Enduring Understandings & Essential Questions

Science K-12

Enduring Understanding

Essential

Question

Scientific process is used to investigate, understand and change our world.

1. What is an experiment?

2. How does observation and questioning help us understand our world?

3. How do we communicate what we’ve learned through data gathering, observation, experimentation?

4. How do critical thinking skills lead to solving problems and new knowledge?

The human and the environmental world interact.

1. How do humans impact the environmental world?

2. How does the environment influence humans and other living things?

There are changes over time.

1. What influences change?

2. What are the impacts of change?

Science is a way of knowing about the processes and interconnections that occur in the natural world and universe.

How does scientific knowledge help to explain events in the natural world and universe?

Scientific content knowledge provides a foundation for predicting future events in the natural world and universe.

How does content knowledge provide a foundation for predicting future events in the natural world and universe?

Science is not static.

1. What are ways to be aware of changes in science?

2. What does it mean to be scientifically literate?

3. How do you critically evaluate sources?

4. How does research influence change?

Social Studies K-12

“Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.”

Enduring Understanding

Essential

Question

Individuals play a role in society.

What are the rights and responsibilities of citizenship?

What are an individuals responsibilities in government?

Resources are used and allocated.

How does the allocation and use of human and physical resources impact individuals, groups and economies?

History is interpretative.

How do humans impact the environment?

Whose story is it?

Geography influences life.

How does geography influence humans?

Leaders and governments shape lives and impact change.

What is the role of government leaders?

What happens in the absence of government rules?

How are people governed?

Conflict and change are cultural constants.

Why do we fight?

Media influences perceptions and actions of people.

What creates conflict?

Visual and Performing Arts K-12

Enduring Understanding

Essential

Question

The Arts are an intensified form of communication.

How do you communicate through Arts?

How is artistic communication unique?

The Arts expand understanding of the world, its people and one’s self.

How are the Arts important to humanity?

How do the Arts and history influence each other?

The artistic process can be learned.

Can the Arts be learned?

Mathematics K-12

How do we solve world problems?

Enduring Understanding

Essential

Question

Math is used to solve real world problems.

How do we solve real world problems using logical thinking and mathematical reasoning?

Numbers have meaning and operate by rules.

How and when is math used?

People use a variety of strategies to solve problems.

How can you apply what you know to solve problems?

What do good problem solvers do, especially when they get stuck?

Math describes the world through graphical representations, patterns, and data.

How are mathematical symbols and language used to describe the world?

Physical Education K-12

Enduring Understanding

Essential

Question

Knowledge of wellness concepts allows one to make informed decisions.

Why are skill and game knowledge important to participate in physical activities/sports?

Why is it important to understand fitness concepts?

Recognizing risk factors and making personal choices impact current and long term wellness outcomes on individuals, families and society.

What does safety look like in a Physical Education activity?

What choices do I make to improve my overall health?

Developing self awareness, self esteem, resilience, communication, tolerance and coping skills support social and emotional health.

How does practice improve performance?

How do healthy risks help me grow?

Understanding everyone has special and unique qualities that contribute to a diverse community.

What characteristics make a good teammate?

What does respect look like in a Physical Education class?

Wellness - Driver Education K-12

Enduring Understanding

Essential

Question

Knowledge of wellness concepts allows one to make informed decisions.

That skills and knowledge do I need to possess to prevent motor vehicle crashes?

What knowledge, techniques and beliefs will help me to make safe decisions regarding driving?

Recognizing risk factors and making personal choices impact current and long term wellness outcomes on individuals, family and society.

How will the decisions I make driving, impact my personal wellness and that of others?

What can I do to reduce driving risks for myself, those close to me and the community?

Developing self awareness, self esteem, resilience, tolerance and coping skills support and emotional health.

What tools do I have and what tools must I develop to adapt to a fast paced, quickly changing driving environment?

How do I cope with loss, injury and financial impacts due to motor vehicle crashes?

Understanding everyone has a unique qualities that contribute to a diverse community.

What human attributes do I need to have to recognize of myself before I get behind the wheel of a motor vehicle?

What human attributes of others do I need to recognize before I get behind the wheel of a motor vehicle?

Counseling - Guidance K-12

Enduring Understanding

Essential

Question

Knowledge of wellness concepts allows one to make informed decisions.

What do I need to know to make decisions to stay healthy?

Recognizing risk factors and making personal choices impact current and long term wellness outcomes on individuals, families and society

How does my behavior reflect my personal choices?

Why is it important to exhibit responsible and safe behavior?

Developing self awareness, self esteem, resilience, communication, tolerance and coping skills support social and emotional health.

How can I learn to value myself and others?

How and where can I locate helpful resources?

Understanding everyone has a unique qualities that contribute to a diverse community.

How do a person’s unique qualities contribute to a larger community?

English Language Arts K-12

Enduring Understanding

Essential

Question

Reading expands understanding of the

world, its people and oneself.

Why do people read?

What do people read?

What are the benefits of reading?

How does reading affect your life?

Readers use strategies to construct

meaning.

How do readers prepare for reading?

What are readers thinking about as they read?

What can a reader do when they don’t understand?

What impact does fluency have on comprehension?

Why are strategies important?

Authors write with different purposes

in mind.

How does reading influence us?

Why do we need to evaluate what we read?

Readers develop a deeper

understanding through reflection of text.

How do readers reflect and respond?

What connections do readers make?

How might being able to recognize literary features

 help in appreciating literature?

People communicate through words.

What is the purpose of communication?

Where do words or phrases come from?

How does word choice affect meaning?

People rely on a variety of resources

to obtain information.

How is information organized?

Why is information organized in different ways?

New information may result in a new

idea or a change of stance.

Why do we ask questions?

Effective communication relies on the

usage of proper forms.

How does the audience influence the format of your

 writing?

How does the purpose influence the format of your

 writing?

Writers have a purpose for writing.

Why do we write?

How is your style of writing influenced by purpose?

 What is the importance of sharing?

Writing is a multi-stage process.

How do we approach writing?

How does each step in the process impact your

 writing?

Writing is a reflective process.

How do we evaluate writing?

How can we use evaluation and reflection to improve

 our writing?

Written communication and proper

grammar mechanics promote fluency

of communication.

What is the purpose of applying grammar and

 mechanics skills?

Conventional spelling promotes

common understanding.

Why is it important to use correct spelling?

How can usage of spelling rules and patterns improve

 written communication?

What are the benefits of using resources to improve

 your spelling?

Legibility improves communication.

What role does handwriting play in communication?

Listening skills are critical for learning

and communicating.

How do you listen?

What impact does listening have?

People communicate through speaking.

How do you speak effectively?

In what ways are ideas communicated orally?

Visual materials enhance

understanding.

How do the visual materials send messages?

How do visuals impact our thoughts and actions?

How does one analyze and evaluate visual materials?