Miscellaneous Notes 24


Jurriaan Plesman BA (Psych. POst Grad Dip Clin Nutr


Acid reflux, Advantame sweetener, Alzheimer's Disease & Hypoglycemia, Alzheimer’s Disease & New Drug,   Alzheimer’s Disease & Women, AD Medication & Suicide, Anemia & Iron Sups,  Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria & Food, Autism & Gut issues,  Autism & Mother’s use of AD medications, Autism among older mothers, Autism & Family dog, Beets & Antioxidants, Binge drinking, Breast Cancer & Obesity,   Bullied Kids & Nightmares, Cancers that are not,   D-Mannose, Depression & Crohn’s Disease,  Depression & Negative thoughts,  Dermatitis among dogs, Diabetes - 10%,  Diabetes & related illnesses, Diabetes & Coffee, Diabetes & Memory,  Erectile Dysfunction & Healthy diet, Exercise among the elderly, Eyesight & Apricots, Ginger, Fluoridation of water, Honey, Gallstones, Glaucoma, What is,  Glycine & sleeping, Hypoglycemia and Cardiac arrhythmia,  Internet & Seniors, Lycopene & heart Disease,  Macular Degeneration & antioxidants, Marijuana for MS, Medical Marijuana,  Nutr Therp. & Mental illness,Obesity & Health,  Obesity & Kidney  Problems, Oxalates, about, Pancreatic Cancer & Diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, studies,  Prenatal Fishoil & Baby’s brain, Prison Cost,   Quinoa, Red meat and its harm, Red Meat and Heart problems, Rheumatoid Arthritis & Thunder God Vine, Rosemary & Memory,  Salt and Muscle movements, Serotonin defined, Serotonin precursor to Melatonin, Statins & Heart Problems, Statins & Dementia, Thyroid and Ovary & Myrtle Essential Oil,  TMG (Betaine), Tooth Decay & Tuberculosis,  Vitamin D & Fall Risk, Vitamin D & Prostate Cancer, Walnuts & health benefits,   Wound Healing and Insulin Resistance,

Study Ties Antidepressant Use in Pregnancy to Autism Risk in Boys 04/14/2014 09:00 AM EDT  But the risk is low, and it's important to treat depression in pregnant women, experts say

Family Dog Can Help Kids with Autism 04/15/2014 04:00 PM EDT  The bond between child and pet can also be a 'bridge' to interaction with others, study suggest

Salt is another factor because excess salt releases stored calcium in cells which leads to a calcium/magnesium imbalance inside the cell. When we don’t have enough magnesium within cells, we become twitchy, leading to improper responses. Some researchers believe that the altered balance between calcium and magnesium within cells is a common mechanism which causes insulin resistance. It is essential that we have sufficient magnesium in our body, which we mainly derive from our diet. HYPERINSULISM, HYPOGLYCEMIA etc by Dr Robyn Cosford  --> Page 2

Wound Healing and Insulin reistance: Diabetes (unstable blood sugar  levels caused by a deficiency of,  Emma Johnston is  a Tissue Viability  Dietician, South Eastern  Health and Social Care  Trust, Northern Ireland  or resistance to, the hormone  insulin) is rapidly on the increase  in the UK, resulting from  raised levels of obesity and  increasingly sedentary lifestyles.  The complications of diabetes  include PVD, neuropathy  (disease of the nervous system)  and lower limb ulceration, which  may lead to the need for surgical  amputation (Diabetes Control  and Complications Research  Group [DCCRG], 1993; The role of nutrition in tissue viability,

        Supplementation with arginine[1] has been shown to be beneficial to diabetes control by improving peripheral and hepatic insulin sensitivity. 82,83

http://daa.asn.au/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/Trans-Tasman-Dietetic-Wound-Care-Group-Pressure-Injury-Guidelines-2011.pdf --> Page 26

