Minnesota Military Museum History Challenge
Successful completion of the quiz requires reading the short narratives, studying the displays, and occasional internet review.
Minnesota's Indian Wars
Get Directions: After you enter the museum, walk past the store and the office. Turn right and walk to the FORTS OF THE FRONTIER exhibit. Walk to the horse mounted soldier. Locate and enter the MINNESOTA'S INDIAN WARS ROOM. Search for display case #2. Find the Silver Medallion.
1 Famous Minnesota Indian Chiefs Include...
a) Little Crow
b) Hole in the Day
c) Little Bull
d) a and b
Civil War Uniform
The next item to find is a Civil War Uniform. Turn and look at the mannequins in the room. Traditional uniform colors were blue for the North, Grey for the South. However, there were many variations and homemade uniforms--both sides wore blue and grey. The colored threads or Piping on collars, caps and sleeves often denoted the types of soldiers: Green for Medical Corps, Blue for Infantry, Red for Artillery and Yellow for Cavalry.
2 All members of which branch of the Union Army rode horses?
d) Coastal artillery
3 Which side wore blue during the Civil War?
a) Confederate (South)
b) Union (North)
Find the Fort Ripley Diorama. Stay in the Minnesota Indian Wars Room. Turn toward the entrance facing the Fort Ripley model. Study the displays above the diorama model. Look for the plaque on the wall that says " Old Fort Ripley 1849-77"
4 The original purpose of Fort Ripley was...
a) To discourage fighting between native tribes
b) To train soldiers for World War I
c) To use as a stockade for military prisoners
d) To serve as a supply depot
Fort Ripley and Fort Ridgely
Turn and find display #4. Study display #4. The US Military established four forts on the Minnesota frontier to act as a buffer between native tribes and later between tribes and settlers: Ripley, Ridgely, Abercrombie, Snelling. Fort Ridgely was attacked by some Dakota warriors in August 1862. The Fort was defended by US soldiers and civilians from New Ulm.
5 Which Minnesota fort (without walls) withstood two days of attacks by Dakota Warriors
a) Fort Ridgely
b) Fort Ripley
c) Fort Snelling
d) Fort Laramie
6 Name the only unit of volunteer troops stationed at a Minnesota fort who withstood two days of fighting...
a) Company B, 5th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry
b) First members of the Red Bulls Division
c) Company A, 1st Minnesota Infantry
d) Company D, 47th Minnesota Infantry
The next item to find are snowshoes. Continue down the pathway to display case #7. Search for the 99th Battalion shoulder patch. The 99th was formed in 1940 and composed of soldiers who spoke fluent Norwegian. The 99th trained in Colorado and Minnesota, with an emphasis on winter training, skiing and mountaineering. Originally picked to spearhead an invasion of Norway that never happened, they served with distinction in France, Belgium and Germany. They accepted the surrender of the German troops who occupied Germany and served as an honor guard for the King of Norway.
7 The 99th Battalion....
Fought In North Africa
Trained in Montana
Accepted the surrender of the Swedes in Norway
8 Equipment carried by members of the 99th Battalion included...
All of the above
1st Minnesota Regiment
The next item to find is a black Civil War back pack. Walk past display case #7. Locate display case #8. Study case #8. Need help? Look for the mannequin with the red shirt. At the start of the Civil War, Lincoln issued a call for 75000 troops. Minnesota Governor Ramsey was the first to send volunteers. Eventually 10% of the population of Minnesota served in 23 different regiments. More than 600 Minnesotans were killed and three times that number died from disease in the American Civil War. Minnesotans fought simultaneously in the American Civil War and the Dakota Conflict of 1862. Minnesota was the first state to enlist and the last to de-activate.
9 The 1st Minnesota fought at...
a) The Meuse Argonne
c) Khe Sahn
10 The uniform of the 1st Minnesota in April 1861 was...
a) Red and Blue
b) Blue and Gray
c) Blue and Black
d) Red and Black
11 The first state to pledge troops to President Lincoln at the start of the Civil War was...
a) New York
Start of World War One
Continue through the museum until you locate display case #14. Locate the trench warfare photo. The photo is on the far left of the case. In the early years of the 20th century, there was enormous competition for colonies and resources. Fearful of attack, many countries formed alliances with neighbors in the vain hope that it would protect from hostility. The Great War (World War One) broke out in 1914 after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. World War One saw wide spread fighting in trenches. It was the first time poisonous gas, tanks, aircraft, flamethrowers and machine guns were used with horrific results.
