Flame Effect is defined as “The combustion of solids, liquids, or gases to produce thermal, physical, visual, or audible phenomena before an audience”. This includes all flames that are automated, switched, pressurized or having any other action than simply being lit on fire; as well as projects using propane or other liquid or gaseous fuels. The Recipient must comply with the following guidelines:


The majority of Flame Effects we utilize Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LP), more commonly referred to as propane. Most of the guidelines below deal with propane as a fuel. Regardless of fuel type or technological basis, all Flame Effects must be constructed in such a way as to meet or exceed applicable laws, codes, and industry standards. These standards can be found in the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) documents, Sections 54 and 58, The LP Gas Codes, as well as Section 160 that deals with flame effects with a live audience. NFPA documents are available for viewing and purchase on the NFPA website and should be reviewed by all Flame Effects artists.

FUEL SUPPLY PIPE, TUBING, HOSES, AND FITTINGS - All fuel supply pipe, tubing, hoses, valves, and fittings shall be rated for the type of fuel being used and the maximum operating pressure of the effect.

FUEL ACCUMULATORS - Accumulator tanks for use with flammable or liquefied gas shall be designed, manufactured, and tested in accordance with the ASME Boiler Pressure Vessel Code or the Department of Transportation (DOT) for the pressure of the gas in use.


For larger Flame Effects a safety perimeter and clearance from other art or flammables may be needed. Please read these Guidelines for Safety Perimeters on the Burning Man website.

I’d like to credit DaveX and others for their help with these guidelines.