Arts, Audio/Video Technology, and Communications

130.82        Principles of Arts, Audio/Video Technology, and Communications.

130.83        Animation

130.84        Advanced Animation

130.85        Audio/Video Production

130.86        Advanced Audio/Video Production

130.88        Graphic Design and Illustration

130.91        Commercial Photography

130.96        Printing and Imaging Technology

Information Technology

130.273        Computer Maintenance

130.274        Telecommunications and Networking

130.275        Computer Technician

130.278        Digital and Interactive Media

130.279        Web Technologies

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics

130.368        Electronics

130.370        Robotics and Automation

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§130.82. Principles of Arts, Audio/Video Technology, and Communications (One-Half to One Credit).

(1)  The student applies English language arts in Arts, Audio/Video Technology, and Communications cluster projects. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate use of content, technical concepts, and vocabulary;

(B)  use correct grammar, punctuation, and terminology to write and edit documents;

(C)  identify assumptions, purpose, and propaganda techniques;

(D)  compose and edit copy for a variety of written documents;

(E)  evaluate oral and written information; and

(F)  research topics for the preparation of oral and written communication.

(2)  The student applies professional communications strategies. The student is expected to:

(A)  adapt language for audience, purpose, situation, and intent such as structure and style;

(B)  organize oral and written information;

(C)  interpret and communicate information, data, and observations;

(D)  give formal and informal presentations;

(E)  apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information;

(F)  develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications;

(G)  listen to and speak with diverse individuals; and

(H)  exhibit public relations skills to increase internal and external customer client satisfaction.

(3)  The student understands and examines problem-solving methods. The student is expected to employ critical-thinking and interpersonal skills independently and in teams to solve problems.

(4)  The student applies information technology applications when completing Arts, Audio/Video Technology, and Communications cluster projects. The student is expected to use personal information management, email, Internet, writing and publishing, presentation, and spreadsheet or database applications.

(5)  The student understands Arts, Audio/Video Technology, and Communications cluster systems. The student is expected to:

(A)  describe the nature and types of businesses in this cluster;

(B)  analyze and summarize the history and evolution of the various related fields of study in this cluster;

(C)  analyze the cluster's economic base; and

(D)  analyze and summarize evidence of interdependence between the technical and the artistic sides of this career cluster.

(6)  The student applies safety regulations. The student is expected to implement personal and classroom safety rules and regulations.

(7)  The student develops leadership characteristics. The student is expected to participate in student leadership and professional development activities.

(8)  The student applies ethical decision making and understands and complies with laws regarding use of technology in the Arts, Audio/Video Technology, and Communications cluster. The student is expected to:

(A)  exhibit ethical conduct related to interacting with others such as client confidentiality, privacy of sensitive content, and providing proper credit for ideas;

(B)  examine the First Amendment, Federal Communications Commission regulations, the Freedom of Information Act, liability laws, and other regulations for compliance issues relevant to this cluster;

(C)  examine the liabilities, copyright laws, fair use, and duplication of materials associated with productions and performances; and

(D)  analyze the impact of Arts, Audio/Video Technology, and Communications cluster industries on society.

(9)  The student develops employability characteristics. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify training, education, or certification requirements needed for employment;

(B)  identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to be employable such as self-discipline, self-worth, positive attitude, integrity, and commitment;

(C)  create a career portfolio to document work samples; and

(D)  demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities.

(10)  The student applies technical skills for efficiency. The student is expected to employ planning and time-management skills to complete work tasks.

(11)  The student develops a basic understanding of the Arts, Audio/Video Technology, and Communications cluster. The student is expected to:

(A)  research the scope of career opportunities;

(B)  develop an understanding of the elements and principles of art;

(C)  develop an understanding of the industry by explaining the history and evolution of cluster career fields and defining and using related terminology;

(D)  evaluate works of art using critical-thinking skills;

(E)  demonstrate knowledge of various communication processes in professional and social contexts by:

(i)  explaining the importance of effective communication skills in professional and social contexts;

(ii)  identifying the components of the communication process and their functions;

(iii)  identifying standards for making appropriate communication choices for self, listener, occasion, and task;

(iv)  identifying the characteristics of oral language and analyzing standards for using informal, standard, and technical language appropriately;

(v)  identifying types of nonverbal communication and their effects;

(vi)  recognizing the importance of effective nonverbal strategies such as a firm handshake, direct eye contact, and appropriate use of space and distance;

(vii)  identifying the components of the listening process;

(viii)  identifying specific kinds of listening such as critical, deliberative, and empathic;

(ix)  recognizing the importance of gathering and using accurate and complete information as a basis for making communication decisions;

(x)  identifying and analyzing ethical and social responsibilities of communicators; and

(xi)  recognizing and analyzing appropriate channels of communication in organizations;

(F)  use appropriate interpersonal communication strategies in professional and social contexts by:

(i)  identifying types, importance, and purposes of professional and social relationships;

(ii)  employing appropriate verbal, nonverbal, and listening skills to enhance interpersonal relationships;

(iii)  using communication management skills to build confidence and develop appropriate assertiveness, tact, and courtesy;

(iv)  using professional etiquette and protocol in situations such as making introductions, speaking on the telephone, and offering and receiving criticism;

(v)  making clear appropriate requests, giving clear and accurate directions, asking appropriate and purposeful questions, and responding appropriately to the requests, directions, and questions of others;

(vi)  participating appropriately in conversations;

(vii)  communicating effectively in interviews;

(viii)  identifying and using appropriate strategies for dealing with differences, including gender, ethnicity, and age; and

(ix)  analyzing and evaluating the effectiveness of communication;

(G)  communicate effectively in groups in professional and social contexts by:

(i)  identifying kinds of groups and the importance and purposes they serve;

(ii)  analyzing group dynamics and processes for participating effectively in groups, committees, or teams;

(iii)  identifying and analyzing the roles of group members and their influence on group dynamics;

(iv)  demonstrating skills for assuming productive roles in groups;

(v)  using appropriate verbal, nonverbal, and listening strategies to promote group effectiveness;

(vi)  identifying and analyzing leadership styles;

(vii)  using effective communication strategies in leadership roles;

(viii)  using effective communication strategies for solving problems, managing conflicts, and building consensus in groups; and

(ix)  analyzing the participation and contributions of group members and evaluating group effectiveness; and

(H)  make and evaluate formal and informal professional presentations by:

(i)  analyzing the audience, occasion, and purpose when designing presentations;

(ii)  determining specific topics and purposes for presentations;

(iii)  researching topics using primary and secondary sources, including electronic technology;

(iv)  using effective strategies to organize and outline presentations;

(v)  using information effectively to support and clarify points in presentations;

(vi)  preparing scripts or notes for presentations;

(vii)  preparing and using visual or auditory aids, including technology, to enhance presentations;

(viii)  using appropriate techniques to manage communication apprehension, build self-confidence, and gain command of the information;

(ix)  using effective verbal and nonverbal strategies in presentations;

(x)  preparing, organizing, and participating in an informative or persuasive group discussion for an audience;

(xi)  making individual presentations to inform, persuade, or motivate an audience;

(xii)  participating in question and answer sessions following presentations;

(xiii)  applying critical-listening strategies to evaluate presentations; and

(xiv)  evaluating effectiveness of presentations.

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§130.83. Animation (One to Two Credits).

(1)  The student applies academic knowledge and skills in animation projects. The student is expected to:

(A)  apply English language arts knowledge and skills by demonstrating use of content, technical concepts, and vocabulary; using correct grammar, punctuation, and terminology to write and edit documents; and composing and editing copy for a variety of written documents; and

(B)  apply mathematics knowledge and skills by identifying whole numbers, decimals, and fractions applied to measurement and scale; demonstrating knowledge of arithmetic operations; using conversion methods such as fractions to decimals and inches to points; and applying measurement to solve problems.

(2)  The student understands professional communications strategies. The student is expected to:

(A)  adapt language for audience, purpose, situation, and intent;

(B)  organize oral and written information;

(C)  interpret and communicate information, data, and observations;

(D)  present formal and informal presentations;

(E)  apply active listening skills;

(F)  listen to and speak with diverse individuals; and

(G)  exhibit public relations skills.

(3)  The student understands and examines problem-solving methods. The student is expected to employ critical-thinking and interpersonal skills independently and in teams to solve problems.

(4)  The student applies information technology applications. The student is expected to use personal information management, email, Internet, writing and publishing, presentation, and spreadsheet or database applications for animation projects.

(5)  The student applies safety regulations. The student is expected to:

(A)  implement personal and workplace safety rules and regulations; and

(B)  employ emergency procedures.

(6)  The student applies leadership characteristics to student leadership and professional development activities. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate leadership skills;

(B)  demonstrate teamwork and conflict-management skills;

(C)  conduct and participate in meetings; and

(D)  model mentoring skills.

(7)  The student applies ethical decision making and understands and complies with laws regarding use of technology in animation. The student is expected to:

(A)  exhibit ethical conduct related to interacting with others such as client confidentiality, privacy of sensitive content, and providing proper credit for ideas;

(B)  discuss and apply copyright laws;

(C)  model respect of intellectual property;

(D)  demonstrate proper etiquette and knowledge of acceptable use policies; and

(E)  analyze the impact of the animation industry on society, including concepts related to persuasiveness, marketing, and point of view.

(8)  The student develops employability characteristics. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify and participate in training, education, or certification for employment;

(B)  identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to be employable;

(C)  demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment;

(D)  create a career portfolio to document work experiences, licenses, certifications, and work samples;

(E)  demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities; and

(F)  examine employment opportunities in entrepreneurship.

(9)  The student applies technical skills for efficiency. The student is expected to employ planning and time-management skills to complete work tasks.

