Bulimia

What is it?

  In this disease people eat in excess and then have a feeling of discomfort and guilt so they compensate it in extreme ways. Generally they throw up or exercise in an extreme and aggressive way. It can also lead to compulsive ways.

Symptoms

Causes

           - You are born with it

           - You learn it from people around you and people who are famous 

           - Unhappiness at home or at school.

Anorexia

What is it?

  With this disease people have a real fear of weight gain and a distorted view of their bodies. As a result, they eat little to nothing and become dangerously underweight.

Symptoms

Causes

Rochi, Jose, Lucy and Epi

Coronary Heart Disease

Causes

Excess of saturated fats and cholesterol, which causes fat deposits to build up in the arteries leaving little or no room for blood to get through.

Symptoms/Signs

angina, heart attack, heart failure, arrhythmia.

TREATMENT

  Prescription of drugs to lower blood pressure, surgery to replace the damaged coronary artery with a blood vessel (coronary bypass operation), insertion of a little mesh tube inside the artery to keep it open, insertion of a tiny balloon into the collapsed artery to push it open (angioplasty).

Prevention

  There is no way of preventing it, but the risk can be reduced by

Which are the factors that increase the risk of coronary heart disease?

Mara, Luli, Luz & Flor

Kwashiorkor

Definition

  A disease often caused by poverty. The lack of high-protein foods and vitamins a child needs to grow. Also caused due to the lack of knowing what consists of a well balanced diet.

Children from 9 months to 9 years old.

Prevention

The best way to avoid this disease, is to eat a nutritious and balanced diet which includes fats, carbohydrates and proteins

Symptoms

Treatment: there are two high-protein diets. One based on animal protein, the other on plant protein. It's reversible.

Cata, Catu and Delfi

Marasmus

Sickness present in children. Type of malnutrition that consists of muscle and fat loss, changes in body temperature, diarrhea, fatigue and dizziness.

This sickness is caused by low consumption of nutrients, proteins and calories.

The symptoms are chronic muscle waste, body weight much lower, dry skin and the child looks emaciated.

Luna, Fran, Agos, Tomi


Obesity

 

It’s a disease which describes people who take more energy than they use and have excessive body fat.

Consequences

Treatment

It can be controlled by well balanced meals and regular exercises.

Delfi S, Gon, Agustín, Juan and Tomi A