COPPA - The Children's Online Privacy Protection Act

A law created to protect the privacy of children under 13. The Act was passed by the U.S. Congress in 1998 and took effect in April 2000. COPPA is managed by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).

The Act specifies:

COPPA was passed to address the rapid growth of online marketing techniques in the 1990s that were targeting children. Various Web sites were collecting personal data from children without parental knowledge or consent. Research published by the Center for Media Education showed that children did not understand the potential negative outcomes of revealing personal information online. In the wake of media reports demonstrating the ease of gathering private data from children, the public pressured Congress to legislate.

Although COPPA does not specifically define how parental consent should be gained, the (FTC) has established guidelines to help Web site operators ensure compliance with the Act. These suggestions include:

COPPA requires that site operators allow parents to review any information collected from their children. In practice, this means that any relevant site has to provide full access to all user records, profiles and log-in information when a parent requests it. The FTC has stipulated that parents may delete certain information but may not otherwise alter it.

Any Web site that collects information from children under the age of 13 has to abide by COPPA. The Act affects many popular sites like,,, and other social networking sites.

COPPA should not be confused with COPA, the Child Online Protection Act, which was relevant to the exposure of children to online pornography. COPA was ruled to be unconstitutional and was placed under injunction.

In order for the content to be compliant with COPPA, it must:

Another consideration is the security of private student information that is stored online. Protective wireless infrastructure provides a segmented student network that is separate from the one used by teachers and administrators, thereby avoiding data security conflicts and protecting student information.

The amended COPPA defines personal information to include: