Education Resources

See footnote[1] for donation resources  |  Submission OPEN @emmaenglish36@gmail.com


Table of Contents

Glossary of Terms

2

Racism

  1. Understanding Systemic Racism
  2. Racism and Culture
  3. Sociological Research

3

Law and Crime

  1. Black Incarceration
  2. Criminal Courts
  1. School-to-Prison Pipeline

 4

Relevant Organizations

5-6

Media and Culture

  1. Books
  2. Theater
  3. Film & Television
  4. Music
  5. Miscellaneous

7-10

11

11-12

12-13

13

Creator Notes

  1. Editing, Submission, and Donation Information

14


Glossary of Terms[2]

        ***Many, if not all of these definitions are derived straight from Wikipedia. Please understand that many of these terms may carry cultural nuances and may be adapted in conversations with slightly different meanings/applications. This glossary is meant to serve as a foundation for understanding, and is by no means exhaustive or an end-all definition.

Racism and Discrimination Terms


Cultural Terms


Political Terms


Sociology, Language, and Education Terms


Additional Glossary via the Aspen Institute


Racism


Understanding Systemic Racism

  • WATCH THIS 4 MIN VIDEO by act.tv. This is one of the BEST explanations of systemic racism I’ve encountered (again I am not an expert, but still found this helpful). Good to get an overview of how everything fits together.

Helpful Articles

Racism and Culture

  • If you’ve ever hear someone claim “racism ended w Obama”… read this.

Sociological Research

  • Philadelphia Negro by WEB Du Bois

Law, Crime and Addiction


Black Incarceration

Criminal Courts

Addiction and Recovery


Relevant Organizations[3]


  • The African American Planning Commission (AAPC) Inc., is a New York City-based nonprofit organization committed to reducing homelessness and addressing the related issues of domestic violence, HIV/AIDS, mental illness, substance abuse, shortage of affordable housing, and unemployment in the communities in which we live and serve.

  • When Chicago attorney Sigmund Livingston founded ADL in 1913, he envisioned an America where those who seemed different were not targets of discrimination and threats, but were equals, worthy of shared opportunity and a place in the American dream. This vision remains relevant today, its call to action as urgent.

While we have accomplished a great deal, much work is left to be done. We want an ever-more just society. We continually develop new programs, policies and skills to expose and combat whatever holds us back. We are focused on what brings us closer to this ideal. Ours is a shared journey.

  • “The Antifa (/ænˈtiːfə, ˈæntiˌfɑː/)[1] movement in the United States is a militant, predominantly left-wing, anti-fascist political activist movement[7][12] that comprises autonomous activist groups that aim to achieve their political objectives through the use of direct action rather than through policy reform.[13][14][15][16] Activists engage in varied protest tactics, including digital activism, property damage and physical violence, and harassment against those whom they identify as fascist, racist, or on the far-right.”
  • Creator notes: ANTIFA is a MOVEMENT, NOT an organization. You should note there is no meeting location, and no formal website. Antifa is NOT able to be designated as a terrorist group despite Trump’s claims because you can’t designate an idea or movement, only a group. FYI the KKK is not designated as a terrorist group in the US… maybe we should start there..?..??..?

  • Black Lives Matter Foundation, Inc is a global organization in the US, UK, and Canada, whose mission is to eradicate white supremacy and build local power to intervene in violence inflicted on Black communities by the state and vigilantes. By combating and countering acts of violence, creating space for Black imagination and innovation, and centering Black joy, we are winning immediate improvements in our lives.

  • Black Visions Collective envisions a world in which ALL Black Lives Matter. We use the guidance and brilliance of our ancestors as well as the teachings of our own experiences to pursue our commitment to dismantling systems of oppression and violence. We are determined in our pursuit of dignity and equity for all.

  • We can live in a world where the police don't kill people

by limiting police interventions, improving community interactions, and ensuring accountability.

  • Founded in 1989 by Bryan Stevenson, a widely acclaimed public interest lawyer and bestselling author of Just Mercy, EJI is a private, 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization that provides legal representation to people who have been illegally convicted, unfairly sentenced, or abused in state jails and prisons. We challenge the death penalty and excessive punishment and we provide re-entry assistance to formerly incarcerated people.
  • Addition credit: Bianca Schutz

  • The mission of the NAACP is to secure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights in order to eliminate race-based discrimination and ensure the health and well-being of all persons.

