MH370: SUMMARY OF EVENTS                                                                                                                                     BoR plain Logo.png
Last Updated: 7 December 2016

MH370 Debris Overview: Summary of Events 


Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 vanished without a trace en route to Beijing from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on Mar. 8, 2014 with 239 people on board. It departed at 12:41 a.m. local time, but air traffic control lost contact with the plane less than half an hour into the flight.Debris map on 20Aug2016.PNG

On Wednesday 29 July 2015, a piece of debris from a plane was found on the island of La Reunion, an island in the Indian Ocean about 500 miles east of Madagascar. On 4 Sept 2015 the object was confirmed by the French authorities to be a flaperon, a wing component from the missing Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370. The finding of the debris in La Reunion was consistent with the current search area (SIO).

On 8 March 2016, the 2nd anniversary of the missing flight MH370,  the Malaysian ICAO Annex 13 Safety Investigation Team, released the second interim statement on the progress of the investigation into the disappearance of MH370.

In the first week of March 2016, suspected aircraft debris was found on Mozambique and again on La Reunion. The pieces have been examined in an attempt to establish their origin. On March 16 the ATSB said in an update that current advice for the 2nd piece of debris found on La Réunion  is that it is unlikely to be from an aircraft. On March 24 2016 the Australian Government has confirmed that the debris recovered from Mozambique is highly likely to have come from MH370. (See analysis)

On 19 April 2016 the Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB) published an update describing the examination of the two items of debris from Mozambique. concluding that two items of debris found on the Mozambique coast are almost certainly from Malaysian Airlines Flight 370, the Boeing 777 aircraft, registered 9M-MRO that went missing on March 8, 2014.

On 30 March 2016 a piece of debris of interest was found on the island Rodrigues, Mauritius and appears to match the bulkhead of an MAS Boeing 777 business or economy class cabin. The Malaysian Government has been working with officials from Mauritius to seek to take custody of the debris and arranged for its examination to ascertain its origin.

On 12 May 2016 the ATSB has released an examination report of two items of debris recovered from the beaches in South Africa and Rodrigues, Mauritius on 22 and 30 March 2016. Both are identified as almost certainly coming from the Malaysian Airlines Berhad (MAB) Boeing 777 aircraft, registered 9M-MRO, operating as MH370;

On Thursday 26 May 2016 the Minister of Infrastructure and Transport of Australia released a Media Report that states that Three new items of debris to be examined in relation to the disappearance of MH370. Two are recovered from Mauritius and one from Mozambique.

Also on 26 May 2016 a picture was posted to twitter of a suspected plane part found on 22 May 2016 in Macaneta Peninsula, Maputo Bay, Mozambique.

On 6 june 2016, three pieces of debris were found in Île Sainte-Marie (Nosy Boraha), northeast of Madagascar, again by Blaine Gibson, who found a horizontal stabilizer, containing words ‘No Step’ in Mozambique in February, which was confirmed by authorities as ‘almost certainly from MH370.

On 9 June 2016 a piece of debris was found at the beach of  SE Kangaroo Island, South Australia. This piece was ruled out by the ATSB as not from MH370, on 22 June 2016.

On 12 June 2016, Mr Blaine Gibson found two more possible aircraft parts on Riake beach, Madagascar.

On 20 June 2016, photo’s of multiple potential personal effects, found on Riake beach, Île Sainte-Marie (Nosy Boraha), northeast of Madagascar, taken by mr Blaine Gibson, were released.

On 23 June 2016, a large wing part,  was found at Kojani, Kojana Island,  Pemba, Tanzania, which is currently in examination (20 July 2016). The Australian Transport Safety Bureau is working with Malaysian investigators to ascertain whether it is from a Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777. On Friday 29 July 2016 a media release by the Minister for Infrastructure and Transport, Darren Chester said it is highly likely that the latest piece of debris, found at Pemba Island, Tanzania,  being analysed by Australian Transport and Safety Bureau (ATSB) is from missing Malaysian Airlines flight MH370.

On 20 July 2016, images of four pieces of possible plane debris and multiple potential personal effects were released, which were found on Antsiraka Beach, Cape Antsiraka, Madagascar in June 2016, again by mr Blaine Gibson.

