For each question, write your answer in the space provided in the test booklet. You may use either pen or pencil to write your answers. If you want to change an answer, cross out or erase your original response. You may not know the answers to some of the questions, but do the best you can on each one.
All Answers are to be in Purple
Base your answers to the following questions on the political cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
1. Why is President Jackson represented as a king?
President Jackson represented as a king because he abuses power in the name of the people.
2. What symbols of Jackson's power are shown in the cartoon?
This cartoon shows Jackson as a tyrannical king, trampling on the Constitution.
3. What is President Jackson stepping on? Why? President Jackson was stepping on the constitution because in the whig’s mind he was like a monarch whom the people did not want.
Base your answers to the following questions on the excerpt below and on your knowledge of social studies.
We have heard with painful feelings that the bounds of the lands we now possess are to be drawn into very narrow limits. The land was given to us by the Great Spirit above as our common right, to raise our children upon, and to make support for our rising generations. We, therefore, humbly petition our beloved children, the head men of warriors, to hold out to the last in support of our common rights, as Cherokee nations have been the first settlers of this land; we, therefore, claim the right of the soil. - Petition by Cherokee women, 1818
4. According to this document, how did the Cherokee acquire their land?
The land was given to them by the Great Spirit above as our common right
5. Why do the Cherokee claim the rights to this land?
The land was given to them by the Great Spirit above
6. To whom are they petitioning? Why?
They are petitioning to the congress or the government to get their land back.
Base your answers to the following questions on the letter below and on your knowledge of social studies.
The distance from New York to Albany is one hundred and fifty miles. I ran it up in thirty-two hours, and down in thirty . . . and the voyage has been performed wholly by the power of the steam engine . . . There were not perhaps thirty persons in the city who believed that the boat would ever move one mile an hour or be of the least utility; and, while we were putting off from the wharf, which was crowded with spectators, I heard a number of sarcastic remarks. . . . Having employed much time, money, and zeal in accomplishing this work, it gives me, as it will you, great pleasure to see it answer my expectations. It will give a cheap and quick convenience to the merchandise on the Mississippi, Missouri, and other great rivers . . . - Robert Fulton, 1807
7. What new power source has Fulton used to complete his trip?
Fulton used steam engine to complete his trip.
8. Why did people make sarcastic remarks when Fulton first began his voyage?
The people making sarcastic remarks to Fulton thought he was crazy that a boat could ever move one mile an hour.
9. What are two reasons that Fulton is pleased with the success of his steamboat?
The first reason was
10. How will Fulton's invention help aid the expansion and development of the United States?
This question is based on the accompanying documents (1-6). Some of the documents have been edited for the purpose of the question. The question is designed to test your ability to work with historical documents. As you analyze the documents, take into account both the context of each document and any point of view that may be presented in the document.
Historical Context: The nineteenth century was a period of steady westward expansion for the United States. New territories were acquired and many settlers traveled west. For many, this westward movement brought new economic opportunities, but it also meant conflict and the end of a way of life.
Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of social studies, answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the questions will help you write the Part B essay, in which you will be asked to:
- Identify and discuss two reasons settlers moved westward. - Describe the impact of railroads on the development of the West. - Explain the impact of the westward movement on the lives of Native Americans.
Part A: Short Answer
The only two reasons that the settlers move to the west is because of new economic opportunities and also meant conflict and the end of a way of life.
Directions: Analyze the documents and answer the short-answer questions that follow each document in the space provided.
(Document/graphs start on next page)
11. What happened to the population of non-Native American settlers from 1805 to 1900?
The non-Native American settlers population went up.
12. What happened to the Native American population from 1805 to 1900?
The Native American population went down.
13. By about how much did the United States increase in size with the addition of the Louisiana Territory?
Half of the United States.
14. What year was the Louisiana Territory purchased?
In 1803 the Louisiana Purchase was purchase.
15. According to this poster, what did the West offer to new settlers?
This poster is offering to the new west settlers land in IOWA and NEBRASKA.
16. What economic incentives were given to draw settlers to the West? Who offered the land for sale to the settlers?
IOWA and NEBRASKA are the ones who are offering land for sale to the settlers.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that any person who is the head of a family, or who has arrived at the age of twenty-one years, and is a citizen of the United States . . . shall . . . be entitled to enter one quarter sections . . . of . . . public lands . . . -
Homestead Act, 1862
17. What is the purpose of the Homestead Act?
The purpose of the Homestead Act is give a quarter sections of public land.
18. What are the conditions for land ownership?
You have to be 21.
The natural resources of this country are so great and varied, the inducements [incentives] which it offers are so superior to those offered anywhere else, that when it is opened by railroads-placed, as it soon will be, within a few days ride of New York . . . immigration will flow into it like pent-up waters seeking their level, and States will be peopled and cities built with a rapidity never before known even in our central West. - Overland Monthly, October 1868
19. According to the author, what will happen as soon as the railroad is completed?
Cities built with a rapidity never before known even in our central west.
Setting a pail of water on the ground, my mother stooped, and stretching her left hand out . . . she pointed to the hill where my uncle and only sister lay buried.
"There is what the paleface has done! . . .We were once very happy. But the paleface has stolen our lands and driven us hither. Having defrauded us of our land, the paleface has forced us away." - Zitkala-Sa, 1900
20. What was the attitude of Native Americans towards settlers as expressed above?
The Native American were really mad about the Americans taking their land.
Rubric rating submitted on: Sun Mar 02 2014 01:30:53 GMT-0500 (EST) by email@example.com
Information is very organized with well-constructed paragraphs and subheadings.
Information is somewhat organized with well-constructed paragraphs.
Information is organized, but paragraphs are not well-constructed.
The information appears to be disorganized.
Quality of Information
Information clearly relates to the main topic. It includes more than 2 supporting details and/or examples.
Information clearly relates to the main topic. It provides 1-2 supporting details and/or examples.
Information clearly relates to the main topic. No details and/or examples are given.
Information has nothing to do with the main topic.
All sources (information and graphics) are accurately documented in the desired format.
All sources (information and graphics) are accurately documented, but a few are not in the desired format.
All sources (information and graphics) are accurately documented, but most are not in the desired format.
Some sources are not accurately documented.
No grammatical, spelling or punctuation errors.
Less than 3 grammatical, spelling or punctuation errors
Less than 5 grammatical spelling, or punctuation errors.
More than 5 grammatical, spelling, or punctuation errors.
Great Effort Apparent! I really enjoyed reading about your character
Nice work, effort is apparent.
Effort not as apparent, could have spent more time on this project.
No effort is apparent. Sloppy and rushed.