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SkyView Academy is committed to preparing students to be lifelong learners and honorable leaders of tomorrow.

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT

Graduation Requirement: SVA students must successfully complete 4 years of English classes.

Western Literature
Grade Level: 9th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: None
This is a rigorous course designed to develop skills in written composition and reading strategies. In order to increase student skills, instruction will focus on grammar, mechanics and usage, vocabulary, the literary essay, and oral expression. This class will explore a variety of Western works of literature as we hone critical composition skills. Students will master the thesis statement and literary essay through meaningful studies of classical literature. We will be following Western literature from its Greek and Roman roots and leading into classic British literature including Shakespeare and Dickens.

Honors Western Literature
Grade Level: 9th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: None
Students enrolled in Honors Western Literature will read the canonical classics of Western Literature by exploring primary source excerpts from ancient texts by Aristotle, Socrates, Plato, and Ovid. To foster Honors-level critical thinking, students will read and apply sophisticated literary analysis skills to engage with the classic Western Literature texts of Shakespeare and Dickens. To prepare for future honors or AP-level coursework, students will maintain a blog to practice weekly high-level literary analysis and Socratic discussion both in and outside of class.  

World Literature
Grade Level: 10th,  Prerequisite: Western Literature,  Fee: None
This course will explore a variety of literary traditions in order to gain an understanding of the common human values that unite all literature. This rigorous course will work on refining student skills in grammar, mechanics and usage, vocabulary, the literary essay, research, and oral expression. Students will hone their critical thinking skills as they compare Western and Eastern literature.

Honors World Literature
Grade Level: 10th,  Prerequisite: Western Literature,  Fee: None
Honors World Literature is a rigorous, college preparatory course that focuses on broadening students’ literary landscape and expanding their understanding of the world through reading and analyzing texts by a variety of classical and modern international authors. This course is designed to develop skills in critical thinking and written composition, as well as to increase awareness of cultural and social issues. In this course students will work toward defining commonalities and differences among cultures represented in literature (fiction, poetry, drama), media, and non-fiction from around the world. Writing development will focus on constructing clear and persuasive arguments and also creating a personal writing style. Class discussions will focus on the Socratic Method and include student led discussion groups and investigations. Students will participate in an in depth research project/presentation involving human rights and formulating productive responses and solutions to issues confronting people in a specific part of the world.

American Literature
Grade Level: 11th,  Prerequisite: Western Literature and World Literature,  Fee: None
This course will provide students with a thorough knowledge of major American literary works, considering extra-textual factors in analysis. Students will engage in close critical reading and responding orally and in well-crafted writing to significant works, e.g. novels, short stories, essays, speeches, plays, and poetry, from major American authors from a variety of regions and eras. In addition to essays, critical discussions and oral presentations, students will complete literary research projects.

AP Language and Composition
Grade Level: 11th,  Prerequisite: Successful completion of Western Literature and World Literature, as well as teacher recommendation,  Fee: $93 (AP testing fee)
The purpose of this AP English Language and Composition course is to enable students to read complex texts with understanding and to write prose of sufficient richness and complexity to communicate effectively with mature readers. The emphasis of this course is for content, purpose and audience to guide the organization of writing. Students will additionally learn to read primary and secondary sources carefully, to synthesize material from these texts in their own compositions, and to cite sources using conventions recommended by professional organizations such as the Modern Language Association (MLA), the University of Chicago Press (The Chicago Manual of Style), the American Psychological Association (APA) and the Council of Biology Editors (CBE).

British Literature
Grade Level: 12th,  Prerequisite: Western Literature, World Literature, and junior jevel literature class,  Fee: None
Students will read selected works and analyze the historical and cultural influences from the traditional canonical writers of England ( such as Shakespeare, Bronte, and Orwell) in the Anglo-Saxon period, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, the Enlightenment, the Romantic period, the Victorian period, and the Modern period. Students will master grammar and mechanics, as well as sophisticated composition of the Literary Analysis essay.

AP Literature and Composition
Grade Level: 12th,  Prerequisites: Successful completion of Western Literature, World Literature, and a junior level literature class as well as teacher recommendation,  Fee: $93 (AP testing fee)
Students will study representative works such as those by authors cited in the AP English Course Description. Students will write interpretations of literature based on observation of textual details, figurative language, imagery, symbolism, style, theme, and tone. Students will also understand the social, cultural, and historical values of works studied, while mastering compositional skills.

English Department Course Pathways

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MATHEMATICS DEPARTMENT

Graduation Requirement: SVA students must successfully complete 4 years of Mathematics.

Pre-Algebra
Grade Level: 9th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: None
This course begins with a brief review of the number system and operations with whole numbers, fractions, decimals, positive and negative numbers. Eventually, we will cover rational and linear exponents, ratios, proportions and percentages; and solving simple and complex equations with one variable.

Algebra I
Grade Level: 9th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: None
In this course, students will cover operations with integers, expressions, order of operations, exponents, scientific notation, properties and axioms, solving of one-step and multi-step equations, quadratic equations and the quadratic formula, polynomials, graphing, and probability.

Geometry
Grade Level: 9th, 10th grade,  Prerequisite: Algebra I,  Fee: None
Students will study geometry with an  emphasis on inductive and deductive reasoning and will be asked to demonstrate their knowledge of the material primarily by way of proof. Topics include properties of points, lines, rays, planes, polygons, circles, spheres, congruence, parallelism, perpendicularity, similarity, transformations, basic trigonometry, calculation of area/perimeter/volume, and the Pythagorean theorem along with other theorem work.

