1. Harvey, Steve. "California's Legendary Oil Spill." Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times, 13 June 2010. Web. Link
  2. Clark, Mike. "The Lakeview Gusher." The Lakeview Gusher. San Joaquin Valley Geology, 12 Oct. 2015. Web. Link
  3. California, Berkeley Daily Planet Berkeley. "Features." After 30 Years, Tankers Safer but Spills Still a Threat. Category: Features from The Berkeley Daily Planet. The Associated Press, 19 Jan. 2001. Web. Link
  4. "Sister Ships Frank H. Buck & Lyman Stewart “Born Together & Died Together”." Office of National Marine Sanctuaries National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (n.d.): n. pag. Maritime Heritage. Web. Link
  5. Radigan, Joe. "NavSource Online:Section Patrol Craft Photo Archive." Frank H. Buck (ID 1613). NavSource, 1996. Web. Link
  6. Prud'homme, Alex. "An Oil Spill Grows in Brooklyn." The New York Times. The New York Times, 15 May 2010. Web. Link
  7. Berman, Russell. "Greenpoint, Maspeth Residents Lobby To Get 55-Year-Old Oil Spill Cleaned Up." Greenpoint, Maspeth Residents Lobby To Get 55-Year-Old Oil Spill Cleaned Up - The New York Sun. N.p., 18 Nov. 2005. Web. Link
  8. Okafor, Nduka. Environmental Microbiology of Aquatic and Waste Systems. N.p.: Springer Science & Business Media, 2011. Web. Link
  9. Berg, Dan. "The African Queen Shipwreck  Maryland Shipwrecks." The African Queen Shipwreck  Maryland Shipwrecks. Aqua Explorers Inc, n.d. Web. Link
  10. U.S. Department of The Interior Federal Water Pollution Control Administration. "A Report on Pollution of The Upper Mississippi River and Major Tributaries." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, July 1966. Web. Link
  11. Manulik, Joseph. "Mississippi River Oil Spill, 1962–1963." MNopedia. N.p., 4 June 2014. Web. Link
  12. Gooding, Reginald M. Oil Pollution on Wake Island from the Tanker R.C. Stoner (n.d.): n. pag. NOAA FISHERIES. National Marine Fisheries Service. Web. Link
  13. Visser, Auke. "R. C. Stoner." R. C. Stoner. Auke Visser's Famous T - Tankers Pages, 23 Nov. 2003. Web. Link
  14. U.S. Coast Guard. "SS Ocean Eagle Ground and Breaking Up with No Loss of Life." Marine Casualty Report (1969): n. pag. United States Coast Guard. Web. Link
  15. "Ocean Eagle." Ocean Eagle | Incident News. NOAA, n.d. Web. Link
  16. Santa Barbara County. "Brief Oil and Gas History of Santa Barbara County." County of Santa Barbara Planning and Development Energy Division. N.p., 1996. Web. Link
  17. Leighty, John. "Huge Oil Spill in San Francisco Bay - Tanker Collision under Golden Gate Bridge." Newspapers.com. N.p., n.d. Web. Link
  18. "Pioneers in Oiled Aquatic Bird Care." International Bird Rescue, n.d. Web. Link
  19. Admin. "World War I-Era Naval Aviation Material Donated to National Naval Aviation Museum." Naval Historical Foundation, n.d. Web. Link
  20. U.S. Coast Guard. "Structural Failure and Sinking of The Texaco Oklahoma Off Cape Hatteras on 27 March, With the Loss of 31 Lives." Marine Casualty Report (1972): n. pag. Web. Link
  21. "N.Y. Oil Slick to Be Countered with Chemicals." Editorial. The Bridgeport Post 18 July 1971: n. pag. Newspapers.com. Web. Link
  22. Fulton, William. "Coney Island Oil Spill Spurs Action." Editorial. The Chicago Tribune [Chicago] 22 July 1971: 4. Chicago Tribune Archives. The Chicago Tribune. Web. Link
  23. "Corinthos." Corinthos | Incident News. NOAA, n.d. Web. Link
  24. Fisher, George R. "The Corinthos Disaster." Philadelphia Reflections: The Corinthos Disaster. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2016. Link
