The Keyboard Warrior’s Handbook to #JusticeForColten

Hi again! You guys might have noticed I’ve slowed down on adding new articles & resources- partly because I've been busy and partly because less new sources, etc. are coming out. For the most part, this doc will be remaining in much the same state as it is now. Instead of expanding this doc, I've decided to make a sister doc which I will link here:

Resources on Tina Fontaine will be on the new doc ⬆⬆⬆ under MMIWG

 I really appreciate everybody who has added input & shared this around so that it is something that multiple people are actually using, which is fantastic. Please continue to comment and share ideas and input on continuing the keyboard warriors handbook to encompass broader issues and current events!

Here is what I have gotten together to help you fight injustice and racism from your computer or your phone. I encourage you all to show up in person to rallies, vigils, forums, etc. However, a lot of the racism is online, a lot of laundry being aired online, so that means there is work to be done online.

I put this together to try and make the online battle as easy as possible, I’m going to have comments enabled so you can help me flesh this out! Suggestions and additions are welcome! Hope this helps!

Also, thank you to the person who had really helpful input on my letter & more info on peremptory challenges and jury practices!

Thank you to Russell, for bringing to my attention that the term ‘First Nations’ is not inclusive of Metís and Inuit peoples, so I made the change from ‘First Nation’ to ‘Indigenous' as this is relevant to all indigenous people (I had been using the terms ‘First Nations’ and ‘Indigenous' interchangeably - they are not interchangeable!)

**Anyone have knowledge on justice and indigenous rights inquiries that have already taken place in Canada or SK? Or where I can start to look?**

Thank you!

Follow social media tags #trollcollector & #settlercollector or tag @whitenonsenseroundup on fb or @nowhitenonsense on twitter

PROVINCIAL VERSION of letter asking for an appeal, inquiry and change to jury selection practices

FEDERAL VERSION of letter asking for an appeal, inquiry and change to jury selection practices

Tips for white people speaking out on indigenous issues:

any articles I have read on case and trial loosely organized

posts on social media about personal experiences

The bigger picture: providing context & education ⬅start here if you feel the need to come on here & suggest I delete everything! Read one article, I dare ya!

Things to share & support

who am i


Tips for white people speaking out on indigenous issues:

  • Don’t say “our indigenous people” or “Canada’s indigenous people”. Indigenous people are not a possession of us or Canada
  • If you are speaking of a specific nation, SPECIFY THE NATION. For Instance, Colten Boushie was a Nehiyaw (Cree) man from Red Pheasant Cree Nation. Use correct terms whenever possible, find out what the nation calls itself (Nehiyaw vs. cree, for example)
  • First and foremost, uplift Indigenous voices, share and prioritize their perspectives.
  • Don’t bother your Indigenous friends to tell you what you can do to help, figure it out yourself first if you can! Read their posts on social media, read articles written by Indigenous people, there are a lot of resources, don’t expect your Indigenous friends to do the work for you
  • Show up at rallies and get to know the community. don’t be scared of being called ‘white’ once or twice
  • You might make mistakes, find out what you did wrong and rectify it! It’s a steep learning curve for some of us, but speaking is always better than staying silent!
  • When looking at reconciliation as an ally ask yourself what it is you have to offer. - Pam Palmater


If you call yourself an ally to Indigenous people I need your attention right now because we have young lives that need to know they matter.

To whom it may concern,

I am writing to you because of great injustice that has taken place in our country: the killing of Colten Boushie, a Cree man from the Red Pheasant Cree Nation in Saskatchewan, for which Gerald Stanley was found not guilty.  


For too long, Canada has not valued the lives and livelihood of Indigenous people. For too long, Canada has actively perpetuated the deaths of Indigenous people and worked to keep them in a lower quality of life than the rest of Canada. To most of us, this is unacceptable.

Though some may like to hold us back in a racist colonial state, there are many of us who would like to see this country take a step forward, rather than a step back.

I implore you to use your position and platform to take steps towards changing this country and its justice system for the better:

First, I urge you to do all within your power to push for an appeal in the Gerald Stanley trial. Justice was not served and this verdict has set a precedent for more violence against Indigenous people, as well as showing how little our society values Indigenous life. This is a precedent that is harmful to all of us, and most troubling, causes Indigenous people to rightfully fear for their lives and the lives of their families.

Second, I call for an inquiry into the handling of the investigation of Colten Boushie’s death and the trial process. A third party needs to look into the handling of this case from start to finish.

Third, jury selection was a major issue in this trial. The Provincial Government needs to take steps to accommodate the creation of diverse and representative jury pools. This must be done in a way that addresses the systemic issues facing potential jurors. Jury members are paid $80 per day in Saskatchewan, less than what would be made working a full day for minimum wage. They receive no compensation for childcare despite the potential of being away from their families for a considerable amount of time. As well, the recent closures to the Saskatchewan Transit Company create further barriers for low income and otherwise marginalized people in Saskatchewan who are living in remote locations. All of these issues contribute to juries that are not sufficiently representative of the public and lead to inequalities within the justice system. The inequalities compound the effects of colonization and historical disenfranchisement experienced by Indigenous Peoples in the province and throughout Canada.

There is a clear divide in the voices speaking out on this issue. There are those of us who are speaking out for justice and there are those who are speaking out to justify shooting someone in the back of the head. Which side do you want to be on?


Justice Minister of Saskatchewan (Hon. Don Morgan Q.C.)

Premier of Saskatchewan (Scott Moe)

Glen Hart MLA of Last Mountain-Touchwood

 Contact the Saskatchewan Government

To whom it may concern,

I am writing to you because of a great injustice that has taken place in our country: the killing of Colten Boushie, a Cree man from the Red Pheasant Cree Nation in Saskatchewan, for which Gerald Stanley was found not guilty.  


