Ancient Civilization of Western Hemisphere
-Ruled by an emperor
-divided up into cities.
-punishment for crimes was death
-a one-time forgiveness law. If you committed a crime, you could tell a priest and be forgiven of a crime.
-not very much crime
-Punishment for committing a crime was death or slavery
-there was no emperor, but each noble family owned a city.
-punishment was sacrifice
-divided into quarters
-punishment was getting arms/legs cut off
-emperor was called the Sapa Inca
-2000 miles of land
-Huizilopochtli, their supreme god
-There were TWO creators of the universe named Ometecuhtli and Omeciuatl
-Called themselves the “people of the sun” because they worshipped the sun.
Sacrificed thousands of people to the gods. They believed this would keep the Sun shining.
-Did not have one supreme god
-worship Hunab Ku, the creator of the universe
-known for their pyramids
-The Sapa Inca was the supreme god they worshipped the most
-They had 5 supreme gods
huacas were sacred objects. Could be small like a rock or large like a pyramid
-built temples for their gods
TECHNOLOGIES (TOOLS & INVENTIONS)
-they discovered medicine from many different plants.
-made canoes to travel.
-had a language with hieroglyphics
-2 calendars (1 for religious festivals and 1 to keep track of days)
-invented their own written language. Hieroglyphics are symbols that acted as words
-created a number system based on the number 20
-created their own number system using bars and dots
-invented rubber that bounces
-one count calendar
Had 18 months, with 20 days in each month.
-didn’t have a lot of basic tools and inventions
-built roads to send goods
calendar was made up of 260 days and 13 months. 20 days per month
-bridges so they could travel around the Inca empire
AGRICULTURE & PRODUCTS
DAILY LIFE & SOCIETY