“Conserve You” - Roll Call

An ENORMOUS thank you to all of the plant and animal species who involuntary appeared in “Conserve You.” Species and descriptions below!

Harvestman under black light. (Class: Opiliones)

Leaf-cutter ant. (Species Name: Atta cephalotes)

Parasitoid wasp (Suborder: Apocrita)

Green-crowned Brilliant, female. (Species name: Heliodoxa jacula)

Singing Mouse (Family: Cricetidae).

White-nosed Coatimundi, male (Species Name: Nasua narica)

Mark Wainwright. Renowned Naturalist, Educator, Scientific Illustrator, and Author of The Mammals of Costa Rica.

José Joaquín Montero Ramírez

Research Coordinator, UGA Costa Rica Campus. Entomologist/taxonomist and author of The Butterflies of Costa Rica.

Glassywing butterfly (Family: Nymphalidae).

Little brown bat (Genus: Myotis)

Three-wattled Bellbird, male (Species Name: Procnias tricarunculatus)

Dung beetle (Family: Scarabaeidae).

Orchid Bee (Tribe: Euglossini)

Owl butterfly (Genus: Caligo)

Coppery-headed Emerald, male (Species name: Elvira cupreiceps) This is an endemic species, only found in middle-elevation highlands in Costa Rica, and nowhere else in the world.

White-faced capuchin monkey (Species name: Cebus capucinus)

Golden Toad, male (Species name: Incilius periglenes). The Golden toad is a thought-to-be extinct species of frog that was endemic to the elfin forests of the Monteverde Cloud Forest. A host of issues, including climate change and Chytrid fungus disease, have reduced Amphibian biodiversity in the Monteverde cloud forest by roughly 50%.

Martha Garro Cruz, Researcher & Academic Programs Facilitator, UGA Costa Rica

Puma (Species: Puma concolor). A special committee was recently formed in the San Luis community to help educate farmers about effective strategies to protect their pets and livestock from predation by puma.

Direct-developing frog (Family: Eleutherodactylidae)

This sign reads: “This project exists in collaboration with the Bellbird Biological Corridor. Life Bridge: From the Mangroves to the Cloud Forest.” The Bellbird Biological corridor is a multi-institutional initiative that currently aims to connect critical Pacific-slope habitat between the Monteverde Reserve Complex along the continental divide (~1800m) and coastal mangroves on the Gulf of Nicoya (sea level), thus enhancing important altitudinal migratory routes for several species of concern. It currently encompasses an area of about 165,000 acres.

Large Forest Floor Millipede (Genus: Nyssodesmus)

Resplendent quetzal, male (Species Name: Pharomachrus mocinno) Considered by many to be the world’s most beautiful bird, the possibility of seeing a Resplendent quetzal brings hundreds of tourists to the Monteverde area each year. Quetzals are seasonal visitors that nest exclusively in cloud forests where they have access to their main food source, wild avocados.

Pokeweed (Species Name: Phytolacca rivinoides). Native plant that is commonly found in understory light gaps. 

Francisco Burgos, Director for Community Initiatives at the Monteverde Institute, holding a fig fruit (Genus: Ficus).  

Bromeliad (Family: Bromeliaceae). This plant is an epiphyte, meaning it does not have roots connected to the ground. The high humidity and almost-constant mist of the cloud forest allow epiphytes to thrive at abundances unrivaled in other ecosystems.

Miniature Orchid (Species Name: Pleurothallis eumecocaulon). This species is endemic to Costa Rica and Panama. Monteverde is famous for its orchid diversity (over 500 different species have been identified there!)

Golden Rain/Dancing Lady orchid (Genus: Oncidium)

Hummingbird-pollinated flowers. (Genus: Razisea).

Strangler fig tree (Genus: Ficus)

Sea bean Liana (Species Name: Mucuna urens). This liana, or woody vine, produced a seed pod with a medicinal use: L-Dopa is extracted from this plant and is used to treat Parkinson’s disease.  

Sugar cane (Genus: Saccharum), being ground in a typical mill called a trapiche. Historically, in the Monteverde region, raw sugar was used to sweeten coffee and to make a typical drink called agua dulce. It was also poured into molds- then  called tapas de dulce- which were transported down to the port city of Puntarenas by oxen, to be sold or traded.

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