12 Features of World War I included
a) Started in 1914
b) Soldiers fought in trenches
c) Poisonous gas was first used
d) Started with an assassination
e) All of the above
13 Causes of World War one included...
a) An assassination
b) Military alliances between nations
c) Fighting over colonies and resources
d) All of the above
Study display case #14. Locate the Adrian helmet at the bottom of the case.
14 The Adrian helmet was worn by....
a) US soldiers
b) French soldiers
c) German Soldiers
d) British Soldiers
15 All of the following were common equipment items carried by the US soldier EXCEPT..
As you are facing case #14, turn around and walk to display case #12. Search for body armor. Need help? It is in the middle of the case.
16 Chainmail body armor was used by which group of combatants in the Spanish American War?
a) Moro Tribesmen
b) The Black Hand
c) The San Juan Underground
d) People's Liberation Army
17 What weapons could the body armor stop?
a) Knives and swords
d) Land mines
Spanish American War
At the end of the 19th century, the USA declared war on Spain. US soldiers fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Ill prepared for yet another war, the US soldier used the same Civil War wool blue uniforms to fight in the hot tropics of Cuba.. Eventually "cooler" minds prevailed and a lighter more comfortable cotton khaki uniform replaced the woolens. As a result of the defeat of Spain, the US acquired new territories in Cuba, Guam, Philippines and Puerto Rico.
18 The Spanish American War was fought in which two territories?
Kuwait and Saudia Arabia
Cuba and Philippines
Cuba and Mexico
Panama and Mexico
19 Woolen uniforms were replaced during the Spanish American War by...
a) Summer Khaki
World War Two
The next item to locate is the bazooka. Turn to your left and walk between display cases #17 and #18. Study cases #17 and #18. Look for the green rocket launcher. Need help? It is hanging from the top of case #18. In 1941, the US found itself in a second world war against imperialistic aggression. War started in Europe in 1939, and the US entered the war in 1941 with the bombing of Pearl Harbor. There were two theaters of war: Europe and Asia. Minnesotans fired some of the first artillery shots in in North Africa in 1943. Minnesotans aboard the USS Ward fired deck guns which sank the only Japanese vessel during the attack on Pearl Harbor. Men from Minnesota and Brainerd, fought with the 194th Tank Battalion on the Philippines. Many perished during the Bataan Death March.
20 If you were a member of the Wermacht...
a) You wore a marine uniform
b) You celebrated V- J day
c) You were a German soldier
d) You were a Screaming Eagle
21 The Bazooka
a) Had a range of 400 yards
b) Is fired from the hip
c) Fired an 80 mm rocket
d) Was a German weapon
22 The Rising Sun flag of Japan was...
a) Green and Yellow
b) Red and Blue
c) Red and White
d) Blue and green
The next item to find is a Star scope and a Quail. Turn right and pass under the drone aircraft. Turn left and walk to the Vietnam exhibit. Locate "Operation Quail" on the right wall. Need help? Walk through the doorway under the yellow flag. During World War Two, Japan occupied French Indochina. After the war, the French tried to re-acquire the territory but were repulsed by the Vietnamese. French Indochina was re-named Vietnam. North Vietnam invaded South Vietnam in 1960. Americans served as advisors to the French until the French defeat and then as combatants from 1960-75. The War escalated and generated great division and controversies among American people. Withdrawal began in 1974 and was complete in 1975. Minnesota lost 1030 soldiers and another 42 were either POWs or MIA. Locate display case with green sticker #8.
23 The Quail Program...
a) Arranged for the disposition of allied POWS
b) Discussed the future of French Indochina
c) Was cancelled in September 1945
d) All of the above
24 The Star Light scope....
a) Was Powered by two D cell batteries
b) Was used for night vision
c) Helped identify four new planets
d) Had a red light
25 Prior to the Vietnam War, the country was known as....
c) French Indochina
Locate the M16 in case #8. Study case # 8 and the narratives by the exit of the exhibit
26 Equipment carried in Vietnam by US soldiers included....
b) 5.56 ammunition
c) Insect repellant
d) All of the above
27 The Vietnam War ended...
a) In 1966
b) In 1968
c) In 1971
d) In 1975
A soldier's gear
US combat soldiers in Vietnam initially carried the M14 semi automatic rifle. This was replaced by the M16 which had both semi automatic and automatic capacities. And the M16 was replaced by the M16A1. For protection, the US soldier wore an M1 helmet, but some wore a Boonie hat. He wore a fragmentation vest, carried fragmentation grenades, Claymore mines, a .45 pistol and knives. Special weapons might include a grenade launcher, M60 machine gun or LAW (antitank weapon). Loaded on his gear belt and in his rucksack he would carry ammo, a canteen, a poncho, a flashlight, a gas mask, compass, a trenching tool, an air mattress and a shelter. There were three varieties of combat uniforms (fatigues) and 5 different combat boots. His main field food was the C ration which was made of three parts: the main meal, the B2 box which had candy, crackers , and jelly. The C ration included a dessert and accessories ( gum, drink mix, cigarettes, salt and pepper, toilet paper.