For too long, Canada has not valued the lives and livelihood of Indigenous people. For too long, Canada has actively perpetuated the deaths of Indigenous people and worked to keep them in a lower quality of life than the rest of Canada. To most of us, this is unacceptable.

Though some may like to hold us back in a racist colonial state, there are many of us who would like to see this country take a step forward, rather than a step back.

I implore you to use your position and platform to take steps towards changing this country and its justice system for the better:

First, I urge you to do all within your power to push for an appeal in the Gerald Stanley trial. Justice was not served and this verdict has set a precedent for more violence against Indigenous people, as well as showing how little our society values Indigenous life. This is a precedent that is harmful to all of us, and most troubling, causes Indigenous people rightfully fear for their lives and the lives of their families.

Second, I call for an inquiry into the handling of the investigation of Colten Boushie’s death and the trial process. A third party needs to look into the handling of this case from start to finish.

Third, the use of peremptory challenges of prospective jurors without giving any reason or justification needs to change. This practice, when gone unchecked, means that marginalized people will never be properly represented in juries. This is unacceptable and needs to change. There needs to be an amendment to the Criminal Code that allows for either side to object to peremptory challenges on the basis of race or any other ground protected by s. 15 of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. An all-white jury just let a killer walk free because they empathise more with him than the victim, setting a deadly precedent for Indigenous people in Saskatchewan and in all of Canada. How can there be no representative of the perspective of the victim in the jury?


Justice Minister of Canada

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau

Ministry of Justice

Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs

Andrew Scheer, leader of the Conservative Party of Canada & MP for Regina-Qu’Appelle


'He took my heart': Colten Boushie's father remembers kind, goofy son

Family and friends speaking about Colten.

Where we are headed:

TIMELINE: Justice For Our Stolen Children camp

FSIN 'disappointed' with government's legal action against justice camp

"The provincial government should not be using the Regina Police and Chief Evan Bray to interfere with a peaceful gathering of First Nations people," said FSIN Chief Bobby Cameron in a news release. He said rather than taking legal action against the camp, this is an opportunity to implement changes in the justice and social services systems. "Our people face more than just poverty and racism within provincial systems. We need to work together to find solutions and that's exactly what these peaceful gatherers want," he said.

No plans to evict protest camp across from legislature: Regina police chief

Bray has said he doesn’t think the camp poses a public safety threat.
“Regardless of what the outcome is in court, our goal is to make sure everybody’s safe and that we bring peaceful resolution to this,” Bray said.
Campers presented government officials with a list of concerns at a meeting on July 2 and have requested another meeting.Premier Scott Moe has said he has no intention of meeting with them.

No plans to evict protest camp across from legislature: Chief Evan Bray

Regina's police chief says there are no plans to clear a protest camp across from the Saskatchewan legislature unless ordered to by the court. Chief Evan Bray says he will comply with any court order but would prefer if the situation were resolved peacefully.


The issues raised by the Justice for Our Stolen Children Camp are important in a Saskatchewan plagued by racism, poverty, and a cleavage between the world of settlers and the world of our First Peoples. The two principal concerns raised by the camp centre on over-representation of Indigenous people in Saskatchewan’s child welfare systems and in Saskatchewan’s jails. These issues have been studied for years by Saskatchewan’s Department of Justice and Department of Social Services. The inaction on these issues has been considerable under both governing political parties in Saskatchewan. The systemic racism which has festered over decades in Saskatchewan belongs to all citizens of this province.


Taking further control, the camp’s advocates brought a Court application seeking a declaratory order that they be allowed to carry on at the site, and that the arrest of the protesters was false and illegal. In retaliation, the province has sought special intervention from the Courts, demanding an order against the Regina Police service that mandates the destruction of the camp.  Regina City police have, however, refused, citing the right to free assembly under Canada’s constitution.  Advocates at the camp have also indicated that the Moe government cannot take jurisdiction over a Treaty Four right to use the public land for traditional Indigenous cultural practices — particularly given the constitutionally-protected right to freedom of expression in Canada.

Hutterite visitors find common ground with Indigenous protesters

“We live in a colony, you know, and we take care of each other from cradle to grave,” he said later, in explaining the lifestyle of self-abnegation and mutual support the Hutterites have pursued for centuries. “That’s where all my happiness comes from.”
Prescott Demas, a spokesman for the campers, said he didn’t have a chance to speak to Hofer. But he believes the Hutterite man has it right. He said his description matches the way of life the camp is trying to preserve. “That’s exactly how our communities are,” he said. “We watch out for each other and that’s precisely how this is too.

Legal action against justice camp contrary to reconciliation, say leaders

The relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in Saskatchewan is "deeply damaged" and the province's decision to take legal action against an Indigenous protest camp may drive a further wedge, says the executive director of an organization that works toward reconciliation."When I think about this legal action, I think about the fact we're not going to be able to arrest our way out of these issues," said Max FineDay, who works with Canadian Roots Exchange and hails from Sweetgrass First Nation. Protestors at the camp are simply asking for that listening, he [Garneau] said, for people to understand there are systems in place causing harm to Indigenous people and their families. "To me, I don't think that's too much to ask."

Government seeks court order to have police remove protest camp

The government and PCC are seeking an order under the Recovery of Possession of Land Act, granting Saskatchewan possession of the parcel of land in question and ordering protesters “to vacate and cease occupying the land.”
The application says the Recovery Act allows a landowner to apply for an order of possession “where another person or entity is wrongfully using and occupying the owner’s land.”
“Saskatchewan owns the land which the non-police respondents are occupying,” the document reads. “The non-police respondents have no right to exclusive possession of public land.”