Diabetes educators routinely talk to patients with diabetes about daily foot care, but what role do nutrition professionals play in preventing and treating wounds in these individual According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), the disease affects nearly 8% of the U.S. population, and its prevalence increased 13.5% from 2005 to 2007. Optimum diabetes management has been shown to minimize the risk of complications such as retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and peripheral arterial disease. About 60% to 70% of people with diabetes have some type of nervous system damage that can include impaired sensation in the extremities. More than 60% of all nontraumatic lower limb amputations are performed on people with diabetes, a rate 10 times higher than for people without diabetes, according to the ADA. Nutrition And Wound healing Care By Lynn Grieger, RD, CDE, cPT Today’s Dietitian Vol. 11 No. 8 P. 12

Macular Degeneration & Antioxidant Combination: A large randomized controlled trial of daily supplementation with antioxidants (500 mg of vitamin C, 400 IU of vitamin E, and 15 mg of beta carotene) and high-dose zinc (80 mg of zinc and 2 mg of copper), the Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS), found that the antioxidant combination plus high-dose zinc, and high-dose zinc alone, both significantly reduced the risk of advanced macular degeneration compared to placebo in individuals with signs of moderate to severe macular degeneration in at least one eye (83) In Linus Pauling Institute search for " Macular Degeneration" and also Macular Degeneration at Index

Erectile dysfunction & healthy diet: TUESDAY, April 22, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new study reminds men with erectile dysfunction that there's help out there that doesn't require a prescription: diet, exercise and other lifestyle changes.

        Losing weight, eating better, getting more active, drinking less alcohol and getting better sleep can all help reverse problems that contribute to impotence, according to a new study published recently in the Journal of Sexual Medicine.

        Erectile dysfunction and low sexual desire are often linked to the development of heart disease. The researchers discovered that a large proportion of men were able to naturally overcome erectile dysfunction with heart-healthy changes -- no pharmaceutical help necessary. MedlinePlus

Why Women May Be More Likely to Get Alzheimer's 04/25/2014 10:56 AM EDT Source: Fisher Center for Alzheimer's Research Foundation

Vitamin D May Not Lower Seniors' Fall Risk 04/24/2014 09:00 AM EDT  Researchers conclude there isn't enough evidence to support supplement us

Higher Doses of Antidepressants Linked to Suicidal Behavior in Young Patients  04/28/2014 04:00 PM EDT  They were twice as likely to try to hurt themselves if they were prescribed more than recommended dose

Internet May Help Seniors Avoid Depression  04/24/2014 12:00 PM EDT  Social connections lessen loneliness, especially for older adults living alone, researcher says

Could More Coffee Lower Your Odds for Diabetes?  04/24/2014 07:00 PM EDT  Yes, says study, but experts note there are better ways to reduce the risk

Severe Obesity in Teens Tied to Possible Kidney Problems  04/25/2014 09:00 AM EDT  Study looked at young patients planning to undergo weight-loss surgery

Acid reflux affects an estimated 50 percent of Americans. The hallmark symptom of acid reflux is “heartburn”—a burning sensation behind your breastbone that sometimes travels up your throat. Acid reflux is not a disease caused by excessive acid production in your stomach; rather it’s a symptom more commonly related to hiatal hernia and/or Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. The problem also typically results from having too little acid in your stomach, which is why proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) typically just perpetuate the problem, and make acid reflux worse. The answer to heartburn and acid indigestion is to restore your natural gastric balance and function. Instead of harmful drugs with serious side effects, here are 15 natural remedies that work.  Read more...

Ginger is one of the most versatile food-spice-herbs known. Ginger is a fundamental herbal treatment among among Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ayurveda, Traditional Thai Medicine, Japanese Kampo Medicine and various others. An accumulation of studies and chemical analyses in 2000 determined that ginger has at least 477 active constituents. Finally, researchers are getting wind that ginger can treat numerous ailments – as purported in these traditional medicines thousands of years ago. In fact, in the past five years, a number of human clinical studies have shown some of ginger’s amazing properties to treat and prevent various disease conditions—just as predicted by the ancient medicines.  Read more...

