Feb. 3, 2017 Virginia vs. New Jersey Plans/Constitutional Convention
Know these terms:
Anti-Federalists - supporters of strong state governments
Federalists - supporters of a strong central government
Great Compromise - a plan that determined the two-house structure of Congress
Thee-Fifths Compromise - a plan that decreed that every five enslaved people would count as three free persons for purposes of taxation and representation.
-Suggested that the number of representatives in both houses of legislature be based on state population.
-Developed by James Madison
-Proposed that Congress should choose the President
-Upset smaller states because it based representation on population.
New Jersey Plan
-Presented by William Paterson, represented smaller states
-Allowed each state to have one vote in the legislature
-Angered larger states because it gave states equal representation regardless of size.
The Great Compromise
-Proposed creating an upper house with two senators per state, elected by state legislature.
-Created by a grand committee chaired by Benjamin Franklin
-Also known as the Connecticut Plan
Principles of the Constitution
Popular Sovereignty = The people give the government the power to govern them.
Republicanism = We elect people to represent us in government
Federalism = Power shared between the state and federal government
Separation of Powers = We divide the power of government between three branches so no one branch becomes too powerful.
Checks and Balances = Each branch of government has some power over the other branches.
Limited Government = The Constitution restricts the power of government.
Individual Rights = Protects personal freedoms.
The Constitutional Convention took place in Philadelphia, Pennslyvania in 1787. Rhode Island did not attend.
There are three parts to the Constitution:
The preamble, - States six goals of the document
the articles, - Seven that describe the powers of the government
the amendments.- 27 added