World Health Organisation (WHO)
The World Health Organisation is a specialised agency of the United Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health. Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the WHO was established on 7 April 1948 – a date now celebrated every year as World Health Day. WHO is now made up of more than 7000 people from more than 150 countries working in 150 country offices, in 6 regional offices.
Constitution of the World Health Organisation:
- Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
- The enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being, without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition.
- The health of all peoples is fundamental to the attainment of peace and security and is dependent on the fullest co-operation of individuals and States.
- The achievement of any State in the promotion and protection of health is of value to all.
- Unequal development in different countries in the promotion of health and control of diseases, especially communicable disease, is a common danger.
- Healthy development of the child is of basic importance; the ability to live harmoniously in a changing total environment is essential to such development.
- The extension to all peoples of the benefits of medical, psychological and related knowledge is essential to the fullest attainment of health.
- Informed opinion and active co-operation on the part of the public are of utmost importance in the improvement of the health of the people.
- Governments have a responsibility for the health of their peoples which can be fulfilled only by the provision of adequate health and social measures.
WHO's Member States have endorsed global targets for improving maternal, infant and young child nutrition and are committed to monitoring its progress. These targets are vital in identifying priority areas for action and catalysing global change.
Global nutrition targets 2025:
TARGET: 40% reduction in the number of children under-5 who are stunted
TARGET: 50% reduction of anaemia in women of reproductive age
- Low birth weight
TARGET: 30% reduction in low birth weight
- Childhood overweight
TARGET: No increase in childhood overweight
TARGET: up to at least 50% increase in the rate of exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months of life
TARGET: Reduce and maintain childhood wasting to less than 5%