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The words below are of vital importance in creating a strong and clear argument in

your History essays. They indicate what the key points are and where the reader

should take note of what you are arguing. Using these signposts will make your essays

easier to read, they will make your argument more analytical and organised.

Print them off and keep these words close when you write your essay.

More essay  writing tips for History students here.

Agreement / Addition / Similarity

Opposition / Limitation / Contradiction

Examples / Support / Emphasis

Conclusion / Summary / Restatement

in the first place
not only ... but also
in addition
coupled with
first, second, third
equally important
by the same token
equally
moreover
comparatively
correspondingly
similarly
furthermore
additionally

although this may be true
in contrast
different from
of course ..., but
on the other hand
on the contrary
at the same time
in spite of
even so / though
be that as it may
then again
above all
in reality
after all
but
(and) still
unlike
or
(and) yet
while
albeit
besides
although
instead
whereas
despite
conversely
otherwise
however
rather
nevertheless
regardless
notwithstanding

in other words
for one thing
as an illustration
in this case
for this reason
that is to say
important to realize
another key point
first thing to remember
most compelling evidence
must be remembered
point often overlooked
to point out
on the positive / negative side
with this in mind
notably, including, like, namely, chiefly, truly, indeed, certainly, surely, markedly, especially, specifically, expressively, surprisingly, frequently, significantly, such as,
in fact
in general
in particular
in detail
for example
for instance
to demonstrate
to emphasize
to repeat
to clarify
to explain
to enumerate

as can be seen
generally speaking
in the final analysis
all things considered
as shown above
in the long run
given these points
as has been noted
in a word
for the most part
after all
in fact
in summary
in conclusion
in short
in brief
in essence
to summarize
on balance
altogether
overall
ordinarily
usually
by and large
to sum up
on the whole
in any event
in either case
all in all
Considering

Sentence start

Sentence middle

Basic meaning

REASONS

Due to the fact that

Owing to the fact that

This stems/ from the fact that …/This  is due to the fact that

…because…

…since../ ..as…

…due/owing to the fact

    that…

…stemming from the

    fact that / as a result of

    the fact that

     because

ADDITIONS

Moreover,   Also, Furthermore,

In addition,

…and also….

…and in addition …

…in addition to which..

…besides which…

     and

RESULTS

Therefore, Hence, Thus, Accordingly,

As a result, Consequently,

….and therefore…

….and as a result ….

….and consequently  …..

….resulting in ……

….as a result of which…

     so

PURPOSE

In order for

The aim of this is to

…in order to ….

…so that / in order that..

…with the intention /aim of..

…with a view to…

    so that

FOCUSING

This

Here,

Such

For example/For instance

…which …….

…who…….

…ing …….

   Emphasis

   Being specific

LISTING

First(ly), Secondly,

Moreover, etc

Following this,

Subsequently,

Primarily,

Fundamentally,  

…after which ……..

…and following this…

…and subsequently…

   then /after

COMPARISON

Similarly, …

Likewise, ….

…and similarly….

…and likewise…

   

     Like

OPPOSITION/

CONTRAST

However, Despite this, Nevertheless,

In contrast, On the other hand,

…but………

…yet ……/..although…

…despite which …..

…while/whereas…

     but

AUTHOR’S VOICE

Clearly, In fact, Indeed,

Interestingly, Arguably, Perhaps, Certainly, Notably, Importantly, It seems that, In particular, Specifically, Fundamentally,

….but clearly …

….yet interestingly ….

….but it seems that..

     etc etc

 

     Stance /

     authority