ALAW @ ECAI 2016 - Abstracts

Title: Agents Living in Augmented Worlds - Setting the stage

Speakers: A. Ricci (University of Bologna) and L. Tummolini (ISTC-CNR)

The impressive development of technologies is reducing the gulf between the physical and the digital matter, reality and virtuality. The fruitful integration of pervasive computing, wearable computing and mixed/augmented reality as enabling technologies is setting up the stage for designing multi-agent systems where software agents and agent societies shape the "augmented worlds" where human users are immersed, extending their perception of the physical world, their action as well as the capability of reasoning, decision making, communication, collaboration. In this talk we aim at providing an multi-disciplinary overview about agent-based augmented worlds, introducing some concepts and views, and making connections with related research themes.  


Title:  Exploring the advantages of an Agent oriented approach to developing Augmented Reality worlds

Speaker: Abraham Campbell, UCD

This talk will discuss the future requirements for creating Augmented Reality applications, highlighting the synergy between an Agent Oriented Approach and the software requirement specifications inherit in Augmented Reality development. Due to this synergy, many Augmented Reality frameworks will simply be reinventing the wheel if they ignore the large body of work already present within the Agent community. Correspondingly the Agent community needs to develop tools to combine Agents within commonly used integrated development environments that currently exist for Augmented Reality development. If such an integration takes places an Agent Oriented approach could speed up the development of smart objects with Augmented Reality worlds, thus aiding in the creation of a truly ubiquitous computing ecosystem. How these smart objects interact and are programmed should not just be left to developers, but through the higher level abstractions allowed for by an agent oriented approach they should give access to anyone to create and develop within this new mirror world.  

Title: Breaking the wall and going out to hunt Pokemon agents

Speaker: J. A. Rincon & C. Carrascosa - Universidad Politécnica de Valencia.

As  Nintendo  has  checked  lately,  Augmented  Worlds  can  be  (is)  a  new  reality  for  entertaining: gamers  are  not  anymore  couch  potatoes,  but  people  who  invade  any  place  looking  for  virtual animals invading real places, and virtual places that are mixed with real places.  Maybe  this  is  not  the  final  application  of  augmented  worlds  predicted  in all  the  research  papers written  about  it,  but  give  us  an  idea  of  the  amount  of  people  that  can  be  moved  by  this  kind  of applications, and the kind of technology needed to distribute and control all the stuff needed in an application like that. Is the best solution a client - server application? We are talking about a whole world  mixing  with  a  real-world,  a  whole  new  Augmented  World,  with  a  huge  number  of windows to this new world that allow to be immersed in it and interact with it.   The creation of this new world needs new tools that allow the creation of this kind of applications. Tools  able  not  only  of  providing  how  to  define  the  elements  composing  this  kind  of  applications with  a  series  of  features  well-known  in  the  Multi-Agent  Systems  area  such  as:  fault  tolerance, adaption, creation and destruction of inhabitants, or managing personal information everywhere.  These new tools should also be able to facilitate designers their work as we are designing this huge applications  situated  in  an environment  that  tends  to  be  unbounded,  and mixing  real  world with virtual augmentations.

Title: Symbolic Environments and the Cultural Aspects of Augmented Worlds

Speaker: Antônio Carlos da Rocha Costa - UFRGS

This paper adopts a concept of augmented world as an augmented reality

that encompasses social actors and their cultural systems,

computationally realized, and submits that a particular form of agent

society can be fruitfully used as a general agent-based model for

augment worlds taken in that sense. The paper examines how the

symbolic environments of agent societies may participate in the

constitution of augmented worlds. In particular, it examines how the

symbolic systems of symbolic environments may represent cultural

aspects (understood in a very wide sense: morality, legality,

politics, religion, ethnicity, etc.) in augmented worlds. In a short

case study, the paper shows how one may expect augmented worlds to

treat the symbolic conducts of their social actors.

Title: The Collective Mind in an Augmented World

Speaker: Nardine Ossman, IIIA-CSIC

This talk introduces the novel notion of an operational Collective Mind and its application to augmented reality. A collective mind is the mind of a group of intelligent beings (biological and artificial) that enhances the behaviour of the group by perceiving their individual cognitive, emotional, and physical state, learning the individual and collective needs, building a collective state, and acting upon those beings and their environment to modify their collective state in such a way that their needs are satisfied. We illustrate how a Collective Mind can be applied to augmented reality, how it can influence the augmentation, as well as how it can result in more effective individual and collective human/agent actions in the augmented worlds.        

Title: Realistic agents in augmented reality

Speaker: F. Dignum, TU Delf

Although the intuitions of agents usually fit well to model characters in virtual and augmented reality, the agent technology does not live up to expectations when one actually starts implementing them. The agent platforms support agents that are for a large part autistic or seem to have no will of their own. In these environments the support of finding a right balance between pro-active and reactive behavior is crucial to create characters that might behave interesting enough to add to the experience. In the presentation I will touch upon a number of issues that have to be solved in order for agent technology to be usable for ALAW.

Title: A Framework for Coordinated Agency in Augmented Worlds

Speaker: Wynn Stirling - BYU

In order to appropriately interact in augmented worlds, human and artificial agents will need to fit together and to behave in a systematic manner relative to each other and to the mixed human-artificial groups that they will form. Game theory has proven to be a powerful tool to analyze interactive decision making both in the social sciences and in computer science. As an analytical tool,game theory has been used to reduce a reality (actual human behavior) to an abstraction (a mathematical model). In contrast, in computer science, factors that are deemed relevant to the desired function of an artificial system are encoded into a mathematical model (an abstraction) which is then used to create a reality (the desired behavior of an artificial social system). Both as an analytical and as a synthetic tool, however, traditional game theory is incomplete, lacking the power to take social relationships between individuals into account and to explain or induce systematic group behavior. Arguably, however, social relationships between humans and artificial agents will form in augmented worlds, and mixed teams of players will be enabled. Conditional game theory provides a framework within which social relationships between human and artificial agents can be directly encoded, thereby providing a mechanism to model rational behavior in terms of both individual and

social benefit. Rather than exogenously imposing rational behavior on the artificial agents, systematic group behaviors in mixed teams emerge endogenously as a result of the social relationships between them.

Title: Understanding a world of augmented worlds

Speaker: Pablo Noriega - IIIA-CSIS

The complexity of being immersed in a social environment where virtuality is an inescapable component, brings to mind the need to identify means to interpret and incorporate this reality in such a way that agency makes sense and achieves its intended effects. Perhaps one starting point may be to distinguish three different perspectives to approach this aim. First a design perspective where one seeks to model and implement socio-cognitive systems that fulfil their functions in a "proper" way. Second as (collective) users of such systems to "contend properly" with such systems. And thirdly, to "live and prosper" as rational humans within a world where those systems pullulate. My talk will have a very modest goal of making the distinguishing features these three approaches minimally concrete. The motivation is  to start articulating some salient focus of attention that our community may find worth exploring in earnest

===== ALAW @ ECAI 2016