28 The most common field food in Vietnam was...
a) The Trench ration
b) The C ration
c) The K ration
d) The Iron ration
Locate the tanker helmet. Exit the Vietnam exhibit and turn right. Walk under the drone aircraft. Walk to the right of display case #19. Find display case #25. Study display cases #19 and #25. Find the helmet worn by men from the tank battalion. Need help? It is in the lower corner of case #25. Men from Minnesota served in a 194th tank battalion to defend the Philippines from Japan. With the fall of the Philippines in 1942, many of the soldiers were forced to march to labor camps and some were sent to work in mines in Japan. Many men perished under grim and horrible conditions.
29 Americans defending the Philippines in 1942 include....
a) The 34th Division
b) The 82nd Division
c) The 194th
d) The 1st Division
Return to case #19. As you are facing display case #19, turn and face the paratrooper mannequin. Locate display case #21. Study case #21. The 34th Division was originally called the Sandstorm Division. It was a National Guard Unit made up of soldiers from the Dakotas, Minnesota and Iowa. It first saw combat in North Africa in 1943 and served with distinction in Italy in 1943-44. Members have deployed to Bosnia, Iraq and Afghanistan.
30 The 34th Division shoulder patch is....
a) Bull on a water jug
b) Lion in the desert
c) Lightning bolt over water
d) Rocket in eagle' claw
31 During World War Two the 34th Division...
a) Fought in 6 major campaigns
b) Had 517 or more consecutive days in combat
c) Were the first US division overseas in Europe
d) Fired more artillery shells than any other division
e) All of the above.
Next item to find is the M1 Garand. As you are facing display case #21, turn left and walk down the aisle. Locate display case #26 and search for the M1 Garand. This was the standard rifle used in World War Two and Korean War by the US Army. It was a 30-06 caliber semi automatic rifle with an 8 shot magazine. it could be fitted with a telescopic sight and a grenade launcher.
32 What was the caliber of the M1 Garand?
Next find the Claymore mine. Walk back toward the entrance of the museum past display case #26. Locate display case #29. Search for the Claymore mine located near the bottom of the case.
33 The Claymore mine...
a) Was encased in steel
b) Was used in perimeter defense
c) Was used to pinpoint the enemy's defense
d) Was replaced by the "S" mine in World War Two
Operation Desert Shield and Desert Storm
The next item to find is a framed map. Continue to your right and walk around the corner to display cases #32, #33, and #34. Study case #33, the map and the wall display. In 1991, Iraq invaded the country of Kuwait. The United Nations demanded the withdrawal of Iraq. When the Iraqis failed to respond, a multinational force was sent to the Middle East to drive Irag from Kuwait.
34 Operation Desert Storm...
a) Troops were commanded by General David Petraus
b) Lasted 53 days
c) Involved 15 nations
d) Involved 541000 US service personnel
35 Operation Desert Storm
a) Started after the invasion of Kuwait
b) Involved 2872 Minnesota soldiers
c) Was fought against Iraq
d) All of the above
Medal of Honor
The next item to find is the Medal of Honor. Turn right, walk back toward the entrance stopping at the medal room. Locate the display case with purple sticker #3. Created during the Civil War, The Medal of Honor is awarded to a man or woman, engaged in combat with a recognized enemy of the United States during a time of war. It is awarded for such gallant bravery, above the call of duty, that nearly 70% perish while committing the act for which they will be recognized. Each branch of the US Service has it's own version of the medal, which is worn around the neck after awarded by the President of the United States.
36 The Medal of Honor
a) Has a 6 pointed star
b) Was created in World War One
C) Was awarded 864 times to the Maine Voluntary Infantry
d) Can be won for non- combat heroism.
37 The Medal of Honor
a) Has a cross on it
b) Is worn on the sleeve
c) Was won by two Minnesota soldiers in World War One
d) Has a green ribbon
Women in Uniform
The next items to find are women's military uniforms. Get Directions: Walk past the medals room and turn right toward the weapons room. Locate display case with blue sticker numbered #1 (Women in the Ranks) and search for the WAC uniform.
