Expressive Line Design ADVANCED VERSION 2.0
Part 1. Drawing and Arranging the Composition…
Check each off after completion!
_____ 1. CHOOSE A theme to connect your piece. Avoid random craziness and keep things connected. Examples; love of nature, Raleigh, Citylife, Underwater, Floating, Alice in Wonderland, Comic books, Animal lover, Feminism, Humanism, etc. Write your theme down___________________
Use this to guide your images and decisions.
______2. Decide if you want your picture to be vertical
(portrait) or horizontal (landscape).
_____ 3. Create TEXTURE by rubbing a portion (about 1/3)
of your paper on a textured surface (use bricks,
concrete, shoe tread, shutters, a garbage can,
crumple it up, etc…)
_____ 4. CREATE a Ground with any media, could be fade, maybe just add a little movement, variety.
_____ 5. Using the Rule of Thirds. Locate the perfect spot for a focal point and mark out a shape, organic or geometric. Make the shape about 7 inches across
_____ 6. Choose from the following examples, OR use an image that connects to your theme. Feel free to google your own images. This is the FOCAL POINT, the MOST important part of the picture. MAKE IT ROCK N ROLL
Animal or human face
_____ 7. Draw 3 expressive lines/shapes that lead the eye to the
focal point. These could just be wavy lines… or they
can be Natural forms; flames…waves… cracks… Anything
that will bring attention to the focal point.
Natural forms -examples
_____ 8. Draw a Horizontal Line somewhere empty.
Repeat this step if you feel it would help to BALANCE
the composition… any length is fine. Horizontal lines
create a calming effect. Maybe this is a horizon line.
_____ 9. Draw one (1) Vertical line that breaks the picture
plane. (This will add formality to your design) Make the vertical line into a time-telling device. Repeat if you desire or feel it is needed.
timetelling device examples
_____ 10. Draw some diagonal lines, to add a feeling of
action and movement. Add variety to your picture by
using different lengths. Make the diagonal lines into a connective device like; hair, chains, rope, ribbons,clasps
_____ 11. Repeat #10 but with curved lines in an empty area, to add GRACE. Wrap your connective device around/through other images.
_____ 12. Draw 5 circles of progressive sizes. (These may
be added to further enhance your focal point if
needed) Show overlapping of shapes! These may turn into something that aligns with your theme or just be background elements.
_____ 13. In an empty area of the picture show DECAY
Repeat the decay on the opposite side.
_____ 14. Check the composition! Give yourself a Self-
Critique by asking; ___Is the design balanced?
___Does it have a Strong focal point? ___Too full?
___Too empty? ___Have variety? ___Look original?
___Show harmony? ___Does it even make any sense?
Do Not Go On Until All 14 Steps Have Been Completed
Part 2. Adding color, value, media, and style!
You must use AT LEAST 4 different media.
_____ 15.Choose a Color SCHEME; monochromatic, analogous, neutral, full color spectrum, complementary. Show a full tonal range of value within color.
_____ 16. PRACTICE media in your book where needed, make smart decisions about which media goes where. For example colored pencil on a small detailed object, or paint where you need a large soft fade.
_____ 17. Color or add value to your focal point using any media YOU like.Choose colors that will stand out from the rest of the
_____ 18. Achieve color balance by making sure that a color
is used at least 3 times throughout your picture, ADD
WHERE NEEDED. The only exception…Do not need to
duplicate the color of the focal point!
___19. Don’t forget cast shadows, show depth
Strong focal point 15 possible _______
Variety of line and shape 15 possible _______
Color theory, balance of color 15 possible _______
Value, full range of light & dark 15 possible _______
Originality, personal style, theme 15 possible _______
Media Mastery 15 possible _______
Work Ethic 10 possible _______
Total Possible = 100 Your Grade = _________
Web presence & resources;
For an electronic version of these instructions and for the slide show of examples go to www.enloeart.weebly.com and click on
For questions email me at firstname.lastname@example.org
Website for personal artwork; www.trishklenow.com
Trish Klenow has over 17 years of experience teaching art. She has won three awards in art education and has been published in School Arts Magazine. She regularly shows and sells her own artwork. She resides in Apex, North Carolina and teaches art at Enloe Magnet High School in Raleigh, NC