  25. Palm, Daniel J., Maurice M. Alexander, David M. Phillips, and Patricia Longabucco. "Damage Assessment Studies Following the NEPCO 140 Oil Spill on the St. Lawrence River." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, Dec. 1979. Web. Link
  26. Zahn, Stephen G. "The Devastating 1976 NEPCO 140 Oil SPill." Fact Sheet (2015): n. pag. Save The River. 2015. Web. Link
  27. "Argo Merchant Oil Spill Cost 5.2 Million." Google News Archive Search. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 4 July 1977. Web. Link
  28. Hall, Grey. "Argo Merchant Grounding off Nantucket Produced Lessons in Tracking Oil Spills." Professional Mariner. N.p., 29 Aug. 2011. Web. Link
  29. ITOPF. "ARGO MERCHANT, United States, 1976." ITOPF, n.d. Web. Link
  30. 22, November. "Huge Oil Spill Cleanup Advances." Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times, 22 Nov. 1999. Web. Link
  31. David Sneed -. "'Another 10 Years': Guadalupe Dunes Still Recovering from Oil Spill." The Tribune. Sanluisobispo, 27 June 2015. Web. Link
  32. Martin, Glen. "Unocal to Tear Down Toxic Town -- and Rebuild It." SFGate. N.p., 18 June 1998. Web. Link
  33. Paddock, Richard C. "A Long-Buried Oil Spill Casts Beach Town Adrift : Pollution: Unocal Is Removing Tainted Soil from Avila Beach, but Business District May Go with It." Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times, 28 Sept. 1994. Web. Link
  34. Cedre. "Hawaiian Patriot." Cedre, 27 July 2012. Web. Link
  35. ITOPF. "HAWAIIAN PATRIOT, off Hawaii, 1977." ITOPF, n.d. Web. Link
  36. Wrecksite. "MV Hawaiian Patriot (+1977)." Wrecksite. N.p., 2001. Web. Link
  37. "FACTBOX-Incidents on the Trans Alaska Pipeline." Reuters. Thomson Reuters, 09 Jan. 2011. Web. Link
  38. "THE TRANS-ALASKA PIPELINE." The Center for Land Use Interpretation. N.p., 2009. Web. Link
  39. "Burmah Agate." Burmah Agate | Incident News. NOAA, n.d. Web. Link
  40. "BURMAH AGATE—CHRONOLOGY AND CONTAINMENT OPERATIONS." IOSC Proceedings. International Oil Spill Conference, Mar. 1981. Web. Link
  41. Fitzsimmons, Tom, Greg Sorlie, Dave Lundstrom, Steve Hunter, Jon Neel, Curt Hart, Donna Lynch, Steve Chan, and Jeanette Harris. "Oil Spills In Washington State: A Historical Analysis." Department of Ecology Spill Management Program 97.252 (1997): n. pag. Access Washington. Mar. 2007. Web. Link
  42. Alejandro, Anthony C., and Jack L. Buri. "M/V ALVENUS: ANATOMY OF A MAJOR OIL SPILL." IOSC Proceedings. International Oil Spill Conference, Apr. 1987. Web. Link
  43. Lowry, Bob. "State Files Suit over Tanker Spill." UPI. UPI.com, 10 Aug. 1984. Web. Link
  44. "1985 Grand Eagle Oil Spill." University of Delaware. College of Earth, Ocean, & Environment, 2004. Web. Link
  45. Miklaucic, E. A., and J. Saseen. "THE ASHLAND OIL SPILL, FLOREFFE, PA — CASE HISTORY AND RESPONSE EVALUATION." IOSC Proceedings. International Oil Spill Conference, Feb. 1989. Web. Link
  46. "Collapse of Diesel Tank Pollutes Drinking Water Near Pittsburgh." The New York Times. The New York Times, 03 Jan. 1988. Web. Link
  47. Taylor, Alan. "The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: 25 Years Ago Today." The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, 24 Mar. 2014. Web. Link
  48. "EPA History: Exxon Valdez Oil Spill." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, 1989. Web. Link
  49. "Environmental Effects Of Exxon Valdez Spill Still Being Felt." Scientific American. Scientific News, 19 Dec. 2003. Web. Link
  50. Cohen, Mark A. "A Taxonomy of Oil Spill Costs." BACKGROUNDER (n.d.): n. pag. Resources for the Future. June 2010. Web. Link
  51. "Presidente Rivera Spill – June 24, 1989." University of Delaware Sea Grant. N.p., n.d. Web. Link
