For each question, write your answer in the space provided in the test booklet. You may use either pen or pencil to write your answers. If you want to change an answer, cross out or erase your original response. You may not know the answers to some of the questions, but do the best you can on each one.
All Answers are to be in Purple
Base your answers to the following questions on the political cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
1. Why is President Jackson represented as a king?
President Jackson is represented as a king because he wielded the power of the presidency almost as a king sometimes.
2. What symbols of Jackson's power are shown in the cartoon?
The symbols for Jackson’s power, that are shown in the cartoon are the veto paper he holds in his hands, and also he is shown as a tyrannical king.
3. What is President Jackson stepping on? Why? President Jackson is stepping on Constitution , because in peoples minds he was like a monarch who people did not want.
Base your answers to the following questions on the excerpt below and on your knowledge of social studies.
We have heard with painful feelings that the bounds of the lands we now possess are to be drawn into very narrow limits. The land was given to us by the Great Spirit above as our common right, to raise our children upon, and to make support for our rising generations. We, therefore, humbly petition our beloved children, the head men of warriors, to hold out to the last in support of our common rights, as Cherokee nations have been the first settlers of this land; we, therefore, claim the right of the soil. - Petition by Cherokee women, 1818
4. According to this document, how did the Cherokee acquire their land?
The Cherokee acquire their land by claiming it, that it was their soil.
5. Why do the Cherokee claim the rights to this land?
The Cherokee claim the right to this land, because they were the first settlers of the land.
6. To whom are they petitioning? Why?
The Cherokee are petitioning to the their children, because they want hold out to the last common rights.
Base your answers to the following questions on the letter below and on your knowledge of social studies.
The distance from New York to Albany is one hundred and fifty miles. I ran it up in thirty-two hours, and down in thirty . . . and the voyage has been performed wholly by the power of the steam engine . . . There were not perhaps thirty persons in the city who believed that the boat would ever move one mile an hour or be of the least utility; and, while we were putting off from the wharf, which was crowded with spectators, I heard a number of sarcastic remarks. . . . Having employed much time, money, and zeal in accomplishing this work, it gives me, as it will you, great pleasure to see it answer my expectations. It will give a cheap and quick convenience to the merchandise on the Mississippi, Missouri, and other great rivers . . . - Robert Fulton, 1807
7. What new power source has Fulton used to complete his trip?
The new source of power that Fulton has used to complete his trip , is the steam engine.
8. Why did people make sarcastic remarks when Fulton first began his voyage?
The people made sarcastic remarks when Fulton first began his voyage, because they thought the steam engine would not move a mile, and also he would not complete his journey.
9. What are two reasons that Fulton is pleased with the success of his steamboat?
Two reasons that Fulton is pleased with the success of his steamboat are,
10. How will Fulton's invention help aid the expansion and development of the United States?
Fulton’s invention will help aid the expansion and development of the United States, by giving cheap and quick convenience to the merchandise on the Mississippi, Missouri, and other great rivers.
This question is based on the accompanying documents (1-6). Some of the documents have been edited for the purpose of the question. The question is designed to test your ability to work with historical documents. As you analyze the documents, take into account both the context of each document and any point of view that may be presented in the document.
Historical Context: The nineteenth century was a period of steady westward expansion for the United States. New territories were acquired and many settlers traveled west. For many, this westward movement brought new economic opportunities, but it also meant conflict and the end of a way of life.
Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of social studies, answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the questions will help you write the Part B essay, in which you will be asked to:
- Identify and discuss two reasons settlers moved westward. - Describe the impact of railroads on the development of the West. - Explain the impact of the westward movement on the lives of Native Americans.
Part A: Short Answer
Directions: Analyze the documents and answer the short-answer questions that follow each document in the space provided.
(Document/graphs start on next page)
11. What happened to the population of non-Native American settlers from 1805 to 1900? On 1850 to 1900, the non-Native American settlers population increase over the years, by 1900 there was 100,000 people in the population .
12. What happened to the Native American population from 1805 to 1900?
On 1805 to 1900, the Native American population had 40,000-50,000 people in their population, by 1900 it decreased to 10,000.Document 2
13. By about how much did the United States increase in size with the addition of the Louisiana Territory? The United States increase it’s size, with the addition of the Louisiana Territory by, double.
14. What year was the Louisiana Territory purchased? The Louisiana Territory happened on 1803.
15. According to this poster, what did the West offer to new settlers?
The Westoffer in the poster to the new settlers, lands.
16. What economic incentives were given to draw settlers to the West? Who offered the land for sale to the settlers? The economic incentives that were given to draw settler to the west, was that is was 10 years credit, and also 6 per CT. interest and low prices.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that any person who is the head of a family, or who has arrived at the age of twenty-one years, and is a citizen of the United States . . . shall . . . be entitled to enter one quarter sections . . . of . . . public lands . . . -
Homestead Act, 1862
17. What is the purpose of the Homestead Act?
The purpose of the Homestead Act is to encourage many immigrants to come to the United States and help settle in the West.
18. What are the conditions for land ownership?
The conditions for the land ownership was,that they were the head of their family, and who was twenty-one years and, a citizen of the US.
The natural resources of this country are so great and varied, the inducements [incentives] which it offers are so superior to those offered anywhere else, that when it is opened by railroads-placed, as it soon will be, within a few days ride of New York . . . immigration will flow into it like pent-up waters seeking their level, and States will be peopled and cities built with a rapidity never before known even in our central West. - Overland Monthly, October 1868
19. According to the author, what will happen as soon as the railroad is completed?
According to the author when the railroad is complete, there will be a lot of immigration.
Setting a pail of water on the ground, my mother stooped, and stretching her left hand out . . . she pointed to the hill where my uncle and only sister lay buried.
"There is what the paleface has done! . . .We were once very happy. But the paleface has stolen our lands and driven us hither. Having defrauded us of our land, the paleface has forced us away." - Zitkala-Sa, 1900
20. What was the attitude of Native Americans towards settlers as expressed above?
That they were not fair, and respectful , towards the Natives Americans he show this by saying how sad and horrible he feels.
Rubric rating submitted on: Sun Mar 02 2014 01:08:30 GMT-0500 (EST) by firstname.lastname@example.org
Information is very organized with well-constructed paragraphs and subheadings.
Information is somewhat organized with well-constructed paragraphs.
Information is organized, but paragraphs are not well-constructed.
The information appears to be disorganized.
Quality of Information
Information clearly relates to the main topic. It includes more than 2 supporting details and/or examples.
Information clearly relates to the main topic. It provides 1-2 supporting details and/or examples.
Information clearly relates to the main topic. No details and/or examples are given.
Information has nothing to do with the main topic.
All sources (information and graphics) are accurately documented in the desired format.
All sources (information and graphics) are accurately documented, but a few are not in the desired format.
All sources (information and graphics) are accurately documented, but most are not in the desired format.
Some sources are not accurately documented.
No grammatical, spelling or punctuation errors.
Less than 3 grammatical, spelling or punctuation errors
Less than 5 grammatical spelling, or punctuation errors.
More than 5 grammatical, spelling, or punctuation errors.
Great Effort Apparent! I really enjoyed reading about your character
Nice work, effort is apparent.
Effort not as apparent, could have spent more time on this project.
No effort is apparent. Sloppy and rushed.
What an outstanding job on this. Thanks for all your efforts. C.