Women's representation, electoral systems, & quotas_ RANKED
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CountryStructureHouse LevelChamberType of SystemSystem DescriptionGender QuotaLegislated Candidate QuotaReserved Seat QuotaPolitical Party Quota
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1RwandaBicameralLowerChamber of DeputiesProportional
Party list for most members, some spot reserved for women
yesx
4
1RwandaBicameralUpperSenateOtherSome indirectly elected, some appointed
5
2BoliviaBicameralLowerChamber of DeputiesMixedMixed Member Proprotionalyesxx
6
2BoliviaBicameralUpperChamber of SenatorsProportionalParty list
7
3CubaUnicameral
National Asssembly of the People
MajoritarianMajority, seat left open if no one earns an majority
8
4SeychellesUnicameralNational AssemblyMixedMixed member parallel
9
5SwedenUnicameralParliamentProportionalParty listyesx
10
6SenegalUnicameralNational AssemblyMixedMixed member parallelyesx
11
7MexicoBicameralLowerChamber of DeputiesMixedMixed member parallelyesxx
12
7MexicoBicameralUpperSenateMixedMixed member parallel
13
7South AfricaBicameralLowerNational AssemblyProportionalParty listyesx
14
7South AfricaBicameralUpperNational Council of ProvincesOtherSome indirectly elected, some appointed
15
9EcuadorUnicameralNational AssemblyMixedMixed member parallelyesx
16
10FinlandUnicameralParliamentProportionalParty list (open)
17
11IcelandUnicameralParliamentProportionalParty listyesx
18
11NamibiaBicameralLowerNational AssemblyProportionalParty listyesx
19
11NamibiaBicameralUpperNational CouncilOtherIndirectly elected
20
11NicaraguaUnicameralNational AssemblyProportionalParty listyesxx
21
14SpainBicameralLowerCongress of DeputiesMixedMixed member parallelyesxx
22
14SpainBicameralUpperSenateOtherSome elected with plurality, some indirectly elected
23
15MozambiqueUnicameralAssembly of the RepublicProportionalParty listyesx
24
15NorwayUnicameralParliamentProportionalParty listyesx
25
17AndorraUnicameralGeneral CouncilMixedMixed Member Parallel
26
17BelgiumBicameralLowerHouse of RepresentativesProportionalParty listyesx
27
17BelgiumBicameralUpperSenateOtherIndirectly elected
28
19EthiopiaBicameralLower
House of Peoples' Representatives
MajoritarianPluralityyesx
29
19EthopiaBicameralUpperHouse of the FederationOtherIndirectly elected
30
20Timor-LesteUnicameralNational ParliamentProportionalParty listyesx
31
21DenmarkUnicameralThe Danish ParliamentProportionalParty list
32
22NetherlandsBicameralLowerHouse of RepresentativesProportionalParty listyesx
33
22NetherlandsBicameralUpperSenateProportionalParty list
34
23AngolaUnicameralNational AssemblyProportionalParty listyesx
35
24SloveniaBicameralLowerNational AssemblyProportionalParty listyesxx
36
24SloveniaBicameralUpperNatonal CouncilOtherIndirectly elected
37
25
United Republic of Tanzania
UnicameralNational AssemblyMajoritarianPluralityyesxx
38
26GermanyBicameralLowerGerman BunderstagMixedMixed member proprotionalyesx
39
26GermanyBicameralUpperFederal CouncilOtherAppointed
40
27BurundiBicameralLowerNational AssemblyProportionalParty listyesx
41
27BurundiBicameralUpperSenateMajoritarianSuper majority/majority with three-round runoff
42
28ArgentinaBicameralLowerChamber of DeputiesProportionalParty listyesxx
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28ArgentinaBicameralUpperSenateMajoritarian
Limited Vote (the party list in each district with the highest number of votes earns two seats, the party list with the second highest number of votes earns one seat)
44
29PortugalUnicameralAssembly of the RepublicProportionalParty listyesx
45
30SerbiaUnicameralNational AssemblyProportionalParty listyesx
46
31UgandaUnicameralParliamentMajoritarianPluralityyesx
47
32Costa RicaUnicameralLegilsative AssemblyProportionalParty listyesxx
48
32GrenadaBicameralLowerHouse of RepresentativesMajoritarianPlurality
49
32GrenadaBicameralUpperSenateOtherAppointed
50
32
The F.Y.R. of Macedonia
UnicameralAssembly of the RepublicMixedMixed member parallelyesx
51
