SCH4U                                                        Name: _______________________

1.1 Alkanes Textbook Review and Study Guide

1. Define the following (K/U):

organic compound (p. 8)

hydrocarbon (p. 8)

saturated hydrocarbon (p. 8)

alkane (p.8)

2.  Draw a structural formula for methane and the ball and stick model for (methane) [Com ]

3.  Draw the structural formula for ethane, and propane.  [Com   ]

4.  What is the difference between between the molecular formula and the condensed formula?  Explain your reasons why the one formula mag give you more information than the other formula.  [App   2]

5 .  Explain the bond angle in an alkane and how do you know.   [T/I ]

6.  Apply why a mathematical formula is used to describe a chemical compound. Are all the formulas the same and apply your knowledge to determine the various formulas. [App   ].

7. Explain and apply the different formulas: structural, ball and stick,  line (p. 9 ) and [Com]

8.  Define the term cyclic alkane, would it be possible to to have cyclomethane, explain your reasoning and explain why this is not possible. [TI  ]

9. Ref. p. 15.  Application Question Physical Properties:   Determine the type(s) of bond exists within alkane molecules and apply an intermolecular force theory to explain various physical properties.  Apply the physical properties knowledge of alkanes to how it can be  used in real life.  [App ]

10.   Ref. p. 15 and 16. Application of Chemical Properties:   Explain, in real life, how hydrocarbons are used for transport and energy production.  Apply your knowledge of combustion and relate it to contribution of greenhouse gases on Earth.  Explain and illustrate why this a complicated problem to solve, you may want to consider this in a global perspective.  [App ]

11. Ref. 16. Application to real life.  Explain using references and your own everyday knowledge how the length of a carbon chain and the use its everyday use are related.  [App ]  

16.  Ref.16.  KU:   Define an alkyl group.    

17.  Ref. 16. Explain and illustrate at least 4 halide reactions.  Draw both a chemical equation and a structural diagram to help you answer.  [TI  ]

18.  Ref. 16.  Explain, in real life, why the physical properties of CFC and include the general formula, were widely used at one point in time.    [App   ]

17. Explain what the detrimental effects were on the environment.  [App   ]. Use any resources to help you textbook or the internet.  

18.  KU. Explain, using periodic table references, how halogen and hydrocarbons interact.  What are the resulting physical properties of an alkyl halide.  

Ref. p. 10.  Structural Isomerism

K/U  Define alkyl group.  

Substituent group

Structural isomer

1. Review the steps for naming alkanes, p. 12.  Practice: p. 14. # 1 &2.