Honors Geometry
Grade Level: 9th, 10th,  Prerequisite: Algebra I,  Fee: None
Honors Geometry is for the student who desires to explore the material in greater depth. Honors students will be asked to demonstrate this depth of knowledge in a variety of ways that may include presenting/explaining problems to peers, solving problems that are significantly longer and demand exceptional critical thinking skills, or evaluating/defending the problem solving process using detailed proofs. This depth of knowledge will be developed and assessed through differentiated assignments, quizzes, tests, and/or projects.

Algebra II
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th,  Prerequisite: Algebra I, Geometry or counselor recommendation,  Fee: None
This course will start with some graphing review, then go to linear systems followed shortly thereafter by matrices. Students will develop a deeper understanding of algebra through creating and analyzing multiple representations of a variety of functions .  Students will also build on algebraic skills with radical, rational, exponential, and logarithmic  relationships.  This course is designed to prepare students for the Math sections of the SAT.  Graphing calculator utilization is heavily emphasized in this course.

Honors Algebra II
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th,  Prerequisite: Algebra I, Geometry,  Fee: None
Honors Algebra II is for the student who desires to explore the material in greater depth. Honors students will be asked to demonstrate this depth of knowledge in a variety of ways that may include presenting/explaining problems to peers, solving problems that are significantly longer and demand exceptional critical thinking skills, or evaluating/defending the problem solving process . This depth of knowledge will be developed and assessed through differentiated assignments, quizzes, tests, and/or projects.

Trig/Pre Calc
Grade Level: 10th, 11th, 12th, Prerequisite: Algebra II,  Fee: None
Topics will include function work with composition and inverses, extensive graphical analysis of functions’ maxima, minima, bounds, zeros, intercepts, asymptotes, end behavior, transformations, polynomial functions, matrix algebra, conic sections, the three dimensional coordinate system, vectors and their applications, circular functions, trigonometric graphs and their amplitude, period, frequency, phase shift, parametric equations, and the polar coordinate system. It also includes the study of trigonometric ratios, formulas, the unit circle, and the law of sines and cosines.

Honors Trig/Pre Calc
Grade Level: 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Algebra II,  Fee: None
Honors Trig/PreCalc is for the student who desires to explore the material in greater depth. Honors students will be asked to demonstrate this depth of knowledge in a variety of ways that may include presenting/explaining problems to peers, solving problems that are significantly longer and demand exceptional critical thinking skills, or evaluating/defending the problem solving process (perhaps as proof). This depth of knowledge will be developed and assessed through differentiated assignments, quizzes, tests, and/or projects.

Discrete Math
Grade Level: 12th,  Prerequisite: Algebra II, Fee: None
Discrete Math is a challenging alternative for those students who do not intend to pursue a career requiring skills in advanced mathematics. In contrast to Calculus , which seeks to define continuous data, this course will explore discrete and finite topics in math. Areas of study and application could include logic and problem solving, number theory, set theory, finance, politics, functions and modeling, counting principles, probability and statistics, matrices, linear programming, game theory, and algorithm analysis.

AP Calculus AB
Grade Level: 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Successful completion of Trig/Pre Calc and teacher recommendation, Fee: $103 ($10 course and $93 AP testing fee)
This course is primarily concerned with developing the students’ understanding of the concepts of calculus and providing experience with its methods and applications. The course emphasizes a multi-representational approach to calculus, with concepts, results, and problems being expressed graphically, numerically, analytically, and verbally. Technology will be used regularly by students and teachers to reinforce the relationships among the multiple representations of functions, to confirm written work, to implement experimentation and to assist in interpreting results. Through the use of the unifying themes of derivatives, integrals, limits, approximation, and applications and modeling, the course becomes a cohesive whole rather than a collection of unrelated topics.

AP Calculus BC
Grade Level: 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Successful completion of AP Calculus AB and teacher recommendation,  Fee: $103 ($10 course and $93 AP testing fee)
Calculus BC is a full-year course in the calculus of functions of a single variable. It includes all topics taught in Calculus AB plus additional topics, but both courses are intended to be challenging and demanding; they require a similar depth of understanding of common topics. The content of Calculus BC is designed to qualify the student for placement and credit in a course that is one course beyond that granted for Calculus AB. This course is primarily concerned with developing the students’ understanding of the concepts of calculus and providing experience with its methods and applications. The courses emphasize a multi-representational approach to calculus, with concepts, results, and problems being expressed graphically, numerically, analytically, and verbally. Calculus BC is an extension of Calculus AB rather than an enhancement; common topics require a similar depth of understanding.

Math Department Course Pathways

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SCIENCE DEPARTMENT

Graduation Requirement: SkyView Academy students must successfully complete 4 years of Science classes.

Integrated Science
Grade Level: 9th,  Prerequisite: Teacher Recommendation,  Fee: $40
Integrated Science is a laboratory course designed to give students experience using science equipment. Through a variety of methods such as labs, problem based situations, and guided inquiry, students are given a basic science foundation, develop useful laboratory skills, and use mathematics to solve scientific problems. This course will emphasize physics and chemistry learning objectives.

Biology
Grade Level: 9th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: $40
Biology is a laboratory-based course that includes the study of experimental design, taxonomy, cellular chemistry, cell structure and function, genetics/heredity, microbiology, and plant and animal physiology. These areas are developed within a framework of principle biological theories with an emphasis on critical thinking and science process skills.

Honors Biology
Grade Level: 9th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: $40
Honors Biology is an accelerated course that emphasizes project based learning.  Honors Biology curriculum tracks the normal biology curriculum but adds the requirement of participation on the Intel Science and Engineering Fair in February.  Class time is allotted for project work and students are helped to gather resources such as mentors, equipment, and directed instruction for substantive scientific investigation.  Students design and create rigorous scientific projects that compete in city, state, and international contests.  