  • Project South is a Southern-based leadership development organization that creates spaces for movement building. We have been working with communities pushed forward by the struggle for over 30 years– to strengthen leadership and to provide popular political and economic education for personal and social transformation.

  • Founded in 1981, Race Forward brings systemic analysis and an innovative approach to complex race issues to help people take effective action toward racial equity. Founded in 2002, CSI catalyzes community, government, and other institutions to dismantle structural racial inequity and create equitable outcomes for all. In 2017, Race Forward united with the Center for Social Inclusion to become the new Race Forward.

  • Reclaim the Block began in 2018 and organizes Minneapolis community and city council members to move money from the police department into other areas of the city’s budget that truly promote community health and safety. We believe health, safety, and resiliency exist without police of any kind. We organize around policies that strengthen community-led safety initiatives and reduce reliance on police departments. We do not believe that increased regulation of or public engagement with the police will lead to safer communities, as community testimony and documented police conduct suggest otherwise.

  • The SSSP's stated purpose is to promote and protect sociological research and teaching on significant problems of social life and, particularly, to encourage the work of young sociologists; to stimulate the application of scientific method and theory to the study of vital social problems; to encourage problem-centered social research; to foster cooperative relations among persons and organizations engaged in the application of scientific sociological findings to the formulation of social policies; to foster a higher quality of life, social welfare, and positive social relations in society and the global community and to undertake any activity related thereto or necessary or desirable for the accomplishment of the foregoing purposes.

  • SURJ (Showing Up for Racial Justice) is a national network of groups and individuals working to undermine white supremacy and to work toward racial justice. Through community organizing, mobilizing, and education, SURJ moves white people to act as part of a multi-racial majority for justice with passion and accountability.

  • The Zinn Education Project promotes and supports the teaching of people’s history in classrooms across the country. For more than ten years, the Zinn Education Project has introduced students to a more accurate, complex, and engaging understanding of history than is found in traditional textbooks and curricula. With more than 90,000 people registered, and nearly 10,000 new registrants every year, the Zinn Education Project has become a leading resource for teachers and teacher educators.

  • There are a lot to name, so this is a link of a large list of White-Nationalist organizations. Many are fascist, Neo-Nazi organizations that are openly racist and have been identified at terrorist organizations.

  • The mission of 100 Black Men of America is to improve the quality of life and enhance educational and economic opportunities for all African Americans.

Media and Culture


Books

Crook County: Racism and Injustice in America's Largest Criminal Court by Nicole Gonzalez Van Cleve

Americans are slowly waking up to the dire effects of racial profiling, police brutality, and mass incarceration, especially in disadvantaged neighborhoods and communities of color. The criminal courts are the crucial gateway between police action on the street and the processing of primarily black and Latino defendants into jails and prisons. Crook County bursts open the courthouse doors and enters the hallways, courtrooms, judges' chambers, and attorneys' offices to reveal a world of punishment determined by race, not offense.

Nicole Gonzalez Van Cleve spent ten years working in and investigating the largest criminal courthouse in the country, Chicago–Cook County, and based on over 1,000 hours of observation. We watch white courtroom professionals classify and deliberate on the fates of mostly black and Latino defendants while racial abuse and due process violations are encouraged and even seen as justified.


Just Mercy by Bryan Stevenson

Bryan Stevenson was a young lawyer when he founded the Equal Justice Initiative, a legal practice dedicated to defending those most desperate and in need: the poor, the wrongly condemned, and women and children trapped in the farthest reaches of our criminal justice system. One of his first cases was that of Walter McMillian, a young man who was sentenced to die for a notorious murder he insisted he didn't commit. The case drew Bryan into a tangle of conspiracy, political machination, and legal brinksmanship--and transformed his understanding of mercy and justice forever.

Just Mercy is at once an unforgettable account of an idealistic, gifted young lawyer's coming of age, a moving window into the lives of those he has defended, and an inspiring argument for compassion in the pursuit of true justice.