On 22 July 2016 a press conference was held after a tripartite meeting between Malaysia, Australia and China discussing arrangements in the event Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 is not located. Ministers agreed that should the aircraft not be located in the current search area, and in the absence of credible new evidence leading to the identification of a specific location of the aircraft, the search would not end, but be suspended upon completion of the 120,000 square kilometer search area.

On 15 August 2016 MOT Malaysia has released a SUMMARY OF POSSIBLE MH370 DEBRIS RECOVERED

On 23 August 2016 images were released of possible mh370 debris found at Praia de Roche, Inhambane, Mozambique, found on 19 August 2016 by Barry McQuade of Durban South Africa.

On 25 August 2016 a piece of debris, suspected to be a part of a vertical stabilizer was found by Jean Viljoen on Linga Linga beach, Inhambane Mozambique. The find was posted to  Moz Forum on Facebook

On 5 September 2016  Mozambique authorities announced three pieces that could be from MH370 were found in Mozambique. One of those was the piece found by Jean Viljoen on Linga Linga beach, Inhambane Mozambique, no further details were given about the other two.

On 11 september 2016 five new pieces of debris were reported by Blaine Gibson, Three found in Sainte Luce, south east Madagascar by locals Milson Tovontsoa, Rija Ravolatra, and Eodia Andriamahery. One of them was found in December 2015, two in February 2016, one in June 2016 at Antsiraka beach Madagascar and one on 1 September 2016 by Mr Blaine Gibson himself on Riake beach Madagascar. They are given to the ATSB in Canberra Australia.

On 15 September 2016 the ATSB has released Debris Examination Update No. 3, informing that the inboard section of the Boeing 777 outboard flap found at Kojani, Pemba Island, Tanzania is confirmed as originating from the aircraft registered 9M-MRO and operating as MH370. Examination revealed the presence of unique identifying numbers relating to the part’s construction which allowed it to be determined as definitely coming from missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370. This is the second piece of debris – after the flaperon – to be conclusively linked to the aircraft. While the debris affirms the focus of search efforts in the southern Indian Ocean, it does not, however, provide information that can be used to determine a specific location of the aircraft.

On 22 September 2016 the ATSB has released Preliminary Examination Update No.4 of two items of composite debris, recovered near Sainte Luce, Madagascar. At the time of writing, work is ongoing to determine the origin of the items, specifically, whether they originated from a Boeing 777 aircraft.
The following findings were made during a preliminary examination
* The dark grey colouration on the outer surfaces of the items related to an applied resin and was not the result of exposure to heat or fire.
* Three small marks on the larger item were indicative of localised heating. The age and origin of these marks was not apparent.

On 7 October 2016 the ATSB has released Debris Examination Report No.5, the identification of wing trailing edge debris recovered from Mauritius, concluding the part was a trailing edge section of Boeing 777 left outboard flap, originating from the Malaysian Airlines aircraft registered 9M-MRO.

On 14 October 2016 MH370 Official Website released an updated version of the Summary of Debris Recovered that was released on 15 August 2016 by MOT Malaysia. The updated version shows 22 pieces of debris of which three are now confirmed as parts of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 and five parts as almost certain from MH370. Another part is unidentifiable and the remaining thirteen pieces are still under evaluation.

On 2 November 2016 the ATSB released the latest update report on the search for Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370: MH370 – Search and debris examination update. This report provides an update of the MH370 search area definition described in previous ATSB reports. It comprises further analysis of satellite data, additional end of flight simulations, a summary of the analysis of the right outboard wing flap, and preliminary results from the enhanced debris drift modelling. (PDF)

On 3 December 2016, seven family members of victims and Blaine Gibson arrived in Madagascar to search for debris themselves and in the hope to raise awareness, teach  locals and tourists about how to identify debris, how to collect debris, and what to do with it when they find it. They have created maps showing high debris concentration areas in Madagascar, Mozambique and Tanzania where MH370 debris may wash up on the shore line and also included brochures detailing guidelines for those who find potential MH370. The pdf file can be downloaded here, an Updated (5 Dec 2016) zip file including a google earth kml can be downloaded here.  

They also invited the local and international media to a Press Conference on 5 Dec in Antananarivo, Madagascar, to highlight the purpose of their trip, which is to;

1. raise awareness about the still missing plane
2. mobilise the local coastal populations to be on the lookout for potential debris;
3. set up possible collection points;
4. establish a possible incentive system for debris recovered;
5. meet with service organizations and community-based groups, to facilitate help in continuing the search, and
6. search for debris themselves.