Chemistry
Grade Level: 10th,  Prerequisite: Biology,  Fee: $40
The course explores the structure of matter; understanding of chemical and physical changes; writing and balancing chemical equations; making calculations related to chemical reactions; understanding the structure and use of the periodic table; using the periodic table to compare, contrast and predict chemical interactions; describing the role of energy during chemical reactions; understanding and using safe laboratory work habits; learning to conduct, document, and report laboratory results in great depth. A strong emphasis will be placed on problem solving and the process of science. There will be a strong lab component to the course with the goal of preparing students for the AP Chemistry program.

Honors Chemistry
Grade Level: 10th,  Prerequisite: Biology,  Fee: $40
Honors Chemistry is an accelerated course the emphasizes project based learning.  Honors Chemistry curriculum tracks the normal Chemistry curriculum but adds the requirement of participation on the Intel Science and Engineering Fair in February.  Students design and create rigorous scientific projects that compete in city, state, and international contests.  

Physics
Grade Level: 11th,  Prerequisite: Chemistry,  Fee: $40
The purpose of this course is to prepare students to be critical thinkers in society and have a foundational understanding of physical principles. Students will see the world in a whole new light as they explore the world around them using the tools of physics. Along the way, students will explore Newtonian mechanics (work, energy, power, motion, momentum, gravity, mass); temperature and heat, kinetics and thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism, optics and waves, relativity, and quantum mechanics. This is a lab-based class that emphasizes understanding and use of safe laboratory work habits, and learning to conduct, document and report laboratory results.

AP Physics 1

Grade Level: 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Successful completion or concurrent enrollment in Algebra II as well as teacher recommendation,  Fee: $133 ($40 course and $93 AP testing fee)
AP Physics 1 is equivalent to a first semester college course in algebra-based physics.  Students cultivate their understanding of Physics through inquiry-based instructional strategies that focus on experimentation to develop students’ conceptual understanding of physics principles.  The students begin studying a topic by making observations and discovering patterns of natural phenomena. The next steps involve developing, testing, and applying models.  Throughout the course, the students construct and use multiple representations of physical processes, solve multi-step problems, and design investigations.  Students explore topics such as Newtonian mechanics (including rotational motion); work, energy, and power; mechanical waves and sound; and introductory, simple circuits. The coursework is designed to prepare students to take the Advanced Placement exam, which students may take to earn college credit. 

AP Chemistry (not available for ‘17-’18 school year)
Grade Level: 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Successful completion of Chemistry, and Algebra II as well as teacher recommendation,  Fee: $133 ($40  course and $93 AP testing fee)
AP Chemistry is equivalent to a college level general chemistry course that provides rigorous study in four major areas: structure of matter, states of matter, reaction and descriptive chemistry. The student will demonstrate a basic understanding of, and the ability to apply, mathematical solutions to problems involving atomic theory and structure, chemical bonding, nuclear chemistry, kinetic theory, solutions, reaction types, stoichiometry, equilibrium, kinetic, thermodynamics, and descriptive chemistry. The course includes a laboratory component designed to meet College Board standards. Students must be highly motivated to tackle this rigorous course. At the end of the year, students are encouraged to take the Advanced Placement Examination for college credit.

AP Environmental Science
Grade Level: 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Successful completion of Chemistry, and Algebra II as well as teacher recommendation,  Fee: $133 ($40  course and $93 AP testing fee)
AP Environmental Science provides students with the scientific principles, concepts, and methodologies required to understand the interrelationships of the natural world.  The curriculum seeks to identify and analyze environmental problems both natural and human-made, to evaluate the relative risks associated with these problems, and to examine alternative solutions for resolving or preventing them. Environmental science is interdisciplinary, embracing a wide variety of topics from different areas of study including ecosystems, earth systems, energy, social context of environmental problems, and sustainability.

Human Anatomy and Physiology
Grade Level: 12th,  Prerequisite: Physics,  Fee: $50
Anatomy and physiology will include a yearlong program of intense human anatomy and physiology studies. The areas covered will include; medical terminology, basic chemistry, cell and tissue structure, and the 11 systems of the human body (integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, circulatory, lymphatic, digestive, respiratory, urinary, and reproductive). Laboratory work will be required, including a 6-8 week comparative anatomy dissection lab using the cat.

Chemistry II (not available for ‘17-’18 school year)
Grade Level: 12th,  Prerequisite: Chemistry,  Fee: $40
Chemistry is a branch of physical science that studies the composition, structure, properties and chemical reactions of matter.  Chemistry II is a continuation of the Chemistry I course covering the topics of organic chemistry, reaction kinetics, chemical equilibrium, oxidation/reduction, electrochemistry, biochemistry and nuclear chemistry.  This course follows a slower pace than Chemistry I to allow for the acquisition of deeper level understandings, field trips and more lab-based activities.  Students commonly show their knowledge with presentations, Socratic seminars and inquiry-based activities.

Science Department Course Pathways

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HISTORY DEPARTMENT

Graduation Requirement: SVA students must successfully complete 4 years of History classes.

Human Geography & History of Ancient Civilizations
Grade Level: 9th,  Prerequisites: None,  Fee: None
Human Geography will introduce students to the systematic study of patterns and processes that have shaped human understanding, use, and alteration of Earth's surface. Students employ spatial concepts and landscape analysis to examine human social organization and its environmental consequences. They also learn about the methods and tools geographers use in their science and practice. History of Ancient Civilizations learn to be historians.  As historians, we learn to analyze patterns such as cause and effect, comparisons and change over time. Through dialogue, discussion, debate, critical thinking and persuasive writing we investigate transcending themes. The focus of this course will be on ancient civilizations prior to 600 BCE. By better understanding the forces at work in shaping our cultural heritage, students are equipped to lead the world into the future.