Fluoridation of city water: A raging debate between consumer health rights and special interest groups is currently being waged in Dallas, Texas, where the Dallas City Council has recently decided to side with consumer health rights and end government funded fluoridation of city water. Such a move would save the city over $1 million dollars, which of course is a big business loss for the huge chemical industry. If Dallas is successful in ending its fluoridation program, it will join most other major cities around the world in developed countries, and a growing number of U.S. cities as well. Last year, Portland, Oregon, became the largest city in the U.S. to fight off strong lobbying efforts by the fluoride industry and end government fluoridation. If you live in Dallas, however, you should realize that the dental and chemical industry is fighting hard to oppose this, using typical tactics such as ad hominem attacks against "anti-fluoride cranks" and appeals to authority claiming that the "science" proves fluoride is safe and healthy. Nothing could be further from the truth. The dangers of fluoride and its toxicity are well documented. The decision of whether or not to use fluoride should be a personal decision and not forced on entire metropolitan populations. Almost all of the studies claiming fluoride is safe have been sponsored by the fluoride chemical industry.  Read more…   A meta-analysis of 27 studies, mainly conducted in China, found lower intelligence quotients (IQs) in children exposed to fluoride concentrations ranging from 1.8 mg/L to 11.5 mg/L of drinking water. Pubmed 

Tooth Decay & tuberculosis: Gram positive bacteria, which cause tooth decay, acne, tuberculosis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Francisella tularensis, and leprosy are all killed by anacardic chemicals present in cashew nuts.  Read more...

Essential oils for treating Malassezia dermatitis: The results of research published in April 2014 in the Journal of Medical Mycology demonstrated the benefits of using essential oils for treating Malassezia dermatitis. The researchers treated 20 dogs with dermatitis caused by Malassezia pachydermatis. They used a blend of essential oils containing a mixture of bitter orange (Citrus aurantium) 1%, Lavender (Lavandula officinalis) 1%, Oregano (Origanum vulgare) 0.5%, Marjoram (Origanum majorana) 0.5%, peppermint (Mentha piperita) 0.5% and Helichrysum (Helichrysum italicum var. italicum) 0.5%. These essential oils were mixed into a base of sweet almond oil and coconut oil. The essential oil blend that they tested was a safe and natural solution to a common problem, which offered an important alternative to conventional pharmaceutical treatments.  Read more...

Older Mothers at Higher Risk of Child With Autism, Study Suggests

        Researchers compared thousands of children born in Sweden over two decades TUESDAY, April 29, 2014 The risk of having a child with autism rises rapidly after women pass age 30, a large new study suggests.  Researchers analyzed data from more than 417,000 children born in Sweden between 1984 a... » Read the full article

Ironclad Findings About Red Meat's Harms? Analysis of 21 studies may bolster case against a diet of steak  TUESDAY, April 29, 2014 A type of iron found only in red meat is associated with an increase in the risk of heart disease, a new review finds.  Researchers analyzed 21 studies that included more than 292,000 people who... » Read the full article

Medical Marijuana May Ease Some MS Symptoms, Study Concludes 04/28/2014 04:00 PM EDT  Finding applies only to pot in pill or spray form, neurologists say

Quinoa Well Tolerated in Patients with Celiac Disease 04/25/2014 07:40 AM EDT  Source: American College of Gastroenterology

Autism and Gut issues a video

Serotonin precursor to melatonin: "Melatonin has a rapid, mild, sleep-inducing effect.Melatonin is produced from the neurotransmitter serotonin—in chemical terms, serotonin is melatonin's forerunner. Depression is associated with low levels of serotonin, and low levels of serotonin may result in low levels of melatonin in people with depression." The Visual MD

Nutritional Therapies & Mental Illness: According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4 out of the 10 leading causes of disability in the US and other developed countries are mental disorders. Major depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) are among the most common mental disorders that currently plague numerous countries and have varying incidence rates from 26 percent in America to 4 percent in China. Though some of this difference may be attributable to the manner in which individual healthcare providers diagnose mental disorders, this noticeable distribution can be also explained by studies which show that a lack of certain dietary nutrients contribute to the development of mental disorders. Notably, essential vitamins, minerals, and omega-3 fatty acids are often deficient in the general population in America and other developed countries; and are exceptionally deficient in patients suffering from mental disorders. Nutritional Journal 21 Jan 2008

Honey has been used for centuries to counteract infections, but until recently few realized just how antibiotic honey was. There is overwhelming evidence from research showing that honey beats some pharmaceutical antibiotics when it comes to a variety of super-bugs.  Read more...