Addition Credit: Bianca Schutz


The Hate U Give by Angie Thomas

Sixteen-year-old Starr Carter moves between two worlds: the poor neighborhood where she lives and the fancy suburban prep school she attends. The uneasy balance between these worlds is shattered when Starr witnesses the fatal shooting of her childhood best friend Khalil at the hands of a police officer. Khalil was unarmed.

Soon afterward, his death is a national headline. Some are calling him a thug, maybe even a drug dealer and a gangbanger. Protesters are taking to the streets in Khalil’s name. Some cops and the local drug lord try to intimidate Starr and her family. What everyone wants to know is: what really went down that night? And the only person alive who can answer that is Starr.

But what Starr does—or does not—say could upend her community. It could also endanger her life.

Addition Credit: Annaëlle Bilounga


The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander

Once in a great while a book comes along that changes the way we see the world and helps to fuel a nationwide social movement. The New Jim Crow is such a book. Praised by Harvard Law professor Lani Guinier as "brave and bold," this book directly challenges the notion that the election of Barack Obama signals a new era of colorblindness. With dazzling candor, legal scholar Michelle Alexander argues that "we have not ended racial caste in America; we have merely redesigned it." By targeting black men through the War on Drugs and decimating communities of color, the U.S. criminal justice system functions as a contemporary system of racial control—relegating millions to a permanent second-class status—even as it formally adheres to the principle of colorblindness. In the words of Benjamin Todd Jealous, president and CEO of the NAACP, this book is a "call to action."


The Autobiography of Malcolm X by Malcolm X

In the searing pages of this classic autobiography, originally published in 1964, Malcolm X, the Muslim leader, firebrand, and anti-integrationist, tells the extraordinary story of his life and the growth of the Black Muslim movement. His fascinating perspective on the lies and limitations of the American Dream, and the inherent racism in a society that denies its nonwhite citizens the opportunity to dream, gives extraordinary insight into the most urgent issues of our own time. The Autobiography of Malcolm X stands as the definitive statement of a movement and a man whose work was never completed but whose message is timeless. It is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand America.

Addition Credit: Indigo Witt


Their Eyes Were Watching God by Zora Neale Hurston

One of the most important works of twentieth-century American literature, Zora Neale Hurston's beloved 1937 classic, Their Eyes Were Watching God, is an enduring Southern love story sparkling with wit, beauty, and heartfelt wisdom. Told in the captivating voice of a woman who refuses to live in sorrow, bitterness, fear, or foolish romantic dreams, it is the story of fair-skinned, fiercely independent Janie Crawford, and her evolving selfhood through three marriages and a life marked by poverty, trials, and purpose. A true literary wonder, Hurston's masterwork remains as relevant and affecting today as when it was first published - perhaps the most widely read and highly regarded novel in the entire canon of African American literature.

Addition Credit: Indigo Witt


I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou

Here is a book as joyous and painful, as mysterious and memorable, as childhood itself. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings captures the longing of lonely children, the brute insult of bigotry, and the wonder of words that can make the world right. Maya Angelou’s debut memoir is a modern American classic beloved worldwide. Sent by their mother to live with their devout, self-sufficient grandmother in a small Southern town, Maya and her brother, Bailey, endure the ache of abandonment and the prejudice of the local “powhitetrash.” At eight years old and back at her mother’s side in St. Louis, Maya is attacked by a man many times her age—and has to live with the consequences for a lifetime. Years later, in San Francisco, Maya learns that love for herself, the kindness of others, her own strong spirit, and the ideas of great authors (“I met and fell in love with William Shakespeare”) will allow her to be free instead of imprisoned. Poetic and powerful, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings will touch hearts and change minds for as long as people read.

Addition Credit: Indigo Witt


The Color Purple by Alice Walker

Celie is a poor black woman whose letters tell the story of 20 years of her life, beginning at age 14 when she is being abused and raped by her father and attempting to protect her sister from the same fate, and continuing over the course of her marriage to "Mister," a brutal man who terrorizes her. Celie eventually learns that her abusive husband has been keeping her sister's letters from her and the rage she feels, combined with an example of love and independence provided by her close friend Shug, pushes her finally toward an awakening of her creative and loving self.