Honors Human Geography & History of Ancient Civilizations
Grade Level: 9th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: None
In addition to the description above, honors western civilizations students will be completing a project for National History Day (NHD). This is a nationally recognized curriculum established in 1974 in College Park, Maryland, and it is a great opportunity for our students to explore topics in history that interest them outside of the classroom. In addition, it will help students develop critical thinking and historical analysis skills. Students will start, work on, and complete a project for National History Day culminating in a presentation of their projects at the school level. Selected projects will then have an opportunity to be presented at the regional, state, and potentially national competitions. NHD offers students a great opportunity to act as historians and develop research skills that transfer across subjects and grade levels. While students will be able to work on their projects and develop research skills at school, this is a highly independent and rigorous research project. Students need to be diligent in their efforts and conscious of their use of time on this project outside of school. Students will be given a research checkpoint sheet at the beginning of the school year highlighting important due dates/checkpoints to help scaffold and streamline the research process. The large majority of a student's grade will be determined by their success and effectiveness in meeting the requirements and due dates for the research checkpoints.

World History
Grade Level: 10th,  Prerequisite: History of Western Civilizations,   Fee: None
Building upon students’ foundation in ancient history from 9th Grade
Ancient Civilization, this course investigates the emergence, development and unique features of civilizations and nations in Europe, the Far East, South Asia, Africa and Latin America from 602 C.E. forward. Socratic methods and essential questions will guide the learning process as students interact with primary sources supporting the powerful forces that shaped the government, beliefs and cultures of these regions to this day.

AP World History
Grade Level: 10th,  Prerequisite: Successful completion of Human Geography & History of Ancient Civilizations and teacher recommendation,  Fee: $93 (AP testing fee)
This course is designed to equip students for college preparatory excellence using learning activities that are in alignment with our school’s unique focus. The emphasis on preparing students for the AP exam using classical methods is a significant differential that offers a balance between process and product. Students are expected to thoroughly read, comprehend and synthesize our AP-level textbook and write persuasively using primary sources. Nonetheless, classroom activities will foster critical thinking and historical analysis through interaction and dialogue. Major learning assessments will include multiple choice tests, essays and debates.

U.S. History
Grade Level: 11th,  Prerequisite: Human Geography & History of Ancient Civilizations and World History,  Fee: None
This course examines the emergence and growth of the United States, as well as the significant challenges and changes to the nation since the initial contact between Natives and Europeans. Socratic methods of group discussion based on key primary and secondary documents and artifacts allows students to continue to practice the critical thinking and historical skills that contribute to the successful development of honorable leaders.

AP U.S. History
Grade Level: 11th,  Prerequisite: Successful completion of World History and teacher recommendation,  Fee: $93 (AP testing fee)
This course is designed to provide students with the analytic skills and factual knowledge necessary to deal critically with the problems and materials in U.S. history. The program prepares students for intermediate and advanced college courses by making demands upon them equivalent to those made by full-year introductory college courses. Students should learn to assess historical materials—their relevance to a given interpretive problem, reliability, and importance—and to weigh the evidence and interpretations presented in historical scholarship. This AP U.S. History course will develop the skills necessary to arrive at conclusions on the basis of an informed judgment and to present reasons and evidence clearly and persuasively in essay format.

U.S. Government and Politics & Economics
Grade Level: 12th,  Prerequisite: U.S. History or AP U.S. History,  Fee: None
U.S. Government and Politics will provide students with an understanding of how the American Republic was founded, how the Constitution is structured, and how the powers and responsibilities of this government are shared through the federal system and among the branches of government. The main objective of this course is to prepare students for the requirements, opportunities, and responsibilities of citizenship in the United States. Economics will give students an opportunity to learn and understand the basic fundamentals of both microeconomics and macroeconomics. This course is designed to connect the personal financial responsibilities and opportunities that individuals face along with the larger scope of national and international economic structures. The study of these themes will aid in the students in their development as contributing citizens and encourage their growth as honorable leader.

AP U.S. Government and Politics
Grade Level: 12th,  Prerequisite: U.S. History or AP U.S. History and teacher recommendation, Fee: $93 (AP testing fee)
This year long AP course in United States Government and Politics will give students an analytical perspective on government and politics in the United States.  This course includes both the study of general concepts used to interpret U S government and politics and the analysis of specific examples.   It also requires familiarity with the various institutions, groups, beliefs, and ideas that constitute U S government and politics. The main objectives of this course are to prepare students for the requirements, opportunities, and responsibilities of citizenship in the United States, and to pass the AP Government and Politics exam.

History Department Course PathwaysSocial Studies.jpg

WORLD LANGUAGES DEPARTMENT

Graduation Requirement: SVA students must successfully complete 2 years of World Language classes.

American Sign Language I
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: None
This course introduces students to the fundamentals of American Sign Language (ASL) including basic conversation, dialogue, and vocabulary.  Expressive and receptive skills are emphasized within a cultural context.

American Sign Language II
Grade Level: 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: None
This course expands on the knowledge of Deaf Culture, develops communicative competence at the beginning to mediate level, focusing on receptive and expressive skills in basic conversations, dialogue, vocabulary development.

French I
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: None
This class introduces students to the basic grammar and vocabulary needed to speak rudimentary French in the present tense. Students will acquire knowledge of these components: listening, speaking, reading, writing and culture. The class is conducted primarily in French language, with some concept explanations in English. Students will communicate with the teacher and with one another in French through oral exercises in the text, paired, and group communicative exercises and daily conversation. Throughout the course of the year, students will move from set phrases to more spontaneous use of the language. Topics covered include conversational phrases related to introductions and small talk, descriptions of people and things, family, professions, shopping, and eating in a restaurant. Students’ vocabularies will also be expanded to include a variety of topics such as foods, animals, clothing, sports and recreational activities, and rooms and furniture in the house. By the end of this course, students have a solid basic understanding of a native speaker and are able to participate in basic, daily-life type conversations.