(10)  The student develops an understanding of animation. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate appropriate use of hardware components;

(B)  demonstrate appropriate use of software programs;

(C)  demonstrate appropriate use of storage devices;

(D)  demonstrate knowledge of sound editing;

(E)  demonstrate knowledge of file formats and cross-platform compatibility;

(F)  acquire information in a variety of electronic formats;

(G)  evaluate visual information by:

(i)  recognizing the use of principles and elements of design; and

(ii)  recognizing the use of typography;

(H)  use an appropriate design process to create and modify solutions to problems by:

(i)  combining graphics, images, and sound;

(ii)  applying principles of design;

(iii)  developing and referencing technical documentation; and

(iv)  editing products;

(I)  publish and deliver the product in a variety of media;

(J)  research the history and evolution of animation by:

(i)  explaining the history of animation;

(ii)  describing how changing technology is affecting the industry;

(iii)  analyzing the use of symbols in the animation of diverse cultures;

(iv)  comparing current animation technologies with historical technologies;

(v)  comparing various styles of animation; and

(vi)  exploring emerging and innovative animation technologies and software;

(K)  understand and apply animation principles, elements, and techniques by:

(i)  describing and using audience identification, script writing, character design, storyboarding, audio uses, and delivery formats;

(ii)  describing and using cell, stop motion, inbetweening/tweening, motion paths, masking, looping, scripting/programming, and interactivity;

(iii)  describing lighting and camera shots;

(iv)  describing and using flip books, claymation, and cut-outs;

(v)  rendering; and

(vi)  describing and using postproduction processes such as editing, titles, credits, and special effects;

(L)  evaluate a product using critical-thinking skills;

(M)  present oral or written evaluations of animation projects by:

(i)  identifying the intended audience;

(ii)  describing aesthetics;

(iii)  explaining the storyline;

(iv)  summarizing subject matter; and

(v)  discussing the use of sound; and

(N)  create animation projects using a variety of techniques and software programs.

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§130.84. Advanced Animation (Two to Three Credits).

(1)  The student applies academic knowledge and skills in animation projects. The student is expected to:

(A)  apply English language arts knowledge and skills by demonstrating use of content, technical concepts, and vocabulary using correct grammar, punctuation, and terminology to write and edit documents; and

(B)  apply mathematics knowledge and skills by identifying whole numbers, decimals, and fractions applied to measurement and scale; demonstrating knowledge of arithmetic operations; using conversion methods such as fractions to decimals and inches to points; and applying measurement to solve problems.

(2)  The student applies professional communications strategies. The student is expected to:

(A)  adapt language for audience, purpose, situation, and intent such as structure and style;

(B)  organize oral and written information;

(C)  interpret and communicate information, data, and observations;

(D)  present formal and informal presentations;

(E)  apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information;

(F)  listen to and speak with diverse individuals; and

(G)  exhibit public relations skills to increase internal and external customer/client satisfaction.

(3)  The student understands and examines problem-solving methods. The student is expected to employ critical-thinking and interpersonal skills independently and in teams to solve problems.

(4)  The student applies information technology applications. The student is expected to use personal information management, email, Internet, writing and publishing, presentation, and spreadsheet or database applications for animation projects.

(5)  The student understands animation systems. The student is expected to analyze and summarize the history and evolution of the animation field.

(6)  The student applies safety regulations. The student is expected to:

(A)  implement personal and workplace safety rules and regulations; and

(B)  employ emergency procedures.

(7)  The student applies leadership characteristics to student leadership and professional development activities. The student is expected to:

(A)  employ leadership skills to accomplish goals and objectives by analyzing the various roles of leaders within organizations, exhibiting problem-solving and management traits, describing effective leadership styles, and participating in civic and community leadership and teamwork opportunities to enhance skills;

(B)  employ teamwork and conflict-management skills to achieve collective goals;

(C)  establish and maintain effective working relationships by providing constructive praise and criticism, demonstrating sensitivity to and value for diversity, and managing stress and controlling emotions;

(D)  conduct and participate in meetings to accomplish work tasks by developing meeting goals, objectives, and agendas; preparing for and conducting meetings to achieve objectives within scheduled time; producing meeting minutes, including decisions and next steps; and using parliamentary procedure, as needed, to conduct meetings; and

(E)  employ mentoring skills to inspire and teach others.

(8)  The student applies ethical decision making and complies with laws regarding use of technology in animation. The student is expected to:

(A)  exhibit ethical conduct;

(B)  apply copyright laws;

(C)  model respect for intellectual property; and

(D)  demonstrate proper etiquette and knowledge of acceptable use policies.

(9)  The student develops employability characteristics. The student is expected to:

(A)  participate in training, education, or certification for employment;

(B)  demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to be employable;

(C)  demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment to find and obtain a desired job, including identifying job opportunities, developing a resumé and letter of application, completing a job application, and demonstrating effective interview skills; and

(D)  maintain a career portfolio to document work experiences, licenses, certifications, and work samples.

(10)  The student applies advanced technical skills for efficiency. The student is expected to employ planning and time-management skills to complete work tasks.

(11)  The student develops an advanced technical understanding of animation. The student is expected to:

(A)  operate communication systems to prepare and conduct verbal and visual communication;

(B)  use production elements such as transitions, edits, framing, angle, and lighting techniques;

(C)  use orthographic and isometric drawing techniques;

(D)  demonstrate familiarity with commercial production applications;

(E)  demonstrate animation principles and elements by:

(i)  applying animation principles such as arcs, timing, and exaggeration; and

(ii)  identifying animation elements such as cycles, layers, transitions, and transparency;

(F)  apply the elements and principles of art to animation projects by:

(i)  identifying animation design elements such as line, color, shape, and texture;

(ii)  explaining the use of additive color theory; and

(iii)  comparing various styles of animation;

(G)  apply pre-production processes by:

(i)  analyzing target audience to identify needs and wants;

(ii)  writing and editing scripts;

(iii)  storyboarding; and

(iv)  selecting aspect ratio and frame rate appropriate to delivery method;

(H)  apply production processes by:

(i)  designing color and compositional elements;

(ii)  designing characters, environments, and props;

(iii)  modeling characters, environments, and props;

(iv)  lighting sets or animating lights as needed;

(v)  developing rigs for animating characters;

(vi)  assembling particle systems for visual effects such as rain, snow, and fire;

(vii)  animating characters, environments, or cameras;

(viii)  recording musical scores; and

(ix)  rendering scenes; and

(I)  apply post-production processes by:

(i)  editing;

(ii)  producing titles and credits;

(iii)  adding visual effects and processing;

(iv)  adding audio effects and processing; and

(v)  producing output.

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§130.85. Audio/Video Production (One to Two Credits).

(1)  The student applies academic knowledge and skills in audio and video projects. The student is expected to:

(A)  apply English language arts knowledge and skills by demonstrating use of content, technical concepts, and vocabulary; using correct grammar, punctuation, and terminology to write and edit documents; and composing and editing copy for a variety of written documents such as scripts, captions, schedules, reports, and manuals; and

(B)  apply mathematics knowledge and skills in invoicing and time-based mathematics by demonstrating knowledge of arithmetic operations and applying measurement to solve problems.

(2)  The student understands professional communications strategies. The student is expected to:

(A)  adapt language for audience, purpose, situation, and intent such as structure and style;

(B)  organize oral and written information;

(C)  interpret and communicate information, data, and observations;

(D)  present formal and informal presentations;

(E)  apply active listening skills;

(F)  listen to and speak with diverse individuals; and

(G)  exhibit public relations skills.

(3)  The student understands and examines problem-solving methods. The student is expected to employ critical-thinking and interpersonal skills independently and in teams to solve problems.

(4)  The student applies information technology applications. The student is expected to use personal information management, email, Internet, writing and publishing, presentation, and spreadsheet or database applications for audio/video production projects.

(5)  The student understands design systems. The student is expected to analyze and summarize the history and evolution of the audio and video production fields.

(6)  The student applies safety regulations. The student is expected to:

(A)  implement personal and workplace safety rules and regulations;

(B)  follow emergency procedures; and

(C)  examine and summarize safety-related problems that may result from working with electrical circuits.

(7)  The student develops leadership characteristics. The student is expected to:

(A)  employ leadership skills;

(B)  employ teamwork and conflict-management skills;

(C)  conduct and participate in meetings; and

(D)  employ mentoring skills.

(8)  The student applies ethical decision making and complies with laws regarding use of technology in audio and video production. The student is expected to:

(A)  exhibit ethical conduct related to interacting with others and providing proper credit for ideas;

(B)  discuss and apply copyright laws in relation to fair use and acquisition;

(C)  model respect of intellectual property; and

(D)  analyze the ethical impact of the audio and video production industry on society.

(9)  The student develops employability characteristics. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify and participate in training, education, or certification required for employment;

(B)  identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to be employable;

(C)  demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment;

(D)  develop a resumé and letter of application;

(E)  create a career portfolio to document work experiences, licenses, certifications, and work samples;

(F)  demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities; and

(G)  examine employment opportunities in entrepreneurship.

(10)  The student applies technical skills for efficiency. The student is expected to employ planning and time-management skills to complete work tasks.

(11)  The student develops a basic understanding of audio and video production. The student is expected to:

(A)  understand the industry, including history, current practice, and future trends by:

(i)  explaining the beginnings and evolution of audio, video, and film;

(ii)  describing how the changing technology is impacting the audio, video, and film industries; and

(iii)  defining terminology associated with the industry;

(B)  employ knowledge regarding use of audio by:

(i)  identifying the key elements required in audio scripts;

(ii)  applying writing skills to develop an audio script;

(iii)  explaining how various styles of music can create a specific emotional impact;

(iv)  identifying various audio tape, tapeless, and file formats;

(v)  understanding various microphones based upon type and pickup patterns; and

(vi)  understanding various audio cables and connectors;

(C)  employ knowledge regarding use of video by:

(i)  identifying the key elements required in video scripts;

(ii)  applying writing skills to develop a video script;

(iii)  identifying various video tape, tapeless, and file formats;

(iv)  understanding various video cables and connectors;

(v)  distinguishing between analog and digital formats;

(vi)  demonstrating operation of video cameras; and

(vii)  demonstrating how to properly maintain video equipment;

(D)  demonstrate various cinematography techniques by:

(i)  demonstrating how to frame and maintain picture composition;

(ii)  demonstrating focusing techniques;

(iii)  demonstrating camera and tripod movements; and

(iv)  demonstrating proper exposure and white balance; and

(E)  edit basic audio and video productions by:

(i)  understanding the differences in linear and nonlinear systems;

(ii)  demonstrating skills required for editing using linear and nonlinear systems;

(iii)  employing knowledge of control peripherals for capturing or ingesting media; and

(iv)  describing various digital platforms, including high definition and standard definition.

(12)  The student understands the pre-production process. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify critical elements in the pre-production stage;

(B)  use technology applications to facilitate pre-production by:

(i)  designing and implementing procedures to track trends, set timelines, and evaluate progress for continual improvement in process and product;

(ii)  responding to advice from peers and professionals;

(iii)  creating technology specifications;

(iv)  monitoring process and product quality using established criteria;

(v)  creating a script and identifying resources needed to begin the production; and

(vi)  identifying budgeting considerations for crew, cast, and equipment;

(C)  analyze the script and storyboard development processes for a successful production;

(D)  identify and participate in the team roles required for completion of a production;

(E)  identify equipment, crew, and cast requirements for a scripted production; and

(F)  understand the casting or audition process.

