Time: 16:00 - 18:00
Chief editor: Kazmenkov Gleb
Lecture notes by: Anashkina Anna, Kasabutckaia Margarita
Video by: Belikov Yuri
Watch lection about interviewing
Read this useful paper (by Dmitry Sokolov-Mitrich)
An interview is a conversation between two or more people where questions are asked to obtain information about the interviewee (about their background, lifestyle or experience).
The main aspect of the interview - the ability to ask questions correctly.
Accurate, clear question - guarantee of a good answer. If you formulate a question too long or unintelligible, a person doesn’t want to answer. Person should speak, not only say “yes” or ”no”.
The essence of the interview is a conversation, receiving new information.
What is the difference between interview and scandal? In the interview process we receive new information.
There are 3 motives, why people share information:
A person always have a motive. You should understand WHY person tells you this information.
An important feature of the interviewer - the ability to adapt to the interlocutor, it is necessary to understand the interviewee and to receive full answers.
You should be ready to play different roles during different interviews (it depends on the situation):
Also, there are certain areas of risk for the journalist (It’ll be better not to write about them):
News interviews are aimed to collect material about some events. Rigid temporary standards do this type of interview very dynamic. You should collect facts, expert opinions and comments.
It can be used for deep, more detailed studying of a problem or an event. It should be organized in details. Statement of the aim should be exact and it is necessary to spend a lot of time for work with materials.
Portrait interview is focused on a central figure (one person). Any person involving views of public at large can become him. Portrait interviews with «simple people» occur rarer. If you want to make it, you should spend with interviewee at least a day. Those subjects, details which form identity of the hero, should be transferred to the reader.
Overall, it is the same as a face-to-face interview, apart from the fact that you can't see respondents. Unfortunately, the interviewer can’t use non-verbal communication. Since the interviewer can't see respondents, more emphasis is focused on the sound of your voice. You need to prepare clear questions and ask them in enthusiastic manner. Phone interview should include no more than 3 questions. Often phone interviews turn out to be scandalous, because respondents are irritated and don’t want to communicate.
Interview methods and techniques
Here are several types of interviews:
• Direct interview
• Indirect interview
• Stress interview
• Group interview
In fact, for some companies, preliminary interview is widely spread. The purpose of doing it, is to see if the candidates are suitable for the job in the companies mentally and physically. The questions that the interviewers would ask during the preliminary interview are concentrating on the qualifications and basic information.
Direct interview is one of the most common interviews. Interviewer and interviewee ask and answer questions face-to-face. From the conversation with interviewee, it is possible for interviewer to notice the interviewee’s characteristics and attitude.
Indirect interview is giving interviewees opportunities to give his/her opinion on a topic, and no direct questions for them to answer. Interviewers can ask the interviewees to share their ideas about the companies and the job.
In the stress interview, interviewers test and see how the interviewees would react on the situation under the stress. This kind of the interview helps interviewers to know whether interviewees possess patience and the ability to control themselves under stresses.
Group interview allows many candidates to be interviewed together at the same time. By interviewing many candidates together, interviewers will be able to see how the candidates work in group and compete with each other.