French II
Grade Level: 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: French I,  Fee: None
This class expands upon and improves the skills that the student has acquired in French I. Additionally, the class introduces new grammatical structures, tenses, and vocabulary. The class is conducted in French and students are expected to speak French during the class. Students have a variety of opportunities to speak the language through oral exercises from the text, conversational opportunities with the teacher and other members of the class, and frequent paired and grouped activities. By the end of the year, students will hold general conversations, speak in a comprehensible fashion, and understand what s/he hears. The student will be able to use, in speaking and writing, the present tense, and both past tenses. The students will be able to use both the regular and irregular verbs in these tenses as well as have a mastery of object pronouns, reflexive verbs, and stem-changing verbs. By the end of this course, students should be able to understand a native speaker speaking in several different situations. They should also be able to participate in a more thorough conversation, begin to express their opinions, and ask others for further information.

French III
Grade Level: 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: French II,  Fee: None
In French III students explore different French-speaking countries through vocabulary, short films, news articles, grammar, and selections of literature. Along with intensive review of previously learned grammar, students will learn select new grammatical structures such as the pluperfect tense and the subjunctive mode. Classes will be conducted primarily in French.  Non-honors students will receive extra support in the form of small group work and reduced work load and be expected to be able to communicate in paragraph discourse both written and verbally in all tenses by the end of the year.

French III; Honors French III
Grade Level: 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: French II,  Fee: None
In Honors French III students will explore different French-speaking countries through vocabulary, short films, news article, grammar, and selections of literature. Along with intensive review of previously learned grammar, students will learn select new grammatical structures such as the pluperfect and the subjunctive tenses. Classes will be conducted primarily in French.

Honors French IV
Grade Level: 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: French III,  Fee: None
This course is designed for students to use their French language skills in as many practical, real-world situations as possible. Heavily discussion based, this course will challenge students to use their vocabulary and grammar skills to evaluate literature, film, articles, and debate current francophone and world issues. In addition to a variety of topic studies, students will do a comprehensive review of grammar structure, and work on polishing language skills. Classes will be conducted in the target language.

Latin I
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: None
Latin I will serve as the basis for the other years of Latin. The students will learn basic grammar including: the five declensions of nouns, the three declensions of adjectives, the four conjugations of verbs, including active and passive voices of the six tenses in the indicative mood. In addition to grammar, an extensive vocabulary is learned which is especially suited to reading Julius Caesar. Basic culture and mythology is also covered, with an emphasis on the gods of Mt. Olympus and the heroes of the ancient stories.

Latin II
Grade Level: 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Latin I,  Fee: None
Building on the grammar learned in Latin I, Latin II will focus on rounding out the students' basic knowledge. This will include the remaining two declensions, participles and the subjunctive mood and its uses. In addition, Caesar's Gallic Wars will be the principal translation piece, along with selections from Ovid, Pliny and Catullus. Vocabulary necessary for these writings, as well as for Latin III and IV will be emphasized, along with mythology, culture and wartime politics.

Latin III
Grade Level: 10th,11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Latin II,  Fee: None
Latin III focuses on the prose translation, using Cicero’s works as the main texts. These will range from his orations against Catiline to DeAmicitia, with a focus on his philosophy towards the Republic and society. Students will focus more on translation, using all the tools from the previous two years, in an effort to comprehend and interpret Cicero in the original Latin. There will be an emphasis on the political system of Rome as well as rhetorical devices used throughout.

Latin IV
Grade Level: 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Latin III,  Fee: None
Roman poetry through the use of Vergil’s Aeneid makes up the bulk of Latin IV, as we delve into the mythology of the founding of Italy. This year will focus on the gods and the intricate lives they led and how they were interwoven with the mortals of the ancient civilization. Using more and more sight translation, the students will be able to effectively translate and understand the words in the more complex and irregular poetic forms. In addition, poetic devices will be studied, along with the ways that they serve to enhance the writing.

AP Latin (not available for ‘17-’18 school year)
Grade Level: 12th,  Prerequisite: Successful completion of Latin IV and teacher recommendation,  Fee: $93 (AP testing fee)
Student who successfully complete this course are able to read, understand, translate and analyze both Latin poetry and prose. In this course students prepare and translate the required Latin readings with accuracy that reflects precise understanding of the Latin. Throughout the course students develop their language skills through various activities: literal translation, reading with comprehension of sight passages, and written analyses that demonstrate the result of critical reading in clear and coherent arguments supported by textual examples.

Spanish I
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: None
This class introduces students to the basic grammar and vocabulary needed to speak rudimentary Spanish in the present tense. Students will acquire knowledge of these components: listening, speaking, reading, writing and culture. The class is conducted primarily in Spanish, with some concept explanations in English. Students will communicate with the teacher and with one another in Spanish language through oral exercises in the text, paired, and group communicative exercises and daily conversation. Throughout the course of the year students will move from set phrases to more spontaneous use of the language. Topics covered include conversational phrases related to introductions and small talk, descriptions of people and things, family, professions, shopping, and eating in a restaurant. Students’ vocabularies will also be expanded to include a variety of topics such as foods, animals, clothing, sports and recreational activities, and rooms and furniture in the house. By the end of this course, students have a solid basic understanding of a native speaker and are able to participate in basic, daily-life type conversations.