(13)  The student understands the production process. The student is expected to:

(A)  understand the coherent sequence of events to successfully produce a script;

(B)  use lighting techniques by:

(i)  demonstrating three-point lighting, including key, fill, and back lights;

(ii)  using reflected light;

(iii)  understanding color temperatures; and

(iv)  using filters;

(C)  understand audio techniques, including microphone variances and sound mixing; and

(D)  demonstrate knowledge of interpersonal skills with sensitivity to diversity when directing crew or talent.

(14)  The student understands the post-production process. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate appropriate use of hardware components, software programs, and their connections by:

(i)  demonstrating knowledge of video systems such as digital and analog systems, software applications, and communication and networking components;

(ii)  using various computer peripherals appropriately;

(iii)  making appropriate decisions regarding the selection of software; and

(iv)  making necessary adjustments regarding compatibility issues, including digital file formats and cross-platform connectivity;

(B)  apply animation effects to video by:

(i)  using character generators, fonts, colors, and principles of compositions to create graphic images; and

(ii)  creating captions or titles for video and graphics;

(C)  demonstrate proficiency in the use of a variety of electronic input devices;

(D)  use a variety of strategies to acquire information from online resources;

(E)  acquire electronic information in a variety of formats;

(F)  use different compression techniques to output for distribution;

(G)  format digital information for effective communication with a defined audience by:

(i)  using appropriate font attributes and color;

(ii)  using appropriate white space and graphics;

(iii)  using appropriate camera perspective;

(iv)  using appropriate content selection and presentation; and

(v)  understanding target audiences and demographics;

(H)  deliver the product in a variety of media by:

(i)  understanding the various delivery formats such as disk, broadcast, cellular, portable device, electronic, and online delivery;

(ii)  researching to determine appropriate delivery method based on distribution needs; and

(iii)  extending the learning environment through digital sharing;

(I)  use appropriate computer-based productivity tools to create and modify solutions to problems by:

(i)  integrating productivity tools;

(ii)  creating audio and video technology products for a variety of purposes and audiences;

(iii)  developing technical documentation related to audio and video technology; and

(iv)  critiquing a production; and

(J)  use technology applications to facilitate evaluation of work, both process and product by:

(i)  evaluating the project's success in meeting established criteria; and

(ii)  researching the best method for promoting the product.

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§130.86. Advanced Audio/Video Production (Two to Three Credits).

(1)  The student applies academic knowledge and skills in production projects. The student is expected to:

(A)  apply English language arts knowledge and skills by demonstrating use of content, technical concepts, and vocabulary; using correct grammar, punctuation, and terminology to write and edit documents; and composing and editing copy for a variety of written documents such as scripts, captions, schedules, reports, and manuals; and

(B)  apply mathematics knowledge and skills in invoicing and time-based mathematics by demonstrating knowledge of arithmetic operations and applying measurement to solve problems.

(2)  The student applies professional communications strategies. The student is expected to:

(A)  adapt language for audience, purpose, situation, and intent such as structure and style;

(B)  organize oral and written information;

(C)  interpret and communicate information, data, and observations;

(D)  present formal and informal presentations;

(E)  apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information;

(F)  listen to and speak with diverse individuals; and

(G)  exhibit public relations skills to increase internal and external customer/client satisfaction.

(3)  The student understands and examines problem-solving methods. The student is expected to employ critical-thinking and interpersonal skills independently and in teams to solve problems.

(4)  The student applies information technology applications. The student is expected to use personal information management, email, Internet, writing and publishing, presentation, and spreadsheet or database applications for audio and video production projects.

(5)  The student applies knowledge of design systems. The student is expected to analyze and summarize the history and evolution of the audio/video production field.

(6)  The student applies safety regulations. The student is expected to:

(A)  implement personal and workplace safety rules and regulations; and

(B)  follow emergency procedures.

(7)  The student applies leadership characteristics to student leadership and professional development activities. The student is expected to:

(A)  employ leadership skills to accomplish goals and objectives by analyzing the various roles of leaders within organizations, exhibiting problem-solving and management traits, describing effective leadership styles, and participating in civic and community leadership and teamwork opportunities to enhance skills;

(B)  employ teamwork and conflict-management skills to achieve collective goals;

(C)  establish and maintain effective working relationships by providing constructive praise and criticism, demonstrating sensitivity to and value for diversity, and managing stress and controlling emotions;

(D)  conduct and participate in meetings to accomplish work tasks by developing meeting goals, objectives, and agendas; preparing for and conducting meetings to achieve objectives within scheduled time; producing meeting minutes, including decisions and next steps; and using parliamentary procedure, as needed, to conduct meetings; and

(E)  employ mentoring skills to inspire and teach others.

(8)  The student applies ethical decision making and complies with laws regarding use of technology in audio/video production. The student is expected to:

(A)  exhibit ethical conduct;

(B)  apply copyright laws;

(C)  model respect for intellectual property; and

(D)  demonstrate proper etiquette and knowledge of acceptable use policies.

(9)  The student develops employability characteristics. The student is expected to:

(A)  participate in training, education, or certification for employment;

(B)  demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to be employable;

(C)  demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment;

(D)  update a career portfolio to document work experiences, licenses, certifications, and work samples; and

(E)  demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities.

(10)  The student applies technical skills for efficiency. The student is expected to employ planning and time-management skills to complete work tasks.

(11)  The student demonstrates an understanding of audio/video production equipment. The student is expected to:

(A)  understand standard systems for the audio/video industry by:

(i)  setting up editing systems and performing standard trouble-shooting;

(ii)  understanding knowledge of wireless and wired transmission systems;

(iii)  identifying appropriate cabling and configurations for engineering purposes;

(iv)  setting up cabling for various productions; and

(v)  routing standard cabling for broadcasting signal;

(B)  employ knowledge regarding use of recording equipment by:

(i)  explaining uses of analog and digital formats;

(ii)  describing tape and tapeless formats;

(iii)  demonstrating the operation of recording devices;

(iv)  demonstrating how to properly maintain recording equipment; and

(v)  demonstrating how to properly meter a recording signal for proper levels; and

(C)  demonstrate appropriate usage of industry-related terminology.

(12)  The student understands the pre-production process. The student is expected to:

(A)  apply critical elements in the pre-production stage;

(B)  use advanced technology applications to facilitate pre-production by:

(i)  demonstrating procedures to establish timelines; and

(ii)  developing a budget with considerations for crew, cast, and equipment;

(C)  write production scripts for various types of programs by:

(i)  using proper formatting for the specific type of script;

(ii)  identifying specific elements of the script needed for successful production, including cast, props, or sound effects; and

(iii)  discussing how various styles of music can create a specific emotional impact;

(D)  determine equipment, crew, and cast requirements for a successful production by:

(i)  examining the end goal of the production to determine the appropriate format for recording and distribution;

(ii)  identifying several means to work within budget restraints;

(iii)  conducting auditions for the talent; and

(iv)  securing the crew required for a successful production; and

(E)  examine various contracts related to industry tasks by:

(i)  using talent releases for productions;

(ii)  examining key elements for talent work contracts;

(iii)  examining key elements for crew contracts; and

(iv)  examining key elements in distribution contracts.

(13)  The student applies the production process. The student is expected to:

(A)  apply the coherent sequence of events to successfully produce a script;

(B)  demonstrate a knowledge of audio techniques by:

(i)  identifying various microphone types;

(ii)  understanding the various microphone pickup patterns;

(iii)  demonstrating understanding of sound mixing; and

(iv)  demonstrating understanding of a final audio mix;

(C)  execute production of the script by:

(i)  demonstrating teamwork and knowledge of interpersonal skills with sensitivity to diversity when directing crew and talent; and

(ii)  applying knowledge of the critical elements in designing activities in the production stage;

(D)  employ knowledge of digital editing by:

(i)  addressing various distribution formats, including electronic, disk, tapeless, and tape; and

(ii)  capturing media to an editing system for the purpose of manipulating recorded media; and

(E)  employ knowledge of recording equipment by:

(i)  using proper monitoring of equipment to ensure quality recordings;

(ii)  setting appropriate levels before recording using broadcast standard tools; and

(iii)  identifying standards for logging notes or comments in the original recording process.

(14)  The student understands the post-production process. The student is expected to:

(A)  apply knowledge and appropriate use of hardware components, software programs, and their connections by:

(i)  demonstrating knowledge and appropriate use of digital systems such as software applications, communication, and networking components;

(ii)  demonstrating an understanding of various input, processing, output, and storage devices;

(iii)  demonstrating an understanding of compatibility issues, including digital file formats and cross-platform connectivity; and

(iv)  demonstrating an understanding of high definition and standard definition output media;

(B)  acquire electronic information in a variety of formats;

(C)  use various compression formats by:

(i)  demonstrating knowledge of outputting for distribution; and

(ii)  understanding the relationship between file size and quality;

(D)  deliver the product in a variety of media by:

(i)  understanding the various delivery formats such as disk, broadcast, cellular, portable devices, electronic, and online delivery; and

(ii)  researching to determine the appropriate delivery method based upon distribution need; and

(E)  use appropriate computer-based productivity tools to create and modify solutions to problems by:

(i)  integrating productivity tools to develop and modify solutions to problems;

(ii)  developing technical documentation related to project specifications; and

(iii)  critiquing a production to determine how the various elements resulted in a successful or unsuccessful presentation.

(15)  The student understands the business aspects of the industry. The student is expected to:

(A)  understand the roles of various industry professionals by:

(i)  discussing the responsibilities of producers;

(ii)  discussing the responsibilities of directors, including the relationship to the production team and the responsibilities of crew members;

(iii)  discussing the duties of editors;

(B)  understand the opportunities in the industry for freelance contractors by:

(i)  identifying standard freelance self-promotion techniques;

(ii)  understanding how to create invoices;

(iii)  understanding standard billing practices for freelance labor;

(iv)  researching rates and best practices for various freelance job responsibilities; and

(v)  identifying information technology applications common for small businesses;

(C)  understand the unique characteristics of live productions by:

(i)  identifying roles specific to live productions;

(ii)  identifying the importance of time accountability;

(iii)  demonstrating an understanding of back-timing and time-based mathematics;

(iv)  demonstrating an understanding of Federal Communications Commission guidelines for broadcast appropriateness;

(v)  identifying equipment standard for live productions; and

(vi)  identifying strategies for financially supporting live productions;

(D)  understand the unique characteristics of studio productions by:

(i)  identifying roles unique to studio productions;

(ii)  identifying costs specific to studio productions;

(iii)  identifying equipment standard for studio productions; and

(iv)  identifying strategies for financially supporting studio productions; and

(E)  understand the unique characteristics of field production by:

(i)  identifying roles unique to field productions;

(ii)  identifying costs specific to field productions;

(iii)  identifying equipment standard for field productions; and

(iv)  identifying strategies for financially supporting field productions.