        Most of us know honey as a sweet treat, but few are aware of its powerful cancer killing properties. Honey is a superlative healing food. We know it has over 69 health benefits, as confirmed by the biomedical literature itself. But did you know it could be of profound benefit in diseases as life threatening and seemingly incurable as cancer?  Read more...

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria tied to food: Two million American adults and children become infected with antibiotic-resistant bacteria each year. At least 23,000 of them die as a direct result of those infections. According to the CDC, as many as 22 percent of antibiotic-resistant illness in humans is linked to food, and research has shown that nearly half of all meats sold in the US harbor drug-resistant bacteria. These drug-resistant bacteria can easily spread during food preparation in your own kitchen. Learn how to avoid cross-contamination with other foods and the spread of potentially harmful bacteria in your kitchen. Read more...

A new study found D-mannose worked just as well as antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), with significantly fewer side effects. D-mannose is a naturally occurring sugar that sticks to the E. coli bacteria that most commonly causes UTIs, so it can be effectively “rinsed” out when you urinate. D-mannose is the active ingredient in cranberry juice, but the amount of D-mannose in cranberry juice is significantly less than its supplement form.  Read more...

TMG (trimethylglycine) also known as betain is an organic osmolyte that occurs in high concentrations (10s of millimolar) in many marine invertebrates, such as crustaceans and molluscs. It serves as a potent appetitive attractant to generalist carnivores such as the predatory sea-slug Pleurobranchaea californica.[4]

        TMG is an important cofactor in methylation, a process that occurs in every cell of mammals to synthesize and donate methyl groups (CH3) for other processes in the body. These processes include the synthesis of neurotransmitters such as dopamine, serotonin. Methylation is also required for the biosynthesis of melatonin and the electron transport chain constituent coenzyme Q10.

        The major step in the methylation cycle is the remethylation of homocysteine, which can occur via either of two pathways. The major pathway involves the enzyme methionine synthase, which requires vitamin B12 as a cofactor, and also depends indirectly on folate and various other B vitamins. The minor pathway involves betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase and requires TMG as a cofactor. Betaine is thus involved in the synthesis of many biologically important molecules, and may be even more important in situations where the major pathway for the regeneration of methionine from homocysteine has been compromised by genetic trimethylglycinepolymorphisms.  

        Although TMG supplementation decreases the amount of adipose tissue in pigs, research on human subjects has shown no effect on body weight, body composition, or resting energy expenditure when used in conjunction with a hypo-energetic diet.[6] The Food and Drug Administration of the United States approved anhydrous trimethylglycine (also known by the brand name Cystadane) for the treatment of homocystinuria, a disease caused by abnormally high homocysteine levels at birth.[7]

        TMG supplementation may cause diarrhea, stomach upset, or nausea. Obese persons or those with kidney disease supplementing with TMG, folic acid, and vitamin B6 can experience an increase in total cholesterol levels.[8]  Wikipedia  For more studies on Trimethalglycine. Orthomolecular Archives

About oxalates:  "This explains why gout usually appears after age 40, when ferritin levels in blood exceed 100 ng/dl. Beer is rich in oxalate and iron, and ethanol increases iron absorption and magnesium elimination, so beer intake greatly increases the risk of a gout attack." Cadmium catalyzes the transformation of vitamin C into oxalic acid. This can be a problem for people exposed to high levels of cadmium in the diet, in the workplace, or through smoking. There is some preliminary evidence that the administration of probiotics can affect oxalic acid excretion rates in a positive manner[15] (and presumably oxalic acid levels as well.) Although unusual, consumption of oxalates (for example, the grazing of animals on oxalate-containing plants such as greasewood or Bassia hyssopifolia, or human consumption of sorrel) may result in kidney disease or even death due to oxalate poisoning. The presence of Oxalobacter formigenes in the gut flora can prevent this.  Wikipedia

        "Oxalic acid is a colorless, organic compound that occurs naturally in plants, animals and in humans. It is made by the human body from other substances such as vitamin C. It can also be ingested from food and readily combines with calcium, which is why some people have concerns. Likewise, our bodies convert many of the things we consume into oxalates. Organic oxalic acid is an important – even essential – element to stimulate and maintain the peristaltic motion in our bodies, so it is not all bad."