Spanish II
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Spanish I,  Fee: None
This class expands upon and improves the skills that the student has acquired in Spanish I. Additionally, the class introduces new grammatical structures, tenses, and vocabulary. The class is conducted in Spanish and students are expected to speak Spanish during the class. Students have a variety of opportunities to speak the language through oral exercises from the text, conversational opportunities with the teacher and other members of the class, and frequent paired and grouped activities. By the end of the year, students will hold general conversations, speak in a comprehensible fashion, and understand what s/he hears. The student will be able to use, in speaking and writing, the present tense, and both past tenses. The students will be able to use both the regular and irregular verbs in these tenses as well as have a mastery of object pronouns, reflexive verbs, and stem-changing verbs. By the end of this course, students should be able to understand a native speaker speaking in several different situations. They should also be able to participate in a more thorough conversation, begin to express their opinions, and ask others for further information.

Spanish III
Grade Level: 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Spanish II,  Fee: None
Depth study of the Spanish language at the mid intermediate level through speaking, listening, reading and writing activities. This course will further students’ understanding of Spanish through reading comprehension exercises, conjugation practice, sentence and paragraph development, analysis and discussion of Spanish literature  writing assignments. Emphasis will be placed on grammar and vocabulary development as well as hispanic culture knowledge. At the end of the Spanish 3 Honors course, the students will be able to use the language at an intermediate level under ACTFL proficiency Guidelines (Speakers at the Intermediate Mid sublevel are able to handle successfully a variety of uncomplicated communicative tasks in straightforward social situations. Conversation is generally limited to those predictable and concrete exchanges necessary for survival in the target culture. These include personal information related to self, family, home, daily activities, interests and personal preferences, as well as physical and social needs, such as food, shopping, travel, and lodging).

Honors Spanish III
Grade Level: 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Spanish II,  Fee: None
Study of the Spanish language at the low intermediate level through speaking, listening, reading and writing activities. This course will further students’ understanding of Spanish through reading comprehension exercises, conjugation practice, sentence and paragraph development, analysis, discussion of Spanish literature and writing assignments. Emphasis will be placed on grammar and vocabulary development as well as hispanic culture knowledge. At the end of Spanish 3 course, the students will be able to use the language at an intermediate low level under ACTFL proficiency Guidelines (Speakers at the Intermediate Low sublevel are able to handle successfully a limited number of uncomplicated communicative tasks by creating with the language in straightforward social situations. Conversation is restricted to some of the concrete exchanges and predictable topics necessary for survival in the target-language culture. These topics relate to basic personal information; for example, self and family, some daily activities and personal preferences, and some immediate needs, such as ordering food and making simple purchases. At the Intermediate Low sublevel, speakers are primarily reactive and struggle to answer direct questions or requests for information. They are also able to ask a few appropriate questions. Intermediate Low speakers manage to sustain the functions of the Intermediate level, although just barely).

Honors Spanish IV
Grade Level: 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Honors Spanish III,  Fee: None
During this course, students will be able to apply all the structures and vocabulary they already know in order to communicate ideas about current topics. We will review some concepts and learn some new language structures while digging deeply into language usage. Each chapter is built around thematic instruction base upon real-world tasks and authentic sources. Instruction is learner-centered; students take responsibility for the learning and creation of new content. Assessment is focused on what students can do with the language.

AP Spanish
Grade Level: 11th, 12th, Prerequisite: Successful completion of Spanish IV and teacher recommendation,  Fee: $93 (AP testing fee)
The AP Spanish Language and Culture course takes a holistic approach to language proficiency and recognizes the complex interrelatedness of comprehension and comprehensibility, vocabulary usage, language control, communication strategies, and cultural awareness. Students should learn language structures in context and use them to convey meaning. In standards-based world language classrooms, the instructional focus is on function and not the examination of irregularity and complex grammatical paradigms about the target language. Language structures should be addressed inasmuch as they serve the communicative task and not as an end goal unto themselves. The AP Spanish Language and Culture course strives to promote both fluency and accuracy in language use and not to overemphasize grammatical accuracy at the expense of communication. In order to best facilitate the study of language and culture, the course is taught in the target language.

ADDITIONAL SVA REQUIREMENTS

Graduation Requirement: SVA students must successfully complete the following required classes.

Physical Education
Grade Level: 9th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: $10
Welcome to your high school physical education class at SkyView Academy. Throughout this year we will be working on various skills, games, and sports to improve our cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains. Such activities will focus on expanding teamwork, leadership, problem-solving, and sportsmanship skills to promote lifelong fitness. In this course, all aspects of physical fitness and health will be addressed which includes personal and social wellness. Risk management and prevention and how it affects one’s health will be another area of emphasis. I expect all students to arrive on-time to class with a positive and respectful attitude. We will follow the SkyView Academy’s Student Handbook for classroom rules/regulations/guidelines.

Introduction to Latin
Grade Level: 10th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: None
This one semester course gives students a small sampling of the Latin language, Introduction to Latin will cover the first three declensions of nouns, the first conjugation of verbs, the six tenses of verbs in the active voice and indicative mood. In addition, there will be a focus on the culture of mythology of Rome, with an overview of how the world of the ancient world worked, including the innovation and advancements that set Rome apart from the rest of the world. Should a student choose to study Latin as a language, this requirement will be waived.

Classical Logic
Grade Level: 10th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: None
This one semester course guides students to understand that arguments and the ability to reason are essential elements of communication. This course will focus on using reason to discover truth. Progressing through simple apprehension, composition and division we will cover all three acts of the intellect. Through the use of exams, writing assignments, debates and oral participation, the students will learn to make an argument based on facts and how to unpack an argument and determine if a written piece proceeds logically.

