Chapter 1 Reading Notes - Possible Answers

1.3 Art

Important Roman art forms:

  • realistic statues and colorful mosaics
  • painted frescoes
  • decorative bottles
  • art of gem cutting
  • metal work
  • cameo

Examples in modern life:

  • murals
  • cut gems
  • life-like statues

1.4 Architecture and Engineering

Important arch. achievements:

  • vault
  • arch
  • dome
  • concrete
  • aqueducts
  • stadium
  • triumphal arch
  • roads and bridges

Modern examples:

  • many important buildings use Roman designs
  • Stadiums
  • modern freeways
  • aqueducts

1.5 Language and Writing

Latin alphabet vs English alphabet:

Latin - 23 letters

English - 26 letters

numbers:

1 - I

10 - X

100 - C

1000 - M

Examples of Latin:

  • Latin words
  • prefixes/suffixes
  • proverbs
  • Romance languages (Italian, French, Spanish, Romanian, Portuguese)

1.6 Philosophy, Law, and Citizenship

Ideas:

  • live in a way that agrees w/ nature
  • have good character
  • natural law (everyone has certain rights)

Examples:

  • Stoic (someone who bears hardship well)
  • modern legal codes based on Roman law.
  • Most people today believe that we all have certain rights.