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Initiated and edited by La Tanya S. Autry, @artstuffmatters, July 2015 -


Activism in Museums, Neutrality Claim

“Activist? Activism? Museums?,” The Incluseum, June 23, 2015,,

“Museums Do Not Need to Be Neutral, They Need to Be Independent,” ICOM, January 2019, 

Autry, La Tanya S., "Changing the Things I Cannot Accept: Museums Are Not Neutral," Artstuffmatters blog, October 15, 2017,

Autry, La Tanya S. and Mike Murawski, “Museums Are Not Neutral: We Are Stronger Together,” Panorama: Journal of the Association of Historians of American Art 5, 2 (Fall 2019),

Autry, La Tanya S., Mike Murawski, and Kaywin Feldman, “Museums Are Not Neutral,” Interview by Suse Anderson, Museopunks, Episode 27, Podcast audio, June 28, 2018,

Brown, Aleia, “Another Case for Museums as Public Forums,” Public History Commons, April 15, 2015,

Brown, Aleia   and Adrianne Russell, “We Who Believe in Freedom Cannot Rest,” The Incluseum, December 17, 2015,

Bryant-Greenwell, Kayleigh B., “Taking a Stand Against Neutrality: the Role of Social Justice in Museums,” Museum, February 2019, 

Fiona Cameron, Lynda Kelly (eds). Hot Topics, Public Culture, Museums. New Castle Upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. 2010. Or

Fiona Cameron, Beyond surface representations: Museums,'edgy' topics, civic responsibilities and modes of engagement. Open Museum Journal: Contest and Contemporary Society. 2006.

Cameron, Fiona. Transcending fear - engaging emotions & opinion - A case for museums in the 21st century. Open Museum Journal Vol. 6: New Museum Developments & the Culture Wars. 2003.

Cascone, Sarah, “Why Was 1977 Such a Boom Year for Upstart New York Art Institutions? An Oral History, 40 Years Later,” Artnet, December 21, 2017, h


Copeland, Huey and Frank Wilderson, "Red, Black, and Blue: The National Museum of African American History and Culture and the National Museum of the American Indian, Artforum, September 2017,

Aruna D’Souza, “This Artist Changed the Title of Her Work to Call Out a Museum.” Garage, December 22, 2017,”

Jennifer A. Ferretti, “Neutrality is Hostility: the Impact of (False) Neutrality in Academic Librarianship,” (Google Doc, resource list), February 6, 2018
[centers on libraries, but this discourse relates to the neutrality claims in museums as well]

Elena Gonzales, Exhibitions for Social Justice. London: Routledge, 2019. 

Joseph Gonzales, Nicole Ivy, Porchia Moore, Rose Paquet Kinsley, Aletheia Wittman, “Michelle Obama, “Activism”, and Museum Employment Part III,” The

Incluseum, November 6, 2015,

Halperin, Julia, “Clashing Visions, Simmering Tensions: How a Confluence of Forces Led to MOCA’s Firing of Helen Molesworth, Artnet, March 16, 2018, 

Jennings, Gretchen, "The Idea of Museum Neutrality: Where Did It Come From," Museum Commons blog, June 26, 2017,

Kelley, Sean, “Beyond Neutrality,” History News, Spring 2017.

Kelley, Sean, “Beyond Neutrality,” Center for the Future of Museums Blog, August 23, 2016.

Kassim, Sumaya, “The Museum Will Not Be Decolonised,” Media Diversified, November 15, 2017, 

Kassim, Sumaya and Arwa Aburawa, “The Museum Will Not Be Decolonised,” (video, 9 minutes 27 seconds) uploaded November 2018, 

MASS Action, Museums As Site for Social Action, toolkit, 

Toolkit - 

Merrill, Katie Gerlach, “Can a Tax Exempt Arts Organization Take a Political Position?,” Hughes Hubbard & Reed, April 18, 2017,

Moore, Porchia, Aletheia Wittman, and Rose Paquet Kinsley, “Michelle Obama, “Activism”, and Museum Employment Part I,” The Incluseum, May 12, 2015,

Porchia Moore, Aletheia Wittman, and Rose Paquet Kinsley, “Michelle Obama, “Activism”, and Museum Employment Part II,” The Incluseum, June 5, 2015,

Murawski, Mike,  "Museums Are Not Neutral", Art Museum Teaching blog, August 31, 2017,

Murawski, Mike, Museums as Agents of Change: A Guide to Becoming a Changemaker, Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2021.

Raicovich, Laura, Culture Strike: Art and Museums in an Age of Protest, London: Verso, 2021, 

Raicovich, Laura, "Museum Resolution: Dismantle the Myth of Neutrality," Walker Art Magazine, Walker Art Center, January 8, 2019,

Reilly, Maura, "What is Curatorial Activism," Art News, 11/7/2017,


Kirsty Robertson, Tear Gas Epiphanies: Protest, Culture, Museums. McGill Queen’s University Press, 2019.

Anabel Roque Rodriguez, “Museums Are Not Neutral,” Anabel Roque Rodriguez blog, September 13, 2017,, reposted on Art Museum Teaching blog,

Anabel Roque Rodriguez, “The Myth of Museum Neutrality or Business over Education,” Anabel Roque Rodríguez blog, July 18, 2018,

Ruggles, Angela, “5 Tips on How to Visit a Museum with a Social Justice Lens,” Bébé Voyage, September 22, 2021, 

Nathan “Mudyi” Sentence, Museums Are Not F**king Neutral: The Myth of Neutrality in Memory Institutions, Your Neutrality Is Not Our Neutral,” Archival Decolonist blog, January 18, 2018,

Jillian Steinhauer, “Museums Have a Duty to be Political,” The Art Newspaper, March 20, 2018,

Kelsey Wrightson. “The Limits of Recognition: The Spirit Sings, Canadian Museums, and the Colonial Politics of Recognition.” Museum Anthropology 40, no 1 (March 2017), 36-51.                                                                              

Opposition to Museum Activism

Elizabeth Merritt, “On Morning Coffee & Museum Activism,” Center for the Future of Museums, March 26, 2015, see also

Renwei Chung, “How the Murder of a Mentally Ill Man in Milwaukee Triggered the Starbucks Race Together Initiative,” Above the Law, April 3, 2015,

Robin Pogrebin, “Politically Outspoken Director of Queens Museum Steps Down,” New York Times, January 26, 2018,

Black Squares - George Floyd Protests - Social Media Campaign - June 2020

“We Can Do Better, Claim US Museums Criticized for Hollow Signs of BLM Solidarity,” Artforum, June 3, 2020, 

Greenberger, Alex and Tessa Solomon, “Major US Museums Criticized for Responses to Ongoing George Floyd Protests,” Art News, June 2, 2020, 

Museum Workers Denouncing Racism in Museums, 2019 - present

Autry, La Tanya, “A Black Curator Imagines Otherwise,” Hyperallergic, April 23, 2021, 

Black Conservators, “Join Black Conservators and Demand Racial Justice in Art Conservation,” July 13, 2020, 

“Calling Artists, Cultural Leaders, Advocates, and Allies Against Racism,” February 14, 2021,
- response to Newfields/Indianapolis Museum of Art, executive director job description listing duties as “attract a broader and more diverse audience while maintaining the Museum’s traditional,m core, white art audience” 

Children’s Museum of Pittsburgh Family, “An Open Letter to the Children’s Museum of Pittsburgh,”

Black Artists and Cultural Workers in Switzerland, Open Letter/Offener Brief/Lettre ouverte, June 9, 2020, 

Former MOCAD Employees Make Direct Appeal to Board of Directors for Substantive Change, July 3, 2020,

For the Culture - Black and Brown arts professionals strong list of demands for NYC cultural centers,

Montiel de Shuman, Andrea, “No longer in extremis,” Medium, June 15, 2020, 

Holmes, Helenm “The Guggenheim’s First Black Curator is Denouncing the Museum’s Treatment of Her,” Observer, June 5, 2020,

Lefebvre, Sam, SFMOMA Staffers Condemn ‘Racist Censorship’ and Institutional Inequities in Letter Calling for Change, Artnet, June 23, 2020 

McCleary, Katie, et al, “Open Letter to the Yale University Art Gallery,” June 3, 2020

McKenzie, Joi-Marie, “Guggenheim’s First Black Curator Calls Museum Out for Institutional Racism & Hypocrisy,” Essence, June 4, 2020,

McQueen, Brigitte, “Arts Omaha + The White Supremacy Culture of Omaha’s Cultural Sector,” Medium, April 9, 2021, 

Mitter, Siddhartha, “Behind Basquiat’s ‘Defacement’: Reframing a Tragedy,” New York Times, July 30, 2019,

Monet, Kai, “Honoring My Momentum of Change: Leaving Museums Behind,” NAEA Museum Education, Medium, March 25, 2021, 

Moore, Porchia, “Cartography: A Black Woman’s Response to Museums in the Time of Racial Uprising,” The Incluseum, June 10, 2020, 

Morgan, Kelli, “To Bear Witness: Real Talk about White Supremacy in Art Museums Today,” Burnaway, June 24, 2020,

Pogrebin, Robin, “Curators Urge Guggenheim to Fix Culture That ‘Enables Racism’,” New York Times, June 22, 2020

Dismantle NOMA, “Open Letter to the New Orleans Museum of Art,” June 24, 2020, 

VMFA Reform

Dirt, Art + Museum Transparency, “The Annotated Bibliography of Institutional Callouts,”
IG: dirt.dmv

Randle, Aaron, “We Were Tired of Asking: Why Open Letters Have Become Many Activists’ Tool of Choice for Exposing Racism at Museums,” Artnet, July 15, 2020, 


Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi. “The Danger of a Single Story,” TedGlobal, Oct. 7, 2009, 

“Identifying & Dismantling White Supremacy in Archives: An Incomplete List of White Privileges in Archives and Action Items for Dismantling Them,”

Poster- content produced in Michelle Casswell’s Archives, Records, and Memory class, Fall 2016, UCLA, poster design by Gracen Brilmyer

http://www.gracenbrilmyer .com/dismantling_whiteSupremacy_archives3.pdf 

Maha Bali, “Yearning for Praxis: Writing and Teaching Our Way Out of Oppression,” Hybrid Pedagogy, October 21, 2015, 

Jennifer Bonnell and Roger I. Simon, “’Difficult Exhibitions and Intimate Encounters,” Museum and Society 5.2 (July 2007), 65-85

Nina De Jesus, “Locating the Library in Institutional Oppression”, In the Library with the

Paulo Freire, Pedagogy of the Oppressed, New York: Continuum, 2000.

bell hooks, Teaching to Transgress: Education as the Practice of Freedom, New York: Routledge, 2017, 1994.