(16)  The student understands the broadcast standards established by the Federal Communications Commission. The student is expected to:

(A)  apply knowledge of broadcast formats by:

(i)  distinguishing between analog and digital formats;

(ii)  describing the difference in data signals and equipment for analog and digital technology;

(iii)  identifying the evolution of the broadcast signal; and

(iv)  identifying various broadcast standards, including National Television System Committee, Phase Alternating Line, and Sequential Color with Memory;

(B)  identify radio and television frequencies location in the electromagnetic spectrum; and

(C)  differentiate among various media by:

(i)  identifying the evolution of various tape formats;

(ii)  identifying the evolution of various tapeless formats;

(iii)  identifying the evolution of various electronic formats;

(iv)  identifying the evolution of various online delivery systems; and

(v)  identifying the various film formats.

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§130.88. Graphic Design and Illustration (One to Two Credits).

(1)  The student applies academic knowledge and skills in art and design projects. The student is expected to:

(A)  apply English language arts knowledge and skills by demonstrating use of content, technical concepts, and vocabulary; using correct grammar, punctuation, and terminology to write and edit documents; and composing and editing copy for a variety of written documents such as brochures, programs, posters, flyers, and magazine covers; and

(B)  apply mathematics knowledge and skills by identifying whole numbers, decimals, and fractions applied to measurement and scale; demonstrating knowledge of arithmetic operations; using conversion methods such as fractions to decimals and inches to points; and applying measurement to solve a problem.

(2)  The student understands professional communications strategies. The student is expected to:

(A)  adapt language for audience, purpose, situation, and intent such as structure and style;

(B)  organize oral and written information;

(C)  interpret and communicate information, data, and observations;

(D)  present formal and informal presentations;

(E)  apply active listening skills;

(F)  listen to and speak with diverse individuals; and

(G)  exhibit public relations skills.

(3)  The student understands and examines problem-solving methods. The student is expected to employ critical-thinking and interpersonal skills independently and in teams to solve problems.

(4)  The student applies information technology applications. The student is expected to use personal information management, email, Internet, writing and publishing, presentation, and spreadsheet or database applications for art and design projects.

(5)  The student understands design systems. The student is expected to analyze and summarize the history and evolution of related fields.

(6)  The student applies safety regulations. The student is expected to:

(A)  implement personal and workplace safety rules and regulations; and

(B)  follow emergency procedures.

(7)  The student applies leadership characteristics to student leadership and professional development activities. The student is expected to:

(A)  employ leadership skills;

(B)  employ teamwork and conflict-management skills;

(C)  conduct and participate in meetings; and

(D)  employ mentoring skills.

(8)  The student applies ethical decision making and understands and complies with laws regarding use of technology in graphic design and illustration. The student is expected to:

(A)  exhibit ethical conduct related to interacting with others such as client confidentiality, privacy of sensitive content, and providing proper credit for ideas;

(B)  discuss and apply copyright laws in relation to fair use and acquisition;

(C)  model respect for intellectual property;

(D)  demonstrate proper etiquette and knowledge of acceptable use policies; and

(E)  analyze the impact of the advertising and visual communication design industry on society, including concepts related to persuasiveness, marketing, and point of view.

(9)  The student develops employability characteristics. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify and participate in training, education, or certification for employment;

(B)  identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to be employable;

(C)  demonstrate skills related to seeking employment to find and obtain a desired job;

(D)  maintain a career portfolio to document work experiences, licenses, certifications, and work samples; and

(E)  examine employment opportunities in entrepreneurship.

(10)  The student applies technical skills for efficiency. The student is expected to employ planning and time-management skills to complete work tasks.

(11)  The student develops an increasing understanding of graphic design and illustration. The student is expected to:

(A)  research art and design career opportunities and qualifications;

(B)  research the history and evolution of art and design by:

(i)  explaining the history of visual arts and design;

(ii)  understanding general characteristics in artwork from a variety of cultures; and

(iii)  comparing current visual arts technologies with historical technologies;

(C)  interpret, evaluate, and justify design decisions;

(D)  conduct oral or written critiques of designs by:

(i)  applying a critical method of evaluation;

(ii)  communicating an oral or written defense; and

(iii)  evaluating oral or written feedback;

(E)  analyze and apply art elements and principles;

(F)  employ a creative design process to create original two- or three-dimensional projects by:

(i)  creating designs for defined applications;

(ii)  applying elements of design;

(iii)  applying design principles and typography;

(iv)  using good composition;

(v)  demonstrating anatomical figure drawing;

(vi)  demonstrating drawing in one-point, two-point, and multi-point perspective;

(vii)  creating a project by applying color; and

(viii)  applying printing concepts;

(G)  apply art elements and principles to photographic works; and

(H)  apply art elements and principles to multimedia applications.

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§130.91. Commercial Photography (One to Two Credits).

(1)  The student applies academic knowledge and skills in commercial photography. The student is expected to:

(A)  apply English language arts knowledge and skills by demonstrating use of content, technical concepts, and vocabulary; using correct grammar, punctuation, and terminology to write and edit documents; and composing and editing copy for a variety of written documents such as brochures; and

(B)  apply mathematics knowledge and skills by identifying whole numbers, decimals and fractions applied to measurement, percentages, depth of field, aperture, resolution, and scale; demonstrating knowledge of arithmetic operations; using conversion methods such as fractions to decimals and inches to points; and applying measurement to solve a problem.

(2)  The student applies professional communications strategies. The student is expected to:

(A)  adapt language for audience, purpose, situation, and intent such as structure and style;

(B)  organize oral and written information;

(C)  interpret and communicate information, data, and observations;

(D)  give formal and informal presentations;

(E)  apply active listening skills;

(F)  listen to and speak with diverse individuals; and

(G)  exhibit public relations skills.

(3)  The student understands and examines problem-solving methods. The student is expected to employ critical-thinking and interpersonal skills independently and in teams to solve problems.

(4)  The student applies information technology applications. The student is expected to use personal information management, email, Internet, writing and publishing, presentation, and spreadsheet or database applications for commercial photography projects.

(5)  The student understands commercial photography systems. The student is expected to analyze and summarize the history and evolution of commercial photography.

(6)  The student applies safety regulations. The student is expected to:

(A)  implement personal and workplace safety rules and regulations; and

(B)  follow emergency procedures.

(7)  The student applies leadership characteristics to student leadership and professional development activities. The student is expected to:

(A)  employ leadership skills;

(B)  employ teamwork and conflict-management skills;

(C)  conduct and participate in meetings; and

(D)  employ mentoring skills.

(8)  The student applies ethical decision making and understands and complies with laws regarding use of technology in commercial photography. The student is expected to:

(A)  exhibit ethical conduct related to interacting with others such as client confidentiality, privacy of sensitive content, and providing proper credit for ideas;

(B)  discuss and apply copyright laws in relation to fair use and duplication of images;

(C)  model respect for intellectual property when manipulating, morphing, and editing digital images; and

(D)  analyze the impact of photography on society, including concepts related to persuasiveness, marketing, and point of view.

(9)  The student develops employability characteristics. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify and participate in training, education, or certification for employment;

(B)  identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to be employable;

(C)  demonstrate skills related to seeking employment to find and obtain a desired job;

(D)  create a career portfolio to document work experiences, licenses, certifications, and work samples; and

(E)  examine employment opportunities in entrepreneurship.

(10)  The student applies technical skills for efficiency. The student is expected to employ planning and time-management skills to complete work tasks.

(11)  The student develops an increasing understanding of commercial photography. The student is expected to:

(A)  research career opportunities and qualifications in photography;

(B)  research the history and evolution of photography;

(C)  analyze principles of commercial photography such as working with clients, interpreting client instructions, developing production schedules, and delivering products in a competitive market;

(D)  analyze and apply the elements and principles of art to photographs;

(E)  demonstrate knowledge of different types of cameras and lenses and their applications to photography;

(F)  demonstrate knowledge of good photographic composition and layout;

(G)  demonstrate knowledge of the characteristics of different types of photographic media;

(H)  demonstrate knowledge of the basics of black and white and color photography processes;

(I)  demonstrate knowledge of photographic lighting techniques;

(J)  identify characteristics of various types of photographic paper;

(K)  demonstrate an understanding of standard conventions for mounting, matting, and framing;

(L)  produce a variety of photographs using current, industry-standard production processes; and

(M)  evaluate photographs using principles of art, commercial photography standards, and critical-thinking skills.

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§130.96. Printing and Imaging Technology (One to Two Credits).

(1)  The student applies academic knowledge and skills in printing and imaging projects. The student is expected to:

(A)  apply English language arts knowledge and skills by demonstrating use of content, technical concepts, and vocabulary; using correct grammar, punctuation, and terminology to write and edit documents; and composing and editing copy for a variety of written documents such as brochures, programs, and newsletters; and

(B)  apply mathematics knowledge and skills by identifying whole numbers, decimals, and fractions applied to measurement and scale; demonstrating knowledge of arithmetic operations; using conversion methods such as fractions to decimals and inches to points; and applying measurement to solve a problem.

(2)  The student applies professional communications strategies. The student is expected to:

(A)  adapt language for audience, purpose, situation, and intent such as structure and style;

(B)  organize oral and written information;

(C)  interpret and communicate information, data, and observations;

(D)  give formal and informal presentations;

(E)  apply active listening skills;

(F)  listen to and speak with diverse individuals; and

(G)  exhibit public relations skills.

(3)  The student understands and examines problem-solving methods. The student is expected to employ critical-thinking and interpersonal skills independently and in teams to solve problems.

(4)  The student applies information technology applications. The student is expected to use personal information management, email, Internet, writing and publishing, presentation, and spreadsheet or database applications for printing and imaging projects.

(5)  The student understands printing systems. The student is expected to analyze and summarize the history and evolution of the printing and imaging field.

(6)  The student applies safety regulations. The student is expected to:

(A)  implement personal and workplace safety rules and regulations; and

(B)  follow emergency procedures.