White Fragility by Robin J. DiAngelo

In this “vital, necessary, and beautiful book” (Michael Eric Dyson), antiracist educator Robin DiAngelo deftly illuminates the phenomenon of white fragility and “allows us to understand racism as a practice not restricted to ‘bad people’ (Claudia Rankine). Referring to the defensive moves that white people make when challenged racially, white fragility is characterized by emotions such as anger, fear, and guilt, and by behaviors including argumentation and silence. These behaviors, in turn, function to reinstate white racial equilibrium and prevent any meaningful cross-racial dialogue. In this in-depth exploration, DiAngelo examines how white fragility develops, how it protects racial inequality, and what we can do to engage more constructively.

Women, Race and Class by Angela Yvonne Davis

An in-depth study of women and race explores the complex relationship between racism and sexism, analyzes the role of women and race, and traces the historical connection between sexism, racism, and class consciousness

A powerful study of the women’s liberation movement in the U.S., from abolitionist days to the present, that demonstrates how it has always been hampered by the racist and classist biases of its leaders. From the widely revered and legendary political activist and scholar Angela Davis.

“As useful an exposition of the current dilemmas of the women’s movement as one could hope for.”–Los Angeles Times Book Review

Addition Credit: Annaëlle Bilounga


Policing the Planet: Why the Policing Crisis Led to Black Lives Matter by Multiple

Combining firsthand accounts from activists with the research of scholars and reflections from artists, Policing the Planet traces the global spread of the broken-windows policing strategy, first established in New York City under Police Commissioner William Bratton. It’s a doctrine that has vastly broadened police power the world over—to deadly effect.

With contributions from #BlackLivesMatter cofounder Patrisse Cullors, Ferguson activist and Law Professor Justin Hansford, Director of New York–based Communities United for Police Reform Joo-Hyun Kang, poet Martín Espada, and journalist Anjali Kamat, as well as articles from leading scholars Ruth Wilson Gilmore, Robin D. G. Kelley, Naomi Murakawa, Vijay Prashad, and more, Policing the Planet describes ongoing struggles from New York to Baltimore to Los Angeles, London, San Juan, San Salvador, and beyond.

Addition Credit: Hyison Payne


Tears We Cannot Stop by Michael Eric Dyson

Short, emotional, literary, powerful―Tears We Cannot Stop is the book that all Americans who care about the current and long-burning crisis in race relations will want to read.

As the country grapples with racist division at a level not seen since the 1960s, one man's voice soars above the rest with conviction and compassion. In his 2016 New York Times op-ed piece "Death in Black and White," Michael Eric Dyson moved a nation. Now he continues to speak out in Tears We Cannot Stop―a provocative and deeply personal call for change. Dyson argues that if we are to make real racial progress we must face difficult truths, including being honest about how black grievance has been ignored, dismissed, or discounted.

"The time is at hand for reckoning with the past, recognizing the truth of the present, and moving together to redeem the nation for our future. If we don't act now, if you don't address race immediately, there very well may be no future."

Addition Credit: Jubilee Soto


Between the World and Me by Ta-Nehisi Coates

In a profound work that pivots from the biggest questions about American history and ideals to the most intimate concerns of a father for his son, Ta-Nehisi Coates offers a powerful new framework for understanding our nation’s history and current crisis. Americans have built an empire on the idea of “race,” a falsehood that damages us all but falls most heavily on the bodies of black women and men—bodies exploited through slavery and segregation, and, today, threatened, locked up, and murdered out of all proportion. What is it like to inhabit a black body and find a way to live within it? And how can we all honestly reckon with this fraught history and free ourselves from its burden?

Between the World and Me is Ta-Nehisi Coates’s attempt to answer these questions in a letter to his adolescent son. Coates shares with his son—and readers—the story of his awakening to the truth about his place in the world through a series of revelatory experiences, from Howard University to Civil War battlefields, from the South Side of Chicago to Paris, from his childhood home to the living rooms of mothers whose children’s lives were taken as American plunder. Beautifully woven from personal narrative, reimagined history, and fresh, emotionally charged reportage, Between the World and Me clearly illuminates the past, bracingly confronts our present, and offers a transcendent vision for a way forward.