38 World War Two duties for women in uniform did NOT include....
b) Postal duties
c) Ferrying Command
39 Women in the ranks in World War Two include...
Turn right and walk past the bookcase. Locate display case with the blue sticker numbered #2. Search for the Browning Automatic Rifle in the bottom left corner. The BAR was gas operated automatic weapon developed for use in World War One and used through the Korean War. It was a heavy weapon, best fired from a prone position using a bipod. It fired 30-06 ammunition in a 20 round clip. Between wars, it was used by law enforcement, and was a favorite of Clyde Barrow from the Bonnie and Clyde criminal team.
40 A Browning Automatic Rifle....
a) Fired a 45 caliber bullet
b) Held 20 cartridges in a clip
c) Was developed in 1935
d) Was used in Iraq
The next item to find is the is a civil war bullet. Turn around and locate display case with blue sticker numbered #3. The minie ball has a series of grooves in the base of the bullet. When fired the bullet expands and spins out the barrel along a spirals referred to as rifling. This spin adds accuracy and range.
41 Major developments in small arms include(s)
b) Smokeless powder
c) The Minie Ball
d) All of the above
The next items to find are the M60 and the MG 42. Turn right, then left. Locate the display case with the blue sticker numbered #10. Search the light machine guns and study the display. The MG 42 was the greatest light machine gun from the 20th century. It had interchangeable barrels and fired at a blazing rate of 1200 rounds a minute. Easily portable, it provided great fire power for the German infantry platoons.
42 The MG 42 ...
a) Fired 1200 rounds per minute
b) Was built in the USA
c) Was used in Iraq
d) Weighed 30 lbs.
The next item to find is the Thompson Submachine gun. Turn to the right and walk toward the doorway. To the right of the doorway is display case with blue sticker #12. Study the submachine guns.
43 The Thompson Submachine Gun
a) Uses pistol ammunition
b) Is belt fed
c) Has a water jacketed barrel for cooling
d) Was developed for use in the Civil War
Minnesota in World War One
Turn left and walk through the doorway into the World War One Exhibit. Locate the display with yellow sticker numbered #9. Need help? Walk into the room with the trench. Beware of the machine gun pointing at you. Walk around the trench. Look in the back of case #9. Combat soldiers in World War One typically wore shades of brown (khaki), green, gray or light blue to help blend into their surroundings. However, in 1914, colorful uniforms, relics of the prior century, were still being used. These colorful uniforms increasingly became vivid targets for the opposing side as weapons became increasingly accurate. Regional militia sometimes wore variants. The soft caps were eventually replaced by helmets to protect from artillery shells. Buttons and cloth patches, placed on the collars and sleeves helped to distinguish service and rank.
44 Helmets in World War One were primarily...
a) Used to protect from bullets
b) Were fashionable in the Civil War
c) Were worn to protect from artillery shells
d) Were worn to distinguish rank
45 The 151st Field Artillery joined soldiers form 26 other states to form...
a) The 42nd Rainbow Division
b) the 96th Combat Division
c) the 101st Airborne Division
d) the 29th Blue and Gray Division
46 Weapons carried in World War One would NOT include
World War One Service
Turn left and locate display cases with yellow stickers numbered #1-4. Study cases #1-4. Study the Minnesota Statistics on the wall by the doorway. Need help? Case #4 has a marine and a nurse.
47 By the end of World War One.....women had served in the war
48 The Selective Service act...
a) Provided for the draft of civilans into the military
b) Identified soldiers for dangerous missions
c) Was used by the NFL to find prospective professional players
d) Identified students for after school work projects
The most common experience of the World War One soldier was the Influenza Epidemic of 1918. It was called the Spanish Flu because it was (incorrectly) thought to originate in Spain. It infected 25% of all service personnel. Influenza was responsible for more deaths among Minnesota World War One soldiers than all forms of combat related death. 90% of all non- combat death in World War One was due to Influenza. At home 25.8 million civilians were infected, resulting in 675,000 death in the United States in 1918.
49 During the Spanish Flu epidemic...
a) 25,800 American civilians were infected
b) 258,000 American civilians were infected
25.8 million American civilians were infected
d) Only the Spanish were infected
The last item to find is the wall of stripes. Exit the World War One Exhibit and walk to the entrance. Walk past the drinking fountain in the right corridor. Study the wall display on your left. Need help? Look at the wall near the bathrooms.
50 A chevron is ...
a) A soldier's cap
b) A soldier's belt
c) A designation of rank
d) Worn on the soldier's chest
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