(7)  The student applies leadership characteristics to student leadership and professional development activities. The student is expected to:

(A)  employ leadership skills;

(B)  employ teamwork and conflict-management skills;

(C)  conduct and participate in meetings; and

(D)  employ mentoring skills.

(8)  The student applies ethical decision making and understands and complies with laws regarding use of technology in printing. The student is expected to:

(A)  exhibit ethical conduct;

(B)  apply copyright laws in relation to fair use and duplication of materials; and

(C)  analyze the impact of the printing industry on society.

(9)  The student develops employability characteristics. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify and participate in training, education, or certification for employment;

(B)  demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to be employable;

(C)  demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment to find and obtain a desired job;

(D)  maintain a career portfolio to document work experiences, licenses, certifications, and work samples;

(E)  demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities; and

(F)  examine employment opportunities in entrepreneurship.

(10)  The student applies technical skills for efficiency. The student is expected to employ planning and time-management skills to complete work tasks.

(11)  The student develops a technical understanding of printing and imaging. The student is expected to:

(A)  employ processes required for the production of various printed products by:

(i)  understanding the diversity of the printing process;

(ii)  understanding the impact of the printing industry on the United States economy; and

(iii)  understanding the impact of emerging technologies in hardware and software applications;

(B)  manage the printing process, including customer service and sales, scheduling, and quality control;

(C)  evaluate customer needs and materials;

(D)  acquire information in a variety of formats;

(E)  evaluate information for accuracy, validity, and usability;

(F)  apply desktop publishing to create products by:

(i)  using word processing, graphics, or drawing programs;

(ii)  applying design elements such as text, graphics, headlines, use of color, and white space;

(iii)  applying typography concepts, including font, size, and style;

(iv)  applying graphic design concepts such as contrast, alignment, repetition, and proximity;

(v)  editing products; and

(vi)  developing and referencing technical documentation;

(G)  prepare products for printing;

(H)  demonstrate knowledge and appropriate use of hardware components, software programs, and storage devices;

(I)  demonstrate knowledge of file and cross-platform compatibility;

(J)  deliver products in a variety of media; and

(K)  evaluate products.

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§130.273. Computer Maintenance (One to Two Credits).

(1)  The student demonstrates the necessary skills for career development, employability, and successful completion of course outcomes. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors that enhance employability and job advancement such as regular attendance, promptness, attention to proper attire, maintenance of a clean and safe work environment, appropriate voice, and pride in work;

(B)  identify and demonstrate positive personal qualities such as flexibility, open-mindedness, initiative, listening attentively to speakers, and willingness to learn new knowledge and skills;

(C)  employ effective reading and writing skills;

(D)  employ effective verbal and nonverbal communication skills;

(E)  solve problems and think critically;

(F)  demonstrate leadership skills and function effectively as a team member;

(G)  identify and implement proper safety procedures;

(H)  demonstrate an understanding of legal and ethical responsibilities in relation to the field of information technology; and

(I)  demonstrate planning and time-management skills such as project management and storyboarding.

(2)  The student identifies various employment opportunities in the information technology field. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify job opportunities and accompanying job duties and tasks;

(B)  research careers of personal interest along with the education, job skills, and experience required to achieve personal career goals; and

(C)  examine the role of certifications, resumés, and portfolios in the information technology profession.

(3)  The student applies academic skills to the requirements of computer technologies. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate effective verbal and written communication skills with individuals from varied cultures such as fellow workers, management, and customers;

(B)  complete work orders for repair and installation;

(C)  estimate supplies, materials, and labor costs for installation, maintenance, and repair work orders; and

(D)  interpret appropriate documentation such as schematics, drawings, charts, diagrams, technical manuals, and bulletins.

(4)  The student acquires an understanding of computer technologies. The student is expected to:

(A)  explain the fundamentals of microprocessor theory;

(B)  define the use of Boolean logic in computer technologies;

(C)  explain the theories of magnetism, electricity, and electronics as related to computer technologies;

(D)  explain proper troubleshooting techniques as related to computer hardware;

(E)  differentiate among digital, analog, and input and output electronics theory;

(F)  explain the relationships relative to data-communications theory;

(G)  describe the architecture of various computer systems;

(H)  describe the function of computer components such as central processing units, storage devices, and peripheral devices; and

(I)  explain computer system environmental requirements and related control devices.

(5)  The student knows the proper function and application of the tools, equipment, and materials used in computer technologies. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate safe use of equipment in computer technologies such as hand and power tools;

(B)  employ available reference documentation such as tools, materials, and Internet sources to access information as needed;

(C)  demonstrate proper handling and disposal of environmentally hazardous materials used in computer technologies; and

(D)  identify new and emerging technologies that may affect the field of computer technology such as quantum computing, phototonics, and nanotechnology.

(6)  The student applies the concepts and skills of the trade in simulated work situations. The student is expected to:

(A)  use electronic test equipment to measure current, voltage, power, and resistance;

(B)  describe digital circuits design;

(C)  identify the operational features and proper terminology related to computer systems;

(D)  identify the various components of a computer system such as the central processor, basic input and output system, read-only memory, and random access memory; and

(E)  troubleshoot computer peripheral devices.

(7)  The student uses hardware design, operation, and maintenance knowledge and skills to provide computer support. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify the purpose and function of computer components in the operation of the computer system such as central processing unit, mother board, sockets, chipsets, basic input and output system and their drivers, memory, hard drive technologies, video cards, input and output devices and ports, and modem and network interface cards (NIC);

(B)  identify the operation of mobile devices such as personal data assistants and cell phones;

(C)  identify how mobile devices such as personal data assistants and cell phones connect and share data;

(D)  assemble and install a basic computer system; and

(E)  install and configure computer components and peripherals.

(8)  The student uses troubleshooting skills with hardware knowledge to solve client problems. The student is expected to:

(A)  understand the rationale behind error messages and symptoms of hardware failures;

(B)  know interrupt sequences and beep codes;

(C)  identify priorities and interrupts at the system level;

(D)  test system using diagnostic tools and software;

(E)  identify problems in the operating systems;

(F)  differentiate between hardware and software failure;

(G)  update flash memory;

(H)  demonstrate hard drive maintenance procedures such as defrag scan and clear caches;

(I)  gather information from user;

(J)  repair malfunctioning hardware systems;

(K)  reinstall software as needed;

(L)  demonstrate backup and recovery; and

(M)  restore a system to various states such as safe modes and previous.

(9)  The student demonstrates and applies knowledge of operating system design, including operation and maintenance, to perform information support and service tasks. The student is expected to:

(A)  explain the fundamentals of an operating system; and

(B)  compare and contrast different operating systems.

(10)  The student installs and configures software programs and updates information technology systems. The student is expected to:

(A)  evaluate application software packages and test the functionality of a proposed software configuration;

(B)  verify software is properly licensed prior to installation;

(C)  install application and systems software using available resources as needed;

(D)  resolve problems with installation if any occur, including recovery from system error;

(E)  perform software customization as requested;

(F)  document all procedures; and

(G)  install and maintain security software.

(11)  The student installs, configures, and verifies active network connection. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate an understanding of network connection and interface requirements;

(B)  install and configure a computer on a network; and

(C)  verify and troubleshoot network connectivity.

(12)  The student provides support to computer users to maintain service. The student is expected to:

(A)  develop a written disaster recovery plan; and

(B)  develop a written preventive maintenance plan.

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§130.274. Telecommunications and Networking (One to Two Credits).

(1)  The student demonstrates the necessary skills for career development, employability, and successful completion of course outcomes. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors that enhance employability and job advancement such as regular attendance, promptness, attention to proper attire, maintenance of a clean and safe work environment, appropriate voice, and pride in work;

(B)  identify and demonstrate positive personal qualities such as flexibility, open-mindedness, initiative, listening attentively to speakers, and willingness to learn new knowledge and skills;

(C)  employ effective reading and writing skills;

(D)  employ effective verbal and nonverbal communication skills;

(E)  solve problems and think critically;

(F)  demonstrate leadership skills and function effectively as a team member;

(G)  identify and implement proper safety procedures;

(H)  demonstrate an understanding of legal and ethical responsibilities in relation to the field of information technology; and

(I)  demonstrate planning and time-management skills such as project management and storyboarding.

(2)  The student identifies various employment opportunities in the information technology field. The student is expected to:

(A)  select and research a specific job area with its accompanying duties and tasks;

(B)  formulate a personal career plan along with the education, job skills, and experience necessary to achieve career goals; and

(C)  develop a resumé.

(3)  The student relates core academic skills to the requirements of telecommunications and data network services. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate effective verbal and written communication skills with individuals from varied cultures such as fellow workers, management, and customers;

(B)  complete work orders for repair and installation;

(C)  estimate supplies, materials, and labor costs on installation, maintenance, and repair work orders; and

(D)  interpret technical documentation such as schematics, drawings, charts, diagrams, technical manuals, and bulletins.

(4)  The student acquires an understanding of telecommunications and data network services. The student is expected to:

(A)  explain the theories of electricity and electronics;

(B)  explain proper troubleshooting techniques for alternating and direct current electronics;

(C)  explain digital and analog electronics theory;

(D)  explain microcomputer processor theory;

(E)  define the use of Boolean logic in computer technologies;

(F)  distinguish the differences between a data packet and voice communications;

(G)  define the layers and functions of the Open System Interconnection model;

(H)  explain Transport Control Protocol and Internet Protocol fundamentals, including subnetting;

(I)  distinguish between public and private networks;

(J)  describe the standards and operations of wireless technologies in telecommunications and data networks;

(K)  differentiate between local area networks and wide area networks;

(L)  identify national standards for voice and data communication; and

(M)  identify the potential benefits and problems for the future of telecommunications and data networking.

(5)  The student analyzes various types of configurations and upgrading. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify the attributes, purposes, and functions of the various components of telecommunications and data networks;

(B)  identify major network operating systems;

(C)  distinguish between different types of cables used in the telecommunications and data networking;

(D)  describe telecommunications and data networking media and connectors;

(E)  recognize the differences among computer network topologies;

(F)  explain the distinction between connectionless and connection transport;

(G)  explain how and when to use the Transport Control Protocol and Internet Protocol utilities;

(H)  explain how and when to test, validate, and troubleshoot Internet Protocol connectivity; and

(I)  identify good practices to ensure network security.

