Answers

Lesson 1

1. Li ha?

2. Haya la vawana?

3. Haya la uba ai uma?

4. Vawana nen.

5. Benyo ha? Benyo nen ha?

 

Lesson 2

1. Yau, haya senka na yu?

2. Vawana ha?

3. Okan nen.

4. Okan nen ha?

5. Peruan wan.

6. Tirikan wan ha?

7. Hala uba wechu? / Haya uba na li wechu?

8. Haya tidola na Faransan?

 

Lesson 3

1. Okan nong uba. / Okan nong uba na wa.

2. Yunyo nong mea na wa. Yunyo mea na yu.

3. Tirikan nong an na wa.

4. Limah nong an. Limah dola.

5. Faransan ha? Faransan an ha?

6. Haya tidola na Faransan?

7. Haya tidola na an na li?

8. Hayu mea? / Hayu mea na li?

9. Wa jo Omar ai vawana sisi. / Jo Omar ai vawana sisi.

 

Lesson 4

1.    Weyun uba na Mailih. / Wa weyun uba na Mailih.

2.    Yayang to.

3.    Haya la bua tatau?

4.    Mea reshi jo. / Mea na wa reshi jo.

5.    Haya la ben na bua na mea na uba?

6.    Wa nen, pai. / Nen, pai.

7.    Uma jo ayo. / Uma na wa jo ayo.

8.    Soi kiza.

9.    Soi kamai yu. / Soi kamai yu chu wa.

10.  Ba Kocharian, soi ka wa haya la? / Ba Kocharian, soi ka wa haya la li?

11.  Keju kiza. / Wa keju kiza.

12.  Keju de vanyo. / Wa keju de vanyo na wa.

13.  Vabu nong keju shim yulo.

14.  Weyun bua de ha? / Weyun bua na wa de ha? / Li weyun bua na wa de ha?

15.  Weyun ya to ha? / Li weyun to ha? / Li weyun ya to ha?

 

Lesson 5

1)

1. Uma la kiza binki.

2. Nintau Sunta

3. Vanyo denu de la Zemaro

4. Uba ai uma, bua ai mea.

5. Weyun ba Sanchez ninye.

2)

1. Naimah denu shim zizi.

2. Wa denu weyun bua.

3. Uba denu de vanyo.

4. Ben denu kiza binki.

5. Bua denu kwan.

3)

1. Meo kwi shim yulo.

2. Ma Wang kwi weyun Yunus.

3. Kwi kiza kuki ha?

4. Kwi weyun vanyo.

5. Meo kwi kiza.

4)

1. Umomi la weyun ahim na Yunus.

2. Bibi la yai.

3. Meo la nubo bea.

4. Ben la kwan.

5. Uma la jam kuki.

5)

1. Denu waiyun.

2. Ho nen ha?

3. Hea, bas! Hea, bas aye!

4. Keju kiza ha? / Keju kiza aya ha?

5. Soi pau mea binki ai kisau.

6)

1. In the morning, my family usually eats bread.

2. Is he going to study himself?

3. The eraser fell on my foot.

4. I hope your head doesn't hurt.

5. And what about your tummy? Doesn't your tummy hurt?

 

Lesson 6

Pesho na shoro opombo

Stuffed cabbage leafs

Kibonyo

Ingredients

-shoro kwa

-one cabbage

-seo le lanki

-a cup of rice

-kichati yem na kisau

-three spoons of butter

-nyuvu otutu sun

-two chopped carrots

-chichi otutu sun

-two chopped onions

-bio sumbe na sefo otutu

-half an kilo of chopped mushrooms

-fim ai fen

-salt and pepper

-kichati kwa na zisha otutu

-one spoon of chopped dill

-sio kwa na runsoso na peki

-one liter of vegetable stock

-sio pambe na mosau choi

-a quarter of a liter of  sour cream

-ambe na fufua sun

-two cloves of garlic

Zuyoko

Recipe

Murum lanki.

Boil the rice.

Tu pesho chu shoro.

Cut the leafs off the cabbage.

Jala pesho bo pibeo le aso ofim ai murum sirio nini.

Put the leafs in the saucepan with salted water and boil for ten minutes.