  52. Hevesi, Dennis. "Exxon Pipeline Spills Oil Into the Arthur Kill." The New York Times. The New York Times, 02 Jan. 1990. Web. Link
  53. Desvousges, William H. Desvousges, Richard W. Dunford, And Kristy E. Mathews* H., Richard W. Dunford, and Kristy E. Mathews. "NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGES VALUATION: ARTHUR KILL OIL SPILL." (n.d.): n. pag. EPA. Yosemite. Web. Link
  54. "Restoration Plan & Environmental Assessment For Seabirds Injured by the American Trader Oil Spill." American Trader Trustee Council California Department of Fish and Game United States Fish and Wildlife Service National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Apr. 2001. Web. Link
  55. "American Trader." California Department of Fish and WIldlife. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2016. Link
  56. Leveille, Thomas P. "THE MEGA BORG FIRE AND OIL SPILL: A CASE STUDY." IOSC Proceedings. N.p., n.d. Web. Link
  57. Hlavaty, Craig. "Looking Back at the Mega Borg Oil Spill 25 Years Ago This Week." Houston Chronicle. N.p., 8 June 2015. Web. Link
  58. "North Cape." NOAA's Damage Assessment Remediation and Restoration Program. N.p., 1996. Web. Link
  59. "Rhode Island Oil Spill Is More Serious Than Initially Thought." The New York Times. The New York Times, 21 Jan. 1996. Web. Link
  60. "Maine Voices: On Anniversary of Julie N Accident, a Warning on Pipeline Proposal - The Portland Press Herald / Maine Sunday Telegram." The Portland Press Herald / Maine Sunday Telegram. N.p., 26 Sept. 2012. Web. Link
  61. "M/T Julie N." Incident News. NOAA, n.d. Web. Link
  62. "New Carissa Oil Spill on the Oregon Coast." Environmental Global Issues Map. Innovative Learning Solutions, n.d. Web. Link
  63. Verhovek, Sam Howe. "Pipeline Crews Tackle Huge Oil Spill Caused by Shooting." The New York Times. The New York Times, 05 Oct. 2001. Web. Link
  64. "North to Alaska, Part 4." FBI. FBI, 12 Dec. 2016. Web. 13 Dec. 2016. Link
  65. "Buzzards Bay Oil Spill: Bouchard Barge No. 120." Information on the Bouchard April 2003 Buzzards Bay Oil Spill. Buzzards Bay National Estuary Program, n.d. Web. Link
  66. "Athos 1 Oil Spill on The Delaware River." University of Delaware College of Earth, Ocean, & Environment. Ocean.UDEL.EDU, 2004. Web. Link
  67. Brewer, Reid Sinclair., and Nancy Deschu. The Selendang Ayu Oil Spill: Lessons Learned: Conference Proceedings, August 16-19, 2005, Unalaska, Alaska. Fairbanks, AK: U of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska Sea Grant College Program, 2006. Alaska Sea Grant College Program, University of Fairbanks, 16 Aug. 2005. Web. Link
  68. Unalaska, Annie Ropeik KUCB -. "10 Years On, Selendang Ayu Spill’s Legacy Still Evolving." Alaska Public Media. N.p., 12 Dec. 2014. Web. Link
  69. Llanos, Miguel. "44 Oil Spills Found in Southeast Louisiana."NBCNews.com. NBCUniversal News Group, 19 Sept. 2005. Web. Link
  70. Pine, John. "Hurricane Katrina and Oil Spills: Impact on Coastal and Ocean Environments." Oceanography 19.2 (2006): 37-39. Web. Link
  71. Kika, Stacy. "News Releases By Date." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, 3 May 2011. Web. Link
  72. "BBC NEWS | Americas | Alaska Hit by 'massive' Oil Spill." BBC News. BBC, 11 Mar. 2006. Web. Link
  73. Fruge, Greg, Jr. "CITGO Oil Spill Incident Report." Department of Environmental Quality (n.d.): n. pag. 25 July 2006. Web. Link
  74. Hampton, Steve. "Final Restoration Plan Completed for Cosco Busan Oil Spill." N.p., 1 Mar. 2012. Web. Link
  75. Hampton, Steve. "Cosco Busan." California Department of Fish and Wildlife. N.p., n.d. Web. Link
