monitoring results of own work and that of the team
  • Ensuring economical handling of materials and working equipment
  • Awareness of the importance of aesthetics of the product
  • Knowledge of methods and conditions of storing materials and working equipment
  • Familiarity with quality standards

Maintenance and repair

Regularly maintains and cleans working equipment

  • Checking, cleaning and lubricating devices, machines and tools, used during work
  • Sharpening and maintaining handheld cutting tools
  • Acting according to technical instructions
  • Knowledge of the rules for basic maintenance of machines and devices
  • Familiarity with the means of sharpening the tools
  • Ability to check and/or set required parameters for devices, machines and tools, in accordance with standards and/or manufacturer’s technical data


Communicates with superiors and co-workers

  • Receiving instructions as well as relaying them to and communicating about them with co-workers
  • Using technical terminology
  • Creating professional, clear and unambiguous written and verbal statements
  • Ability to choose a proper way of communication regarding problem-solving

Communicates with customers

  • Receiving order-related data
  • Relaying required information
  • Acting in accordance with business etiquette
  • Familiarity with techniques and types of communication
  • Familiarity with the basics of professional communication
  • Proper and responsible communication with customers
  • Ability to choose a proper way of communication regarding problem-solving and carrying out individual tasks

Safeguarding health and the environment

Protects themselves and co-workers from injuries and adverse environmental effects

  • Using safety equipment on machines and personal protective equipment
  • Working in accordance with occupational safety rules
  • Respecting basic principles of health and safety at work
  • Knowledge of possible injuries due to mishandling of work equipment
  • Acting exactly in accordance with regulations regarding safety at work, when planning, preparing and executing tasks at the workspace
  • Considering well-being of co-workers and their working environment
  • Familiarity with regulations regarding safety at work, fire protection, environment protection and safe handling of chemicals
  • Familiarity with safe handling of chemicals, work-related protective actions and first aid
  • Familiarity with protective equipment for handling with chemicals

Knows and uses different materials and chemical substances

  • Using different materials and chemicals as well as other equipment for production of composite materials
  • Familiarity with chemicals and their danger-related characteristics

Sorts and stores waste

  • Sorting waste, generated during production
  • Taking measures for harmless storing and disposing of waste
  • Using and storing substances that are harmful and dangerous for the environment in accordance with regulations
  • Familiarity with environmental safety regulations
  • Familiarity with harmful impacts of improper sorting, storing and disposing of waste
  • Awareness of the need for rational use of materials and energy, from the viewpoint of environmental protection.