        "Oxalic acid present in greens and other foods has the potential to bind with calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc and copper in our intestines to form oxalates, insoluble salts, thus interfering with the absorption of these minerals and making them unavailable for the body to use. It doesn’t, however, affect the absorption of calcium in other foods consumed at the same meal." Should we eat greens high in oxalic Acid.

Red Meat & heme iron & Heart Disease: TUESDAY, April 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A type of iron found only in red meat is associated with an increase in the risk of heart disease, a new review finds.

        `Researchers analyzed 21 studies that included more than 292,000 people who were followed for an average of 10 years. They found a link between consuming heme iron -- which is only in red meat -- and a 57 percent increased risk of heart disease.

        In contrast, consuming non-heme iron -- found in vegetables, other non-meat sources and iron supplements -- was not associated with the risk of heart disease, according to the researchers at the Indiana University School of Public Health at Bloomington. MedlinePlus 29 April 2014

Vitamin D & Prostate Cancer: THURSDAY, May 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Low blood levels of vitamin D may be linked to more aggressive and advanced cases of prostate cancer in men, a new study suggests.

        And black men with low vitamin D levels were more likely than those with normal levels to test positive for cancer after a prostate biopsy.

        The study, published May 1 in the journal Clinical Cancer Research, suggests that vitamin D may play an important role in how prostate cancer starts and spreads, although it does not prove a cause-and-effect relationship. Researchers aren't yet sure exactly how it comes into play or even if taking extra vitamin D might keep prostate cancer in check. MedlinePlus

Depression & Negative thoughts: THURSDAY, May 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People who have highly negative opinions of themselves and gloomy thoughts about the future may be at increased risk for attempting suicide, new research suggests.

        The study included 111 people who had attempted suicide within 30 days before the start of the study and 57 people who received emergency psychiatric treatment (but had not attempted suicide) in the two years prior to the study.

        Those who attempted suicide were more likely to have what the researchers called "distorted thinking." This includes a low sense of self-worth, negative comparisons with others and being highly critical of themselves.

        "To prevent suicides, therapists would benefit from directly targeting patients' thoughts of hopelessness in clinical interventions," Jager-Hyman said in a journal news release. MedlinePus

        Comments:  Of course the assumption here is that negative thoughts are the CAUSE of dpression, whereas it may simply tagt negative thoughts are the product ot a inner metabolic diosrder.

Prenatal Fish Oil Supplements May Not Boost Child's Brain Health, Study Finds 05/03/2014 04:00 PM EDT  Toddlers whose mothers took extra omega-3 daily were no smarter than other tots, researchers say.

Depression Tied to Crohn's Disease Flare-Ups 05/03/2014 12:00 PM EDT Doctors should be aware of body-mind connection with the inflammatory bowel condition, study author says

Obesity & Health: WEDNESDAY, April 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Can someone be obese and healthy? A new study and several experts say no.

        An obese person who has normal blood pressure, normal cholesterol and normal blood sugar levels is still at risk for heart disease, Korean researchers report in the April 30 online edition of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

        In the study of more than 14,000 men and women, aged 30 to 59, those who were obese had more plaque buildup in their arteries, putting them at greater risk for heart disease and stroke than people of normal weight, the researchers found. MedlinePlus 

Nightmares can haunt bullied kids: SATURDAY, May 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- New research suggests that kids who are bullied when they're younger may be more likely to suffer from nightmares and night terrors a few years later.

        However, bullies themselves don't appear to face any higher risk of disturbed sleep.

        "They sleep solidly," said study author Dieter Wolke, a professor of developmental psychology and individual differences at the University of Warwick in England. "That is clearly different than what most people think. They are not disturbed thugs, but calculated manipulators."