Rhetoric
Grade Level: 12th,  Prerequisite: Introduction of Latin and Classical Logic,  Fee: None
Rhetoric is the ability to discern in any situation the available means of persuasion. This course will build on the elements learned in Classical Logic in order to help the students not only discover appropriate persuasive arguments but be able to convey those arguments in an effective manner. Through both oral and written presentation, the students will learn to express their opinions in a skillful, creative and aesthetic manner.

Advisement

Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: None
All students are scheduled for an academic period whereby students will engage in character education, have one-on-one conferences with their advisement teacher, be assigned to tutoring as needed, and participate in class-wide workshops or school-wide assemblies. The Character education curriculum is based on the 8 Keys of Excellence, a program developed by the Learning Forum International. The tutoring program is offered in the five core subjects and tutors are trained through the National Tutor Association (NTA). In addition to the tutoring program, leadership opportunities are offered through Student Council and LINK programs, which occur during advisement. Most students are assigned to a teacher whom they have has a current instructor to strengthen relevance, accessibility and academic support. Advisement meets four times a week.

ELECTIVES

Graduation Requirement: SVA students must successfully complete 4.5 credits of electives and an additional 0.5 credit of fine arts.

Art I
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: $40
In this semester-long course, students will explore a balance of many different medias and art styles. Projects will vary in studies ranging from sculpture, painting, drawing, and other media. The majority of grades will come from large studio projects that will be supplemented with small research assignments, art history, sketchbook work, and critiques. Many projects will include studies of the Elements of Art (e.g. Color, Value) and Principles of Design (e.g. Repetition, Balance). Time periods of artists and art history will range from historical to contemporary.

Art II
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Art I , Fee: $40
In this semester-long course students will continue to investigate the Elements of Art and Principles of Design as they begin to make artistic choices based on these ideas. Media for projects will vary from both two-dimensional and three-dimensional materials and can include but are not limited to ceramics, wire, alternative media, acrylic paint, watercolor, pencil and colored pencil, pen and ink, collage, and pastels. As developing artists, the significance of art history, contemporary art themes, and critique will play a larger role in students’ artistic studies. We will also focus on how art exists in our contemporary culture, inclusive of social media and the presence of technology. Students will be increasingly responsible for researching subjects and collecting necessary references for their artworks and inspiration.

Art III
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Art I , Fee: $40
In this semester-long course, students will create artworks, each with a specific media concentration that can range from printmaking, fiber design, graphics, and more. Practices will include both traditional and contemporary in two or three-dimensional formats. This course will also include elements of art history, research, peer and self-critique, and documentation. Students will focus on independently using Elements and Principles of Art and Design. Higher expectations of craftsmanship will also be evaluated.

Ceramics I
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Art I and  Art II,  Fee: $40
In this semester-long course, students will exclusively explore three-dimensional art-forms and within our culture, both contemporary and historical. Students will predominantly work with clay in this course. When using clay, students will develop skills to construct art pieces using slab, coil, hand-building, and an introduction to wheel throwing. Building upon the foundation of Art 1, students will continue to reference the Elements and Principles as they create both functional and non-functional art. With the focus on sculpture, students will consider form, shape, texture, weight, and color when creating contemporary pieces. This course will also include elements of art history, research, peer- and self-critique, and documentation.

Photography (not available for ‘17-’18 school year)
Grade Level: 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Art I and Art II,  Fee: $40
In this semester-long course students will focus on developing compositional skills and photography techniques building off of their knowledge from Art I and Art II. Students will learn about, but are not limited to developing film and prints from 35mm cameras, filters, and essential photo concepts like aperture and f-stop.

Advanced Art
Grade Level: 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Three semesters of art classes,  Fee: $40
In this semester-long course, students will choose one medium to work intensively with for the semester. This can be a medium that he/she has a lot of experience with, or it can be something relatively new that the artist wants to explore. Students will be more actively responsible for monitoring and pacing their work schedule. Students may need to spend more time outside of class to plan, research, or develop ideas for projects. Over the course of the semester, Advanced students will create an online portfolio consisting of at least five projects.

Symphonic Band
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: $40
High School Symphonic Band is a year-long performance-focused class for the instrumental musician. Students are expected to have one or more years of experience on their instrument, and should have a good background in theory as well (reading notes and rhythms, playing scales, etc). Students will have multiple performances throughout the school year, including several concerts and the opportunity to play in the pep band for basketball games and school assemblies. Class time will be comprised of rehearsal, music theory, and music history. Additionally, students will have the opportunity to compete in solo/ensemble festival in the Spring.

Choir
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: $40
This year-long course will focus on the fundamentals/intermediate skills of high school choral singing. The course will include two, three and four part singing of various genres, as well as music theory, ear-training, and vocal technique. Public performances outside of class are a part of this course. Attendance/participation is required. NOTE: In addition to the class fee, a choir outfit must be purchased.

Theatre I
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: $30
This semester-long course offers a variety of performance experiences, which may include scene work, monologues, improvisation and a performance at the end of the semester. Major emphasis of the class are on developing beginning acting skills and self-esteem as well as an introduction to high school theatre. Students will also study selected musical and playwright. This is a beginning theatre class. This class is offered first semester only.

Theatre II
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Theatre I,  Fee: $30
As a continuation of Theatre I, this semester-long course extends development of acting skills and self-esteem. Course may include the following: scene work, monologues, improvisation, play and character analysis, auditioning, musical theatre. Students will participate in a One Act in the end of semester.

Theatre III
Grade Level: 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Theatre I, Theatre II,  Fee: $30
This semester-long course emphasizes the development of a higher level of acting skills. Course work may include the following: improvisation, play and character analysis, directing, theatre history, musical theatre, and advanced acting techniques, and beginning playwriting. This course is for the serious theatre students. Students in Theater 3 will perform in a one act at the end of the semester.