(6)  The student recognizes and recommends the various types of network components to address industry needs. The student is expected to:

(A)  analyze various types and components of networks;

(B)  analyze the characteristics of networks used to select the optimum configuration for an industry solution; and

(C)  recommend telecommunications and data network solutions based on scenario-driven problems such as budget restrictions and knowledge of relative costs of the technologies.

(7)  The student develops a network design plan. The student is expected to:

(A)  produce the network planning documentation required prior to network implementation such as administrative and test accounts, passwords, Internet Protocol addressing, and configurations;

(B)  explain the impact of environmental factors on computer networks;

(C)  identify common peripheral ports and common network components;

(D)  develop an addressing scheme, including a subnetting chart;

(E)  specify the tools that are commonly used to resolve network equipment problems;

(F)  identify vendor testing documentation such as patches, fixes, and upgrades;

(G)  demonstrate awareness of standard backup procedures and backup media storage practices;

(H)  distinguish between common types of telecommunications and data network cabling;

(I)  identify the factors that might affect performance in a network environment such as logic or frequency spectrum interference; and

(J)  identify new and emerging technologies that may affect the field of telecommunications and data networking services.

(8)  The student implements a data network plan. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate in an installation scenario awareness of compatibility and cabling issues;

(B)  implement an addressing scheme, including a subnetting chart;

(C)  connect various types of data connectors and cabling used in computer networking and data communications;

(D)  employ a systematic approach to identify the extent of a network problem, distinguish between operator or system error, and select the appropriate steps to correct the error;

(E)  analyze networking scenarios and demonstrate awareness of the need to check for physical and logical indicators of trouble;

(F)  determine the cause of a problem and select the appropriate corrective action for the network problem; and

(G)  create a folder or hierarchical structure for the storing and organizing of data on networks.

(9)  The student implements network security systems. The student is expected to:

(A)  assess potential security threats to information systems;

(B)  identify the range of security needs and the problems that can occur on a data network due to security lapses;

(C)  define and identify unethical practices such as hacking, phone fraud, online piracy, and data vandalism;

(D)  evaluate issues related to privacy, depersonalization, and government control of telecommunications;

(E)  develop and implement a network security plan; and

(F)  identify the role that network components such as routers, firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and virtual private networks play in security.

(10)  The student knows the function and application of the tools, equipment, technologies, and materials used in telecommunications services. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate safe use of equipment commonly employed in telecommunications services such as hand and power tools; and

(B)  demonstrate proper handling and disposal of environmentally hazardous materials used in telecommunications services.

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§130.275. Computer Technician (Two to Three Credits).

(1)  The student demonstrates the necessary skills for career development, employability, and successful completion of course outcomes. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors that enhance employability and job advancement such as regular attendance, promptness, attention to proper attire, maintenance of a clean and safe work environment, appropriate voice, and pride in work;

(B)  identify and demonstrate positive personal qualities such as flexibility, open-mindedness, initiative, listening attentively to speakers, and willingness to learn new knowledge and skills;

(C)  employ effective reading and writing skills;

(D)  employ effective verbal and nonverbal communication skills;

(E)  solve problems and think critically;

(F)  demonstrate leadership skills and function effectively as a team member;

(G)  identify and implement proper safety procedures;

(H)  demonstrate an understanding of legal and ethical responsibilities in relation to the field of information technology; and

(I)  demonstrate planning and time-management skills such as project management and storyboarding.

(2)  The student identifies various employment opportunities in the information technology field. The student is expected to:

(A)  improve on a personal career plan along with education, job skills, and experience necessary to achieve career goals;

(B)  develop a resumé appropriate to chosen career plan, including letters of recommendation; and

(C)  illustrate interview skills for successful job placement.

(3)  The student relates core academic skills to the requirements of computer technologies. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate effective verbal and written communication skills with individuals from varied cultures such as fellow workers, management, and customers;

(B)  complete work orders and related paperwork for repair and installation;

(C)  estimate supplies, materials, and labor costs for installation, maintenance, and repair work orders; and

(D)  read and interpret technical documentation such as schematics, drawings, charts, diagrams, technical manuals, and bulletins.

(4)  The student applies communication, mathematics, English, and science knowledge and skills to research and develop projects. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate proper use of written, verbal, and visual communication techniques consistent with information technology industry standards;

(B)  demonstrate proper use of mathematics concepts as they apply to the development of products or services; and

(C)  demonstrate proper use of science principles to the development of products or services.

(5)  The student knows the concepts and skills that form the basis of computer technologies. The student is expected to:

(A)  explain microprocessor theory;

(B)  define the use of Boolean logic in computer technologies;

(C)  describe the theories of magnetism, electricity, and electronics as they apply to computer systems;

(D)  identify proper troubleshooting techniques;

(E)  differentiate among digital, analog, and input and output electronics theories;

(F)  describe the architecture of various computer systems;

(G)  describe the function of central processing units, storage devices, peripheral devices, and microprocessor units; and

(H)  explain computer system environmental requirements and related control devices.

(6)  The student knows the proper function and application of the tools, equipment, technologies, and materials used in computer technologies. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate safe use of equipment in computer technologies such as hand and power tools;

(B)  employ available reference tools, materials, and Internet sources to access information as needed;

(C)  demonstrate the proper handling and disposal of environmentally hazardous materials used in computer technologies; and

(D)  identify new and emerging technologies that may affect the field of computer technology such as quantum computing, photonics, and nanotechnology.

(7)  The student applies the essential knowledge and skills for computer technologies to career preparation, job shadowing, mentoring, or apprenticeship training in simulated and actual work situations. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify a problem relating to information technology;

(B)  develop a solution using appropriate technologies, information technology concepts, and information technology industry standards;

(C)  explain how the proposed technological solution will resolve the problem and the methodologies involved;

(D)  apply decision-making techniques to the selection of technological solutions;

(E)  identify areas where quality, reliability, and safety can be designed into a product or service;

(F)  apply critical-thinking strategies to the analysis and evaluation of the proposed technological solution;

(G)  develop a sustainability plan for the product or service;

(H)  select and use the appropriate technological resources to conduct research, design, and development activities;

(I)  develop the documentation of the research and development process; and

(J)  present the solution to a panel of professionals using formal presentation skills.

(8)  The student employs project management knowledge to oversee information technology projects. The student is expected to:

(A)  implement project methodologies to manage information system projects;

(B)  define the scope of work to achieve individual and group goals;

(C)  develop time and activity plans to achieve objectives;

(D)  implement cross-functional teams to achieve information technology project goals;

(E)  develop and implement quality assurance test plans; and

(F)  create a contingency plan.

(9)  The student recognizes and analyzes potential information technology security threats to develop and maintain security requirements. The student is expected to:

(A)  describe potential security threats to information systems;

(B)  identify the range of security needs and the problems that can occur due to security lapses;

(C)  develop and implement plans to address security threats;

(D)  document security procedures; and

(E)  describe the use of computer forensics in countering security threats such as information technology crimes and security breaches.

(10)  The student provides support to computer users to maintain service. The student is expected to:

(A)  employ effective listening skills when working with clients to identify support needs;

(B)  identify customer need and formulate a support plan;

(C)  create queries and reports and assess critical system information;

(D)  employ problem-solving skills in performing support, maintenance, and repair;

(E)  use hardware and software diagnostics; and

(F)  report to the user the cause of and solution to the problem.

(11)  The student creates a personal portfolio. The student is expected to:

(A)  create a portfolio that documents all projects and accomplishments such as academics, volunteer experience, employment experience, awards, and certifications;

(B)  organize and prioritize information within the portfolio; and

(C)  use written, verbal, and visual communication techniques consistent with information technology industry standards.

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§130.276. Computer Programming (One-Half to One Credit).

(1)  The student demonstrates the necessary skills for career development, maintenance of employability, and successful completion of course outcomes. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors that enhance employability and job advancement such as regular attendance, promptness, attention to proper attire, maintenance of a clean and safe work environment, appropriate voice, and pride in work;

(B)  identify and demonstrate positive personal qualities such as flexibility, open-mindedness, initiative, listening attentively to speakers, and willingness to learn new knowledge and skills;

(C)  employ effective reading and writing skills;

(D)  employ effective verbal and nonverbal communication skills;

(E)  solve problems and think critically;

(F)  demonstrate leadership skills and function effectively as a team member;

(G)  demonstrate and implement proper safety procedures in handling and disposing of equipment and materials;

(H)  demonstrate an understanding of legal and ethical responsibilities in relation to the field of information technology; and

(I)  demonstrate planning and time-management skills such as project management and storyboarding.

(2)  The student identifies various employment opportunities in the information technology field. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify job opportunities and accompanying job duties and tasks;

(B)  research careers of personal interest along with the education, job skills, and experience required to achieve personal career goals; and

(C)  examine the role of certifications, resumés, and portfolios in the information technology profession.

(3)  The student differentiates the concepts of integrity and confidentiality as related to technology in the business environment. The student is expected to:

(A)  define business ethics;

(B)  distinguish between honest and dishonest business practices;

(C)  examine copyright and licensing issues in the software industry; and

(D)  analyze the effects of unethical practices on a business.

(4)  The student identifies and analyzes the client project software needs and requirements. The student is expected to:

(A)  gather data to identify client and project requirements;

(B)  identify input and output requirements;

(C)  identify system processing requirements; and

(D)  develop software requirements and specifications.

(5)  The student develops an information technology-based project plan to solve a specific problem. The student is expected to:

(A)  define scope of work to meet client-based project needs;

(B)  identify software development processes and issues; and

(C)  explain the software system life cycle approach.

(6)  The student designs a software application plan. The student is expected to:

(A)  articulate the principles of system design such as procedural, object-oriented, and event-driven processes;

(B)  perform a logical design using appropriate software tools;

(C)  use algorithmic and data structure concepts;

(D)  identify constraints;

(E)  identify modular design concepts; and

(F)  document the design specification using a defined procedure.

(7)  The student solves problems using different types and levels of programming languages. The student is expected to:

(A)  differentiate among the concepts of data, procedural, object-oriented, and event-driven representation;

(B)  identify current programming languages and the environment in which each is used;

(C)  produce procedural and object-oriented programs using structured coding with appropriate style and clarity of expression;

(D)  demonstrate skill in program testing;

(E)  compare computed results with anticipated results to determine the reasonableness of the solutions; and

(F)  troubleshoot technological problems.

(8)  The student performs quality assurance tasks. The student is expected to:

(A)  explain the software quality assurance process; and

(B)  follow established quality assurance procedures for testing, identifying problems, and tracking resolutions.

