UGC NET Examination Paper-2&3: Paragraph Question: Series-4
Read the following passage and answer the questions:
Computing is in nature a problem driven science and therefore PBL approaches have been applied to teach various subjects. Kay et al. (2000) describe
PBL in foundation courses in computer science. The course is driven by specific problems related to programming skills and the instructors have set specific criteria to measure the success of their approach at the end of each problem. Having applied the approach for three years the authors of the study conclude that the PBL approach promoted the collaboration among students and their problem solving abilities.
A problem-based approach is used in a software development project (O’Kelly and Gibson, 2006). The authors claim that, with this approach, students are provided with the freedom to think for themselves, activate their prior knowledge and acquire new knowledge in an explorative and creative way. Another study supports that lecture based approaches are not stimulating and the computer skills learnt are not transferable to other situations (Lai, 2005). The author applied PBL in teaching pre-school teachers popular computer applications such as Microsoft Office.
Based on their evaluation of the activities, the author concludes that the course was motivational and also promotes higher order thinking skills.
Ellis et al. (1998) refer to the full problem-based learning and the guided problem-based learning approaches. In full problem-based learning, the nature of the problem guides and drives the entire learning experience. There are no formal expositions of knowledge from the “expert”, and the students develop resources based on requirements they determine. In guided problem-based learning, students have a problem to solve as a group.
What are the advantages of PBL application in teaching?
(A) Self study
(B) Exploration of literature
(C) Acquire soft skills
(D) Freedom to think
What are the limitations of lecture based approach?
(B) Not stimulating
(C) Not repetitive
(D) Transferable to others
What was the result of problem based learning approach?
(A) Improved peer coordination
(B) Promoted collaboration among students
(C) Applied to teach subjects
(D) Applied to teach only computer science
Which types of approaches are described by Ellis?
(A) Group based
(B) Expert based
(C) Lecture based
(D) Guided problem based
Which approach has no formal exposition of knowledge from experts?
(A) Full problem based
(B) Guided problem based
(C) Expert based
(D) Both (A) and (B)
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