Deepa Iyer, “Reckoning with Trauma 16 Years After,” Medium, September 10, 2017,   

Seema Rao, Objective Lessons: Self-Care for Museum Workers, Lexington, KY: CreateSpace Independent Publishing, 2017, 

Nikhil Trivedi, “Oppression: A Museum Primer,” The Incluseum, February 4, 2015, 

Erich Hatala Matthes, “Why Museums Need Their Own Ethics Departments, Apollo, September 4, 2017, 


Jayawardane, M. Neelika, “Art and the Limits of ‘Awareness’ Politics,” Art in Review, Opinion, November 11, 2022,

Samudzi, Zoé, “Museums Can, and Do Talk About Race, Just Not Whiteness,” Artnet, December 27, 2022 

Race, Understanding the Material Effects of Racism

Baldwin, James, "A Talk to Teachers," delivered October 16, 1963, as “The Negro Child – His Self-Image”; originally published in The Saturday Review, December 21, 1963, reprinted in The Price of the Ticket, Collected Non-Fiction 1948-1985, Saint Martins, 1985, 

Bonilla-Silva, Eduardo, Racism without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in America, Plymouth, UK: Rowman & Littlefield, 2014,

Greenberg, Jon, “Curriculum for White Americans to Educate Themselves on Race and Racism from Ferguson to Charleston,” Citizenship & Social Justice,  July, 10, 2015,

Hartman, Saidiya, “Saidiya Hartman on Insurgent Histories and the Abolitionist Imaginary,” as told to Catherine Damman, Artforum International, July 14, 2020, 

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Oluo, Ijeoma, So You Want to Talk About Race, New York: NY Seal, 2018, 

Lise Ragbir [in conversation with eunice bélidor], "I Was a Museum’s Black Lives Matter Hire," Hyperallergic, March 2, 2023, 

Sharpe, Christina, “Lose Your Kin, The New Inquiry, November 16, 2016,

Sharpe, Christina, “The Weather,” The New Inquiry, January 19, 2017, 

Williams, Chad Louis, Kidada E. Williams, and Keisha N. Blain, Charleston Syllabus, Readings on Race, Racism, and Racial Violence, Athens, GA: University of Georgia, 2016

Uncovering Race in Museums

Adams, Kelsey. “A Black Curator is Never Just a Curator” Canadianart, December 17, 2019,

Adams, M. A. (2017). Deconstructing Systems of Bias in the Museum Field Using Critical Race Theory. Journal of Museum Education, 42(3), 290-295.

Berger, Maurice, “Are Art Museums Racist?,” Art News, 3/31/20 

Berger, Maurice, “Are Art Museums Racist?,” in How Art Becomes History: Essays on Art, Society, and Culture in Post-New Deal America. New

York: HarperCollins, 1992,

Bidsha, "It’s time for the arts world to look hard at its own racism," The Guardian, December 19, 2015,  

Brown, Aleia  and Adrianne Russell,  Museums & #BlackLivesMatter, Medium, Sep. 20, 2015, 

Burns, Andrea A., From Storefront to Monument: Tracing the Public History of the Black Museum Movement, Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts, 2013.

Cahan, Susan E, Mounting Frustration: The Art Museum in the Age of Black Power, Durham, NC: Duke University, 2016.

Copeland, Huey  and Frank Wilderson, "Red, Black, and Blue: The National Museum of African American History and Culture and the National Museum of the American Indian, Artforum, September 2017,

Cooks, Bridget R., Exhibiting Blackness: African Americans and the American Art Museum, Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts, 2011.

Corrin, Lisa G., ed. Mining the Museum: An Installation by Fred Wilson.

Baltimore: The Contemporary, 1994.

D’Souza, Aruna, Whitewalling: Art, Race, & Protest in 3 Acts, Badlands Unlimited, 2018.

Davis, Damon, “In the Face of White Male Privilege Run Amok, a Plea for Artistic Responsibility,” Hyperallergic, September 28, 2016, 

Drake, Jarrett, “I’m Leaving the Archival Profession: It’s Better This Way,” Medium, June 26, 2017, 

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Hannah Hong Frelot, “Seven Ways to Make the Museum System a Better Place for People of Color,” blog, The Incluseum, June 2, 2014, 

Fusco, Coco, “We Need New Institutions, Not New Art,” Hyperallergic, October 26, 2020, 

Alyssa Greenberg, “How Every Museum Can Respond to Ferguson,” Imagining America, February 16, 2015, 

Alyssa Greenberg, “How Every Museum Can Respond to Ferguson - Part II,” Imagining America, April 27, 2015, 

Radiah Harper, “25 Ways to See and Act on Decentering Whiteness: Aka White Supremacy in the Museum,” Museum Commons blog, October 23, 2017, 

Radiah Harper, “Letter to Young Museum Professionals of Color or What Transpires on a Long-Haul Career of Confronted with Racism in Museums,” The Incluseum, October 3, 2017, 

Harvey, Emily Dennis and Bernard Friedberg, editors, A Museum for the People: A Report of Proceedings at the Seminar on Neighborhood Museums held November 20, 21, and 22, 1969, at MUSE, the Bedford Lincoln Neighborhood Museum in Brooklyn, New York, Cambridge, MA: Acanthus, 1971.

Heller, Hannah, “Whiteness in Museum Education,” The Incluseum, December 14, 2017, 

Heller, Hannah, nikhil trivedi, and Joanne Jones-Rizzi, “Uncovering White Supremacy Culture in Museum Work,” The Incluseum, March 4, 2020,

Howe, Brian, “White-Dominated Arts Institutions Are Keen To Diversity. But Are They Willing To Give Up Power,” IndyWeek, February 24, 2021, 

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Gretchen Jennings. (October, 2015). “The #museumsrespondtoFerguson Initiative: A Necessary Conversation. “ Museums and Social Issues Vol. 10 No. 2 pp 1-9

Gretchen Jennings.  “The Trayvon Martin Archives.” Museum Commons

Joselit, David, “Art Museums Will Never Be the Same. That’s a Good Thing,” The Reader MIT Press, July 22, 2020, 

Helen Kim Ho, “8 Ways People of Color are Tokenized in Nonprofits,” Everyday Feminism, October 28, 2017,

Francis E. Kendall, “Understanding White Privilege,”  Christian Peacemaker Teams, 2002, 

Elizabeth Merritt, “Instigating Social Justice Sessions at AAM 2015,” Center for the Future of Museums, August 4, 2014, 

Porchia Moore, “An Exploration of Race, Social Media, and Museums,” Exhibitionist vol .32, no. 2, Fall 2013,

Eric Morse, “#MuseumsrespondtoFerguson: Systemic Racism, Representation, and Museums as Peaceful Congregant Spaces,” Museumuptopia, June 23, 2015,

“#Museumsrespondtoferguson,” The Uncatalogued Museum, December 11, 2014,

Katie Nodjimbaden, "How the African American History Museum Is Curating the "Black Lives Matter" Movement,", December 14, 2015, 

Rodney, Seph, “The Conflict Around Diversity at the American Alliance of Museum,” Hyperallergic, June 3, 2016,

Russell, Adrianne, "The Media Needs a History Lesson When Addressing Civic Unrest, Says the Director of the African American History Museum," Smithsonian Magazine, May 1, 2015, 

Sacco, Nick, “The History of U.S. Slavery and the Problem of Moral Equivalency,” Exploring the Past blog, October 24, 2017,

Sandell, Richard and Eithne Nightingale, editors, Museums, Equality, and Social Justice (Museum Meanings), London: Routledge, 2012.

Sandell, Richard, Museums, Prejudice and the Reframing of Difference, Abington, UK: Routledge, 2007.

Schwartz, Deborah F., “A Museum Director Reflects on #MuseumsrespondtoFerguson,” Museum Commons, January 6, 2015, 

Daniel J. Sherman, editor, Museums and Difference (21st Century Studies), Bloomington, IN: University of Indiana, 2008.

Nina Simon, “On White Privilege and Museums,” Museums 2.0, March 6, 2013,

Kaylee Warren, “Meet the New York Curators Shaking Up the Canon of Contemporary Art,” The Fader, November 17, 2017,  

Menachem Wecker, “Why Museums Should Be a Safe Space to Discuss Why #BlackLivesMatter,”, April 29, 2015, 

Press Release: “History, Rebellion and Reconciliation” Symposium Examines Race, Justice and Community Activism,” Smithsonian Institution, April, 8, 2015,

NMAAHC symposium held April 25, 2015, Twitter hashtag #HRRlive

Bringing Self­ Examination to the Center of Social Justice Work in Museums

The Journal of Museum Education, Volume 42, No. 2, Summer 2017, “Identifying and Transforming Racism in Museum Education”

Indian Arts Research Center & School for Advanced Research: Community+Museums and Museums+Community Guidelines for Collaboration:

Diversity, Inclusion, Equity - Language, Concepts of Difference

“How Can Contemporary Art Be More Inclusive of Native Voices?” (an online discussion with Kathleen Ash-Milby, Jeffrey Gibson, Dyani White Hawk, Luzene Hill, and Candessa Tehee), Walker Reader, October 12, 2017, 

Sara Ahmed, Living a Feminist Life. Durham, NC: Duke University, 2017.

Sara Ahmed, On Being Included: Racism and Diversity in Institutional Life. Durham: Duke University Press, 2012.

Sara Ahmed, Queer Phenomenology: Orientations, Objects, Others. Durham, NC: Duke University, 2006.


Sanchita Balachandran, “Race, Diversity and Politics: Our 21st Century Crisis.” May 2016.

Joy Bailey-Bryant, “We’re Not That Hard to Find: Hiring Diverse Museum Staff,”, January-February 2017, 27-29,'re-not-that-hard-to-find.pdf 

Joan Baldwin, “Museum Hiring: It’s About the Whole, Not the Other Than,” Leadership Matters blog, December 10, 2018, 

J. Bryant and S. Penny, “Museums and Race Report Card,” Museums & Race blog, 2018,

Johnetta Cole, “Johnetta Cole: Museums, Diversity, & Social Value, Association of Art Museum Directors”,

Dr. Johnnetta Betsch Cole: 2015 AAM General Session Keynote Address

Derwin Dubose, “How White Nonprofit Leaders Can Advance Diversity,” NonProfit Quarterly, January 14, 2015, 

Radiah Harper and Keonna Hendrick, “Doing the Work: A Discussion on Visioning and Realizing Racial Equity in Museums, Journal of Museum Education, 42 (2), 2017: 163-168,

April Hathcock, “White Librarianship in Blackface: Diversity Initiatives in LIS,” In the Library with the Lead Pipe, October 7, 2015, 

Anna Holmes, “Has Diversity Lost Its Meaning?,” New York Times, October 27, 2015, 

Nicole Ivy, “The Labor of Diversity,” Museums, January 2016,

Alex Kapitan, “Should I Use the Adjective “Diverse”?, Radical Copyeditor blog, October 2, 2017, 

Rose Paquet Kinsley (2016). Inclusion in Museums: A Matter of Social Justice. Museums, Management, and Curatorship, Page 474-490.