Sask. government launches legal action against Justice for Our Stolen Children Camp and Regina police chief

"I would rather the province forget about these simple little bylaws that they are trying to claim we are illegal here and to focus on the issues as to why we've been here. We've been here for 142 days and all they say is, 'They're here illegal, they're here illegal,' " he said Thursday.
"Why don't they come out, why don't they address the issues that we're talking about?"

Justice For Our Stolen Children camp disappointed in province's lack of action after meeting

Camp spokesperson Robyn Pitawanakwat says there is a big difference between what the province says it's doing and what it's actually doing.
According to Pitawanakwat, the government has said they do "a lot of in-home support, wraparound care and prevention." Pitawanakwat said that has not been her experience, nor has it been the experience of many families who have come to the camp for support.

Protest camp challenging legality of arrests made by Regina police in June

Dan Leblanc, legal counsel for the camp — which has been protesting on the lawn near Regina’s Legislative building since Feb. 28th — said Monday, “The Supreme Court has been clear, that expression of this type is afforded a high degree of protection under our Constitution.”... “We seek a declaration from the court indicating this and we’re hopeful this will affect government action going forward,” he said, noting the campers are not seeking to get money. “They are seeking to get their rights upheld and their voices heard.”

Regina justice camp to launch legal action over arrests

The legal action, launched Monday, asks the court for a declaration that the protest is protected under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and that the June arrests were unconstitutional.Members of the camp said the action is meant to shore up the camp's status. "We're hoping this will affect government action moving forward," said the camp's lawyer, Dan LeBlanc. "In our application, we don't make claim for damages or monetary compensation in any sort."... "These people have a right to be here and to express themselves," he said. "We say that right is more important than the government's interest in a green lawn."

Idle No More Stands In Solidarity with Justice for Our Stolen Children Organizers

For several months the JFOSC camp has continued to draw attention to the often deadly overrepresentation of children and youth in Canada’s setter state systems like the foster care system, the adult and youth criminal court system, the prison system and the epidemic of murdered and missing Indigenous women, girls and Two-Spirit peoples. The unparalleled statistics of detainment, control, and death for Indigenous people in every institution is an example of ongoing colonial genocide.
Idle No More supports the growing Tipi Actions that have recently begun in Saskatoon, Treaty One Territory (Manitoba) and Tkaronto, respectively. Calls for more camps across Turtle Island have gone out to grassroots people.

Tipi camp continues to grow on Legislative grounds

“This is an amazing time of unity. A lot of organizations and individuals coming together that previously didn’t work so well together but I think the common goal of finding justice for our children and reunifying families whenever possible,” said Pitawanakwat. “These are issues that all these organizations [and communities] are dealing with so it reinforces our need to be here.”

Opinion: Cuts contribute to camp conundrum

The protest camp outside the Legislative Building has raised concerns over myriad issues that are affecting Indigenous communities across generations. From issues in the Ministry of Justice to child welfare, social services, health, housing and education, the complaints are vast but the focal point is clear: The Sask. Party government is failing Indigenous people.

A place of healing': Therapists offer counselling at protest camp in Regina

"It's something that we definitely needed here in the space as people bring their stories forward," said Robyn Pitawanakwat, spokesperson for the Justice for Our Stolen Children camp.
"There's a lot of trauma every time people tell their story of losing their children."

Letters to the Editor: July 7, 2018

What a slap in the face to be considered less important than a party. The insensitivity of government is astounding.


Wascana Park, where the protestor gave the Nazi salute, is also the home of the Saskatchewan War Memorial — a monument to the 11,000 Saskatchewan men and women who died in war — including those who died fighting the Nazis in World War II.  No apology has yet been made to Saskatchewan veterans for the incident.

Confrontation at protest camp after Nazi salute, 'Free camping' sign

But she said she found it “problematic” that the police said the man also had a right to protest, and that he was exercising his freedom of speech. Police confirmed in an email to media that they advised the man that he was free to remain in the park, but that any alleged threats would be investigated… Camp supporter Robyn Pitawanakwat said she’d welcome anyone wanting to protest any issue, but intimidation and hate speech are not welcome at the camp.
“We agree with the right to protest for anyone. It’s when people come in here in an intimidating and violent way — especially when children are here,” she said. “Doing Nazi salutes is not a protest.”

Moe's teepee position not budging as protest movement grows

Moe also maintained his government has a “strong relationship” with First Nations leaders and communities across the province.
Last week, Federation of Sovereign Indigenous Nations Chief Bobby Cameron pledged his support to the camp and called on Moe’s government to continue to listen to all First Nations voices.

🎥Video shows man at Regina protest camp giving Nazi salute

Members of the Justice for Our Stolen Children camp encountered a man in Wascana Park on Saturday who gave a Nazi salute and claimed to be protesting over his German rights.
One of the camp members recorded a video of the man.
The man was also carrying a steak knife. Police were called to the scene and told the man he could stay in the park, but any threats would be investigated. The man later left on his own.

Police called to protest camp after man with knife allegedly intimidated protesters

Upon arriving, police found a 56-year-old man who had set up a small tent and a sign. Police confirmed the man was in possession of a knife. Police said officers advised the man that he was free to stay in the park, but any alleged threats would be investigated.
Police took the knife, and the man voluntarily packed up his belongings and left. Police are still investigating the incident. No one was injured.

FSIN in full support in protest camp calling for overhaul of justice and child welfare systems

Cameron gave an example of how he thought the justice system was unfairly treating First Nations People, saying prosecutors continue to appeal an acquittal of a First Nations man charged with illegal hunting, but won’t appeal the not-guilty verdict in the killing of a First Nations man.
Cameron is calling for the child welfare and justice systems to better reflect Indigenous perspectives saying First Nations families are capable of raising their children.