        The study has weaknesses. Its design doesn't allow researchers to compare the percentages of children -- bullied or not-bullied -- who have bad dreams. And researchers can't be certain that being bullied at a younger age directly causes nightmares a few years later. It's possible that some other factor is responsible. MedlinePlus

Glycine and sleeping: There is some evidence showing that 3000 milligrams of glycine before bedtime improves sleep quality.[19][non-primary source needed] Glycine has also been positively tested as an add-on treatment for schizophrenia. [20] Wikipedia

Apricots & Eyesight: We've all been taught that carrots would keep our eyes sharp as a child, but as an adult, it looks like fruit such as apricots are even more important for keeping your sight. Nutrients in apricots can help protect the heart and eyes, as well as provide the disease-fighting effects of fiber. The high beta-carotene content of apricots makes them important heart health foods. Beta-carotene helps protect LDL cholesterol from oxidation, which may help prevent heart disease. Apricots contain nutrients such as vitamin A that promote good vision. Vitamin A, a powerful antioxidant, quenches free radical damage to cells and tissues. Free radical damage can injure the eyes' lenses.  Read more...

Beets & Antioxidants: There has been enormous research interest in beets because of the the unusual mix of antioxidants that they contain. The unique combination of nutritional and nutriceutical components establishes the red beet as a marvelous vegetable. Beets demonstrate their antioxidant uniqueness by getting their red color primarily from betalain antioxidant pigments. Coupled with their status as a very good source of the antioxidant manganese and a good source of the antioxidant vitamin C, the unique phytonutrients in beets provide antioxidant support in a different way than other antioxidant-rich vegetables.  Read more...

Overnight Hypoglycemia & Cardiac Arrhythmia:  In 2008, part of a government-funded clinical trial that examined whether tight glycemic control could reduce cardiovascular events in people with type 2 diabetes was terminated early when a higher than expected number of patients died – though researchers were uncertain what caused the deaths. Now, a separate study by researchers in the United Kingdom being published in the May issue of the journal Diabetes suggests the answer may lie in the link between overnight low blood glucose levels and abnormal heart rates that disturb the flow of blood to the heart.

        Researchers from the University of Sheffield found that overnight hypoglycemia was associated with increased susceptibility to cardiac arrhythmias in patients with type 2 diabetes who had a history of cardiovascular disease. This population is similar to the subgroup that experienced a higher than expected mortality rate in the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) study. Researchers note that these new findings may also shed light on the “dead in bed” syndrome experienced by people with type 1 diabetes, who often experience high rates of nocturnal hypoglycemia that can lead to death.

        - See more at: http://www.diabetes.org/newsroom/press-releases/2014/the-link-between-hypoglycemia.html#sthash.K9O9MRlA.dpuf

Exercise among the elderly:        

Medical Use of Marijuana

        •        The available studies examined evidence for the safety and                                 effectiveness of medical marijuana for these conditions:

        •        Various symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS)

        •        Temporary, uncontrolled movements as a drug side effect

        •        in Parkinson disease (PD)

        •        Motor (movement) symptoms in Huntington disease (HD)

        •        Tics in Tourette syndrome

        •        Cervical dystonia (abnormal neck movements)

        •        Seizures in epilepsy

        Of the studies examined here, only two looked at use of smoked marijuana.                 One study focused on smoked marijuana for treating pain related to                 spasticity in  MS. The other looked at safety for use in MS. The studies did not provide enough evidence* to show if smoked marijuana is safe or effective.

American Academy of Neurology

Almost 1 in 20 Young Teens Binge Drinks, Canadian Study Finds  05/13/2014 02:00 PM EDT  4 percent of 12- to 14-year-olds say they've downed more than 5 drinks in a sitting over past year  Source: HealthDay

Prison Statistics, Cost and recidivism

The Report on Government Services 2013 provides information on the costs of the justice system. For 2011–12, the costs for police services, courts (criminal and civil) and corrective services was $14.02 billion. This was an increase from $12.3 billion in 2007–08.  The cost per prisoner/offender – nationally in 2011–12, the total cost per prisoner per day, comprising net operating expenditure, depreciation, debt servicing fees and user cost of capital, was $305;  ($111,000 per year my own).  Civil Liberties Australia

About 60 per cent of those in custody in Australia have been imprisoned before. Reoffending behaviour or recidivism can be influenced by many factors including poor education and employment histories, mental illness and bad physical health, as well as drug and alcohol misuse. Australian Institute of Criminology

Serotonin /ˌsɛrəˈtoʊnɨn/ or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a monoamine neurotransmitter. Biochemically derived from tryptophan, serotonin is primarily found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, platelets, and the central nervous system (CNS) of animals, including humans. It is popularly thought to be a contributor to feelings of well-being and happiness.[6]