Brooke Leonard, “On Diversity and Inclusion,” Alliance Labs, American Alliance of Museums, August 8, 2016, 

Laura Lott, “My Recap from a Workplace Inclusion Forum,” Center for the Future of Museums, April 26, 2016, 

Leslie Mac, “Too many white folks, white-led orgs & NFPs have framed antiracism work as learning about racism. That is education…,” Twitter thread @LeslieMac, May 31, 2018,

Stacey Mann, Saralyn Rosenfield, and Amelia Wiggins “Confronting Our Whiteness: Our First Steps Toward Systemic Change,” Medium, June 12, 2018, 

Wendy Ng, Syrus Marcus Ware, Alyssa Greenberg, Activating Diversity and Inclusion: A Blueprint for Museum Educators as Allies and Change Makers, Journal of Museum Education, 42 (2), 2017: 142-154, 

Anamik Saha, “Diversity Initiatives Don’t Work: They Just Make Things Worse: The Ideological Function of Diversity in the Cultural Institutions, Media Diversified, February 16, 2019, 

Hilarie Sheets, “Pressure Mounts for US Museums to Increase Diversity at the Top,” The Art Newspaper, August 3, 2016, 

Nina Simon, “Fighting for Inclusion,” Museum 2.0 blog, September 23, 2015

Dafina-Lazurus Stewart, “Language of Appeasement: Colleges Need a Language Shift, But Not the One You Think,” Inside Higher Ed, March 30, 2017,

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Taru Taylor, “Why I am boycotting my law school graduation ceremony this spring,” The Observer, February 9, 2018, 

Anuradha Vikram, “Equity and Inclusion for All? Curator Anuradha Vikram Chronicles Her Path through LA’s Diversifying Art Scene,” ArtNews, January 8, 2019,

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Robert J. Weisberg, “What We in Museums Talk about When We Talk about Diversity,” Robert J. Weisberg blog, August 3, 2016, 

Art Museum Staff Demographic Survey 2018,         


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American Alliance of Museums, “Diversity and Inclusion Policy,” American Alliance of Museums, February 26, 2014, 

“For the Benefit of All: The CMA’s Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Plan,” Cleveland Museum of Art, 

Black Museums History

Ables, Kelsey, “Black History is Vital to Understanding Racial Injustice. But the Museums Holding that History are Under Threat,” Washington Post, November 25, 2020,

Burns, Andrea, From Storefront to Monument: Tracing the Public History of the Black Museum Movement, Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts, 2013.

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Anti-colonialism, Decolonization,


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Grande, Sandy, “Refusing the University,” in Toward What Justice: Describing Diverse Dreams of Justice in Education, ed. Eve Tuck and K. Wayne Yang, New York: Routledge, 2018, 47-65.

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Artist Emily Johnson/Catalyst uses her Decolonization Rider, a contractual agreement, when she collaborates with organizations. She shares her Decolonization Rider with them for agreement to honor Indigenous methodologies, knowledge, people, and lands through terms identified in the document.

Kaba, Mariame and Eve L. Ewing, “Mariame Kaba: Everything Worthwhile is Done with Other People” Adi Magazine, Fall 2019,

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Behari-Leak, Katsuri, Langutani Masehela, Luyanda Marhaya, Masebala Tjabane, and Ness Merckel, “Decolonising the Curriculum: It’s in the Detail, Not Just in the Definition,” The Conversation, March 9, 2017,

Cairns, Puawai, “Decolonisation: We Aren’t Going to Save You,” Center for the Future of Museums blog, American Alliance of Museums, December 17, 2018, 

Catlin-Legutko, Cinnamon, “We Must Decolonize Our Museums,” Ted X Dirigo, 2016,

Cascone, Sarah, “An Oregon Arts Organization Has Voluntarily Repatriated Its Only Building to a Native American Group in Recognition of Historic Tribal Ownership of the Land,” Artnet, July 16, 2020 

Chambers, Iain, Alessandra De Angelis, Celeste Ianniciello, Mariangela Orabona and Michaela Quadraro,  The Postcolonial Museum: The Arts of Memory and the Pressures of History, London: Routledge, 2016.

Choi, Binna and Yolande van der Heide, “Decolonizing Art Institutes from a Labor Point of View,” On Curating 35: December 2017, 

Decolonize This Place, “Open Letter to the Brooklyn Museum: Your Curatorial Crisis is an Opportunity to Decolonize,” Decolonize Brooklyn Museum blog, April 3, 2018, April 5, 2018,

Decolonize This Place, “Statement 2: Growing Coalition Calls Brooklyn Museum ‘Out of Touch’ and Demands Decolonization Commission,” Decolonize Brooklyn Museum blog, April 12, 2018,

Decolonize This Place, “Why We Need to Decolonize the Brooklyn Museum,” Now This News,, May 8, 2018.

Decolonize Our Museums, Official Response to the MFA Panel “Kimono Wednesdays, A Conversation,” Tumbler, May 31, 2016,

Gross, Daniel A.,  “The Troubling Origins of the Skeletons in a New York Museum,” New Yorker, January 24, 2018,

Hicks, Dan, “UK Welcomes Restitution, Just Not Anti-Colonialism,” Hyperallergic, August 26, 2022, 

Holton, Adalaine, “Decolonizing History: Arthur Schomburg’s Afrodiasporic Archive,” The Journal of African American History, 92,2 (Spring 2007): 218-238.

Kassim, Sumaya,  “The Museum Will Not Be Decolonised,” Media Diversified, November 15, 2017, 

Kassim, Sumaya, and Arwa Aburawa, “The Museum Will Not Be Decolonised,” (video, 9 minutes 27 seconds) uploaded November 2018, 

Kassim, Sumaya, “There is No Mutual Fascination: Why the British Museum’s ‘Inspired by the East’ Is Not Inspired (At Least, Not to Me, a Heartbroken Muslim Middle Easterner),” Lucy Writers Platform, February 7, 2020,

Kini, Aditi Natasha,  “How Might We Decolonize the Brooklyn Museum?,” Pacific Standard, May 8, 2018,

Lonetree, Amy,  Decolonizing Museums: Representing Native America in National and Tribal Museums, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 2012.

Luker, Trish, “Decolonising Archives: Indigenous Challenges to Record Keeping in ‘Reconciling’ Settler Colonial States” Australian Feminist Studies: 32, 91-92, 2017, 108-125.

Matthes, Erich Hatala, “Repatriation and the Radical Redistribution of Art,” Ergo, Vol. 4, No. 32:;rgn=main


Marlowe, Elizabeth, “The Met’s Antiquated Views of Antiquities Need Updating,” Art Newspaper, January 2019:

Marlowe, Elizabeth, “Seizure of Looted Antiquities Illuminates What Museums Want Hidden,” Hyperallergic, September 5, 2018:  

Nunes, Zita Cristina, “Remembering the Howard University Librarian Who Decolonized the Way Books Were Catalogued,” Smithsonian Magazine, November 26, 2018, 

Samudzi, Zoé, “On Museums and Human Remains,” Artforum, July 7, 2021, 

Samudzi, Zoé, “We Need a Decolonized, Not a “Diverse”, Education, Harlot Media, March 29, 2016,

Schwartz, Erin, “How Do You Decolonize an Arts Institution?,” Garage, April 5, 2018,

See, Sarita Echavez, The Filipino Primitive: Accumulation and Resistance in the American Museum, New York: New York University, 2017.

Nathan mudyi Sentance, “Too Many White Experts,” Archival Decolonist blog, November 16, 2017,

Nathan mudyi Sentance, “Why Do We Collect,” Archival Decolonist blog, August 18, 2018, 

Siddique, Haroon, “‘Not Everything Was Looted’: British Museum to Fight Critics,” The Guardian, October 12, 2018, 

Singh, Kavita, “Universal Museums: The View from Below,” in Witnesses to History: A Compendium of Documents and Writings on the Return of Cultural Objects, ed. Lyndell V. Prott. Paris: UNESCO, 2009.

Small, Zachary, “Push to Return 116,000 Native American Remains Is Long-Awaited,” New York Times, August 6, 2021, 

Smith, Linda Tuhiwai, Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples. 2nd ed., Zed Books, 2012.

Stewart, Ella, “Auckland Gallery Maori Arts Curator Calls Out Colonial Institutions After Resigning,” RNZ, 1/19/2021, 

Strike MoMA, 


A Conversation with Sandy Grande, Stefano Harney, Fred Moten, Jasbir Puar, and Dylan Rodriguez, Strike MoMA, May 27, 2021, 

Small, Zachary, “MoMA Survived Ten Weeks of Protest. But Inside the Museum, Some Employees Are Feeling the Strain,” Artnet, July 19, 2021, 

Vartanian, Hrag, “Coalition of Anti-Gentrification Groups Pressures Brooklyn Museum to “Decolonize,” Hyperallergic, April 5, 2018,

Vartanian, Hrag,“Decolonize This Place Announces January 26 Town Hall Regarding Whitney Museum’s Tear Gas Problem,” Hyperallergic, December 26, 2018, 

Vartanian, Hrag,“Growing Coalition Calls Brooklyn Museum “Out of Touch” and Demands Decolonization Commission,” Hyperallergic, April 12, 2018,

Vikram, Anuradha, Decolonizing Culture: Essays on the Intersection of Art and Politics (San Francisco: Art Practical/Sming Sming Books, 2017),

Whitepigeon, Monica, “Native in the Arts Spotlight: Visual Artist Andrea Carlson Talks About Her Chicago “You Are on Potawatomi Land’ Mural,” Native News Online, July 15, 2021, 

*** social media ***

Decolonize Our Museums, @decolonizeOM via Twitter

Decolonize This Place, @decolonizethis via Twitter


Decolonise the Museum!, Episode 26, Podcast audio, Museopunks, April 2018,

Decolonization and its Discontents, Ep 38, Podcast audio, Museopunks, Sept 2019

Features Sumaya Kassim and Nathan “Mudyi” Sentance


Devich-Cyril, Malkia, “Grief Belongs in Social Movements. Can We Embrace It?,” In These Times, July 28, 2021, 


        Critiques of Empathy

Bloom, Paul, Against Empathy: The Case for Rational Compassion, New York: Harper Collins, 2016. 