 'They'll decide when the teepees come down,' says FSIN chief of protesters

"We're here to support any way we can," he said."We support them 100 per cent and wholeheartedly because every one of us has family members or someone close to us who has fallen through the cracks of the justice system and the child welfare system."

Legal Aid Saskatchewan filed complaint against Boushie family lawyer

“In my opinion, the No. 1 way to change the justice system in Saskatchewan is for Legal Aid Saskatchewan to be properly funded,” Murphy said at the news conference, which also included members of Boushie’s family.
Murphy subsequently clarified that he was in no way criticizing Legal Aid staff.
Legal Aid staff and others in the legal community have expressed similar concerns about what they characterize as chronic underfunding of the organization, which handled more than 24,000 files last year.

Government asks for FSIN to be involved in meetings with protest camp

Morgan said the government now plans to bring that list to the FSIN. The government is looking to find out if the camp speaks for the people, or if the FSIN could help in the matter.
“We don’t exclude anybody. We’re inclusive,” said FSIN Chief Bobby Cameron. “We’re inclusive of those voices, such as (protester) Prescott Demas and others, Debbie Baptiste. The reality is there, we have to have change. The change must happen. We can’t say who can and can’t speak. That’s not our job.”
Cameron says changes must be implemented. He encourages all voices to continue to speak up.

Protest in Wascana Park not the first

Justin Trudeau’s Regina visit doesn’t include Indigenous protest at legislature

Provincial government meets with Justice for Our Stolen Children camp

Martell brought along a framed photo of his son, as well as bright orange sign that read “Justice for Evander,” which he staked into the ground beside the governance centre.
“This is my little boy here, he left this way,” said Martell, gesturing to the photo of his son. “He came back like this. He came back burnt,” he continued as he showed media a photo of his deceased son on his phone.
He said after eight years of protests, walks and requests of the government he doesn’t know what else to do.
“Give up on life?” said Martell as he walked away from the media in tears.

Protesters say justice camp in Regina will stay up following meeting with provincial ministers

"We're not asking for modest reforms, we're asking for paradigm shifting work," she said. "This isn't a modest reform to the child welfare acts, this isn't a modest reform to police acts, this isn't a modest reform to the Coroners Act."
"These systems are fundamentally broken. They need to be built from the ground up in rich and robust consultation with Indigenous families and communities as well as the grassroots movements that have been pushing these agendas forward."

Canada Day festivities occur amid protest camp in Regina

On Canada Day, though, Pitawanakwat said the message of the camp is clear: “We don’t need to displace Indigenous people to celebrate. We can find ways to come together as a community. We need to put Indigenous people in a more equitable light. We need to be addressing Indigenous issues before we can celebrate anything to have to do with Canada.”

Premier Scott Moe wants Regina police to remove teepees from park

Saskatchewan's premier says the Regina police should remove teepees that protesters have set up on the legislature grounds… The police have said they don't see the need to step in at this point, noting there a meeting scheduled for Monday between the protesters and the government.

Provincial Capital Commission says Regina police need to 'enforce the law' with protest camp in Wascana Park

On Wednesday, protester Robyn Pitawanakwat expressed disappointment in the PCC’s position, particularly since a meeting is set for July 2 between the camp and the province.
“This seems to illustrate that the government is entering into the talks in bad faith,” she said in an emailed statement. “The government is using the media to pressure the local police and incite the public to force the camp to come down … If the Provincial Government forcibly removes the camp, it will illustrate that they never had any intention of meeting with the camp and it is all a continuation of the lies and deception following a long history of such practices.”

Protesters set to meet with Saskatchewan government on July 2

After several unsuccessful attempts to organize a meeting between the government and protesters, camp supporters and the government confirmed Tuesday a meeting is now set for the day after Canada Day.
“I feel a lot of pride,” said Dubois of the news. “I’m happy for the amount of support that has been evident, as you can see with all the teepees.” As of Tuesday afternoon, the encampment had grown to six teepees.
During Tuesday’s news conference, camp supporter and Colonialism No More spokesperson Robyn Pitawanakwat said the meeting will be held in Fort Qu’Appelle on July 2 at the Treaty Four Governance Centre — a location agreed upon by both sides.

City councillor pitched in to resurrect initial protest teepee

Asked about the Provincial Capital Commission’s view that the teepee is illegal, Stevens didn’t seem worried. He said the teepee “is supposed to be in that park.”
“It’s National Indigenous Peoples Day and we’re putting up a teepee — It’s only fitting,” he said.
He said people in leadership positions need to speak up, take action and support reconciliation.

🎥 'We are here to stay': Protest teepee returns to Legislative grounds

The Justice For Our Stolen Children teepee was put up outside the Saskatchewan legislature only days after the government ordered it taken down and arrested protestors.

FSIN chief says meeting 'in the works' with government and protest campers

“We stand in solidarity and unity with our people,” said Cameron, chief of the Federation of Sovereign Indigenous Nations. He said the FSIN is prepared to do “anything we can do politically” to help the campers. That could include seeking an injunction in court, he said, or even his physical presence at the teepee to protect it. But he’s hoping it won’t come to that. Cameron said he heard from Premier Scott Moe and Justice Minister Don Morgan on Friday — and got a commitment for a meeting he hopes will involve the protesters.

Protest teepee back near Saskatchewan legislature days after provincial officials dismantled it

“There are people who are watching, and it’s already increased the awareness,” she said. “It has made people think.”
As Jonathan spoke, several dozen supporters gathered in small groups around the teepee, chatting and enjoying soup and bannock. Occasional outbursts of concern rose as rumours of police activity cropped up — but police had not approached the site as of Thursday at about 9 p.m.