35El SalvadorUnicameralLegislative AssemblyProportionalParty listyesxx
52
36SwitzerlandBicameralLowerNational CouncilMixedMixed member parallelyesx
53
36SwitzerlandBicameralUpperCouncil of StatesMajoritarian
Overwhelmingly plurality, exceptions in two cantons that use an unspecified proprotional system
54
37AlgeriaBicameralLowerNational People's AssemblyProportionalParty listyesx
55
37AlgeriaBicameralUpperCouncil of the NationMajoritarianIndirect simple majority election by electoral college
56
38ZimbabweBicameralLowerNatonal AssemblyMajoritarianPluralityyesxx
57
38ZimbabweBicameralUpperSenateProportionalParty list
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39New ZealandUnicameralHouse of RepresentativesMixedMixed member proportional
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40TunisiaUnicameral
Assembly of People's Representatives
ProportionalParty listyesx
60
41CameroonBicameralLowerNational AssemblyMixedMixed Member Parallelyesx
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41CameroonBicameralUpperSenateOtherSome indirectly elected, some appointed
62
42ItalyBicameralLowerChamber of DeputiesProportionalParty listyesx
63
42ItalyBicameralUpperSenateProportionalParty list
64
42
Trinidad and Tobago
BicameralLowerHouse of RepresentativesMajoritarianPlurality
65
42
Trinidad and Tobago
BicameralUpperSenateOtherAppointed
66
44AustriaBicameralLowerNational CouncilProportionalParty listyesx
67
44AustriaBicameralUpperFederal CouncilOtherIndirectly Elected
68
45SudanBicameralLowerNational AssemblyMixedMixed member parallelyesx
69
45SudanBicameralUpperCouncil of StatesOtherAppointed
70
46GuyanaUnicameral
Parliament of the Co-operative Republic of Guyana
ProportionalParty listyesx
71
47NepalUnicameralLegislature - ParliamentMixedMixed member parallelyesx
72
48United KingdomBicameralLowerHouse of CommonsMajoritarianPluralityyesx
73
48United KingdomBicameralUpperHouse of LordsOther
Some appointed, some hereditary, some from religious orders
74
49LuxembourgUnicameralChamber of DeputiesProportionalParty listyesx
75
50AfghanistanBicameralLowerHouse of the PeopleMajoritarianSingle Non-transferable Voteyesx
76
50AfghanistanBicameralUpperHouse of EldersOtherSome indirectly elected, some appointed
77
51
Lao People's Democratic Republic
UnicameralNational AssemblyMajoritarianPlurality
78
52PolandBicameralLowerSejmProportionalParty listyesx
79
52PolandBicameralUpperSenateMajoritarianPlurality
80
53BelarusBicameralLowerHouse of RepresentativesMajoritarianPlurality
81
53BelarusBicameralUpperCouncil of the RepublicMajoritarianSome indirectly elected, some appointed
82
54KazakhstanBicameralLowerHouse of RepresentativesProportionalParty list
83
54KazakhstanBicameralUpperSenateOtherIndirectly elected
84
55Viet NamUnicameralNational AssemblyMajoritarianMajority with two-round runoff
85
56AustraliaBicameralLowerHouse of RepresentativesMajoritarianSingle-winner Ranked Choice Votingyesx
86
56AustraliaBicameralUpperSenateProportionalMulti-winner Ranked Choice Voting
87
56IsraelUnicameralParliamentProportionalParty listyesx
88
58IraqUnicameral
Council of Representatives of Iraq
ProportionalParty listyesx
89
58South SudanBicameralLower
Transitional National Legislative Assembly
OtherTransitional Governmentyesx
90
58South SudanBicameralUpperCouncil of StatesOtherAppointedyesx
91
60FranceBicameralLowerSenateOtherIndirectly electedyesxx
92
60FranceBicameralUpperNational AssemblyMajoritarianMajority with two-round runoff
93
60PeruUnicameralCongress of the RepublicProportionalParty listyesx
94
62CanadaBicameralLowerHouse of CommonsMajoritarianPluralityyesx
95
62CanadaBicameralUpperSenateOtherAppointed
96
63HondurasUnicameralNational CongressMixedMixed Member parallelyesx
97
63TurkmenistanUnicameralAssemblyMajoritarianPlurality
98
65SurinameUnicameralNational AssemblyProportionalParty list
99
66MauritaniaBicameralLowerNational AssemblyMixedMixed member parallelyesx
100
66MauritaniaBicameralUpperSenateOtherIndirectly elected
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