Name____________________________________ Class_________

Patriot, Loyalist, or Neutral? You Decide

 Directions: Read the following biographies of colonists during the American Revolution. Some of the biographies are of real individuals and other biographies are fictional individuals but their situations are similar to those of actual colonists. After reading each biography, circle whether the colonists would have been a Patriot, Loyalist or a neutral and explain why you made your decision.

Colonist A is a poor farmer in the Hudson Valley of New York. Colonist A has paid no attention to the trouble brewing in the colonies. His day to day struggle to maintain his farm and family is what worries him. His problems have recently become worse; his landowner, a Loyalist, has had some financial troubles and to get himself out of his enormous debts, his landowner raised Colonist A’s rent three times in the last five months. Colonist A barely earns enough from selling his crops to pay the original rent amount and now with the raise in the rent, Colonist A will be evicted from his farm. He and his wife have six children and fear they will have no where to go if they are forced to leave the farm.

Patriot                                 Loyalist                         Neutral

Reason for decision: ______________________________________________________

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Colonist B is a wealthy woman from New York City. Her husband’s business earns tremendous wealth and honor for the family. She frequently claims to be related to several members of the House of Lords in the British Parliament. She worries about the amount of violence being committed by mobs of men called the Sons of Liberty. She and her husband fear that their wealth and their connections to Britain may cause them to be targets of the mob.

Patriot                                 Loyalist                         Neutral

Reason for decision:_____________________________________________________________

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Colonist C  is a wealthy tea merchant in Boston. Colonist C’s goal in life is to make money and he doesn’t care if he violates the law. Since the Townshend Acts placed a tax on tea, Colonist C has been illegally importing tea from the Dutch. His ships frequently have to hide from the British navy and British customs officials who can board his ships whenever they please. Recently he was caught smuggling in tea, but fortunately he was able to buy off the official with a large sum of money. Friends have informed Colonist C that the Royal Governor of Massachusetts has issued an arrest warrant for Colonist C, and friends advise him to go into hiding.

Patriot                                 Loyalist                         Neutral

Reason for decision: ______________________________________________________

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Colonist D is a merchant from rural Virginia. He follows the British laws and sells all of his goods, mainly tobacco to the British. Colonist D’s lifestyle is extravagant and spends large amounts of his money purchasing the finest clothes and furnishings from Europe. As a young boy, his father sent him to study in Britain and he hopes that next year, he too will send his son to Britain, the only place in his mind one can get a decent education. Due to his rich lifestyle, Colonist D is in heavy debt with several British banks. He fears that the people he owes money to will foreclose his property.

Patriot                                 Loyalist                         Neutral

Reason for decision: ________________________________________________________

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Colonist E is originally from Germany and lives on the Pennsylvania Frontier. Colonist E decided to move his family out of the Pennsylvania colony into the fertile Ohio Valley. He plans to move near a British fort in the Ohio Valley which can provide protection from Indians. As Colonist E and his family moved towards the Ohio Valley, British soldiers stopped him and informed him that the Proclamation of 1763 prohibits him from moving into the Ohio Valley.

Patriot                         Loyalist                         Neutral

Reason for decision:____________________________________________________________

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