  76. "Spill Could Close Part of Mississippi River for Days." CNN. Cable News Network, 24 July 2008. Web. Link
  77. Nossiter, Adam. "Mississippi River Reopened After Oil Spill." The New York Times. The New York Times, 24 July 2008. Web. Link
  78. Gonzalez, Angel, and Naureen Malik. "Collision Causes Crude Oil Spill in Texas." The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company, 24 Jan. 2010. Web. Link
  79. Barstow, David, David Rohde, and Stephanie Saul. "Deepwater Horizon’s Final Hours." The New York Times. The New York Times, 25 Dec. 2010. Web. Link
  80. "Deepwater Horizon – BP Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, n.d. Web. Link
  81. "Deepwater Horizon MC252 Gulf Incident Oil Budget." USGS Science for Changing the World (n.d.): n. pag. USGS. Web. Link
  82. Goldstein, Katherine. "Alaska Oil Spill: Trans-Alaska Pipeline Shuts Down 800 Mile Area In North Slope." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 25 May 2011. Web. Link
  83. O'Donoghue, Amy Joi, and Josh Smith. "Oil Spill in Red Butte Creek Threatens Waters, Wildlife." Deseret News Utah, 12 June 2010. Web. Link
  84. City Recorder. "Settlement Agreement." (n.d.): n. pag. Utah Water Quality Board. 2011. Web. Link
  85. "EPA Response to Enbridge Spill in Michigan." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, n.d. Web. Link
  86. EWContributor. "5 Years Since Massive Tar Sands Oil Spill, Kalamazoo River Still Not Clean." EcoWatch. N.p., 27 June 2016. Web. Link
  87. Mitchell, Alex. "Timeline of Major Events in Kalamazoo River Oil Spill." MLive.com. N.p., 20 July 2015. Web. Link
  88. Lin, Rong-Gong, II. "Gulf Oil Spill: New Spill in Gulf Area after Barge Crashes into Abandoned Oil Well." Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times, 27 July 2010. Web. Link
  89. Goldstein, Katherine. "Barataria Bay Oil Spill: Historic Estuary Now An Environmental War Zone (VIDEO)." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 14 June 2010. Web. Link
  90. ROB ROGERS and SUSAN OLP Of The Gazette Staff. "Ruptured Pipeline Sends Oil Coursing down the Yellowstone River." The Billings Gazette. N.p., 17 June 2015. Web. Link
  91. Exxon Mobil Says Montana Spill to Cost $135 Million." Reuters. Thomson Reuters, 04 Nov. 2011. Web. Link
  92. Kirkham, Chris. "Arthur Kill Oil Spill: Hurricane Sandy's Surge Dumps Diesel Into New Jersey Waterway." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 1 Nov. 2012. Web. Link
  93. Glorioso, Brian Thompson and Chris. "336K Gallons of Diesel Fuel Leak in Arthur Kill." NBC New York. N.p., 13 Dec. 2016. Web. Link
  94. Olson, Bradley, and Christine Harvey. "Refiner Delek Cleaning Up 5,000-Barrel Spill in Arkansas Bayou." Bloomberg.com. Bloomberg, 13 Mar. 2013. Web. Link\
  95. "PHMSA - Home." Department of Transportation's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration. N.p., n.d. Web. Link
  96. Lesnick, Gavin. "Oil Spill Cleanup Efforts Continue in Mayflower." Arkansas Online. N.p., 30 Mar. 2013. Web. Link
  97. Prettyman The Salt Lake Tribune, Brett. "Utah, Chevron Draft $5.35M Settlement for Willard Bay Spill." The Salt Lake Tribune. N.p., 20 Dec. 2013. Web. Link
  98. Sider, Alison. "Enbridge Spill at Cushing Terminal Mostly Contained." Enbridge Spill at Cushing Terminal Mostly Contained. N.p., 21 May 2013. Web. Link
  99. Gebrekidan, Reuters Selam. "Corrosion May Have Led to North Dakota Pipeline Leak, Regulators Say." NBCNews.com. NBCUniversal News Group, 11 Oct. 2013. Web. Link
  100. Dalrymple / Forum News Service, Amy. "Two Years after North Dakota Oil Spill, Dirty Pile Still Dwarfs..." INFORUM. N.p., 26 Sept. 2015. Web. Link