English version | French version

On 5 December 2016, two days after seven family members of victims arrived on the island on their self-funded search, Malaysian aviation investigators have collected six pieces of suspected MH370 debris in Madagascar which they had failed to collect before. The pieces were stored in Madagascar since Blaine Gibson found them there in June 2016.

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Since the flaperon was found at a beach in La Reunion on 29 July 2015, debris has washed ashore in Mozambique, South Africa, Rodrigues, Mauritius, Madagascar and Tanzania. (See debris overview and Map)CvHDME8XgAEUMFW.jpg

A total of five pieces of debris that were recovered from along the African coasts, are identified as certainly originating from the Boeing 9M-MRO, known as the missing Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370, that was on it’s way from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia to Beijing, China on 8 March 2014 when it lost contact and disappeared with 239 people on board. So far there are still no definitive answers to what happened to flight MH370 and the 239 souls it was carrying.


Operational Search  Updates:  ATSB | All Search Updates JACC >> |
ATSB News >> | ATSB Correcting The Record >> | Debris Examination Reports 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 |  MH370 – Search and debris examination update

Summary of Possible MH370 Debris Recovered:  15 August 2016,  14 October 2016 

Debris Examination Reports

Debris Examination Report 1.pdf (19 April 2016) Identification of two items of debris recovered in Mozambique
Debris Examination Report 2.pdf (12 May 2016, Amended 24 May 2016) Identification of two items of debris recovered from the beaches in South Africa
                                 
                           and Mauritius
Debris Examination Report 3.pdf (15 September 2016) Identification of large flap section recovered off the Tanzanian coast
Debris Examination Report 4.pdf (22 September 2016) Preliminary examination of two items of debris recovered near Sainte Luce, Madagascar 
Debris Examination Report 5.pdf (7 October 2016) Identification of wing trailing edge debris recovered from Mauritius
MH370 – Search and Debris Examination Update.pdf (2 November 2016)

MH370 Official Site >> |MOT Malaysia | Press Releases Minister of Transport Malaysia Liow Liong Lai>> | Media Releases Minister of Infrastructure AU >>

Media Releases by rss >> | NEWSFEED >>   |  (Watch Top Breaking News Headlines LIVE here >> 

MH370 Puzzle - Mystery icon

Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 went missing on March 8, 2014 with 239 people on board

Accident, Unknown, 8 March 2014, Boeing - 777 9M-MRO
Disappearance at sea


Local Date: March 8, 2014
Organization in charge: Malaysia - AIB
Scope of investigation: Annex 13 investigation
State of Occurrence: Indian Ocean
Place of occurrence: Unknown
Level of injury: Unknown
Level of damage: Destroy
Occurrence class: Accident
Occurrence category: -

Aircraft category: Fixed Wing Aircraft - Airplane
Operator: Malaysia - Malaysian Airlines System
Model: BOEING - 777
Registration: 9M-MRO
State registration: Malaysia
Departure: Peninsular Malaysia - WMKK (KUL) Kuala Lumpur / Intl
Intended destination: China - ZBAA (PEK) Beijing / Capital
Flight phase: -
Serial number: 28420
Operator Type: AG
Type operating Public transport - Commercial Operations - Passengers

Description:

Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia to Beijing, China was reported missing on March 8, 2014. There were 227 passengers and 12 crew members on board.

The Boeing 777-2H6ER took off from Kuala Lumpur International Airport's runway 32R at 00:41 (16:41 UTC). At 00:42 (16:42 UTC) the flight was cleared to climb to FL180 and was issued a direct track by Lumpur Approach to the IGARI waypoint. MH370 was then transferred to Lumpur Radar and was cleared to climb to FL250. At 00:50 (16:50 UTC) the flight was further cleared to the planned cruising altitude of FL350. MH370 reported maintaining FL350 at 01:07 (17:07 UTC) . Last radio contact was at 01:19 (17:19 UTC) when the Kuala Lumpur Radar controller instructed the flight to contact the radio frequency of Ho Chi Minh Air Traffic Control Centre, Vietnam: "Malaysian Three Seven Zero contact Ho Chi Minh 120 decimal 9 Good Night". One of the flight crew members replied: "Good night, Malaysian Three Seven Zero." 
Animation mh370-mystery.gif