Justice for Our Stolen Children camp did offer a teachable moment to many

If you somehow believe the treaties we now teach grade school kids are somehow not applicable today, or that residential schools bear no relevance to today’s First Nations problems, you’ve accidentally read too far into this column already. But if you do have a greater purpose in life than anonymous, thinly veiled racist online comments, consider a public park’s role in education. In Wascana Park, we’ve rightly erected all kinds of historic monuments to educate us on everyone from those who went to war to fight fascism to those who were starved to death in Ukraine’s Holodomor famine caused by a communist dictatorship. They are all there to educate us. And — in its own sometimes clumsy, messy way — so was this camp, whose occupants offered stories about how their lives have been affected by both history and modern-day problems.

Arrest, detention of Stolen Children camp protesters questionable

The right to freely express one’s views on social and political issues resides at the very heart of a democracy. A strong and vibrant civil society is key to a strong and vibrant democracy. Despite this, the power of arrest and detention was used to break this camp. It was a careless use of the criminal law against those who peacefully assembled to express their collective displeasure. And for what? To clear the way for the beer gardens at Canada Day? What does it say about the prospects of reconciliation if we cannot face the uncomfortable realities of our country on its birthday? What does it say that there are those amongst us that would shut down this camp, rather than be forced to confront the everyday, invisible lives of Indigenous communities in our midst?

'This is not over,' says Colten Boushie's mom after arrests at Regina protest camp

“This is really a sad day and this is not over. We’re just cutting a path for the next generation. Next generation is going to be more educated, more powerful. And we’re just going to keep going, we’re going to keep setting up our camps, we’re going to keep lighting our fires. We will not stop. I’m not going to stop until change is made in the courtrooms and the government,” said Debbie Baptiste, the mother of Colten Boushie…  “We just watched the most important people in camp be hauled away, some of them violently,”  said Robyn Pitawanakwat. “We have seen more police response to clear us out of here, to clear out a peaceful protest, in order for the provincial government to have their capitalist agenda met. … That is devastating to watch over and over again, where Indigenous lives are put as far behind any piece of property as possible,”

Colten Boushie's mom joins protest camp at Sask. Legislative Building

She said the loss of her grandchildren — the children of Colten’s brother William —  on top of losing her son has been felt deeply and is representative of the Canadian systems in place to that take away Indigenous children and cause pain to Indigenous families.

Colten Boushie's death is a human rights issue, family tells UN

Tootoosis said the family wanted to share their story but also advocate for all Indigenous people who have dealt with racism and the court system. She said her cousin's death showed it is no longer an Indigenous issue or a Canadian issue -- it is a human rights issue. "We are entitled to justice, fairness and equality, but it is denied," she said.

Seventy-days in, justice camp has no intention of pulling up stakes

Although 70 days have passed since Justice for Our Indigenous Children set up camp in front of the Saskatchewan Legislative Building, its occupants show no signs of packing up despite a warning about a ban on overnight tenting. “I intend on staying here. If they’re going to kick me out, they’re going to have to drag me out in handcuffs,” Prescott Demas said in an interview Wednesday. He has been a regular face at the camp since its inception.

Sask. farmer Gerald Stanley receives $3,900 fine, 10-year weapons prohibition after firearm storage guilty plea

Spencer also said a weapons prohibition is fine with Stanley, who “frankly, he wishes he had never owned a gun,” Spencer said.

How racial bias likely impacted the Stanley verdict

The acquittal of Gerald Stanley was shocking. There’s no dispute that Stanley shot Colten Boushie, a 22-year-old Cree man from Red Pheasant First Nation, in the head at close range. By any reasonable account it was a wrongful killing that was either intentionally or negligently caused. However, the jury was not satisfied of either beyond a reasonable doubt.

More than $200K raised to support Boushie family

She was struck by how much Boushie’s family members were doing for the the people of Red Pheasant First Nation and the wider Indigenous community. Even though they had lost a loved one, they were using Boushie’s death as a platform to advocate for Indigenous rights and to draw attention to the way Indigenous people are treated by the justice system. Lee said she wanted to make sure they had the financial support they needed to continue their activism and to continue healing.

Legal researchers across Canada delve into Stanley trial

Nine academics from across Canada have signed onto “Project Fact(A),” an initiative that involves studying several aspects of Stanley’s trial and writing about them in a way that’s accessible to everyone. They hope to release their first set of findings by the end of April. “One of the difficulties in thinking about this case is that so many people are speaking about it without actually being aware of what happened, aware of what the law is,” Tanovich said. “One of our goals is to show, had the law been properly applied, it very well could have resulted in a different outcome.”

RCMP 'sloppy' and 'negligent' in investigating Colten Boushie's death, say independent experts

The experts CBC consulted agreed that errors were made, but did not conclude it would have changed the outcome of the trial.

It is time for us to learn something from the death of Colten Boushie

Notwithstanding the RCMP’s plea to local residents to call police and avoid confrontations at all costs, some remained convinced they have the right to defend themselves and their property.
A smarter, less emotional conclusion is needed. Perhaps a better place to start would have been a conversation that is centred on rural policing costs that are a fraction of what city dwellers pay.
There are just too many conversations in which too many choose not to listen.

People worried about rural crime in Saskatchewan organize on Facebook
Nick Cornea, who farms near Briercrest, said people are fed up with property crimes including stolen vehicles, agriculture equipment and fuel.
He said people feel they should be able to defend their families and their livelihoods, including the right to harm intruders on their land.

Reconciliation must include rural communities

Since the verdict, I’ve seen expressions of shame about Saskatchewan, looking at it with disdain. But this isn’t a problem only for Saskatchewan. It’s a problem for the entire country. Racism against Indigenous people exists in Saskatchewan and elsewhere. It is fierce, and it is foul. It’s in our cities, governments, and in our unjust justice system… It’s important to recognize that in this era of reconciliation reports, conferences, speeches, and actions, somehow we’ve left out rural Canada. Access to reconciliation events, dialogues and programs is plentiful in cities. But what is available to rural Canada?

