- Ableism is the deliberate or accidental discrimination or prejudice against people with physical and/or mental disabilities and impairments.
- A shorthand for physical, sexual, or emotional violation (e.g. sexual abuse, gas-lighting).
- The person responsible for abuse. See also perpetrator.
- A community-based plan where people work together to affirm shared values, and support members who face violence and abuse. Often used in the context of addressing a particular instance of sexual violence, trying to provide a way for the perpetrator to be held accountable by their peers, and to allow the perpetrator to transform their behaviour. See also survivor-led process.
- A person or group that makes excuses for, tries to rationalise or plays down the impact/importance of horrible, horrible things. e.g. a Nazi apologist would say“you know the Third Reich did some good things too”. See also rape apologism.
- The classification of gender into two distinct and opposing forms of masculine and feminine. Binarism is the basis of intersex oppression and non-binary discrimination, a form of transphobia that affects people with non-binary genders. [I think it is important to talk about binarism as an aspect of colonialism but then this brief glossary might get a bit long idk??]
- Challenging someone’s actions or words on the basis that they are oppressive, abusive, false or unjust.
- A cisgender/cis person identifies with the gender they were assigned at birth e.g. a cis woman is a woman who was assigned female at birth and who identifies as female.
- The idea that trans genders are less valid than cis genders, and that gender is only defined by biological sex. Related to transphobia.
- A way of marking content, to warn away people that may not want to encounter such content e.g. “this contains violence against animals”. See also trigger warning.
- A form of emotional abuse in which victims are made to doubt their own perception, memory, or sanity by abusers who may trivialise, deny, or contradict the victim’s feelings or memories of events (e.g. “you’re imagining things”, “it’s all in your head”).
- Describes the way in which forms of oppression, domination and discrimination (such as racism, homophobia, sexism etc) are interconnected and cannot be examined separately from one another.
- A male anarchist who claims to be opposed to hierarchy and oppression but doesn’t actually care about issues affecting people who aren’t men. Will probably refuse to recognise his privilege and definitely won’t be interested in intersectionality.
- Gender identities that do not conform to the male/female binary. Non-binary people might identify as both male and female, as neither male nor female, or might fluctuate between one and the other/both/neither. Non-binary genders include genderqueer, bigender and androgyne. Non-binary genders are often included under the trans umbrella and many non-binary people identify as trans.
People of Colour (PoC)
- ‘Of colour’ means descended (through one or more parents) from anywhere in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, the Indigenous people of Australasia, the Americas, the Islands of the Atlantic, Indian Pacific, as well as Roma, Sinti (and) Travellers.
- The person responsible for an act, or acts, of sexual violence, against the victim. See also abuser.
- A combination of factors that people who fit into certain categories more easy access to power and which distance them from certain oppressions. For example, a person who is white in a society where most of the powerful people are also white is more privileged than a person of colour and will have an easier time accessing structures of power. Privilege should be viewed intersectionally since it can overlap and combine with various oppressions in various ways. It is a complex issue.
- Involves defending rape and undermining rape allegations e.g. by claiming that the rape “wasn’t that bad”, that the rape never happened, that rape allegations are frequently untrue, or by making excuses for the actions of the perpetrator. Rape apologism usually involves victim blaming.
- An attempt to create an environment in which peoples' privilege is recognised and social hierarchies are redressed. Safer spaces are not automatically created just because an agreement is in place, but are defined by how they attempt to deal with oppressive behaviour and language when it arises.
- A pattern of sexual violence which occurs over a period of time.
- An unwanted or forced sexual act committed against a person without their consent.
- Any sexual comment, sexual gesture, or sexual behaviour that is unwanted by the recipient.
- An umbrella term for physical and psychological sexual assault, abuse, and harassment.
- Someone who has experienced some form of trauma, be it emotional, sexual, psychological or physical. This term is often, but not always, preferred to victim.
- An accountability process in which the survivor’s needs and wishes are prioritised so that the survivor can determine their needs in relation to their experiences.
- A transgender/trans person does not identify with the gender they were assigned at birth e.g. a trans woman is a woman who was assigned male at birth and who identifies as female.
- Transmisogyny is the deliberate or accidental discrimination or prejudice against trans women. The intersection between sexism and transphobia.
- Transphobia is the deliberate or accidental discrimination or prejudice against trans people.
- A way of marking content that contains topics which are frequent causes of panic attacks and flashbacks for survivors of trauma e.g. descriptions of sexual assaults. See also content note.
- Someone who feels victimised after some form of trauma, be it emotional, sexual, psychological or physical. See also survivor.
- The explicit or implicit suggestion that victims/survivors of violence, often sexual violence, are partly or wholly responsible for the abuse (rather than the abuser/perpetrator).
- The fear or hate of sex workers. Examples are: calling sex work a public nuisance, assuming that sex workers need to be rescued from their jobs solely because they’re doing sex work, accusing sex workers of spreading disease, assuming sex workers don’t know what is good for themselves.