Ancient Civilization of Western Hemisphere

GOVERNMENT

AZTEC

MAYA

INCA

MISSISSIPPIAN

-Ruled by an emperor

-divided up into cities.

-punishment for crimes was death

-a one-time forgiveness law. If you committed a crime, you could tell a priest and be forgiven of a crime.

-not very much crime

-Punishment for committing a crime was death or slavery

-there was no emperor, but each noble family owned a city.

-punishment was sacrifice

-divided into quarters

-punishment was getting arms/legs cut off

-emperor was called the Sapa Inca

-2000 miles of land

RELIGION

AZTEC

MAYA

INCA

MISSISSIPPIAN

-Huizilopochtli, their supreme god

-There were TWO creators of the universe named Ometecuhtli and Omeciuatl

-Called themselves the “people of the sun” because they worshipped the sun.

Sacrificed thousands of people to the gods. They believed this would keep the Sun shining.

-Did not have one supreme god

-worship Hunab Ku, the creator of the universe

-known for their pyramids

-The Sapa Inca was the supreme god they worshipped the most

-They had 5 supreme gods

huacas were sacred objects.  Could be small like a rock or large like a pyramid

-built temples for their gods

TECHNOLOGIES (TOOLS & INVENTIONS)

AZTEC

MAYA

INCA

MISSISSIPPIAN

-they discovered medicine from many different plants.

-made canoes to travel.

-had a language with hieroglyphics

-CHOCOLATE!!!

-2 calendars (1 for religious festivals and 1 to keep track of days)

-invented their own written language. Hieroglyphics are symbols that acted as words

-created a number system based on the number 20

-created their own number system using bars and dots

-invented rubber that bounces

-one count calendar

Had 18 months, with 20 days in each month.

-didn’t have a lot of basic tools and inventions

-built roads to send goods

calendar was made up of 260 days and 13 months.  20 days per month

-stone building

-bridges so they could travel around the Inca empire

AGRICULTURE & PRODUCTS

AZTEC

MAYA

INCA

MISSISSIPPIAN


DAILY LIFE & SOCIETY

AZTEC

MAYA

INCA

MISSISSIPPIAN