Bobon aso chu pibeo ai tuska pesho toven.

Poor the water from the saucepan and allow the leafs to cool down.

Mumore kisau bo huzu ai mwezu nyuvu ai chichi sirio jom.

Melt the butter in a frying pan and simmer the carrots and onions for five minutes.

Jamau sefo ai lara sauzu sirio jom.

Add the mushroom and keep frying for five minutes.

Pomporo lanki oven ai zisha bo ai jamau fim ai fen si.

Stir the cooled rice and dill in and add a little salt and pepper.

Za pesho na shoro kwa ai monshem memwe tila kihu.

Take one cabbage leaf and unfold it gently on a plate.

Jala vosko na sefo si lum pesho.

Put a little mushroom mixture on the edge of the leaf.

Shem alu sun na pesho ti vosko ai totolu pesho jam autol.

Fold the two sides of the leaf on top of the mixture and roll up the leaf making a roll.

Kura deche pesho yo opombo.

Proceed untill all leafs are stuffed.

Tau jala autol bo pibeo ai bobon runsoso bo deche autol yo vu aso.

Now put the rolls inside the saucepan and poor in the stock until all rolls are below the water.

Murum memwe autol bo pibeo rio kwa.

Boil the rolls softly inside the saucepan for one hour.

Bus fufua ai pomporo bo mosau. Awau kiso.

Crush the garlic and stir inside the cream. This is the sauce.

Mai kiza!

Enjoy!

 

Lesson 7

1)

1. Weka Kah ha?

2. Yoyong. Je en sadoka tehau.

3. Ewe unga nenje nong ho weka yuka.

4. Sankane ho joju yuka ha?

5. Uma hashi yunkule? / Uma na li hashi yunkule?

6. Soi bio vainini dia na sonsu opombo.

7. Om de chaido la rio na yem.

8. Je en tengi gevu ge tunti wa ha?

9. Mosone la fanaila layo.

2)

labyrinth.jpg

-Nubo nuno na kwa la zano

-De yino

-De noshi ai de yino tato sun.

-Tau nubo nuno na sun la zano

-De zano

-De yino tato yem

-De zano tato sun

-De nuno na sun la zano.

3)

 kwan.gifdosin.gif

kwan + do

learn + house

kwando - school

 

 nu.gifso.gifdo.gif

nu + so + do

go + water + house

nusodo - gas station

 

 nai.gifni.gifla.gif

nai + ni + la

long + vehicle + place

nainila - bus station

 

 majara.gifka.gif

 

majara + ka

Hungarian + speech

Majaraka - Hungarian

 

shu.gifka (1).gif

 

shu + ka

sweet + talk

shuka - to flatter

 

4)

1.   Ata sumbe ze ajom

2.   Ata sunini teo ze asun la baninta

3.   Ata panini jom ze anini-sun

4.   Ata sunini jom ze kwa la manta

5.   Ata kwa ku avai

6.   Ata pambe ze ayem

7.   Ata sumbe ze ayem la manta

8.   Ata pambe ze asasta

9.   Ata yenini jom ze akwa

10. Ata kwa ze anini-sun

5)

1. It's a quarter past five

2. It's twenty nine minutes before nine.

3. It's three minutes after four.

4. It's nine o'clock in the night (three AM), so why aren't you sleeping?

5. I'm supposed to go to sleep at eight o'clock.

6. Let's start eating at six o'clock (12:00).

7. On September 10th at one minute before four o'clock in the evening (21:59 PM) my brother was born.

 

Lesson 8

nini sun mauza teo tongi nini sasta

dia mauza teo tongi nini jom

jonini vai tusi sunini yem tongi yenini yem

sumel teonini dia tusi teonini dia tongi sumel

nini sun munta nini sun tongi mel panini pan

sunini teo munta yenini jom tongi sastamel panini jom

sumel jonini vai jambe dia tongi yenini sun

pol jomel nini yem jambe dianini sasta tongi nini teo

 

Lesson 9

1)

1.    Simwana yu nyeki

2.    Dinya ya bai

3.    Win yu gevu

4.    Rio yu senchu tai

5.    Tiso be al kuka ya

6.    Amun wa jam chumunye

7.    Podola be al jampi ya

8.    Bau yunyo jaru

9.    Bau yu jandun meo

10.  Bau yu kiza seki yo

11.  Podola wa paza binki lai

12.  Ashi yunyo jam shai

 