(9)  The student recognizes issues and complies with procedures for maintaining the security of computerized information. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify risks to information systems facilities, data communications systems, and applications;

(B)  comply with federal and state legislation pertaining to computer crime, fraud, and abuse;

(C)  identify and select controls for information systems facilities, data communications, and applications appropriate to specific risks; and

(D)  apply procedures used to recover from situations such as system failure and computer virus.

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§130.278. Digital and Interactive Media (One-Half to One Credit).

(1)  The student demonstrates the necessary skills for career development, maintenance of employability, and successful completion of course outcomes. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors that enhance employability and job advancement such as regular attendance, promptness, attention to proper attire, maintenance of a clean and safe work environment, appropriate voice, and pride in work;

(B)  identify and demonstrate positive personal qualities such as flexibility, open-mindedness, initiative, listening attentively to speakers, and willingness to learn new knowledge and skills;

(C)  employ effective reading and writing skills;

(D)  employ effective verbal and nonverbal communication skills;

(E)  solve problems and think critically;

(F)  demonstrate leadership skills and function effectively as a team member;

(G)  identify and implement proper safety procedures;

(H)  demonstrate an understanding of legal and ethical responsibilities in relation to the field of information technology; and

(I)  demonstrate planning and time-management skills such as project management and storyboarding.

(2)  The student identifies employment opportunities in the information technology field with a focus in the area of interactive media. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify job opportunities and accompanying job duties and tasks;

(B)  research careers of personal interest along with the education, job skills, and experience required to achieve personal career goals;

(C)  examine the role of certifications, resumés, and portfolios in the information technology profession; and

(D)  create a portfolio.

(3)  The student uses emerging technologies to exchange and gather information and resources. The student is expected to:

(A)  collaborate using various electronic technologies such as email, blogs, chat rooms, discussion threads, and wikis;

(B)  use Internet resources for research purposes; and

(C)  research technologies that have surfaced within the last three years in the area of interactive media.

(4)  The student complies with standard practices and behaviors that meet legal and ethical responsibilities. The student is expected to:

(A)  examine copyright and fair use guidelines in the digital media industry;

(B)  model ethical and legal acquisition of digital information, including the correct citing of sources through the use of established methods; and

(C)  demonstrate proper netiquette and acceptable use policies when using networks.

(5)  The student analyzes and applies design and layout principles. The student is expected to:

(A)  compare and contrast printed and digital communications products that demonstrate appropriate and inappropriate use of design and layout principles;

(B)  identify and use perspective such as backgrounds, light, shades, shadows, and scale to capture a focal point and create depth;

(C)  identify and use principles of proportion, balance, variety, emphasis, harmony, symmetry, unity, and repetition in type, color, size, line thickness, shape, and space;

(D)  identify and use three-dimensional effects such as foreground, middle distance, and background images;

(E)  identify and use typography;

(F)  identify and use color theory; and

(G)  recreate and improve existing multimedia products by applying the appropriate design and layout principles.

(6)  The student designs and creates digital graphics. The student is expected to:

(A)  compare and contrast the characteristics of raster-based bitmap graphics and vector-based graphics;

(B)  demonstrate appropriate file storage and file size management skills;

(C)  recognize the various file extensions used in digital and interactive media such as compression, conversion, and use and modification;

(D)  identify and choose appropriate software applications for specific digital media types such as photo, graphics, video, audio, and animation editing software; and

(E)  differentiate between the color mode selections in determining product output.

(7)  The student demonstrates appropriate use of digital photography equipment and techniques. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate proper use of safety procedures while using digital photography equipment;

(B)  capture still shot images using digital photography equipment incorporating various photo composition techniques such as lighting, perspective, candid versus posed, rule of thirds, and level of horizon;

(C)  transfer still shot images from equipment to the computer; and

(D)  demonstrate photographic enhancement techniques such as feathering, layering, masking, and color enhancement using appropriate digital manipulation software.

(8)  The student demonstrates appropriate use of digital graphics. The student is expected to:

(A)  create and modify digital graphics using appropriate vector-based and raster-based software following standard design principles; and

(B)  export and set graphics to be used in both print and digital formats.

(9)  The student demonstrates appropriate use of video equipment and techniques. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate proper use of safety procedures while using digital video equipment;

(B)  demonstrate proper use of terminology in relation to video technology;

(C)  demonstrate proper use of digital video photography equipment to capture video images;

(D)  transfer video images from equipment to the computer;

(E)  demonstrate videographic enhancement and editing techniques such as panning, transitions, zooming, content editing, and synchronizing audio and video using appropriate digital manipulation software; and

(F)  export video files in digital formats to be used in various delivery systems such as podcasting, downloadable media, and streaming.

(10)  The student demonstrates appropriate use of audio equipment and techniques. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate proper use of safety procedures while using digital audio equipment;

(B)  demonstrate proper use of terminology and concepts in relation to audio technology;

(C)  demonstrate proper use of digital audio equipment to capture audio files;

(D)  transfer audio files from equipment to the computer;

(E)  demonstrate proper use of audio editing software such as adding effects, fading, volume control, and manipulation of waveforms using appropriate digital manipulation software; and

(F)  export audio files to be used in digital formats in various delivery systems such as podcasting, downloadable files, and streaming.

(11)  The student demonstrates appropriate use of animation. The student is expected to:

(A)  use the principles of motion graphics such as frames and keyframes, integration of audio into an animation, and user interactive controls;

(B)  create and modify a linear and a nonlinear animation using appropriate software following standard design principles; and

(C)  export and set animation to be used in various digital formats and on various video animation players.

(12)  The student demonstrates appropriate project management in the creation of digital media projects. The student is expected to:

(A)  develop a plan for a media project such as a storyboard, stage development, and identification of equipment and resources; and

(B)  evaluate a project plan along its timeline and make suggested revisions until completion of the project.

(13)  The student deploys digital media into print, web-based, and video products. The student is expected to:

(A)  incorporate video, audio, text, graphics, and motion graphics into an existing web page;

(B)  incorporate various digital media into a printed document such as a newsletter, poster, or report;

(C)  develop an interactive medium such as a compact disk or digital video disk to display video, audio, and animation products; and

(D)  collect and organize student created products to build an individual portfolio.

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§130.279. Web Technologies (One-Half to One Credit).

(1)  The student demonstrates the necessary skills for career development, maintenance of employability, and successful completion of course outcomes. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors that enhance employability and job advancement such as regular attendance, promptness, attention to proper attire, maintenance of a clean and safe work environment, appropriate voice, and pride in work;

(B)  identify and demonstrate positive personal qualities such as flexibility, open-mindedness, initiative, listening attentively to speakers, and willingness to learn new knowledge and skills;

(C)  examine the role of certifications, resumés, and portfolios in the web technology profession;

(D)  employ effective verbal and nonverbal communication skills;

(E)  solve problems and think critically;

(F)  demonstrate leadership skills and function effectively as a team member;

(G)  identify and implement proper safety procedures;

(H)  demonstrate an understanding of legal and ethical responsibilities in relation to the field of information technology; and

(I)  demonstrate planning and time-management skills such as project management and storyboarding.

(2)  The student identifies employment opportunities in the information technology field with a focus in the area of interactive media. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify job opportunities and accompanying job duties and tasks;

(B)  research careers of personal interest along with the education, job skills, and experience required to achieve personal career goals;

(C)  demonstrate an understanding of the functions of resumés and portfolios; and

(D)  create a portfolio.

(3)  The student demonstrates knowledge and appropriate use of hardware, software, and connectivity technologies. The student is expected to:

(A)  explain the fundamentals of operating systems;

(B)  explain the key functions and applications of software programs;

(C)  identify telecommunications and networking components;

(D)  evaluate the various input, processing, output, and storage devices;

(E)  identify current and future Internet protocols such as hypertext transfer protocol, file transfer protocol, telnet, and email; and

(F)  identify new web technology trends.

(4)  The student complies with practices and behaviors that meet legal and ethical responsibilities. The student is expected to:

(A)  examine copyright and licensing issues in the software industry;

(B)  model ethical and legal acquisition of digital information, including the correct citing of sources through the use of established methods; and

(C)  demonstrate proper netiquette and acceptable use policies when using networks.

(5)  The student acquires electronic information in a variety of formats, using research skills and electronic communication to create new knowledge, with appropriate supervision. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate appropriate use of navigation of network resources for information acquisition and sharing;

(B)  acquire information in electronic formats such as text, audio, video, and graphics, citing the source;

(C)  identify, create, modify, and use available file formats such as text, image, video analog and digital, and audio files; and

(D)  synthesize information from data acquired from electronic and telecommunications resources.

(6)  The student evaluates electronic information. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify appropriate methods to analyze the design and functionality of web pages; and

(B)  demonstrate skill in testing the accuracy and validity of information acquired.

(7)  The student evaluates and employs computer-based productivity tools to create and modify web and digital media designs. The student is expected to:

(A)  implement functional design criteria such as proximity, repetition, contrast, alignment, color theory, consistency, image file size, and typography;

(B)  select, create, modify, and integrate effective multimedia content such as vector-based and raster graphics, motion graphics, video, and audio;

(C)  create web pages in accordance with current web standards using web development skills such as version control, documentation, web application security, validation, accessibility, and compatibility across multiple browsers and devices; and

(D)  demonstrate proper use of folder structure hierarchy.

(8)  The student demonstrates knowledge of Internet programming strategies. The student is expected to:

(A)  recognize the importance of Internet programming standards;

(B)  differentiate among various web coding standards such as HyperText Markup Language, Extensible HyperText Markup Language, and cascading style sheets;

(C)  use standard applications such as text-based editing programs, word processors; and web authoring software; and

(D)  compare and contrast the impact of different browsers on web development.

(9)  The student employs knowledge of web programming to develop and maintain web applications. The student is expected to:

(A)  explain the purpose of current web content delivery enablers;

(B)  explain client server applications;

(C)  articulate the advantages and disadvantages to client-side processing;

(D)  identify security issues related to client-side processing;

(E)  use standard scripting languages to facilitate interactivity;

(F)  identify characteristics of various scripting languages; and

(G)  demonstrate the ability to construct secure transaction interfaces from the web server to the customer.

(10)  The student employs knowledge of web administration to develop and maintain web applications. The student is expected to:

(A)  compare the advantages and disadvantages of running a personal server versus using a server provider;

(B)  explain how to use advanced communication protocols;

(C)  demonstrate an understanding of and compliance with Transport Control Protocol/Internet Protocol;

(D)  identify hardware and software requirements for web servers;

(E)  evaluate server providers;

(F)  participate in the process of establishing a domain name;

(G)  simulate the administration of web servers, including uploading and managing files;

(H)  collect and analyze usage statistics;

(I)  maintain documentation of the server environment such as specifications, passwords, and software versions;

(J)  understand server backup and restoration of software features; and

(K)  propose security measures to protect web servers from electronic threats such as unauthorized access and negative intentions.

