LSM1303 Guidelines for Student Oral Presentation

Animal Behaviour Symposium

Abstract (5%)

Group Presentation & Content (30%)

Presentation slides pdf (5%)


Submission of Abstracts


  1. Each group has 10 minutes to present followed by a 5 minutes Question and Answer session (Q & A).
  2. Every member in a group must speak.
  3. No speaking aids are permitted, e.g. looking at notes on a handphone or paper.
  4. We will be strict with the timing and you will be stopped by the clock, even in mid-sentence!
  5. Come early to familiarise yourself with the space, AV setup and test out your slides.
  6. Lab 7 doors will be LOCKED at the start of the symposium and late-comers will not be let in.


About the Oral Presentations



  1. You only have 10 mins to share with us what you have spent many hours working on.
  2. Everyone has to present, so work together and allocate sections.  
  3. The organisation of the presentation is the same as that of a report: Introduction, methods, results, discussion and conclusion.
  4. Manage your time well for each section. Be clear about the question you are presenting, the species you are working on and the behaviour you studied but do not spend too much time on the introduction. Present your methods concisely and quickly. Don’t breeze through your results, ensure we can follow the discussion.
  5. Prepare your presentation  as a group - you must carry the idea or message coherently between individuals and there should be a smooth transition between group members.
  6. Prepare a script of what you need to say individually - you will be able to choose concise words and phrases and cover all your points. If you speak spontaneously, you will waste time on unnecessary pauses, unsuitable phrases and not finish all you had to say, or worse still, eat into your group-mate’s time.  
  7. Practise will eliminate the unconscious use of redundant phrases such as "basically", "so", and hesitant sounds such as "er", "um" etc. Watch out for this during practise.
  8. Practise, practise, practise - to fit your timing, for your individual part and the group presentation as a whole.
  9. Be warned that you will usually take MORE time than during practise, so be sure to have some buffer.


  1. The whole group should stand front and centre of the class when you introduce yourselves and your title.
  2. Adjust the lights so the front is dark for contrast to see your presentation clearly but lit up during Q & A.
  3. When the presenter speaks, the rest should step away and to the side.
  4. When you are not speaking, stand attentively and do not slouch, since you will be visible to all of us!
  5. You should be paying attention to the speaker or the audience and not indulge in private thoughts - your expressions can be either supportive or distracting.
  6. The first speaker should ensure he or she has the room’s attention and then begin clearly.
  7. The speaker should be careful not block the projection and be prepared to point to the projection if needed.  
  8. Project your voice into the lab so that you can be heard clearly.
  9. Do not read off cue cards.
  10. Be cheerful and maintain eye contact with your audience.
  11. Have a clear transition/ending so that we know when you have finished and are handing over.


  1. Begin with a clear question which introduces your project
  2. Ensure you provide the scientific names of your study subjects.
  3. Have clear section breaks for the introduction, method, results, discussion and conclusion.
  4. Always be clear: do not overcrowd slides.
  5. Label sections, figures, photos etc. clearly.  
  6. Provide concise details about your method as few slides as possible - include the number of sessions, time spent on observation, sampling method, etc.
  7. Raw data should not be displayed - it should be summarized as a graph, chart, map, figure or table.


Grading will examine various factors including if a clear question was presented and addressed, if the presentation was factual, if the methods were clear, if the presentation and delivery was well prepared, the quality and clarity of the results and discussion, and if questions were handled comfortably.

Post-symposium Submission

CA5 [5%] - Presentation slides pdf

After the symposium, you are required to submit your group’s presentation slides to the IVLE Workbin  - one per group.

Group Presentation Slides (PDF)