2)

1.    Simwana yu nyeki

2.    Dinya ya bai

3.    Win yu gevu

4.    Rio yu senchu tai

5.    Tiso be al kuka ya

6.    Amun wa jam chumunye

7.    Podola be al jampi ya

8.    Bau yunyo jaru

9.    Bau yu jandun meo

10.  Bau yu kiza seki yo

11.  Podola wa paza binki lai

12.  Ashi yunyo jam shai

 

3)

1.   Yudo ya lam

2.   Buyu yu gevu

3.   Ben yu jafi

4.   Naini ya chu ku tio

5.   Seki ya mwa

6.   Ben yem yunyo jafi

7.   Simbu yo yunyo jam

8.   Ape wen yem yanyo bon

9.   Ape ya bon

10. Ben yu gevu ge tio

 

4)

1.     The bog that bit the cat.

2.     The dog that bit the cat that ate all the meat.

3.     The dog that bit the cat that ate all the meat that was fried.

4.     The money that I counted.

5.     The shop father bought me a toy.

6.     The shop they set fire to

7.     Father bought me a toy in the shop they set fire to yesterday.

8.     The vegetables I bought.

9.     The girl that ate all the candy

10.   It's the girl that ate the candy the teacher is angry with.

11.   The tummy of the girl who ate all the candy is aching.

12.   I don't know when the girl ate all the candy.

13.   I don't know why the girl ate all the candy.

14.   I don't know why the car is broken.

15.   I don't know why the horse was running.

16.   I don't know why the horse I saw was running.

17.   I don't know where the girl ate all the candy.

18.   Only the girl knows when she ate it all.

19.   Do you know why the girl ate all the candy then?

20.   Here is the place the girl ate it all.

 

5)

1.    Bibi lo yai.

2.    Meo be weyun yu lo kiza seki yo.

3.    Aye ho ashi en yinka awau shai ha?

4.    Hala ala ya to lai?

5.    Soi ka wa podo tengi paza binki si lai.

6.    Al jo amun anin lara dindi chumunye ha?

7.    Al jo ata al mompi podola tai ha?

8.    Ninimaro lo mwere nuku de.

9.    Maro mwere nuku de tai Ninimaro.

10.  Nong jo ashi shai ai ata tai esto denu jamia li.

11.  Ho nenju peo be li paza yanyo.

12.  Nong keju peo be li pombo fuku yanyo.

 

Lesson 10

1)

Jala kaizaya (eno) hiza kil

Chevu roya (eno) jafio

Seseche ben (eno) fon

Jari yunum (eno) yun tanu

Jango mengo gai (eno) lara sham

mousetrap.jpg

mouse.jpg

jala kaizaya

place trap

to place a trap

 

(eno)

(to)

(to)

 

hiza kil

catch mouse

to catch a mouse

 

achevu.gif

goal.jpg

chevu roya

kick ball

to kick a ball

 

(eno)

(to)

(to)

 

jafio

score

to score

 

aseseche.gif

jail2.jpg

seseche ben

spank child

to spank a child

 

(eno)

(to)

(to)

 

fon

to punish

to punish it

 

yunum.jpg

tanudo.jpg

jari yunum

turn on tv

to turn on the tv

 

(eno)

(to)

(to)

 

yun tanu

watch movie

to watch a movie

 

mengo.jpg

larasham.jpg

jango mengo gai

dress sweater thick

to put on a thick sweater

 

(eno)

(to)

(to)

 

lara sham

stay warm

to keep warm

 

 

2)  Answer the following questions regarding the cartoon above:

a) Kwenga unga nen tio.

b) Kwo janja bencho reo.

c) Tengi bencho reo pol tos tato.

Please translate the following sentences to Kah:

d) Mike wan tunti wa.

e) Wa nenje tunti win.

f)  Win nenje tunti milkos.

g) Wa le shuki wi tunti li.

h) Wa le win wi tunti li.

i)  Win wan tunti meo.

j)  Win na wa wan tio.

k) Win na wa sol tio.