Buick, Kirsten P.,  “At E.A.S.E.: Representation and the Limits of Social Justice,” Rice University, October 6, 2020, 

description of the lecture -!view/event/event_id/118174 

D’Souza, Aruna. Creative Time Summit X: Media & Technology, 

Arguments for Empathy as Tool in Museums

Empathetic Museum, Maturity Model - outlines 4 levels of practice,

Laurence Brassueur, “An empathetic study on young people and museums in Luxembourg,” Social Justice Alliance for Museums, 2018, 

Daryl Cameron, Michael Inzlicht, and William A. Cunningham, “Empathy is Actually a Choice,” Opinion, New York Times, July 10, 2015, 

Roman Krznaric, “Welcome to the Empathy Wars,” Transformation, June 29, 2015,

Carolyn Pedwell, “Empathy, Accuracy and Transnational Politics,” Theory, Culture & Society, December 22, 2014, 

Jason Silverstein, “I Don’t Feel Your Pain: A Failure of Empathy Perpetuates Racial Disparities,” Slate, June 27, 2013, 

Gokcigdem, Elif M. 2016. Fostering Empathy Through Museums. New York: Rowman & Littlefield.

Radical Empathy in Museums, Blog Anabel Roque Rodríguez, February 8, 2018, 

Lacey Lieberthal, June 18 2018. Engaging with Empathy: Staff Support for Emotionally-Charged Exhibitions, Theory and Practice: The Emerging Museum Professionals Journal.

Gender and Sexuality

Ellen Fernandez-Sacco, "Museums"   Philomena Essed, Audrey Koyabashi & David Theo Goldberg, eds. The Blackwell Companion to Gender Studies. Blackwell Publishers, 2004, 484-494.

Darlene E. Clover and Sarah Williamson, The Feminist Museum Hack as an aesthetic practice of possibility, European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults, Vol.10, No.2, 2019, pp. 143-159

Jonathan D. Katz and David Ward, Hide & Seek,, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institute, 2010.

Amy K. Levin, ed., Gender, Sexuality, and Museums, A Routledge Reader, Routledge, 2011.

Margaret Middleton, “The Queer Inclusive Museum,” Exhibition, journal of National Association for Museums Exhibition, AAM, Fall 2017

Catherine Morris and Rujeko Hockley, We Wanted a Revolution: Black Radical Women 1965-1985 A Sourcebook, Brooklyn, NY: Brooklyn Museum 2017.

Jose Muñoz, Disidentifications: Queers of Color and the Performance of Politics, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota, 1999.

Quinn, Therese. (1995). Breaking silence:  Lesbian and gay issues in midwestern cultural institutions.  Midwest Museum Conference Review 1993 – 1994, 39-42.

Akiba Solomon, “I Assumed It Was Racism - It Was Patriarchy,” Yes Magazine, June 20, 2016,

Ableism/Physical and Cognitive Disability/Disability Justice

“About,” Disability Visibility Project,

Sandra Alland, “Sins Invalid: Skin, Tooth, and Bone - The Basis of Movement is Our People: A Disability Justice Primer, Disability Arts Online, February 16, 2017, 

Moya Bailey and Izetta Autumn Mobley, “Working at the Intersections: A Black Feminist Disability Framework,” Gender & Society, 20 (10), 2018, 

Patty Berne, “Disability Justice, Sins Invalid blog, June 2015, 

Keith Hetherington “Accountability and disposal: visual impairment and the museum,” Museum and Society, 1(2) 104-115, 2003, 

Liz Jackson, “I never write threads. And so I hope my disabled friends and my supporters will take a moment to read this, as I am beginning to fall apart…,” Twitter thread @elizejackson, April 30, 2018,

Disability Solidarity, Solidarity Syllabus, May 2018, 

Podcast: Episode 11, Disability Solidarity, May 2018, 

Elizabeth Guffey, “The Disabling Art Museum,” Journal of Visual Culture 14 (1) 61-73

Twitter accounts -



Visitors, Community Engagement

Dilenschneider, Colleen, “Why Cultural Organizations Are Not Reaching Low-Income Visitors (DATA)” in Community Engagement, IMPACTS Data, Myth Busting, Nonprofit Marketing, Sector Evolution, Trends, May 18, 2016, 

Luis, Adriel “The Public Puts Trust in Museums, Now It’s Time for Museums to Put Trust the Public,” Smithsonian,, May 2016,

Singer, Isabel, “Museums are Predators,” It’s All How You Remember It, blog, November 29, 2021, 

Visitors of Color, Tumblr,

Partridge, E. E. (2016). Access to art and materials: Considerations for art therapists (Accès à l’art et aux matériaux : facteurs à prendre en compte par les art-thérapeutes). Canadian Art Therapy Association Journal, 29(2), 100–104.

Internships - Paid versus Unpaid

Ackerson, Anne and Joan Baldwin, “The Internship Commitment,” Leadership Matters: Thoughts on 21st Century Museum Leadership blog, July 30, 2018 

Gilsdorf, Ben “Help Desk: Internship Woes,” Daily Serving, December 17, 2012, 

Greene, Nikki, “The Staggering Cost of Unpaid Art Internships,” WBUR, August 2, 2022, 

Turner, Emily, Equitable Internship Resources, annotated bibliography, as of May 23, 2018,

Michelle Millar Fisher (with Art+Museum Transparency), “Culture Workers, Just Say No to All Unpaid Internships,” July 16, 2019.

This details how to add your story to a spreadsheet that this group has acquired of internship stories that detail what it is like to not only be an intern but what tasks are asked upon us and the hours we work. It talks about not reporting unpaid internships to sites and potentially donating your own money to need based internships. I think HCC should re word the job position when showcasing the job and exactly what the stipend entails- especially because it's paid in installments that take awhile, additionally since it is a stipend I am not sure it can be given weekly or not- but some preparation of financial status should be added!


Association of Art Museum Directors Passes Resolution Urging Art Museums to Provide Paid Internships, June 20, 2019

This talks about the importance of paid internships- it is pivotal to students who often pay their own bills that we do not work unpaid jobs when money is available. This talked about the program that implemented paid internships in 10 museums and how it was essential to the workforce, additionally for students, it creates a desire to be competitive within the internship field.

Art + Museum Transparency @AMTransparency

Museums and Monuments

International Coalition of Sites of Conscience, 

Arc of Dialogue, Facilitated Dialogue model, 

Janeen Bryant, Benjamin Filene, Louis Nelson, Jennifer Scott, and Suzanne Seriff, “Are Museums the Rightful Home for Confederate Monuments?,” Center for the Future of Museums blog, AAM, April 3, 2018, 

Huey Copeland and Frank Wilderson, "Red, Black, and Blue: The National Museum of African American History and Culture and the National Museum of the American Indian, Artforum, September 2017,

Dell Upton, “Confederate Monuments and Civic Values in the Wake of Charlottesville,” Society of Architectural Historians blog, September 17, 2017, 

Beyond the Museum

Dana Carlisle Kletcha, Adéwálé Adénlé, Shannon Thacker Cregg, Anna Freeman, Damarius Johnson, Megan Wanttie, Logan Ward, “Imagining the Not-Museum: Power, Pleasure, and Radical Museological Community,” Journal of Cultural Research in Art Education, 37, 2020,

Defining Museums

Daniel Buren, “Function of the Museum,” Artforum XII, September 1973, 68. 

Art Market

Anuradha Vikram. “Black Mirrors: Hammons, Wilson, and Julien on Capital in the Art Market.” X-TRA Vol. 22 No. 3 (Spring 2020)

David Osa Amadasun. “‘Black People Don’t Go to Galleries’—The reproduction of taste” “and cultural value.” Media Diversified, October 21, 2013.

Ariella Aïsha Azoulay, “Imagine Going on Strike: Museum Workers.” Potential History: Unlearning Imperialism. London and New York: Verso, 2019.

Contemporary Controversies, Collaborations, Challenges, and Protests

Birmingham Civil Rights Institute

Birmingham Civil Rights Institute Rescinds Fred L. Shuttlesworth Human Rights Award, January 2019

Executive Committee of the National Council of the American Studies Association, “To the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute, in Defense of Angela Davis,” American Studies Association, January 10, 2019, 

“Exclusive: Angela Davis Speaks Out about Palestine, BDS & More After Civil Rights Award Is Revoked,” Democracy Now, January 11, 2019,

Roy S. Johnson, “Angela Davis Alternative Event, Organized by Broad Coalition, Will Be ‘Grassroots,’ Open to Public,”, January 9, 2019,

British Museum

Critiques regarding museum’s colonialist ties

Haroon Siddique, “‘Not Everything Was Looted’: British Museum to Fight Critics,” Guardian, October 12, 2018, 

Carla Herreria, “Twitter Calls Out Museum Curator for Saying Asian Names are ‘Confusing,’” Huffington Post, September 14, 2017, 

Agence France Press in Santiago “Easter Island people want British Museum to return Moai statue” Guardian, August 7th, 2018. 

Brooklyn Museum

Curatorial Hiring Controversy - Calls for Decolonization Commission March 2018


Brooklyn Museum, The Brooklyn Museum Appoints Two New Curators, press release, March 2018,

Decolonize This Place, “Open Letter to the Brooklyn Museum: Your Curatorial Crisis is an Opportunity to Decolonize,” Decolonize Brooklyn Museum blog, April 3, 2018, April 5, 2018,

Decolonize This Place, “Statement 2: Growing Coalition Calls Brooklyn Museum ‘Out of Touch’ and Demands Decolonization Commission,” Decolonize Brooklyn Museum blog, April 12, 2018,

Decolonize This, “Why We Need to Decolonize the Brooklyn Museum,” Now This News,, May 8, 2018.