Approximately 90% of the human body's total serotonin is located in the enterochromaffin cells in the alimentary canal (gut), where it is used to regulate intestinal movements.[7][8] The remainder is synthesized in serotonergic neurons of the CNS, where it has various functions. These include the regulation of mood, appetite, and sleep. Serotonin also has some cognitive functions, including memory and learning. Modulation of serotonin at synapses is thought to be a major action of several classes of pharmacological antidepressants. Wikipedia

Thunder God Vine[2] for Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which your body’s immune system mistakenly attacks your joints. The abnormal immune response causes inflammation that can damage joints and organs, such as the heart. It’s chronic, extremely painful, and can be debilitating. But now, a high-profile study published in the Annals of Rheumatic Diseases has shown that a natural herb can be more effective than FDA-approved drugs.

        The Annals study tested whether thunder god vine (Tripterygium wilfordii, a perennial vine native to China, Japan, and Korea) was more effective in the treatment of RA than the most commonly prescribed disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug, methotrexate.  Read more...

Myrtle Essential Oil & Thyroid  and Ovaries:The essential oil of myrtle can improve your health in many ways. Myrtle Essential Oil can normalize the functioning of the thyroid and ovaries, kill salmonella on fresh fruits and vegetables, lower blood sugar, treat malaria, repel mosquitoes, kill fungus and mold, heal mouth ulcers, heal warts, and is good for acne as a face wash.   Read more...

Rosemary Improve memory: Studies over the past few years have shown that Rosmarinus officinalis – the common herb Rosemary and its essential oil – can boost memory and may help prevent Alzheimer’s disease. These studies illustrate that consuming fresh or powdered rosemary at culinary doses can help boost memory – the Tai Sophia Institute study finding that 750 milligram doses had the most therapeutic effect, but not higher. Even more promising is the use of rosemary essential oil as aromatherapy, which can boost memory function almost immediately.  Read more...

Statins and heart problems: The American Heart Association’s woefully outdated dietary guidelines are harming Americans’ health. Last December, we told you about the American Heart Association’s (AHA) new new cholesterol guidelines that would make 33 million healthy Americans dependent on statins. These are the most widely prescribed class of drugs in the world—drugs so dangerous that the FDA mandates their side effects be disclosed in labeling. The problem with AHA’s “logic?” Not only has this bad/good cholesterol dichotomy been solidly debunked by study after study—it was never proven in the first place. According to the Wall Street Journal, the notion that saturated fats and LDL clog our arteries came from a “derailment” of nutrition policy “by a mixture of personal ambition, bad science, politics, and bias.” This article takes a look at some of the other AHA dietary guidelines, accompanied by reasons why they actually are bad for your heart.   Read more...

Walnuts and health benefits: One-quarter cup of walnuts provides more than 100 percent of the daily recommended value of plant-based omega-3 fats, along with high amounts of copper, manganese, molybdenum, and biotin. Walnuts may help reduce not only the risk of prostate cancer, but breast cancer as well. They contain the amino acid l-arginine, which offers multiple vascular benefits to people with heart disease, or those who have increased risk for heart disease due to multiple cardiac risk factors. Walnuts also contain several unique and powerful antioxidants that are available in only a few commonly eaten foods. and may improve sperm quality, help with weight control, and offer support for brain health and type 2 diabetes. Eating just one ounce of walnuts a day (that’s about seven shelled walnuts) may be all it takes to take advantage of their beneficial properties.  Read more...

Advantame an aspartame sweetener approved by the FDA: Whether it’s to cut down on the number of calories they consume or any of a variety of other reasons, some people use sugar substitutes – also called high-intensity sweeteners – to sweeten and add flavor to their foods. They can be used alone to sweeten foods and beverages such as iced tea or coffee, or as an ingredient in other products. There are a number of sugar substitutes on the market from which to choose. USA FDA

Anemia & Iron supplements: If you’re feeling constantly exhausted and sluggish, you might have a condition called anemia. Anemia is a common blood disorder that many people develop at some point in their lives.

        Many types of anemia are mild and short term. But the condition can become serious if left untreated for a long time. The good news is that anemia often can be prevented and easily corrected by getting enough iron.

