____ 1. How were the Spanish able to defeat the Aztecs and the Incas?

A. The Spanish had superior weapons that helped them defeat larger armies.

 B. The Spanish made alliances with enemies of the Aztecs and Incas.

C. The Aztecs and Incas were weakened and killed by European diseases.

D. All of the above

____ 2. Which of the following was a reason for Spanish defeat of the Aztecs and Incas?

A. The Spanish were excellent soldiers and sailors.

B. The Aztecs and Incas had failing empires.

C. The Spanish were aided by Aztec and Incan gods.

D. The Aztecs and Incas were betrayed by their own people.

____ 3. What was the goal of missions in Spanish colonial society?

A. to teach Native Americans how to read and write

B. to convert Native Americans to Christianity and increase Spanish control

C. to treat Native Americans as equals and give them land to farm

D. All of the above

____ 4. What was the Columbian Exchange?

A. the trade between Europeans and West African kings for slaves

B. the movement of Christianity from Europe to the Americas

C. the movement of plants, animals, and diseases between hemispheres

D. the migration of settlers from Europe to the Americas

____ 5. Why did European colonists choose to enslave Africans to provide labor?

A. Africans were immune to most European diseases.

B. Africans had no allies in the Americas to aid in escape or rebellion.

C. Africans provided a permanent source of cheap labor.

D. All of the above

____6. Which of the following was NOT part of the Columbian Exchange

A. Plants

B. Animals

C. Slaves


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____ 7. What city was located in Peru?

A. Mexico City B. Brazil C. Lima D. Florida

____ 8. Which viceroyalty contained land in Central America?

A. Viceroyalty of New Spain B. Viceroyalty of Peru C. Viceroyalty of Portugal D. All of the above

____ 9. Approximately how many miles is it from Mexico City to the northern border of New

Spain? A. 500 miles B. 1,000 miles C. 1,500 miles D. 2,000 miles

____ 10. What direction would a Spaniard in Lima go to get to Brazil?

A. north B. south C. east D. west