Carla Herreria, “People Want to Know Why Brooklyn Museum’s New African Art Curator is White,” Huffington Post, March 28, 2018,

Chika Okeke-Agulu, “Outrage over Hiring a White Woman as African Art Curator Misunderstands Expertise,” Frieze, April 18, 2018, 

Maya Salam, “Brooklyn Museum Defends Its Hiring of a White Curator of African Art, New York Times, April 7, 2018,

Tim Schneider, “The Gray Market: Why the Brooklyn Museum Hiring Decision Shows We Need Structural Action on Arts Diversity and Other Insights, Artnet, April 2, 2018,

Erin Schwartz, “How Do You Decolonize an Arts Institution?,” Garage, April 5, 2018,

Ryan Sit, “Museum Appoints White Woman as Curator of African Art, Sparks Outrage,” Newsweek, March 28, 2018,

Hrag Vartanian, “Coalition of Anti-Gentrification Groups Pressures Brooklyn Museum to “Decolonize,” Hyperallergic, April 5, 2018,

Hrag Vartanian, “Growing Coalition Calls Brooklyn Museum “Out of Touch” and Demands Decolonization Commission,” Hyperallergic, April 12, 2018, 

Cal State - Long Beach, The University Art Museum

Cal State Long Beach fired Kimberli Meyer from her position as director at the University Art Museum

lauren woods, “Paused: American Monument 25/2018,” American Monument (blog), September 17, 2018, 
[statement regarding her decision to pause her exhibition
 American Monument in light of Cal State Long Beach's firing of museum director Kimberli Meyer]

Matt Stromberg, “After Museum Director is Fired, Artist Shuts Down Her Exhibition on Police Brutality,” Hyperallergic, September 18, 2018, 

Nina Felshin, “A Curator Reflects on Exhibiting Police Violence in University Art Museums,” Hyperallergic, September 25, 2018, 

Asia Morris, “Fired CSULB Museum Director Told Staff to Answers Questions about Police Brutality Exhibit According to Race, Union Chief Says,” Long Beach Post, October 1, 2018, 

Melissa Raybon, “An Open Letter to the California State University, Long Beach Office of the President, Office of the Provost,  Division of Administration & Finance, Office of Equity & Diversity, College of the Arts, Office of the Dean, and University Art Museum,” (Google Doc), October 8, 2018, 
[letter from Melissa Raybon, former Getty Multicultural Intern at the University Art Museum, Cal State- Long Beach. In her open letter regarding firing of museum director Kimberli Meyer, Raybon outlines the racial oppression she experienced at the institution and lack of university support during her internship.]

Angella d’Avignon, Union at Cal State Long Beach Leaks Email from Fired Museum Director, Revealing Divisive Perspectives, Hyperallergic, October 10, 2018, 

“Student Response to College of the Arts (COTA) Dean Cyrus Parker-Jeannette, California State University Long Beach (CSULB) Spokesperson Terri Carbaugh, California State University Employees Union (CSUEU) Chapter 315 President Jennifer Moran, and whom else it may concern,” (Google Doc) October 20, 2018, 

Matt Stromberg, “Cal State Long Beach Students Protest Museum Director’s Firing,” Hyperallergic, November 19, 2018

Deborah D. Bass, “Uproar Continues Over Racially Charged Exhibit at Contemporary Art Museum in St. Louis,” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, September 24, 2016

Damon Davis, “In the Face of White Male Privilege Run Amok, a Plea for Artistic Responsibility,” Hyperallergic, September 28, 2016

CrossLines: Culture Lab on Intersectionality, Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center, Washington D.C. - May 2016 

Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center, “Culture Lab Manifesto,” Poetry Magazine, July 5, 2017 

Davis Museum, Wellesley - 2017

Critique of Davis Museum’s decision to remove art by immigrants

Pampi, “Reflections from Paneling at NEMA’s “Museums and the Travel Ban” at the Davis Museum,” Third Eye Fell, May 19, 2017,

Annie Wang, “An Open Letter to the Davis Museum,” Wellesley Underground (Tumbler), February 17, 2017,

Mainstream press about Davis Museum’s decision to remove art by immigrants

“In Protest of Trump’s Travel Ban, Davis Museum Will Remove All Art Made or Donated by Immigrants,”

Malcolm Gay, “Davis Museum to Remove Artwork as Trump Travel-Ban Protest,” Boston Globe, February 15, 2017,

“Protesting Trump, Wellesley’s Davis Museum Will Remove,”

MFA Boston - “Kimono Wednesdays” program- summer 2015, #KimonoWednesdays

Decolonize Our Museums, @decolonizeOM on Twitter

Malcolm Gay, “Kimono Controversy Erupts Anew MFA Panel,” Boston Globe, February 8, 2016,

Brian Boucher, “Outrage at Museum of Fine Arts Boston over Disgraceful “Dress Up in a Kimono” Event,” Artnet News, July 6, 2015,

Brian Boucher, “Museum of Fine Arts Boston Cancel Kimono Dress-Up Event After Being Accused of Racism,” Artnet News, July 7, 2015,

Decolonize Our Museums, Official Response to the MFA Panel “Kimono Wednesdays, A Conversation,” Tumbler, May 31, 2016, 

Malcolm Gay, “MFA Recasts Kimono Days After Complaints of Stereotyping,” The Boston Globe, July 7, 2015,

Mia Nakaji Monnier, “MFA’s Kimono Controversy Should Spark Deeper Conversation,” Boston Globe, July 9, 2015,

MFA Boston racism directed towards students:

MFA Boston Apologizes For Racist Incident During School Visit, Teacher Responds

Harvard, Peabody Museum of Archaeology & Ethnology

Human Remains

“Report of the Steering Committee on Human Remains in University Museum Collections,” Harvard University, Fall 2022, 

Brockell, Gillian, “Harvard has remains of 7,000 Native Americans and enslaved people, leaked report says, Washington Post, June 2, 2022, 

Chang, Cara J. and Tarah D. Gilles , “Descendants Call for Immediate Return of Human Remains in Harvard Museum Collections, Criticize University Report,” The Harvard Crimson, September 26, 2022, 

Chung, Christine, “Harvard Museum Will Return Hundreds of Native American Hair Samples,” New York Times, November 10, 2022, 

Renty Taylor, ongoing ownership

Tamara Lanier v. President & Fellows of Harvard College (SJC 13138), Middlesex. November 1, 2021. - June 23, 2022. 

Harvard Coalition to Free Renty, 

Carmichael, Mary, “Louis Agassiz Exhibit Divides Harvard, Swiss Group,” Boston Globe, June 27, 2012, 

Drake, Jarrett, M., “A Vision of (In)Justice: Harvard Archives Bear a Strange Fruit,” Medium, May 24, 2019, 

Hartocollis, Anemona, "Images of Slaves Are Property of Harvard, Not a Descendant, Judge Rules." New York Times, March 4, 2021, 

McDougall, Maya H., and Garrett W. O’Brien, “Five Generations of Renty,” The Harvard Crimson, March 18, 2021, 


Jones, Layla A., “Judge Tosses Opposition to Penn’s Plan to Rebury Black Philadelphians in Morton Collection,” Philadelphia Inquirer, February 2, 2023, 


Muhammad, Abdul-Aliy A., and Lyra Monteiro, “Finding Ceremony for Our Ancestors Held in Penn Museum’s ‘Morton Cranial Collection’,” Medium, January 28, 2023, 

Paz, Franco. “Who Should Own Historical Images of Enslaved People?,” Washington Post, October 5, 2022, 

Schuessler, Jennifer, “Your Ancestors Were Slaves. Who Owns the Photos of Them?,” New York Times, March 22, 2019, 

Vartanian, Hrag, “The Continuing Fight to #FreeRenty,” Hyperallergic, October 27 2021, 

Vartanian, Hrag, “Tamara Lanier’s Fight for the Photographs of Her Enslaved Ancestors at Harvard,” Hyperallergic, April 21, 2022,

"Why initially did Harvard choose to ignore all of my requests to talk to me, to go over my research, to honor Renty's legacy, to tell his true story, to not celebrate and elevate Louis Agassiz because he's the villain in this story" - Tamara Lanier

Madison Museum of Contemporary Art

Fwd: Truth, An open letter and living archive made in collective (re:)action from Black women, femmes, and gender non-conforming artists harmed by the 2022 Wisconsin Triennial Exhibition at the Madison Museum of Contemporary Art, launched August 19, 2022, 

Memphis Brooks Museum of Art

Civil Rights Movement Protestors Return to Memphis Brooks Museum of Art,”, March 13, 2015, 

Museum of Contemporary Art, Cleveland

Weber, Jasmine, “Samaria Rice, Mother of Tamir Rice, Speaks Out About Art Depicting Her Son After Canceled Exhibition in Cleveland,” Hyperallergic, July 8, 2020,

MoMA - New York

Bishara, Hakim, “Over 150 Artists Call for Leon Black’s Removal from MoMA’s Board Over Jeffrey Epstein Financial Ties,” Hyperallergic, February 4, 2021, 


Small, Zachary, “MoMA Survived Ten Weeks of Protest. But Inside the Museum, Some Employees Are Feeling the Strain,” Artnet, July 19, 2021, 

Museums Respond to Ferguson

Autry, La Tanya S., “A Critical Lens on Diversity and Inclusion in Museums: #museumsrespondtoferguson,” Museums and Civic Discourse Working Group, National Council of Public History, January 25, 2016, 

National September 11th Memorial and Museum at the World Trade Center

Fine, Todd and Asad Dandia, “We Need to Reform the September 11 Museum,” Hyperallergic, August 1, 2021, 

National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

Philip Kennicott “NGA’s Exhibit of Dutch Marine Art Skates Over Issues of Slavery and Colonialism,” Washington Post, August 10, 2018, 

Penn Museum, Philadelphia, PA

Morton Cranial Collection

“Penn Museum Moves to Bury Skulls of Enslaved People,” Artforum, August 10, 2022, 

Germain, Jacquelyne, “Stolen skulls of Black Philadelphians were displayed in an Ivy League classroom for years. They may soon receive a proper burial,” CNN, August 13, 2022, 

Mitchell, Paul Wolfe, “Black Philadelphians in the Samuel George Morton Cranial Collection,”  February 15, 2021, 

Pilkington, Ed, “Ivy League University Set to Rebury Skulls of Black People Kept for Centuries,” Guardian, August 7, 2022, 

Police Free Penn, “Repatriation & Reparations Now! Restating What We Mean By Abolish the Morton Collection,” Medium, July 15, 2020, 

Turin, Remy, “Penn Museum to Bury Skulls of Enslaved People,” New York Times, August 9, 2022, 

Whelan, Aubrey and Zoe Greenberg, “Penn Museum Morton Skull Collection Reburial Plan Ignites Controversy,” Philadelphia Inquirer, August 6, 2022, 

MOVE Bombing

6ABC Digital Staff, “'A nightmare': Brother of MOVE bombing Victims Wants City Turn Over Remains,” 6ABC, April 28, 2022, 

MOVE Press Conference 4/26, Addressing UPenn’s and Princeton’s Theft of Bones of Murdered MOVE Children, April 26, 2021, 

“Marc Lamont Hill talks Penn Museum apology for housing human remains from MOVE bombing,” BNC News, April 26, 2021, 


Collective Statement Concerning the Possession and Unethical Use of Remains, April 28, 2021, 


Chang, David, “Philly Health Commish Ousted After MOVE Victims' Remains Cremated and Discarded,” NBC 10 Philadelphia, May 13, 2021, 

Crimmins, Peter, “Penn Museum Apologizes For 'Unethical Possession Of Human Remains,’”, April 27, 2021, 

Dave, Kinjal and Jake Nussbaum, “How the Possession of Human Remains Lead to a Public Reckoning at the Penn Museum,” Hyperallergic, October 31, 2021, 

Dickey, Bronwen, “She Was Killed By the Police? Why Were Her Bones in a Museum?,” New York Times Magazine, October 19, 2022 

