Aquatic Science

Final Exam Review Sheet

Define these terms:

Semi-permeable

autotrophs

chlorophyll

community

heterotrophs

primary productivity

omnivores

limiting factor

nutrient

osmosis

diffusion

photic zone

primary consumer

metabolic rate

hydrostatic pressure

accessory pigment

bioluminescence

phytoplankton

zooplankton

holoplankton

meroplankton

plankton

xanthophylls

Are these statements true or false?  Correct false statements to be true.

What is the end product of primary productivity?

What type of phytoplankton is responsible for white water?

What is the most successful type of phytoplankton?

What are the shrimp like zooplankton called?

What is responsible for the ocean’s primary productivity and how much does each object produce?

What are the potential limiting factors for primary productivity in the ocean?

Which type of phytoplankton are bioluminescent?

List examples of these phyla and classes:

Chordata

Echinodermata

Arthropod

Mollusca

Annelida

Nematoda

Platyhelminthes

Cnidaria

Porifera

Ophiuroidea

Crustacea

Cephalopoda

Gastropoda

Polyplacophora

Echinoidea

Asteroidea

Polychaeta

Bivalvia

List the characteristics of the 5 kingdoms

List the 4 classes of Mollusks and their characteristics

Which phyla exhibit bilateral symmetry?

What is a specialized cell for stinging?

Why are arthropods successful organisms?

List the characteristics of Agnatha, Chondricthyes, and Osteichthyes.

How is the volume of gas controlled in the gas bladder?

How do fish control the loss of water?

What is the most effective shape for swimming speed?

Describe the characteristics of the most effective body shape for swimming.

Why do fast predators not have swim bladders?