At 01:21 (17:21 UTC) MH370 was observed on the radar screen of the Kuala Lumpur Radar controller as it passed over waypoint IGARI. Nine seconds later the radar label for MH370 disappeared from the radar screen. The transponder was switched off. 
At 01:38 (17:38 UTC) Ho Chi Minh ATCC contacted Kuala Lumpur ATCC on the whereabouts of MH370. Kuala Lumpur ATCC contacted the airline's operations centre, Singapore ACC, Hong Kong ACC, and Phnom Penh ACC, failing to establish the location of MH370.
Meanwhile, the airplane flew in a westerly direction back over peninsular Malaysia before turning northwest. Primary radar data showed that the aircraft tracked along the Malacca Strait. During this time the aircraft passed close to waypoints VAMPI, MEKAR, NILAM and possibly IGOGU along a section of airway N571. The final primary radar fix occurred at 02:22 (18:22 UTC).
From then on seven handshakes between the aircraft's SATCOM system and the Inmarsat ground station were recorded. Last satellite data was recorded at 08:19 Malaysian time (00:19:37 UTC)    

Initially search efforts focused on the South China Sea area. On 24 March 2014 further analysis of the Inmarsat satellite data indicated that MH370 flew south and ended its flight in the southern part of the Indian Ocean.

Pinned Flight MH370
Flightradar24
http://www.flightradar24.com/data/pinned/mh370-2d81a27/#2d81a27 
MH370 - Flightaware 
http://nl.flightaware.com/live/flight/9MMRO

Differential Doppler study from Inmarsat concerning MH370, presented to the AAIB 23 March 2014 (This short, very early document from March 2014, was full of wrong statements and missending descriptions) http://www.inmarsat.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/Inmarsat-Differential-Doppler-Study.pdf 

Inmarsat: Search for MH370 Published 26 May 2014 (Cornerstone paper)
 
http://www.rin.org.uk/Uploadedpdfs/staticpages/MH370%20Inmarsat%20Paper.pdf 

ATSB Bayesian analysis
http://www.atsb.gov.au/media/5733804/Bayesian_Methods_MH370_Search_3Dec2015.pdf 



Investigation

An Investigation is being carried out by "The Malaysian ICAO Annex 13 Safety Investigation Team for MH370". Accredited representatives from the following seven Air Accident and Incident Investigation Organisations are participating in the Investigation:

1st Interim Statement http://mh370.mot.gov.my/download/InterimStatement.pdf

*The Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB) of Australia
*The Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) of United Kingdom
*The Air Accident Investigation Bureau (AAIB) of Singapore
*The Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses pour la Sécurité de l'Aviation Civile (BEA) of France
*The Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC)
*The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) of United States of America
*The National Transportation Safety Committee (NTSC) of Indonesia

A Preliminary Report detailing initial progress with the Investigation was completed on 9 April 2014 and published on 1 May 2014 in the name of the "Office of the Chief Inspector of Air Accidents, Ministry of Transport, Malaysia".

Preliminary Report MH370
http://www.dca.gov.my/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Preliminary-Report1.pdf
http://mh370.bookofresearch.com/mh370-preliminary-report-1may2014.htm 

Below statement and attached documents were made public and shared with NOKs at 8:27pm (Malaysia local time), 1 May 2014:  

Downloads: 

PRESS STATEMENT MAY 1, 2014

1. ATC Delivery.wav Mirror download

2. KL Ground.mp3 Mirror download

3. KL Tower.mp3 Mirror download

4. KL Approach.mp3 Mirror download

5. KL Radar.wav Mirror download

Actions taken between 0138 and 0614.pdf Mirror download

Cargo Manifest and Airway Bill.pdf Mirror download

Maps.pdf Mirror download

Preliminary Report.pdf dated 9 April 2014 | Mirror download

Seating plan.pdf | Mirror download 

__________________________________________________________________________

Audio Transcript MH370 Pilot-ATC BIT.pdf Release date: 1 April 2014 
Full audio file MH370 Pilot-ATC retreived from released video.mp3 (converted from video) Release date 1 May 2014
__________________________________________________________________________


A further Interim Statement and a lengthy accompanying Report with the title
"Factual Information" were published on 8 March 2015.
http://mh370.mot.gov.my/download/FactualInformation.pdf