        Anemia arises when your body doesn’t have enough healthy red blood cells. You may either have too few red blood cells, or they may be lacking in an iron-rich protein called hemoglobin. Red blood cells are responsible for delivering oxygen throughout your body, and hemoglobin is the protein that carries the oxygen. National Institute of health

Obesity May Raise Breast Cancer Death Risk for Some Women 05/15/2014 09:00 AM EDT  Study found younger, obese patients with estrogen receptor-positive disease were more likely to die

Hypoglycemia and Diabetes and Obesity risk factor for Gallstones: Obesity, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia are known risk factors for the development of gallstones. A growing body of animal and human data has correlated insulin resistance with organ dysfunction. These data suggest that in lean, nondiabetic volunteers without gallstones, gallbladder dysmotility is associated with an elevated fasting glucose as well as a high index of insulin resistance. We conclude that insulin resistance alone may be responsible for gallbladder dysmotility that may result in acalculous cholecystitis or gallstone formation. PMID: 16843864     COMMENTS: Hence may be related to mood disorders

Cholesterol-Lowering Statin Drugs May Ward Off Dementia 05/19/2014 03:02 PM EDT Source: Fisher Center for Alzheimer's Research Foundation. Comment: But so may the Hypoglycemic diet.

Several studies on Parkinson's Disease:

Occupational Therapy Can Benefit People with Parkinson's Disease 05/22/2014 10:32 AM EDT  Source: Parkinson's Disease Foundation

Brain May Compensate for Dopamine Neuron Loss Early in Parkinson's  05/22/2014 10:32 AM EDT  Source: Parkinson's Disease Foundation

People with Gaucher Disease at Seven to Nine Percent Risk of Developing Parkinson's 05/21/2014 12:34 PM EDT  Source: Parkinson's Disease Foundation

What is Glaucoma

JAMA Patient Page: Glaucoma 05/19/2014 11:43 AM EDT Source: American Medical Association - PDF

Nearly 10 Percent of U.S. Adults Now Have Diabetes  04/14/2014 05:00 PM EDT Researchers found a nationwide rise of the disease since late 1980s, and a parallel rise in obesity

Diabetes Tied to Higher Risk of Pancreatic Cancer in Study 04/04/2014 12:00 PM EDT But it's not always clear which disease comes first, researchers say

Diabetes in Middle Age May Cause Memory Problems Later 03/19/2014 04:00 PM EDT

         Study also found that high blood pressure has similar impact

Insulin Resistance an emerging link in Alzheimer's disease

Relentless progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD) poses a grave situation for the biomedical community to tackle. Agents starting as hot favorites in clinical trials have failed in later stages and it is time we reconsidered our approaches to intervene the disease. Quite some interesting work in the last decade has introduced a new school of thought which factors in neuronal glycemic imbalance as a major component for the development of AD. Insulin resistance in the brain has brought forward subsequent sequelae which might work towards amyloid accretion and/or tau hyperphosphorylation. It is also pointed out that insulin works by distributing iron to neuronal tissue and an insulin resistant state throws it off gear leading to iron overloading of neurons which is ultimately detrimental. PMID http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23670236

Anti-Alzheimer's Drug Shows Promise in Mice Study 06/03/2014 09:00 AM EDT Researchers hope to prevent disease onset by starting treatment in middle age

Changes That Are Not Cancer

What is prostatitis and how is it treated?

What is enlarged prostate or BPH?

How is BPH treated?

Lycopene & Heart Disease: People with heart disease should start taking lycopene supplements, an antioxidant found in tomatoes and other fruits, say researchers. It seems to improve the health and function of the blood vessels. Tomatoes could be a key ingredient in the Mediterranean Diet, say researchers from Cambridge University, who point out that heart disease is less of a problem in Southern Europe, where the diet predominates. What doctors don’t tell you

[1] Arginine food sources

[2]   Thunder God Vine: Thunder god vine is used for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), heavy menstrual flows, multiple sclerosis, and as a male contraceptive. It is also used for pockets of infection (abscesses), boils, fever, swelling (inflammation), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), HIV/AIDS, a skin condition called psoriasis, and a blood vessel disease called Behcet's disease. WebMd