Functional Groups

functional group: an atom, or group of atoms (with specific connectivity), exhibiting identical chemical reactivity regardless of the molecule containing it; the reactivity of individual functional groups dictates the reactivity of the molecule of which they are a part

A. Alkanes

B. Alkenes

C. Alkynes


D. Arenes

E. Alcohols

F. Ethers


G. Amines

H. Aldehydes and Ketones

I. Carboxylic Acids


J. Carboxylic Amides (Amides)

K. Carboxylic Esters (Esters)

L. Carboxylic Anhydrides (Anhydrides)

M. Nitriles