Please translate the following sentences to English:

l) Ten is more than five.

m) This book is bigger than that one.

n)  A spider can lay the most eggs of all.

o) Don't you want to be bigger than me?

p) I like cats better than dogs.

q)  I like horses least of all.

Look carefully at the pictures below and answer the following questions in Kah:

r)  Roya saska wan tio.

s) Nong, roya jim nong roya sin tio.

t)  Dau na roya saska ya yem.

u) Eo, ajim wan tunti ayam.

Observe the picture below and answer the questions in Kah:

v)  Yanyun tira wan tio.

w) Jesa en ... nenyun tio,

x)  Nong, Nin nong tira, ya mangu.

y)  Tira jom yanyo sin tio Bunchala, Shunku, Yula, Yamadu ai Vendu.

z)  Aurora tira le rongu.

3)  Translate the following to Kah:

a) Nuti sunda de kaikodo.

b) Nuti win de kaikodo.

c) Nuti win de bandola.

d) Al nong tengo nuti win deche kaikodo.

e) Simbu gevu tunu nuno.

f)  Simbu nuti sunda tunu nuno.

g) (Yunyo) nubo neni de Akapulkoh.

h) (Yunyo) nubo fanai de Akapulkoh.

i)  (Wanyo) nubo anenu de chipola.

Translate the following sentences to English

j)  The mother drove her kid to the library.

k) The child rode his bike to the library.

l)  Let's take the bus to the restaurant.

m) The teacher went to the village by car.

n) Do you want to go for a drive?

o)  Can a dog ride home by bike?

p) How do you usually go to Acapulco?

q) Do you want to go by bike?

r) Horses do not usually go home by train.

Read the following letter and answer the questions:

s) Nikitah janko nuko.

t)  Janko nuko tos uma.

u) Nubo neni de Tokioh.

v) Nunai chu Maskavah de Tokioh.

w) Eo, mau nunai Seol.

x)  Aki, titom eom Utokioh? Utokoih nen tio.

 

4)   Please translate the following sentences to Kah:

a) Soi nong za champe janko.

b) Tengi za yol kwa cheche li

c) Nong tengi za Eroh papau lau.

d) Za ape jando wendo.

e) Za reo jando wendo.

f)  Za chempe jamia win.

g) Al nong tengi za kipyu kiza runso.

h) Varu za chempe geze bau le pepe bo kiki.

i)  Nenti nong gevu le tuya.

j)  Tente tinti za sau gezu.

Please translate the following sentences to English:

k)   The soldier beat the dog up with a stick.

l)    The soldier beat the dog up with a gun.

m)  The soldier chopped the dog up with a knife.

n)   Father killed the spider with a car.

o)   You should write him a letter with a pen.

p)   Why don't you build a tower with sticks?

q)   Things are usually cut with a knife.

r)    Please pay in Dollars.

s)   One usually doesn't write a letter with a knife.

t)    Many people learn English from tv.

 

5)   Please translate the following sentences to Kah:

a)  Kiza ayo bas.

b)  Yun ya bas.

c)  Jando wendo bas!

d) Al ho tengi kwan yuka bas ha?

e) Tente tinti za duzu jando wendo bas.

f)  Simbu cheche duzu sisimbe.

g) Simbu chevu wendo sisimbe.

h) Nong denu tinki tomia tonto nong kiza shuki tos anin kwa.

i)  Mune varu chu wendo mimia.

j)  Wu ke chen sankane mimia.

k) Fanyo chevu yu munchu eta le tiro nini vai.

l)  Muno nia chu fanaila.

m) Chevu doki na nia kai.

6) Please translate the following sentences to English:

n)  All beer has been finished.

o)  If one doesn't eat, he will starve to death.

p)  Can you finish the letter today?

q)  Pay the man off!

r)   You may not eat everything up!

s)  Shoot him to death!

t)   The boy threw the cup breaking it.

u)  What did they beat him to death with?

v)  One usually doesn't beat someone up with a pen.

w) The pencil is darker than the pen.

x)  When did the dog bite the cat to death?

y)  I don't know when the dog bit the cat to death.

z)  I don't know why the dog bit the cat to death.