Gerald Stanley offers 'unreserved condolences' to Colten Boushie's family after the Crown elects against an appeal

“There’s so many questions. Tell the truth. There won’t be any healing until that happens… We want our children to have just as much right to respect in the justice system as anybody else,” Jonathan said. “We don’t want any more. We don’t want any less.” That will happen through education and understanding “truths that are sometimes hard to listen to,” she said. Those conversations are “going to be difficult, scary and very uncomfortable,” but they “need to happen,” she added.

Human rights lawyers call for appeal and inquiry in Stanley case

“The verdict caused a crisis in confidence for a large section of the public,” Gail Davidson, executive director of Lawyers' Rights Watch Canada told paNOW. She said the verdict shook public confidence regarding "the ability of the legal system in Saskatchewan to carry out its duty [to provide] equal and non-discriminatory protection to First Nations people."

In Saskatchewan, the Stanley verdict has re-opened centuries-old wounds

Frequently, he is consumed by frustration: Stanley, says Brown, “never said sorry for killing Co Co. He doesn’t know what we feel. He doesn’t know what he did to us.” But on the drive home from the cemetery, he reflects on his cousin’s life. Lately, he has come to believe that Boushie is toiling every bit as hard after his death as he did before it, opening countless eyes to the perilous road his people must travel.

How Idle No More helped mobilize thousands for Justice for Colten movement

"It's a reckoning moment. The Justice for Colten era is definitely a new generation. We are experiencing the Canadian legal system and the failure of the Canadian colonial project," Mylan Tootoosis said. Jade Tootoosis agrees. "This road won't end today, it won't end tomorrow, and it won't even end with the trial. It will keep going past that."


Shooting of Colten Boushie: A timeline

What happened on Gerald Stanley's farm the day Colten Boushie was shot, as told by witnesses

Jury selection:

Stanley trial exposes problems with jury selection, say legal experts

Gerald Stanley trial aftermath: How to avoid appointing all-white juries

In Saskatchewan, a trial’s jury selection reveals a legal injustice

Andray Domise on the possible consequences of removing Indigenous people from the jury pool for the trial of the man accused of killing Colten Boushie

Colten Boushie’s family should be upset: Our jury selection procedure is not fair

Justice System:

Teach-in focuses on systemic injustices towards Indigenous people in wake of Stanley verdict

Asked how a divided province can come together again, Worme said, “It can’t be one-sided, it cannot be just First Nations and Indigenous people making all of the compromises and simply shaking this off as another incident of injustice that we have to eat.”

Canadian justice system needs overhaul in light of Gerald Stanley verdict

How can someone get away with lifting a pistol, pulling the trigger and shooting someone in the back of the head, and not go to jail?

RCMP's handling of Boushie family's complaint to be independently reviewed

Anger over Colten Boushie holds important lessons for Canada

How doubly tragic it would be if Canada does not learn the lessons of the understandable outrage over the case of Colten Boushie.

‘Systemic racism’ toward natives in justice system, Frank Iacobucci finds

“We can’t continue to treat First Nations as objects. We have to be partners. I don’t care if it is in the justice system or economic development. It is going to take time.”

Put yourself in a juror’s shoes: Here is the full transcript of the judge's instructions to the Gerald Stanley jury

This is kind of a tough read but good for knowing exactly what the jury was working with and to use as backup if u see somebody asserting something that didn't happen, (like that the rifle barrel in the car was pointing out the window, or that stanley was aware of the presence of the barrel before it fell out of the vehicle)

Colten Boushie case: the legal system continues to fail Indigenous people

There is only one victim in the Boushie murder trial

This is a murder trial. If it were a trial about theft, it wouldn't be be drawing the attention it now is.

Canada’s prisons are the ‘new residential schools’

A months-long investigation reveals that at every step, Canada’s justice system is set against Indigenous people

Murder vs. manslaughter

How the law distinguishes between various types of culpable homicide

The long list of problems Colten Boushie's family says marred the case

White Privilege & Racism:

Canadian Institutions Are Deadly Racist

Institutional racism – particularly, the systemic devaluation of Indigenous lives – is as Canadian as maple syrup… White Canadians and Canadian institutions kill Indigenous people and then excuse themselves for it in courts they designed and operate. The state of Canada is a racist colonial institution that has always, and will always, protect the interests and lives of white Canadians at the expense of Indigenous people and people of colour in general. Do not forget that for a second.

Dumont: Yes, this nation has a racism problem

There are those who say racism played no part in this case. If so, then why challenge visibly Indigenous jurors? If there is no racism involved here, then why am I seeing racist messages on social media stating that “the only good Indian is a dead Indian” in every possible permutation that you can imagine?... [But] racism is something can be changed; being racist does not have to be a permanent condition.

The myth of the Wheat King and the killing of Colten Boushie

“Why was it a criminal offence to refuse to let your children attend residential schools? Just because.
Why did we need permission from an Indian agent to leave the reserve? Just because.
Gerald Stanley, not guilty. Just because.
Indigenous people are looking for an acknowledgement that the pain of racism is real, and that racism can influence how Canada determines justice. Beyond a spoken recognition, we look for a remembering of the deep history of injustice aided by law, and how that carries into today. What we do not need is this resting on the tradition, idealism and imagined sanctity of the criminal justice system.”

‘Clearing the plains’ continues with the acquittal of Gerald Stanley

The Stanley decision demonstrates yet again that not only are white farmers above the law, but young Indigenous men may well be below it. That is, they cannot rely on the protection of settler law because it is not designed to protect them.