McCrone, Brian, “‘Gross Insensitivity’ Cited in New Report on MOVE Bombing Bones Kept at Penn Museum, NBC 10 Philadelphia, August 25, 2021, 


Muhammad, Abdul-Aliy A., “Decades After Philadelphia’s MOVE Bombing, Penn Museum Still Keeps Secrets on the Remains of 12-Year-Old Girl,” Hyperallergic, April 20, 2022, 

Thompson, Heather Ann, “Saying Her Name, New Yorker, May 16, 2021, 

Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts (PAFA)

Baxter, Mary Enoch Elizabeth, “Let’s Talk About Thomas Eakins, Philly’s Reverend Sexual Predator,” Op-Ed, Philadelphia Inquirer, October 21, 2021,

PDF - 


Queens Museum

Science Museum of London

Fatima Maji,  “Science Museum signed gagging clause with subsidiary of coal and energy giant Adani,” Channel 4 News , November 19, 2021, 

Spencer Museum of Art

Joey Orr, “What Do You Do When a Project You Curate Is Censored by the State?,” Hyperallergic, August 17, 2018, 

Tacoma Art Museum

Ted Kerr, “A History of Erasing Black Artists and Bodies from the AIDS Conversation,” Hyperallergic, December 31, 2015,

University of Texas, Austin

Menchaca, Megan, “Indigenous Tribe Continues to Push UT to Return Human Remains,” Austin American-Statesman, September 16, 2022, 

Roldan, Riane, “Indigenous Tribe Renews Yearslong Fight to Reclaim Human Remains from UT,” KUT 90.5, September 21, 2022, 

Victoria and Albert Museum - Long term loan of looted Ethiopian objects + acceptance of Sackler money

Brown, Mark, “Looted Ethiopian treasures in UK could be returned on loan”, The Guardian, April 3, 2018, 

“V&A boss proud of funding from US family linked to opioid crisis: Tristram Hunt says museum is grateful for support of Sacklers, owners of Purdue Pharma,” The Guardian,

Virginia Museum of Fine Arts - decontextualization of Congo masks

Amy Rector, “The VMFA’S ‘Congo Masks’ Exhibit Leaves Out Much Needed Historical Context,” RVA Mag, December 10, 2018, 

Walker Art Museum - Scaffold public sculpture by Sam Durant

Durant, Sam. "A Statement from Sam Durant." Walker Art Center. May 29, 2017. 


Cascone, Sara. "After Outcry From the Dakota Nation, the Walker Art Center May Dismantle a ‘Traumatizing’ Gallows Sculpture by Sam Durant," Artnet News, May 30, 2017. 


Miranda, Caroline. "Sculpture of a gallows by L.A. artist in Minneapolis may be removed after Native American outcry," Los Angeles Times, May 30, 2017. 


Cascone, Sara. "Walker Art Center’s Controversial Gallows Sculpture Will Be Removed and Ceremonially Burned," Artnet News, May 31, 2017 


Miranda, Caroline. "Sam Durant sculpture of gallows in Minneapolis to be dismantled and ceremonially burned," Los Angeles Times, June 1, 2017. 


Eldred, Sheila M. "Dakota Plan to Bury, Not Burn, ‘Scaffold’ Sculpture," New York Times, September 1, 2017.


Voon, Claire. "Dakota Elders Decide to Bury Sam Durant’s Controversial Sculpture," Hyperallergic, September 5, 2017. 


Eldred, Sheila M. "Walker Art Center’s Reckoning With ‘Scaffold’ Isn’t Over Yet," New York Times, September 13, 2017. 


Chow, Andrew R. "Olga Viso, Embattled Leader of Walker Art Center, Steps Down," New York Times, November 14, 2017. 


Andy Battaglia, Sarah Douglas, and Andrew Russeth. "After Announcement That Olga Viso Will Step Down as Walker Director, Museum Professionals Largely Praise Handling of ‘Scaffold’ Controversy," Art News, November 17, 2017.

Olga Viso, “Decolonizing the Art Museum: The Next Wave,” New York Times, May 1, 2018, 

Whitney Art Museum

“Activists Call for a Town Hall to Address Controversy over Whitney Museum’s Vice Chair’s Ties to Defense Company,” Artforum, January 2, 2019, 

Hrag Vartanian, “Decolonize This Place Announces January 26 Town Hall Regarding Whitney Museum’s Tear Gas Problem,” Hyperallergic, December 26, 2018, 

Hrag Vartanian, “Whitney Staffers Demand Answers After Vice Chair’s Relationship to Tear Gas Manufacturer is Revealed,” Hyperallergic, November 30, 2018, 

Whitney Curry Wimbish, “Benefactors and Malefactors: Why the Whitney Museum Embraces a Tear Gas Tycoon; and Other Compromises of High Culture,” The Baffler, December 27, 2018, 

Caroline Goldstein, “The Whitney ‘Cannot Right All the Ills of an Unjust World’: Adam Weinberg Responds to Staff Protests Over a Board Member,” ArtNet, December 3, 2018, 

Activists Protest at Whitney Museum, Demanding Vice Chairman and Owner of Tear Gas Manufacturer “Must Go”

Decolonize This Place, “From Crisis to Decolonization,” May 19, 2019

Decolonize This Place Week 2 Protest Poster

“You Can’t Hide”: Protesters March From Whitney to Warren B. Kanders’ Home During Biennial, May 18, 2019

Hannah Black, Ciarán Finlayson, and Tobi Haslett, “The Tear Gas Biennial: A statement from Hannah Black, Ciarán Finlayson, and Tobi Haslett regarding Warren Kanders and the 2019 Whitney Biennial,” ArtForum, July 17, 2019

Artists Withdraw From Whitney Biennial as Backlash Builds Against Warren Kanders, July 19, 2019

Worcester Art Museum

Maria Garcia, “At the Worcester Art Museum, New Signs Tell Visitors Which Early American Subjects Benefited from Slavery,” WBUR, June 8, 2018, 


National Coalition Against Censorship: Museum Best Practices for Managing Controversy:


James F. Brooks, Ed., State of Black Museums: Historiography Commemorating the Founding and Existence of Black Museums Over Four Decades, The Public Historian, 40 (3): August 2018.

Bennett, Tony. “The Political Rationality of the Museum,” Continuum: The

Australian Journal of Media and Culture 2, no. 1 (1990),

Bennett, Tony, “The Exhibitionary Complex.” New Formations, No. 4, (Spring 1988)


Brigham, David R. Public Culture in the Early Republic: Peale’s Museum and Its

Audience. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1995.

Andrea A. Burns, From Storefront to Monument: Tracing the Public History of the Black Museum Movement, Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts, 2013

Cahan, Susan E.  Mounting Frustration: The Art Museum in the Age of Black Power (Art History Publication Initiative) by Susan E. Cahan (2016-02-19) ,

Duke University Press

Bridget R. Cooks, Exhibiting Blackness: African Americans and the American Art Museum, Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts, 2011

Annie E. Coombes, Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late Victorian and Edwardian England. Yale University Press, 1994.

Duncan, Carol and Alan Wallach. “The Universal Survey Museum,” Art History 3, no. 4

(December 1980): 448-469.

Jennifer L Eichstedt and Stephen Small, Representations of Slavery: Race and Ideology in Southern Plantation Museums. Smithsonian Institution, 2002.

Eisenman, Stephen F. “Triangulating Racism,” The Art Bulletin 78, no. 4

(December 1996): 603-609.

Christian F. Feest, ‘Museum Representations of Native Americans: Issues in an Ongoing Debate,’ ACTA AMERICANA Vol. 9, No. 2, 2001, pp.5-15

P. Gabrielle Foreman et al. “Writing about Slavery/Teaching About Slavery: This Might Help” crowdsourced document, August 18, 2018, 3:00 pm, CST, 

Fernandez-Sacco, Ellen. Exhibiting Cultures: Thomas Jefferson's "Indian Hall" at Monticello. In Annals of Scholarship Special issue: Topographies of Race and Gender, edited by Patricia Penn Hilden, Shari Huhndorf and Tim Reice. 2007.

Fernandez-Sacco, Ellen. "Framing 'The Indian': the Visual Culture of Conquest in the Museums of Pierre Eugene Du Simitiere and Charles Willson Peale, 1779-96" Social Identities: Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture, 9:4, December 2002, 571-618.

Fernandez-Sacco, Ellen.'Check Your Baggage: Resisting Whiteness in Art History', Winter 2001, 60:4, 59-61. [re: performance artist James Luna]

Fernandez-Sacco, Ellen. “Book Review: "The American Manufactory: Art, Labor and the World of Things in the Early Republic" William & Mary Quarterly, Oct. 1999, 861-865.

Fernandez-Sacco, Ellen. 'Racial Theory, Museum Practice: The Coloured World of Charles Willson Peale' Museum Anthropology, Volume 20, [1996] No. 2: 25-32.

Fernandez-Sacco, Ellen. Spectacular Masculinities: The Museums of Peale, Baker & Bowen in the Early Republic. D. Preziosi & A. Boime, Co-Chairs. University of California, Los Angeles, 1998. (PhD Dissertation, UMI)

Hooper-Greenhill, Eilean. “The Space of the Museum,” Continuum: The

Australian Journal of Media and Culture 3, no. 1 (1990),

Hooper, Rachel. “American Art Histories: Framing Race in Exhibitions, 1842-1876” PhD diss., Rice University, 2018.

King, C. Richard. “Imperial Recollections: The Colonial Contexts and Postcolonial
Predicaments of Exhibiting Native American Cultures” PhD diss.,
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1996, UMI Dissertation
Publishing (9702560).

McClellan, Andrew, The Art Museum: From Boullee to Bilbao, University of California Press, 2008

Nochlin, Linda. “Museums and Radicals: A History of Emergencies” in Museums in Crisis, ed. Brian O’Doherty. New York: George Braziller, 1972.

Pingree, Mark Kirkham. “From Revolutionary Patriots to Principal Chiefs:
Promoting Civilization and Preserving Savagery in American Museums,
1785-1865” PhD diss., University of California, Davis, 2003, UMI
Dissertation Publishing (3097987).

Ramirez, Yasmin. “The Activist Legacy of Puerto Rican Artists in New York and the Art Heritage of Puerto Rico.” ICAA Documents Working Papers, No. 1, September, 46-53.

Ramirez, Yasmin. “Timeline of El Museo del Barrio.” In Voices from Our Communities: Perspectives on a Decade of Collecting at El Museo del Barrio, 6–37. New York: El Museo del Barrio, 2001.

Sarita Echavez See, The Filipino Primitive: Accumulation and Resistance in the American Museum, New York: New York University, 2017.