2th Interim Statement http://mh370.mot.gov.my/english2ndInterim.html

On 8 March 2016, a 2nd Interim Statement was issued noting the recovery of a flaperon from the Réunion on 29 July 2015 and the continuing work of the Investigation Team on "eight relevant areas" as follows:

*Diversion from the Filed Flight Plan Route;
*Air Traffic Services Operations;
*Flight Crew Profile;
*Airworthiness & Maintenance and Aircraft Systems;
*Satellite Communications;
*Wreckage and Impact Information (following the recovery and verification of a flaperon from the aircraft);
*Organisation and Management Information of the Department of Civil Aviation (DCA), Malaysia and MAS; and
*Aircraft Cargo Consignment.

MH370 Data Communication Logs Release date: 27 May 2014 | DCA.gov.my (Has errors)
http://www.mot.gov.my/my/Laporan%20MH%20370/MH370%20Data%20Communication%20Logs.pdf#search=mh370%20primary%20report 

Update to Signalling Unit Logs Dec 2014:
http://www.atsb.gov.au/media/5185657/Upate%20to%20Signalling%20Unit%20Logs_Dec2014.pdf 

MH370: Burst Timing Offset (BTO) Characteristics: Released 20 Dec 2014
http://www.atsb.gov.au/publications/2014/mh370-burst-timing-offset/  PDF: http://www.atsb.gov.au/media/5187038/mh370_burst_timing_offset_dec2014.pdf  

Recovered Debris

On 14 October 2016 MH370 Official Website released an updated version of the Summary of Debris Recovered that was released on 15 August 2016 by MOT Malaysia.

Debris Examination Report 1.pdf (19 April 2016) Identification of two items of debris recovered in Mozambique
Debris Examination Report 2.pdf (12 May 2016, Amended 24 May 2016) Identification of two items of debris recovered from the beaches in South Africa
                                 
                           and Mauritius
Debris Examination Report 3.pdf (15 September 2016) Identification of large flap section recovered off the Tanzanian coast
Debris Examination Report 4.pdf (22 September 2016) Preliminary examination of two items of debris recovered near Sainte Luce, Madagascar 
Debris Examination Report 5.pdf (7 October 2016) Identification of wing trailing edge debris recovered from Mauritius


On 2 November 2016 the ATSB released the latest update report on the search for Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370: MH370 – Search and debris examination update. This report provides an update of the MH370 search area definition described in previous ATSB reports. It comprises further analysis of satellite data, additional end of flight simulations, a summary of the analysis of the right outboard wing flap, and preliminary results from the enhanced debris drift modelling. (PDF)



Operational Search Updates: 

ATSB 
http://www.atsb.gov.au/mh370-pages/updates/operational-update.aspx 
All Search Updates JACC
http://jacc.gov.au/families/operational_reports/

Other Updates:

MOT Malaysia 
http://mh370.mot.gov.my/
MH370 Official Site
http://www.mh370.gov.my/index.php/en/
Press Releases Minister of Transport Malaysia Liow Liong Lai 
http://www.liowtionglai.com/category/press-release/
Media Releases Minister of Infrastructure AU
http://minister.infrastructure.gov.au/chester/releases/ 

Drift Models

CSIRO | Video | A Fact Sheet on the CSIRO drift modelling 
GEOMAR | Backwards from La Reunion
Deltares | Video 
UWA Drifter positions 20 July 2015 - Dr. Charitha Pattiaratchi
Adrift | Adrift backwards from La Reunion


A visualization of global forecast by supercomputers: weather conditions, ocean surface current estimates, ocean surface temperatures and anomaly from daily average, ocean waves  
http://earth.nullschool.net/#current/wind/surface/level/orthographic=-286.90,-31.67,252 

__________________________________________________________________________

Overview of news updates early days @ http://www.bookofresearch.com/MH370.htm 
Overview of documented search areas & Updates early days
 
http://mh370.bookofresearch.com/search.htm
Overview of documented satellite & debris sightings early days
 
http://mh370.bookofresearch.com/satellite.htm 

   
Digitalglobe Image Finder http://browse.digitalglobe.com 
Airbus Defence Space Imagery Archives http://terrasar-x-archive.infoterra.de/ 

MH370 9M-MRO Last Photo - Photo date March 07, 2014.jpg

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