Addition Credit: Jubilee Soto


The Origin of Others by Toni Morrison

America’s foremost novelist reflects on the themes that preoccupy her work and increasingly dominate national and world politics: race, fear, borders, the mass movement of peoples, the desire for belonging. What is race and why does it matter? What motivates the human tendency to construct Others? Why does the presence of Others make us so afraid?Drawing on her Norton Lectures, Toni Morrison takes up these and other vital questions bearing on identity in The Origin of Others. In her search for answers, the novelist considers her own memories as well as history, politics, and especially literature. Harriet Beecher Stowe, Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner, Flannery O’Connor, and Camara Laye are among the authors she examines. Readers of Morrison’s fiction will welcome her discussions of some of her most celebrated books―Beloved, Paradise, and A Mercy.If we learn racism by example, then literature plays an important part in the history of race in America, both negatively and positively. Morrison writes about nineteenth-century literary efforts to romance slavery, contrasting them with the scientific racism of Samuel Cartwright and the banal diaries of the plantation overseer and slaveholder Thomas Thistlewood. She looks at configurations of blackness, notions of racial purity, and the ways in which literature employs skin color to reveal character or drive narrative. Expanding the scope of her concern, she also addresses globalization and the mass movement of peoples in this century.

Addition Credit: Jubilee Soto


Heavy by Kiese Laymon

In Heavy, Laymon writes eloquently and honestly about growing up a hard-headed black son to a complicated and brilliant black mother in Jackson, Mississippi. From his early experiences of sexual violence, to his suspension from college, to his trek to New York as a young college professor, Laymon charts his complex relationship with his mother, grandmother, anorexia, obesity, sex, writing, and ultimately gambling. By attempting to name secrets and lies he and his mother spent a lifetime avoiding, Laymon asks himself, his mother, his nation, and us to confront the terrifying possibility that few in this nation actually know how to responsibly love, and even fewer want to live under the weight of actually becoming free.

A personal narrative that illuminates national failures, Heavy is defiant yet vulnerable, an insightful, often comical exploration of weight, identity, art, friendship, and family that begins with a confusing childhood—and continues through twenty-five years of haunting implosions and long reverberations.

Addition Credit: Jubilee Soto


Brown Boy by Daphnie Glenn

Cities and neighborhoods where little brown boys and girls reside have unfortunately been the home to violence and senseless tragedies. From the Mike Browns, Trayvon Martins, and Tamir Rices, this book allows readers, (specifically brown boys, girls, and families) the ability to:

  • Create a conversation about what it means to be brown
  • Comprehend past and present tragedies
  • Understand their representation in society
  • Create a barrier of love and protection for all children

This book is dedicated to the young brown boys who we have lost over the years to senseless tragedies. May they forever be in our hearts as we push forward to help younger generations have pride in the skin they are in.

Daphnie Glenn: “ [Brown Boy] is a children's book dedicated to helping parents and children have a much-needed conversation about being brown in today's society.”

Addition Credit: Daphnie Glenn

Here's What Else Black Booksellers and Publishers Say You Should Read via TIME Magazine


Theater

The Piano Lesson is a 1987 play by American playwright August Wilson. It is the fourth play in Wilson's The Pittsburgh Cycle. Wilson began writing this play by playing with the various answers regarding the possibility of "acquir[ing] a sense of self-worth by denying one's past".[1] The Piano Lesson received the 1990 Pulitzer Prize for Drama.

Set in 1936 Pittsburgh during the aftermath of the Great Depression, The Piano Lesson follows the lives of the Charles family in the Doaker Charles household and an heirloom, the family piano, which is decorated with designs carved by an enslaved ancestor. The play focuses on the arguments between a brother and a sister who have different ideas on what to do with the piano. The brother, Boy Willie, is a sharecropper who wants to sell the piano to buy the land (Sutter's land) where his ancestors toiled as slaves. The sister, Berniece, remains emphatic about keeping the piano, which shows the carved faces of their great-grandfather's wife and son during the days of their enslavement.

Fences is a 1985 play by American playwright August Wilson. Set in the 1950s, it is the sixth in Wilson's ten-part "Pittsburgh Cycle". Like all of the "Pittsburgh" plays, Fences explores the evolving African American experience and examines race relations, among other themes. The play won the 1987 Pulitzer Prize for Drama and the 1987 Tony Award for Best Play. The play was first developed at the Eugene O'Neill Theater Center's 1983 National Playwrights Conference and premiered at the Yale Repertory Theatre in 1985.

