Unit 2 Review

Name _________________________________________________________________________      Period __________

1.  The  ____________________________________ is known as the Age of Reason.

Philosopher

Ideas

Impact on Democracy and Revolutions

Thomas Hobbes

John Locke

Jean Rousseau

Baron Montesquieu

Voltaire

Mary Wollstonecraft

2.  The ______________________________ and  __________________________ were threatened by the philosopher ideas of the Enlightenment.

3.  Why were the colonists upset with England? (list 3 reasons)

___________________________________________     _____________________________________________

___________________________________________

4.  The Declaration of Independence was influenced by what philosopher? __________________________________________

5.  What was the result of the Declaration of Independence? ______________________________________________________

6.  What type of government did the US Constitution establish? ___________________________________________________

7.  Why did the US Constitution divide the government into three branches? _________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

8.  How did the Founders make sure that the branches did not become too powerful? __________________________________

     Give an example: _____________________________________________________________________________________

9.  What was the social structure in France called?  _____________________________________________________________

10. Identify the parts of France’s social structure. _______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

11.  List four causes of the French Revolution

       _______________________________________________    _______________________________________________

       _______________________________________________    _______________________________________________

12. Why was the Third Estate so unhappy? __________________________________________________________________

13.  The people of France were upset at the government and stormed the ____________________________________ as an

example of popular protest against King _____________________________________________________________________.

14. The Third Estate declared themselves the true National Assembly at the _________________________________________.

15.  The French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen declared _____________________________________________.

16.  Who lost their power and was upset at the destruction of the Estate system?

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

17.  Who led the Reign of Terror? ___________________________________________________________________________

18.  What was the Reign of Terror? _________________________________________________________________________

19.  Who did the Reign of Terror target? ______________________________________________________________________

20.  The only successful slave revolt leading to independence was the ______________________________________________

21.  Who was known as the “Black Napoleon: and led the slave revolt? _____________________________________________

22.  Who was Simon Bolivar? ______________________________________________________________________________

23.  Why were the people in Latin America unhappy? ___________________________________________________________

24.  The revolutions in Latin America led to the creation of new ___________________________________________________

25.  What events inspired the Latin American Revolutions? _______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

26.  What ideas inspired the Latin American revolutions? (Be specific) ______________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

*** Don’t forget to study your causes of revolutions chart as well. Hint: Focus on the political and economic causes of the American and French Revolutions. Remember when you take a position to address counterclaims in your argument with specific HISTORICAL DETAILS. Counterclaims answer: What are the other credible possibilities? They are often viewed as the opposite of the claim.