  101. Vartabedian, Ralph. "400,000 Gallons of Crude Oil Spilled in North Dakota Train Crash." Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times, 13 Jan. 2014. Web. Link
  102. Shaffer, David, and Evan Ramstad. "NTSB: 400,000 Gallons of Crude Spilled in N.D. Train Wreck." Star Tribune. N.p., 23 Jan. 2014. Web. Link
  103. "Hiland Crude Pipeline Spills Oil Near Alexander, ND." KHQ Home - Spokane, North Idaho News & Weather KHQ.com. N.p., 23 Mar. 2014. Web. Link
  104. Kuo, Vivian. CNN. Cable News Network, 25 Mar. 2014. Web. Link
  105. Murray, David. "Pilot Cleared by Pilot Board; Vessel Seized In March Collision." Pilot Cleared by Pilot Board; Vessel Seized In March Collision. N.p., 24 Mar. 2014. Web. Link
  106. Bacon, John. "Cleanup of Texas Oil Spill Blocks Ships." USA Today. Gannett Satellite Information Network, 24 Mar. 2014. Web. Link
  107. Jackson, Angie. "Report: Oil Spills into Lake Michigan after Malfunction at BP Refinery in Indiana." MLive.com. N.p., 25 Mar. 2014. Web. Link
  108. Hawthorne, Michael. "BP Raises Estimate of Lake Michigan Oil Spill." Tribune digital chicagotribune. N.p., 28 Mar. 2014. Web. Link
  109. Welborn, Vickie. "Pipeline Breaks Have Cost Sunoco Millions." Shreveporttimes.com. N.p., 01 Nov. 2014. Web. Link
  110. Maykuth, Andrew. "2,550 Barrels of Crude Recovered from Oil Spill." Philly.com. N.p., 20 Oct. 2014. Web. Link
  111. "Bridger Pipeline Release." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, n.d. Web. Link
  112. Koch, Wendy. "Oil Spills Into Yellowstone River, Possibly Polluting Drinking Water." National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 20 Jan. 2015. Web. Link
  113. Nunez, Christina. "Ice Complicates Cleanup in Yellowstone's Rare Oil Spill." National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 1 Feb. 2015. Web. Link
  114. "Galena Train Derailment." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, n.d. Web. Link
  115. Associated Press. "Freight Train Carrying Crude Oil Derails near Illinois City." Freight Train Carrying Crude Oil Derails near Illinois City. N.p., 6 Mar. 2015. Web. Link
  116. News, BBC. "California Oil Spill Sparks State of Emergency." BBC News. N.p., 20 May 2015. Web. Link
  117. Cooper, Lara, and Giana Magnoli. "Cleanup Under Way for Large Oil Spill Near Refugio State Beach." Noozhawk.com. N.p., 19 May 2015. Web. Link
  118. Kinane, Sean. "Update on Impact of Shell Oil Spill in Gulf of Mexico - WMNF." WMNF. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2016. Link
  119. Sturgis, Sue. "Another Gulf Oil Spill Adds Fuel to Movement against New Offshore Drilling Leases." Facing South. N.p., 08 June 2016. Web. Link
  120. Wilking, Rick. "Shell Oil Spill Dumps Thousands Of Barrels Of Crude Into Gulf Of Mexico." Huffington Post. Reuters, 12 May 2016. Web. Link
  121. Schleifstein, NOLA.com | The Times-Picayune, Mark. "Coast Guard Reports 4,200-gallon Crude Oil Spill in Barataria Bay." NOLA.com. N.p., 26 July 2016. Web. Link
  122. DiChristopher, CNBC Tom. "Pipeline Spills 176K Gallons of Oil into North Dakota Creek 150 Miles from Site of Protests." NBCNews.com. NBCUniversal News Group, 12 Dec. 2016. Web. Link
  123. Grossman, Ron. "1955 Standard Oil Refinery Blast Sounded like 'end of the World'" Chicagotribune.com. N.p., 27 Aug. 2015. Web. Link
  124. Doyle, Jack. "“Inferno at Whiting” - Standard Oil: 1955." The Pop History Dig. N.p., 21 Aug. 2015. Web. Link
  125. Ta, Linh, and Charly Haley. "Iowa Pipeline Spill Cleanup Begins; Cause of Leak Still Unknown." Des Moines Register. N.p., 26 Jan. 2017. Web. Link