Written by Joshua St. Hill and produced by his high school in Charlottesville, A King’s Story reflects on the violence on August 12. The school won multiple state awards but received substantial backlash including but not limited to calls to shoot down the school, death threats against their theater instructor, and the production crew was forced to meet with local police after the department threatened to stop protecting the school as a response to the set design. Despite this, the play is an enigmatic example of young black theater artists’ ability to speak out on police brutality, systemic racism, and how we as a community can reconcile these horrific acts of hatred.

Madeline Michel later won a Tony Award for excellence in theater education due to her inclusive and diversity-oriented work as a theater instructor.

More Works

Film & Television

  • Just Mercy - “It tells the true story of Walter McMillian, who, with the help of young defense attorney Bryan Stevenson, appeals his murder conviction.” Film 2019, book written 2014 by Bryan Stevenson

  • When They See Us - “It is based on events of the 1989 Central Park jogger case and explores the lives and families of the five male suspects who were falsely accused then prosecuted on charges related to the rape and assault of a woman in Central Park, New York City.”

  • Film available via Netflix

  • Dear White People - An American comedy-drama television series on Netflix that follows several black college students at an Ivy League institution, touching on issues surrounding modern American race relations.”

  • Series available via Netflix

Developing Descriptions, please be patient!

  • Beasts of the Southern Wild
  • Selma
  • Mudbound
  • 12 Years a Slave
  • Moonlight
  • The Hate that You Give
  • I Am Not Your Negro
  • The Blood of Jesus
  • Within Our Gates
  • Harriet
  • Do the Right Thing
  • Daughters of the Dust
  • Killer of Sheep
  • The Learning Tree
  • Boyz n the Hood
  • Sidewalk Stories
  • Fruitvale Station
  • Hidden Figures
  • Fences
  • 13th
  • The Great Debaters
  • Miracle at St. Anna
  • Straight Outta Compton
  • Pariah
  • Antwone Fisher
  • Dreamgirls
  • Black Panther
  • Blackish
  • Insecure
  • Empire
  • Scandal
  • All American
  • Atlanta
  • Marshall
  • Monsters and Men
  • Middle of Nowhere
  • Mississippi Burning
  • A Time to Kill
  • To Kill a Mockingbird
  • Corrina Corrina
  • Burning Cane
  • The Black Power Mixtape
  • The Black Panthers
  • Time: The Kalief Browder Story
  • Rest In Power: The Trayvon Martin story
  • Stranger Fruit
  • POSE - submission credit to Jay Robles

Miscellaneous


Creator Notes


As this is  a community resource, feel free to email me submissions (emmaenglish36@gmail.com) if you have information you feel should be added and I will gladly credit you. This is not meant an exhaustive list, as I am by no means an expert on any of the topics introduced. Please reach out to me or leave a comment with any concerns regarding the information collected or potential new additions. Many of the organizations listed devote their time and energy to education and are worth reading. Thank you!

 - Emma English

On editing and submissions:

  • Editing: I am in the process of bringing on a group of well-informed, passionate editors to help contribute to this document.
  • Current Editors
  • Indigo Witt
  • Hyison Payne
  • Emma English
  • Submissions: Due to a high amount of bots targeting this document, I will not be opening the editing settings to the public for fear of the document being corrupted. If you’d like to make an addition, I will credit you, but please send me an email so I can do so.
  • Submission Credits are listed in the document. Thanks to those who have contributed to this resource!

On organizations:

I am listing ones that I am aware of or that have been brought to my attention for educational purposes. It is your responsibility to research and educate yourself on the organizations listed, and support if you feel driven to.

On donations to bail funds, organizations, etc:

This document’s purpose is to educate, and while I am unable to compile every cause, website, and/or bail fund that is worth financially supporting, here is a helpful link if you feel compelled to Donate


Last Edit: November 29, 2020 at 4 PM Eastern Standard Time, Virginia USA

Redirect to carrd: https://t.co/YyU98e8Y9x  | Contact creator at emmaenglish36@gmail.com


[1]This document’s purpose is to educate, and while I am unable to compile every cause, website, and/or bail fund that is worth financially supporting, here is a helpful link if you feel compelled to Donate

[2] Overlap exists between glossary categories, but I found this organization the most efficient to guide understanding

[3] This is NOT an exhaustive list of all relevant organizations