Theater IV
Grade Level: 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Theater I, II, and III,  Fee: $30
This semester-long class is designed for serious theater students. In this advanced course students will be playwriting, writing monologues, working on character development, analyzing plays and musicals and learning to produce a one act. This class is for serious theater students who have participated in all theater classes.

Advanced Theater
Grade Level: 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Theater I, II, and III,  Fee: $30
Students research and examine the various contexts of at least one theatre theorist and practically explore at least one theatre theorist collaboratively and engage with the process of creating a piece of theatre based on their theory. Students create, present and evaluate at least one theatre piece based on an aspect(s) of a theatre theorist's work they have explored.

Literature of Film
Grade Level: 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: None, Fee: $20
This course has two focal points that work together to bridge the gap between literature and film. The first is to examine film as a visual medium and explore how screenwriting and filmmaking are thought-provoking contributions to the arts. The second purpose is to examine films for their literary devices and analyze these elements just as we would with written works. Some of the topics covered include symbolism, the Hero’s Journey, creating conflict and relatable characters, irony, genre study, and screenwriting. Students will participate in thoughtful and critical discussion, and learn to evaluate film beyond entertainment value.

Creative Writing
Grade Level: 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: None
Students will introduce, study, and apply a variety of literary terms and writing techniques as we create their own original works. Types of writing will include: personal essays and memoirs, the vignette, poetry, techniques in narration, character and plot development, epistolary writing, short stories, and more. The practice of these techniques will serve students as they work toward their final project: a completed short story for publication. Some sharing is required, though formal (graded) peer sharing will be done via Google Classrooms rather than by reading aloud or by a student “presenting” his or her work. Sharing is, of course, done with the utmost respect, without judgment, and will be achieved very gradually throughout the semester.

Teen Leadership
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: $15
When students discover their own self-worth and approach life prepared to achieve, the opportunities are endless. This is the philosophy behind SkyView Academy’s Teen Leadership course. The course teaches students to take responsibility, express themselves, and handle problems and decisions when they arise. It also teaches students to build skills in public speaking and personal finances. In the end, Teen Leadership gives student an appreciation for the need of a vision in goal-setting, personally and professionally.

Applied Computing
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: $40
Students learn how technology and computing concepts can be used to solve real-world problems. Students create projects to investigate different applications of computing and use engineering methodology to construct, test, evaluate, and present their own creative solutions. Areas of study include (but are not limited to) web-page development using HTML and CSS, 3-D animation, mobile app development, and game design. Students do not need any previous programming experience to take this course.

Web Mastering
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Applied Computing,  Fee: $40
Students learn how to create and publish dynamic web pages to interactively present information via the World Wide Web. A variety of tools are used to teach students the mechanics of HTML, CSS and JavaScript. Using HTML and CSS, students will construct static web pages. Using the JavaScript programming language, students will learn the fundamentals of computer programming and write a series of programs to allow interaction with users of their web pages. The final project for this class is a computer game or other interactive web environment.

Advanced Web Programming
Grade Level: 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Applied Computing and Web Mastering,  Fee: $40
Students receive a solid grounding in the fundamentals of computer programming and software engineering through the use of the web-based programming language Java. Topics include programming methodology, object-oriented software design, searching and sorting algorithms, user interface design, data structures, the client/server model, security, database management, debugging techniques, and software testing. Students design, build, and test increasingly complex programs in Java, addressing real-world scenarios such as content management systems. The final project for this class is the construction of a web-based computer forum or other interactive database-driven project. Programs will be constructed in a manner consistent with good software development practice and modern design techniques.

Broadcast Media
Grade Level: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: $40
Students learn about the history of film, video and TV production, media analysis, basics of photography, such as camera terminology and angles, camera editing/techniques, video editing/techniques, basic lighting, audio techniques, and filmmaking. They are assigned production roles and responsibilities, such as Director, Anchor, Producer, Researcher, Scriptwriter, Storyboard Artist, Set Designer, Camera Operator, Sound Engineer and Film Editor to produce an SVA event/sport event news broadcast and daily announcements to the SVA secondary student body. This course prepares students for a career path in broadcast journalism. Students create edited and manipulated Internet images that are optimized for use in a video production project and/or for the SVA event/sport event news broadcast. Students study and analyze film examples to prepare them to create their own project proposal, pitch, storyboard, and script to produce a video production project in the form of a commercial, movie trailer, music video/lip dub, public service announcement, short film, and documentary or movie promotion. Examples of other projects include the development of a biography presentation about a historic filmmaker, a Podcast, and a broadcast interview-style talk show.

Yearbook
Grades: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: None,  Fee: $40
Students plan, develop, and distribute the secondary SVA yearbook. This course covers all aspects of journalism including media law, ethics and responsibility, organization, theme, content and coverage, photojournalism, interviewing, writing copy, headlines and captions, and design/lay

out of publications. Students requesting this course should have a strong interest in writing.

Strength and Conditioning
Grade Level: 10th, 11th, 12th,  Prerequisite: Physical Education,  Fee: $20
This elective will be offered to high school students for one semester long. The course will cover a wide array of specific skills that aid in one’s strength, speed, endurance, flexibility, agility, and power; targeting the full body in a safe environment. The focus of this class is to increase performance and output while educating the students on the major muscle groups, the aerobic/anaerobic exercises conducted, and how these activities affect one’s body. The importance of a responsible diet to support a healthy lifestyle coupled with injury prevention is another important attribute woven into this curriculum. This class provides it’s students the opportunity for community involvement so students can understand the importance of lifelong fitness and how one can successfully adapt these teachings to life outside the classroom. I expect all students to arrive on-time to class with a positive and respectful attitude ready to participate and learn. We will follow SkyView Academy’s Student Handbook for classroom rules/regulations/guidelines.