Martin Luther King informs Gerald Stanley trial

But we Canadians have greater difficulty in naming the oppression in our own country. In Gerald Stanley’s murder trial his lawyer said that for farm people such as Stanley “your yard is your castle” – implying that one can justifiably defend that castle against unwelcome intruders by any means available.  The historical irony here is too blatant to be missed. Boushie’s Indigenous ancestors were forcibly displaced from their homeland by governments representing Stanley’s ancestors, and my own grandparents who were also settlers. Yet today whites are reaching for their guns to keep Indigenous people off of their property.

How Reporting on Colten Boushie’s Death Changed Me

Saskatchewan is so different from the rest of Canada. You can feel the racism towards Indigenous people and it manifests itself insidiously in our workplaces, schools and on our streets. You can witness a fraction of it on social media on a daily basis. Hundreds of everyday people comment and tell people of colour that Colten’s death (and his killer’s acquittal) was not a race issue when they haven’t experienced any form of racism a day of their lives.

Don’t Ask Me To Cheer For Team Canada When We’ve Failed Tina Fontaine And Colten Boushie

I don’t care whether or not Tessa and Scott are dating. I’m not broken up because our women’s hockey team didn’t manage to strike gold for the fifth time in a row. While I recognize how important these Games are to the athletes who train for years in preparation, I find it hard to conjure up patriotism while these recent verdicts remind me of the deep, systemic barriers Indigenous youth face not only to simply surviving, but also to getting justice once they are gone.

Boushie verdict fallout sparks allegations of threats, harassment

"Generally people have the sense that, 'I can do anything on the internet.' That's just simply not the case. What's unlawful in real life is unlawful online" Warman sees no issues with calling attention to someone's public utterances online or potentially where they work. But he also said it's problematic to mention family members who aren't involved — and it's also a criminal offence to threaten violence.

The killing of Colten Boushie and Canada's hypocrisy

Canadians are largely unrepentant settlers on native land who have, historically and systematically, employed every "legal" means conceivable, and deemed necessary, to continue to colonise, marginalise, stigmatise, demonise and brutalise indigenous peoples as forgettable, expendable, disposable commodities.

Why has Colten Boushie’s mother had to work so hard just to prove her son’s humanity?

Sometimes I think I’m paranoid, that I’m reading racism into every encounter. But then I consider the violence of Gerald Stanley, the jury who acquitted him, the violent racist vitriol that has been directed at Indigenous people online during the trial and its aftermath, and the Mountie who believed Colten “got what he deserved.” I’m frightened of what some dangerous, armed stranger could think my son deserves one day.

The real “justice” denied to Boushie

And whether one identifies outright with the privileges of settler society or insists that Canadian institutions are fallible but colour-blind, this cost continues to be paid by Indigenous peoples.

Column: Disappointed by comments about local rally

The death of Colten Boushie, a young Indigenous man, at the hands of Stanley, a white farmer, is a Rorschach test. As you gaze into the dark ink blots of newspaper coverage, how you interpret the shapes is an indication of your own life experiences.

Colten Boushie case a 'painful reminder' racism is global, says daughter of Martin Luther King Jr.

All mouth and no ears: Settlers with Opinions

This one is a good closing argument & a good read!

One more dead Indian
Canada has given Indigenous people nothing but injustice

Fearing the warlike savage, fearing the delinquent criminal, Gerald Stanley drew his weapon, and, in an instant, became those things himself.

Colten Boushie and Settlers’ Justice

Indigenous peoples were prohibited by the 1867 Indian Act from homesteading on the prairies. In section 70 we had “Disabilities and Penalties,” confining Indigenous families to a maximum of 160 acres for a family of five (much less for smaller families). By contrast, settlers could gain free land: “160 to 320 acres per head of family.”

Racist threats expose 'something very rotten' in Sask., says Idle No More co-founder

Far-Right Giving Money to Gerald Stanley, Man Found Not Guilty of Killing Colten Boushie

RCMP Facebook group claims Colten Boushie ‘got what he deserved’

No good fixing justice system unless racism in Sask. is tackled, too

Colten Boushie's death illuminates Indigenous-settler friction and rural-urban divide

Colten Boushie and our insidious white privilege

After Boushie: It’s time for honest talk about racism in Saskatchewan

Cuthand: With the not-guilty verdict in the Stanley trial, we continue to live in a deeply flawed society

Gerald Stanley has been found not guilty in the killing of Colten Boushie but the there are no heroes or a no white knight — only people caught up in a tragic series of events, writes Doug Cuthand.

Gerald Stanley And The Fear Of The “Indian”

In newspapers, films, TV, and books, white Canadians are taught to see Indigenous people as animals.

A Killing in Saskatchewan

It took me years to find the courage to call out racism when I see it. Canada doesn’t have that long… Until our leaders — and regular Canadians — state plainly that Canada has a problem with racism, indigenous people will continue to have their lives cut short.

Sask. religious leaders vow to 'work for peace and reconciliation' in statement on Gerald Stanley verdict

Guns, self-defense:

Guns are not the answer when protecting property

If there is one lesson from the tragic death of young Colten Boushie, it is this: introducing a gun into a volatile situation is a perilous mistake.

Rural dwellers lament that it has come to this — their way of life is being affected. It’s lamentable, yes, but much less lamentable than killing someone.

Why Gerald Stanley’s Defence Doesn’t Make Sense To Gun Experts

Somerset said the rhetoric around self-defence that’s emerged from the Stanley case shows that people don’t actually think Boushie’s death was an accident, but a justified killing.