Caroline V. Wallace, “Exhibiting Authenticity: The Black Emergency Cultural Coalition’s Protests of the Whitney Museum of American Art, 1968-71,” Art Journal, Summer 2015, 5-23.

Wilson, Mabel O. Negro Building: Black Americans in the World of Fairs and Museums. University of California Press, 2012

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY (assembled by Gina in 2005)


Alexander, Edward P. “John Kinard.” In The Museum in America:

     Innovators and Pioneers, ed. ??, 151-151. Walnut Creek: AltaMira

         Press, 1997.

American Association of Museums, Museums: Their New Audience.

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_________. Commission on Museums for a New Century. Museums for a

     New Century. Washington D.C.: American Association of Museums,


_________. Excellence and Equity: Education and the Public Dimension

     of Museums. Washington D.C.: American Association of Museums,


American Association of Museums Task Force on Museum Education,

         “Excellence and Equity: Education and the Public Dimension of

         Museums.” Washington, D.C.: American Association of Museums,

         1992. Photocopied.

Ardali, Azade. Black and Hispanic Art Museums: A Vibrant Cultural

     Resource. New York: The Ford Foundation, 1989.

Arias, Arturo. “Central American-Americans: Invisibility, Power and

         Representation in the U.S. Latino World,” Latino Studies, 1 (2003):


Author unknown, “New Mexicans,” Museum Practice Magazine, Spring 2003,


Bennefield, Robin M. “The Studio Museum Celebrates 30 Years of

         Uplifting Black Art,” The New Crisis 105 (February/March 1998): 42


Chew, Ron. “Community Roots.” In Mastering Civic Engagement: A

     Challenge to Museums, 64-64. Washington D.C.: American

         Association of Museums, 2002.

Chew, Ron. “Taking Action! Advocates? Or Curators of Advocacy?,”

         Museum News 83, no. 2 (March/April 2004): 38-43.

Davalos, Karen Mary. Exhibiting Mestizaje: Mexican (American)

     Museums in the Diaspora. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico

         Press, 2001.

Davila, Arlene. “Latinizing Culture: Art, Museums, and the Politics of

         Multicultural Encompassment,” Cultural Anthropology 14, no. 2 (May

         1999): 180-202.

Davis Ruffins, Fath. “Mythos Memory, and History: African American

         Preservation Efforts, 1820-1990.” In Museums and Communities: The

             Politics of Public Culture, ed. Ivan Karp, Christine Mullen Kreamer,

         and Steven D. Lavine, 506-611.Washington and London: Smithsonian

         Institution Press, 1992.

_________. “Culture Wars Won and Lost: Ethnic Museums on

         the Mall, Part I: The National Holocaust Museum and the National

         Museum of the American Indian.” Radical History Review 68 (Spring

         1997): 79-100.


Fish, Stanley. “Boutique Multiculturalism, or Why Liberals Are Incapable

         of Thinking about Hate Speech,” Critical Inquiry 23 (Winter 1997):


Fleming, John E. “African-American Museums, History, and the

         American Ideal.” Journal of American History 81 no. 3 (December

         1994): 1020-1026.

Fuller, Nancy. “The Museum as a Vehicle for Community Empowerment:

         The Ak-Chin Indian Community Ecomuseum Project.” In Museums

             and Communities: The Politics of Public Culture, ed. Ivan Karp,

         Christine Mullen Kreamer, and Steven D. Lavine, 327-365.

         Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992.

Gable, Eric. “Maintaining Boundaries, or ‘Mainstreaming’ Black History

         in a White Museum.” In Theorizing Museums: Representing Identity

             and Diversity in a Changing World, ed. Sharon Macdonald and Gordon

         Fyfe, 177-202. Cambridge: Blackwell, 1996.

Gaither, Edmund Barry.  “‘Hey, That’s Mine’: Thoughts on Pluralism and

         American Museums.” In Museums and Communities: The Politics of

             Public Culture, ed. Ivan Karp, Christine Mullen Kreamer, and Steven

         D. Lavine, 60-60. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press,


Garfield, Donald and Jane Lusaka. “Museum News Interview: Kinshasha

         Holman Conwill,” Museum News (May/June 1996): 38-41.

Hanami, Clement. “Self-Creation: Defining Cultural Identity Within

         Museum Exhibitions.” In Common Ground: The Japanese American

             National Museum and the Culture of Collaborations, eds. Akemi

         Kikumura-Yano, Lane Ryo Hirabayashi, and James A. Hirabayashi,

         17-23. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, 2005.

Hirano, Irene Y. “Changing Public Expectations of Museums.” In

         Museums for the New Millennium: A Symposium for the Museum

             Community, in Washington, D.C., September 5-7 1996, by the Center

         for Museum Studies, Smithsonian Institution in association with the

         American Association of Museums, 41-41. Washington D.C.:

         Smithsonian Institution, 1997.

_________. “Introduction: Commitment to Community.” In Common

             Ground: The Japanese American National Museum and the Politics of

             Collaborations, ed. Akemi Kikumura-Yano, Lane Ryo Hirabayashi,

         and James A. Hirabayashi, 1-12. Boulder: University of Colorado

         Press, 2005.

Hirzy, Ellen. “Mastering Civic Engagement: A Report from the American

         Association of Museums.” In Mastering Civic Engagement: A

             Challenge to Museums, American Association of Museums 9-20.

         Washington, D.C.: American Association of Museums, 2002.

Jackson, Maria-Rosario. “Coming to the Center of Community Life.” In

         Mastering Civic Engagement: A Challenge to Museums, 29-37.

         Washington, D.C.: American Association of Museums, 2002.

Karp, Ivan and Steven D. Lavine. Exhibiting Cultures: The Poetics and

             Politics of Museum Display. Washington and London: Smithsonian

         Institution Press, 1991.

Karp, Ivan, Christine Mullen Kreamer, and Steven D. Levine. Museums and Communities: the Politics of Public Culture. Washington and London: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993. Karp, Ivan and Steven D. Levine. “Museums and Communities: Partners in Crisis,” Museum News (May/June 1993): 44-45, 79-84.

Karp, Ivan. “Introduction: Museums and Communities: The Politics of Public Culture.” In Museums and Communities: The Politics of Public Culture, ed. Ivan Karp, designChristine Mullen Kreamer, and Steven D. Lavine, 4-5. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992.

Kikumura-Yano, Akemi. “The National Partnership Program: A Model for Community Collaborations.” In Common Ground: The Japanese American National Museum and the Culture of Collaborations, eds. Akemi Kikumura-Yano, Lane Ryo Hirabayashi, and James A. Hirabayashi, 89-99. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, 2005.

Kim, Sojin, “All Roads Lead to Boyle Heights.” In Common Ground: The Japanese American National Museum and the Culture of Collaborations, eds. Akemi Kikumura-Yano, Lane Ryo Hirabayashi, and James A. Hirabayashi, 149-166. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, 2005.

Levitt, Peggy. Artifacts and allegiances: How museums put the nation and the world on display. Univ of California Press, 2015.

Museums Must Attract Diverse Visitors or Risk Irrelevance (Peggy Levitt, The Atlantic)

Toward a Museum of the 21st Century (Holland Cotter, New York Times)

Levitt, Peggy. "Professional Dissonance: Reconciling Occupational Culture and Authoritarianism in

                Qatar's Universities and Museums." (with Geoff Harkness) Sociology of Development.


Kleinschmidt, Meredith. “After the Activism, What Comes Next?: Examining the Development of Culturally Specific Museums Since the 1960s.” Master’s Project, John F. Kennedy University, 2000.

Komatsuka, Carol M. “Expanding the Museum Audience Through Visitor Research.” In

Common Ground: The Japanese American National Museum and the Culture of

Collaborations, eds. Akemi Kikumura Yano, Lane Ryo Hirabayashi, and James A.

Hirabayashi, 51-64. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, 2005.

McCarthy, Kevin F. and Kimberly Jinnett. A New Framework for Building Participation in the Arts. Santa Monica: Rand, 2001.

Moore, Darrel. “White Men Can’t Program: The Contradictions of Multiculturalism.” In Art, Activism, and Oppositionality: Essays from Afterimage, ed. Grant H. Kester, 51-59. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 1998.

Moreno, María-José. “Art Museums and Socioeconomic Forces: The Case

         of a Community Museum.” Review of Radical Political Economics 36,

         no. 4 (2004): 506-527


Ninomiya, Masato. “International Exchanges at Museu Histórico da Imigração Japonesa no Brasil.” In Common Ground: The Japanese American National Museum and the Culture of Collaborations, eds. Akemi Kikumura-Yano, Lane Ryo Hirabayashi, and James A. Hirabayashi, 179-187. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, 2005.

Pierce Erikson, Patricia. “A-whaling We Will Go: Encounters of Knowledge and Memory at the Makah Cultural and Resource Center,” Cultural Anthropology 14, no. 4 (November 1999): 556-583.

Quinn, Therese. (2006). Exhibits through the “other eye”: How popular education can help us make museums that push. Journal of Museum Education, 31(2), 95-104.

Quinn, Therese. (2006). Missing landfills: Conflicts of interest and museums. AREA Chicago: Art/Research/Education/Activism, 3.

Quinn, Therese. (1995). Breaking silence:  Lesbian and gay issues in midwestern cultural institutions.  Midwest Museum Conference Review 1993 – 1994, 39-42.

Ramirez, Yasmin. “Passing on Latinidad: An Analysis of Critical Responses to El Museo del

Barrio’s Pan-Latino Mission Statements.” Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, Center for Latino Studies, 2002. 

Paper presented at the Interpretation and Representation of Latino Cultures: Research and Museums National Conference, Washington D.C. November 20-23, 2002. (25 April 2005).

Ryo Hirabayashi, Lane, Akemi Kikumura-Yano, and James A. Hirabayashi “Conclusion,” in

Common Ground: The Japanese American National Museum and the Culture of

Collaborations, eds. Akemi Kikumura-Yano, Lane Ryo Hirabayashi, and James A.

Hirabayashi, 207-211. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, 2005.

Sanchez, George. “ ‘What’s Good for Boyle Heights is Good for the Jews’: Creating

Multiculturalism on the Eastside during the 1950s,” American Quarterly 56 (September

2004): 633-661.

Sarat, Austin. “The Micropolitics of Identity/Difference: Recognition and Accommodation in

Everyday Life,” Daedalus 129, no. 4 (Fall 2002): 147-168.

Shore, Bill. “The Power to Bear Witness,” Museum News (May/June 2005): 52-58.

Skramstad, Harold and Susan Skramstad. “Dreaming the Museum,” Museum News (March/April

2005): 52-55.

Sullivan, Robert. “Lessons for the Ruling Class,” Museum News (May/June 1993): 54-55, 70-71.