(11)  The student evaluates a problem and creates a written plan of action for meeting client requirements. The student is expected to:

(A)  communicate with clients to analyze requirements to meet needs;

(B)  document all necessary design properties;

(C)  identify tools and resources to complete the job;

(D)  identify and address risks;

(E)  develop and use a timeline task list such as critical milestones, potential challenges, and interdependencies; and

(F)  use various methods to evaluate the progress of the plan and modify as necessary.

(12)  The student creates and implements a written plan of action in the development of a web product. The student is expected to:

(A)  create and simulate the publication of a multi page web product using client required content and web design concepts;

(B)  develop a test plan for a multi page web product for testing usability, effectiveness, reliability, and customer acceptance;

(C)  explain the quality assurance process; and

(D)  develop and implement a quality assurance plan.

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§130.368. Electronics (One to Two Credits).

(1)  The student demonstrates the skills necessary for success in the workplace. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify employment and career opportunities, including differences between an engineering technician, engineering technologist, and engineer;

(B)  investigate and work toward industry certifications;

(C)  demonstrate the principles of teamwork related to engineering and technology;

(D)  identify and use appropriate work habits;

(E)  identify governmental regulations for health and safety in the workplace related to electronics;

(F)  discuss ethical issues related to electronics;

(G)  demonstrate respect for diversity in the workplace;

(H)  demonstrate appropriate actions and identify consequences relating to discrimination, harassment, and equality;

(I)  demonstrate effective oral and written communication skills using a variety of software applications and media; and

(J)  explore career preparation learning experiences, including, but not limited to, job shadowing, mentoring, and apprenticeship training.

(2)  The student participates in team projects in various roles. The student is expected to:

(A)  apply principles of effective teamwork;

(B)  solve problems as part of a team;

(C)  demonstrate proper attitudes as a team leader; and

(D)  demonstrate proper attitudes as a team member.

(3)  The student develops skills for managing a project. The student is expected to:

(A)  use time-management techniques to develop and maintain work schedules and meet deadlines;

(B)  complete work according to established criteria;

(C)  participate in the organization and operation of a real or simulated engineering project; and

(D)  develop a plan for production of an individual product.

(4)  The student practices safe and proper work habits. The student is expected to:

(A)  master relevant safety tests;

(B)  follow safety guidelines as described in various manuals, instructions, and regulations;

(C)  identify and classify hazardous materials and wastes according to Occupational Safety and Health Administration regulations and industry standards;

(D)  dispose of hazardous materials and wastes appropriately;

(E)  perform maintenance on selected tools, equipment, and machines;

(F)  handle and store tools and materials correctly; and

(G)  describe the results of negligent or improper maintenance.

(5)  The student implements the concepts and skills that form the technical knowledge of electronics using project-based assessments. The student is expected to:

(A)  apply Ohm's law, Kirchoff's laws, and power laws;

(B)  demonstrate an understanding of magnetism and induction as they relate to electronic circuits;

(C)  demonstrate knowledge of the fundamentals of electronics theory;

(D)  perform electrical-electronic troubleshooting assignments; and

(E)  develop knowledge of voltage regulation devices.

(6)  The student applies the concepts and skills to simulated and actual work situations. The student is expected to:

(A)  measure and calculate resistance, current, voltage, and power in series, parallel, and complex circuits;

(B)  apply electronic theory to generators, electric motors, and transformers;

(C)  design analog and digital circuits using common components; and

(D)  demonstrate knowledge of common devices in optoelectronics.

(7)  The student uses engineering design methodologies. The student is expected to:

(A)  understand and discuss principles of ideation;

(B)  think critically, identify the system constraints, and make fact-based decisions;

(C)  use rational thinking to develop or improve a product;

(D)  apply decision-making strategies when developing solutions;

(E)  use an engineering notebook to record prototypes, corrections, and mistakes in the design process; and

(F)  use an engineering notebook to record the final design, construction, and manipulation of finished projects.

(8)  The student learns the function and application of the tools, equipment, and materials used in electronics through project-based assignments. The student is expected to:

(A)  safely use tools and laboratory equipment to construct and repair circuits;

(B)  use precision measuring instruments to analyze circuits and prototypes;

(C)  describe and perform measurements using oscilloscopes; and

(D)  use multiple software applications to simulate circuit behavior and present concepts.

(9)  The student designs products using appropriate design processes and techniques. The student is expected to:

(A)  interpret industry standard circuit schematics;

(B)  identify areas where quality, reliability, and safety can be designed into a product;

(C)  improve a product design to meet a specified need;

(D)  produce schematics to industry standards;

(E)  describe potential patents and the patenting process;

(F)  use a variety of technologies to design components; and

(G)  explore new technologies that may affect electronics.

(10)  The student builds a prototype using the appropriate tools, materials, and techniques. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify and describe the steps needed to produce a prototype;

(B)  identify and use appropriate tools, equipment, machines, and materials to produce the prototype; and

(C)  present the prototype using a variety of media.

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§130.370. Robotics and Automation (One to Two Credits).

(1)  The student demonstrates the skills necessary for success in the workplace. The student is expected to:

(A)  distinguish the differences between an engineering technician, engineering technologist, and engineer;

(B)  identify employment and career opportunities;

(C)  investigate and work toward industry certifications;

(D)  demonstrate the principles of teamwork related to engineering and technology;

(E)  identify and use appropriate work habits;

(F)  demonstrate knowledge related to governmental regulations, including health and safety;

(G)  discuss ethical issues related to engineering and technology and incorporate proper ethics in submitted projects;

(H)  demonstrate respect for diversity in the workplace;

(I)  demonstrate appropriate actions and identify consequences relating to discrimination, harassment, and equality;

(J)  demonstrate effective oral and written communication skills using a variety of software applications and media; and

(K)  explore career preparation learning experiences, including, but not limited to, job shadowing, mentoring, and apprenticeship training.

(2)  The student participates in team projects in various roles. The student is expected to:

(A)  understand and discuss how teams function;

(B)  use teamwork to solve problems; and

(C)  serve as a team leader and a team member and demonstrate appropriate attitudes while serving in those roles.

(3)  The student develops skills for managing a project. The student is expected to:

(A)  use time-management techniques to develop and maintain work schedules and meet deadlines;

(B)  complete work according to established criteria;

(C)  participate in the organization and operation of a real or simulated engineering project; and

(D)  develop a plan for production of an individual product.

(4)  The student practices safe and proper work habits. The student is expected to:

(A)  master relevant safety tests;

(B)  follow safety guidelines as described in various manuals, instructions, and regulations;

(C)  identify and classify hazardous materials and wastes according to Occupational Safety and Health Administration regulations;

(D)  dispose of hazardous materials and wastes appropriately;

(E)  perform maintenance on selected tools, equipment, and machines;

(F)  handle and store tools and materials correctly; and

(G)  describe the results of negligent or improper maintenance.

(5)  The student develops the ability to use and maintain technological products, processes, and systems. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate the use of computers to manipulate a robotic or automated system and associated subsystems;

(B)  troubleshoot and maintain systems and subsystems to ensure safe and proper function and precision operation;

(C)  demonstrate knowledge of process control factors; and

(D)  demonstrate knowledge of motors, gears, and gear trains used in the robotic or automated systems.

(6)  The student develops an understanding of the advanced concepts of physics, robotics, and automation. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate knowledge of rotational dynamics, weight, friction, and traction factors required for the operation of robotic and automated systems;

(B)  demonstrate knowledge of torque and power factors used in the operation of robotic systems;

(C)  demonstrate knowledge of feedback control loops to provide information; and

(D)  demonstrate knowledge of different types of sensors used in robotic or automated systems and their operations.

(7)  The student develops an understanding of the characteristics and scope of manipulators and end effectors required for a robotic or automated system to function. The student is expected to:

(A)  demonstrate knowledge of robotic or automated system arm construction;

(B)  understand and discuss the relationship of torque, gear ratio, and weight of payload in a robotic or automated system operation; and

(C)  demonstrate knowledge of end effectors and their use in linkages and the gearing of a robotic or automated system.

(8)  The student uses engineering design methodologies. The student is expected to:

(A)  understand and discuss principles of ideation;

(B)  think critically, identify the system constraints, and make fact-based decisions;

(C)  use rational thinking to develop or improve a product;

(D)  apply decision-making strategies when developing solutions;

(E)  identify quality-control issues in engineering design and production;

(F)  describe perceptions of the quality of products and how they affect engineering decisions;

(G)  use an engineering notebook to record prototypes, corrections, and or mistakes in the design process; and

(H)  use an engineering notebook to record the final design, construction, and manipulation of finished projects.

(9)  The student learns the function and application of the tools, equipment, and materials used in robotic and automated systems through specific project-based assessments. The student is expected to:

(A)  safely use tools and laboratory equipment to construct and repair systems;

(B)  use precision measuring instruments to analyze systems and prototypes; and

(C)  use multiple software applications to simulate robot behavior and present concepts.

(10)  The student designs products using appropriate design processes and techniques. The student is expected to:

(A)  interpret industry standard system schematics;

(B)  identify areas where quality, reliability, and safety can be designed into a product;

(C)  improve a product design to meet a specified need;

(D)  understand use of sensors in a robotic or automated system;

(E)  produce system schematics to industry standards;

(F)  evaluate design solutions using conceptual, physical, and mathematical models at various times during the design process to check for proper functionality and to note areas where improvements are needed;

(G)  implement a system to identify and track all components of the robotic or automated system and all elements involved with the operation, construction, and manipulative functions; and

(H)  describe potential patents and the patenting process.

(11)  The student builds a prototype using the appropriate tools, materials, and techniques. The student is expected to:

(A)  identify and describe the steps needed to produce a prototype;

(B)  identify and use appropriate tools, equipment, machines, and materials to produce the prototype;

(C)  implement sensors in a robotic or automated system;

(D)  construct a robotic or automated system to perform specified operations using the design process;

(E)  test and evaluate the design in relation to pre-established requirements such as criteria and constraints and refine as needed;

(F)  refine the design of a robotic or automated system to ensure quality, efficiency, and manufacturability of the final product; and

(G)  present the prototype using a variety of media.

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