Gerald Stanley's defence of a hang fire 'accident' key to jury decision

No, rural Prairie dwellers, you can’t shoot to protect your property

Gerald Stanley never claimed such a right, but his trial resurrected a dangerous fallacy among residents that could cause future grief

Gerald Stanley trial: Cartridge had 'unusual bulge,' but gun didn't appear to be broken, expert tells jury

Rural crime:

It’s Okay Kindersley, You Really Don’t Need To Be Afraid (For Your Truck).


In the meantime, while this nonsense gets sorted out, nobody gets to play some twisted version of God and decide whose life is worth taking, nevermind whether that life is worth more than property.
You don’t get to kill people, even people doing bad things, who aren’t trying to kill you first.
Even if you think there’s a chance that they might kill you, but at the moment are only actively messing with the contents of your shed so you can’t say for sure, you don’t get to kill people.
You just don’t.

Alberta man charged after farm shooting met with applause outside courthouse

'What are we supposed to do?' Confusion over defence rights in rural Sask.

"These farmers in these rural areas are a lot more protected," Cappo said.

"And we ain't grabbing guns and shooting people."

Cappo said he has had break-ins on his property, but has never turned to violence.

"The issue is racism, and the issue is people are uneducated," he said.

'A life is a million times more valuable than your quad': Crime watch organizer urges peaceful solution to rural crime issues

Forgive us our trespasses

Repentance is not about feeling guilty or about apologizing, repentance is about changing our behavior, about doing the long work of redressing wrongs no matter how long it takes, it’s about reconciliation.

Social media posts:

People who know a lot about stuff sharing knowledge:

SK lawyer laying down some facts. This totally breaks down “self defense” or “protecting your property” arguments!

A twitter thread speaking about why this is about race:

Twitter thread about how the rcmp was literally formed to defend white property over indigenous life

Breaking down common stereotypes and misconceptions

Original posters follow up

Being a shitty white settler:

Being a shitty white settler follow up post:

white experiences:

I used to be racist

you want to talk about love, saskatchewan?

when i was 13 i was picked up by the RCMP

white people i am talking to us

first nations experiences:

I am taking the time to write this because you are my friend and my relative

In truth and reconciliation, TRUTH comes first

Like many of you, today i wake up still numb

I am so heartsick and angry

There is a sad, cynical  loneliness that comes with this reality.

Gun use:

White Settlers Buried the Truth About the Midwest’s Mysterious Mound Cities

During the last 100 years, extensive archaeological research has changed our understanding of the mounds. They are no longer viewed as isolated monuments created by a mysterious race. Instead, the mounds of North America have been proven to be constructions by Native American peoples for a variety of purposes. Today, some tribes, like the Mississippi Band of Choctaw, view these mounds as central places tying their communities to their ancestral lands. Similar to other ancient cities throughout the world, Native North Americans venerate their ties to history through the places they built.

Thoughts on gun safety, listening to Indigenous perspectives

I've been around guns since i was 12

The bigger picture:

Dark Matters

Unlike my sister and me, Colten didn’t steal anything. So what did Colten, a twenty-two-year-old nêhiyaw man, deserve? To be killed after a day out with friends? To have the white man who fired the bullet that ultimately led to his death cleared of all legal and criminal responsibility for killing him? How is any of this “not about race”?

There can be no reconciliation as long as Indigenous lives are expendable

Through the verdicts in these two trials, Canada has clearly reinforced feelings of hopelessness. These decisions show young Indigenous people, the fastest-growing demographic in the country, that their lives simply aren’t valued as much as other Canadians.
What’s worse is all that came after the verdicts. Canadians flooded comments sections, spaces on social media, and told Indigenous youth that this is justice.

This is our Alabama

From July 1963: Following the killing of a young Indigenous man near North Battleford, Saskatchewan, Peter Gzowski traveled to the area to report on ‘the harsh realities that are setting whites against Indians in Saskatchewan—and may soon touch off a national conflict unless we can find more wisdom than the South’

A Statement on Structural Racism in Canada

Saskatchewan: A special report on race and power

How the death of Colten Boushie became recast as the story of a knight protecting his castle

The Killing of Colten Boushie and Outcome of Gerald Stanley's Trial Represent a Bigger Problem

The Gerald Stanley Verdict Shows There’s No Justice for Indigenous Peoples

The Stanley verdict and its fallout is a made-in-Saskatchewan crisis

We’re in no mood for explaining ourselves to Canada

Opinion: Stanley acquittal demonstrates systemic injustice for brown people facing Canada’s courts

The Prime Minister’s Indigenous Rights Framework Changes Nothing

Someone once said that government doesn’t give you your freedom, you have it already—if you exercise it. That’s true of all people, but it’s doubly and triply true for Indigenous people, who would have vanished entirely, like a narrow river into the ocean of Canada, if things had gone as originally planned.

About this course: Indigenous Canada is a 12-lesson Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) that explores Indigenous histories and contemporary issues in Canada.

Unsettling Canada
A National Wake-Up Call

Things to share & support:

Canada: Address Concerns in Shooting of Colten Boushie through Adequate Appeal and Independent Investigation | Letter

Open Letter to University Presidents from Indigenous Faculty Members and Allies

Open Letter: Colten Boushie, Indigenous Peoples and the Need for Real Change to Canada’s Justice System’s-justice-system

Justice for Colten NOW Petition

Justice for Colten Boushie Petition

“All funds raised will go to the Boushie/Baptiste Family - care of Colten's mother, Debbie - to support them in their time of mourning and healing, for their legal costs, and on their continuing journey for justice.
We believe that Indigenous youth deserve safety and the ability to travel freely on these lands without fear of racism or persecution. We are not trespassers.
[nison'towak] - they hold one another”

Hi, my name is Jessie.

I read a lot of articles and do a modest amount of arguing online. Please contact me if you have any ideas or input on the Keyboard Warriors Handbook

You can also find me on twitter @jessiesaysstuff