Torruella Leval, Susana. “El Museo del Barrio.” In Museum Mission Statements: Building a

Distinct Identity, ed. Gail Anderson, 70-101. Washington D.C.: American Association of

Museums Technical Information Service, 1998.

_________. “Coming of Age with the Muses: Change in the Age of Multiculturalism.” In The

Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts: Paper Series on the Arts, Culture, and

Society, 1995. essay (25 April


Tortolero, Carlos. “Museums, Racism, Inclusiveness Chasm,” Museum News

(November/December 2000): 31-35.

Weil, Stephen E. “Introduction.” In Museums for the New Millennium: A Symposium for the

Museum Community, in Washington, D.C., September 5-7 1996, by the Center for

Museum Studies, Smithsonian Institution in association with the American Association

of Museums, 15-15. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1997.

Williams, Arlene. “Museums in Crisis: A Strong Sense of Mission Helps Many Survive,”

American Visions 7, no. 1 (February 1992): 22-25.

Zamora, Herlinda. “Identity and Community: A Look at Four Latino Museums.” Museum News

(May/June 2002): 37-41.

Curatorship and Collection Practices

Caitlin Galante-DeAngelis Hopkins, Pompe Stevens, Enslaved Artisan, Common-Place: Object Lessons, 13 (2), Spring 2013, 

Adalaine Holton, “Decolonizing History: Arthur Schomburg’s Afrodiasporic Archive,” The Journal of African American History, 92,2 (Spring 2007): 218-238.

bell hooks, “In Our Glory Photography and Black Life,” in Art on My Mind: Visual Politics, New York: The New Press, 1995, 54-64.

bell hooks, “Talking Art with Carrie Mae Weems,” in Art on My Mind: Visual Politics, New York: The New Press, 1995, 74-93.

Lyric Prince, “A Beginner’s Guide: 10 Dos and Don’ts for a First Time Curator,” Medium, January, 14, 2019, 

Nathan mudyi Sentance, “Why Do We Collect,” Archival Decolonist blog, August 18, 2018, 

R.I. Simon, A Pedagogy of Witnessing: Curatorial Practice and the Pursuit of Social Justice. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 2014.

Museum Education

Pablo Helguera, Education for Socially Engaged Art: A Materials and Techniques Handbook, New York: Jorge Pinto Books, 2011.

Hrag Vartanian, “What Does a Black Radical Art Education Look Like?,” podcast [1:17:09], Hyperallergic, September 20, 2018, 

        The Black School, Shani Peters and Joseph Cullier, 21:53

        Soul of a Nation: Art in the Age of Black Power


Journal of Museum Education, 42 (2), June 2017, 

Journal of Museum Education, 42 (1), March 2017, 

Exhibitions, Programs

Crosslines: A Culture Lab on Intersectionality, Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center, May 2016

Hide/Seek: Difference and Desire in American Portraiture, National Portrait Gallery, Oct 30, 2010 - February 13, 2011

Movement Is Rising: Journey of #BlackLivesMatter at Museum of Impact

The Art of Black Dissent, #artoblackdissent, (2016 - ),, organized by La Tanya S. Autry and Gabriella Svenningsen

We Wanted a Revolution: Black Radical Women 1965-1985, Brooklyn Museum, April 21 - September 17, 2017.

RESPOND, Smack Mellon Gallery,, Brooklyn, 2015

Titus Kaphar: The Jerome Project, Studio Museum in Harlem, through Mar 8, 2015,

Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in the U.S., traveling exhibition

Black Male: Representations of Masculinity in Contemporary American Art, Whitney Museum, 1994

Mining the Museum, by Fred Wilson, Maryland Historical Society, 1992 - 1993

Harlem on My Mind, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1969

Educational Resources/Scholarship of Teaching and Learning

Kingsley, Jennifer P.. 2019. "The Canon as Provocation: Partnering with Museums for the Future of Art History." Art History Pedagogy & Practice 4, (1).

“Rights of Passage,” Art 21,  

Levitt, Peggy and Markella B. Rutherford. 2019. "Beyond the West: Barriers to Globalizing Art History." Art History Pedagogy & Practice 4, (1).

Howard Zinn, A People’s History of the United States, New York: Harper Collins, [2017], 2015,

Labor Organizing/Rights

Kopel, Dana, “Against Artsploitation: Unionizing the New Museum,” The Baffler, 59, September 2021, 

Ward, Amy Sample, “You’re Not Serious About Equity if You Don’t Post Salaries,” NTEN, November 19, 2019,,organization%20may%20have%20in%20place.&text=When%20you're%20not%20willing,don't%20respect%20their%20time.

AFSCME Cultural Workers United, “Cultural Institutions Cashed In, Workers Got Sold Out,” October 2021, report- analysis of Payroll Protection Protection (PPP) loan data 2020, PDF, 


La Tanya S. Autry, ed., “#BlackLivesMatter Teach-In: Dismantling Anti-black Racism in Visual Culture,” CAA ThatCamp 2015, February 2015, Google document, 

NYU Sanctuary Syllabus, Public Books, December 5, 2017, #SanctuarySyllabus 

Solidarity Is This Podcast Syllabus, by Deepa Iyer,  #SolidarityIsThis, @dviyer and @solidarity_is, 


MASSAction, Museums As Site for Social Action, toolkit, 

Toolkit - 

USDAC, Honor Native Land: A Guide and Call to Acknowledgement, 

Hiring Toolkit from Avarna


"How I Got Over: Vision & Justice in Racialized America," LaToya Ruby Frazier, Carrie Mae Weems, Sarah Lewis and moderator Rebecca Carroll, December 9, 2016, The Greene Space,   

“Artists and the Archive: Deconstructing Racial Imagination,” Claudia Rankine, Hank Willis Thomas, Alexandra Bell in conversation with LeRonn P. Brooks, Livestream, Schomburg Center for Black Culture , September 26, 2017, 

“Can Art Amend History?” Titus Kaphar at Ted April 2017,

'Stop Telling Women To Smile' Artist Tatyana Fazlalizadeh On Her Movement


The Gallery Gap. A podcast that focuses on equity and inequity in museums, collections, exhibitions, and programming. We start with our home institutions, and situate the conversation in the broader context. 

Museopunks. A podcast for a progressive museum. Some of their recent podcasts focus on areas of social justice (e.g. episodes 19, 20, 23, 27) 

How The Art World Works is an inquiry into the logistics, values, ethics, expectations and operations of how an artist “makes it” in the art world. Unmarred by academic impetus and vocabulary, your hosts Karen Atkinson and Megan Flanders condense experiences commercial, academic and otherwise from their special guests and get straight to the point: Can someone please tell me how the art world works? Recent episodes focus on storytelling and shedding light on how artists throughout history have been discriminated against by the “Art World” and what they did to fight back.

Cultura Conscious 

“Join Paula Santos, a podcast addict and lover of everything arts and culture, in conversation with other museums and cultural workers, educators, artists, activists, and leaders about how we work with our communities and the public at large.  She is particularly interested in how the work we do in museums, non-profits or other cultural organizations intersects and is informed by larger questions of race and inequity in society.

Museum Archipelago - A tiny show guiding you through the rocky landscape of museums. Museum Archipelago believes that no museum is an island and that museums are not neutral. Taking a broad definition of museums, host Ian Elsner brings you to different museum spaces around the world, dives deep into institutional problems, and introduces you to the people working to fix them. Each episode is never longer than 15 minutes, so let’s get started.


60. Stephanie Cunningham on the Creation and Growth of Museum Hue:

62. David Gough Reclaims Stewardship of Tiagarra for Aboriginal Tasmanians 

59. The Colored Conventions Project Resurrects Disremembered History With Denise Burgher, Jim Casey, Gabrielle Foreman, & Many Others 

55. Barbara Hicks-collins Is Turning Her Family Home Into the Bogalusa Civil Rights Museum 

Digital/Social Media Forums - Twitter, Facebook, Instagram








@VisitorsOfColor - Twitter

@knowyourcaribbean - Instagram

Art Education + Social Justice Book Club (Los Angeles, California), 



Connections to White Supremacy, Imperialism, Exploitation

Francis, Megan Ming and Erica Kohl-Arenas, “Here We Go Again: Philanthropy & Movement Capture,” The Forge, June 17, 2021,

Fritze, John, “Supreme Court Rules for Conservative Charities in Challenge to Donor Disclosure, USA Today, July 2021 

Fusco, Coco, “We Need New Institutions, Not New Art,” Hyperallergic, October 26, 2020, 

INCITE!, ed., The Revolution Will Not Be Funded: Beyond the Non-Profit Industrial Complex, Durham, NC: Duke University, 2007.

Lefebvre, Sam, “Ruling Class Solidarity: Conflict & Growth at SFMOMA Reexamined,”

Beatback, Substack, February 15, 2021, 

McGowan, Jordan, “The Black Elite Won’t Save Us,” Medium, 9/11/2020, 

Rosler, Martha, “Theses on Defunding,” Art, Activism, & Oppositionality: Essays from Afterimage, ed. Grant H. Kester, Durham, NC: Duke University, 1998, 94-102.

Shaked, Nizan, Museums and Wealth: The Politics of Contemporary Art Collections, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2022. 

Sources - National, International Grants

Graduate Students

Ida B. Wells Graduate Student Fellowship-- $1000 given to a graduate student working on a historical dissertation that interrogates race and gender, not necessarily in a history department

James Weldon Johnson Institute for the Study of Race and Difference-- $25,000 stipend for visiting fellow


James Weldon Johnson Institute for the Study of Race and Difference-- Visiting Fellowship for Advanced Scholars

CASVA Postdoctoral Research Fellowship-- $50,000 (For appointment to the A. W. Mellon Postdoctoral Fellowship in 2018–2020, the Center encourages applications in the fields of the visual arts and culture of African Americans, Africa, and the African diaspora.)


American Philosophical Society-- $47,000 Postdoctoral Curatorial Fellowship

Robert Rauschenberg Foundation-- Artist as Activist Grants

A Blade of Grass Fellowship

Surdna Foundation Grants

More - Needs to be sorted

“2015 AAM Annual Meeting Theme: The Social Value of Museums: Inspiring Change, American Alliance of Museums,”

Lourdes Prados Torreira y Clara López Rúiz (Eds.). 2017. Museos Arqueológicos y género. Educando en la igualdad. UAM ediciones, España.

Allison, David B., ed. 2018. Controversial Monuments and Memorials: A Guide for Community Leaders. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Citation: Autry, La Tanya S., et al, “Social Justice & Museums Resource List,” crowdsourced document, Date, URL.

Creative Commons License -- Attribution: CC BY 4.0 This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon the originators’ work, even commercially, as long as they credit the original creation. /